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THE FACTORY & WORKSHOP ACT,

1878.

RELATING TO

FACTORIES AND WORKSHOPS

WITH

Introduction and Explanatory Notes.

SECOND EDITION.
COMPRISING THE FACTORY AND WORKSHOP Act, 1878, AND THE

ORDERS OF THE SECRETARY OF STATE MADE THEREUNDER.

BY

GEORGE JARVIS NOTCUTT,

SOLICITOR, FORMERLY OF THE MIDDLE TEMPLE, BARRISTER-AT-LAW.

Storage

HD

7876

ING
LONDON :

1879
STEVENS AND SONS, 119, CHANCERY LANE,

Law Publisbers and Booksellers.

1879.

319102 A 8 9

25.12

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LONDON:
STEVENS AND RICHARDSON, PRINTERS, 5, GREAT QUEEN STREET,

LINCOLN'S INN FIELDS, W.C.

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PRIOR to the passing of the Factory and Workshop Act,
1878, by the Factory Acts and the Workshop Acts were
understood the laws which had been made, from time to time,
for the purpose of regulating the employment of labour in the
various branches of manufacturing industry. The former
expression applied to the larger establishments known as
factories, whilst the latter comprehended all those places
where any handicraft work was carried on, on however small
a scale, which did not come within any of the definitions of
a " factory” under the Factory Acts; these last-mentioned
establishments being distinguished by the legislature by the
term "workshop " (a). The expression “ The Factory Acts,
“1833 to 1874,” received a special definition, and comprised
all the provisions of the statutes above referred to in force
respecting factories, except 42 Geo. 3, c. 73, and 24 & 25
Vict. c. 117 (as to certain lace factories) (6). In like manner
the expression “ The Workshop Acts, 1867 to 1871,” com-

(a) The term “ factory" originally meant either the establishment
or building occupied by factors, who conducted trade in foreign or
colonial parts, or the collective body of such factors, and did not
receive its present popular meaning (that is, a manufactory, or place
where large numbers are employed in carrying on some manufacture)
until about the close of the last century ; when, owing to the more
extensive use of machinery in the manufacture of cotton and wool,
establishments began to be erected in various parts of the United
Kingdom of considerably larger dimensions, and involving the em-
ployment of far greater numbers of workpeople than had before been
known.
(6) 37 & 38 Vict. c. 44 (Factory Act, 1874), s. 1.

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