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service, upon such terms as may be prescribed by the Commissioner-General of Immigration under the direction or with the approval of the Secretary of Commerce and Labour. The United States Public Health and MarineHospital Service shall be reimbursed by the immigration service for all expenditures incurred in carrying out the medical inspection of aliens under regulations of the Secretary of Commerce and Labour.

$18. That it shall be the duty of the owners, officers, or agents of any vessel or transportation line, other than those railway lines which may enter into a contract as provided in $32 of this Act, bringing an alien to the United States, to prevent the landing of such alien in the United States at any time or place other than as designated by the immigration officers, and the negligent failure of any such owner, officer, or agent to comply with the foregoing requirements shall be deemed a misdemeanour and be punished by a fine in each case of not less than one hundred, nor more than one thousand dollars or by imprisonment for a term not exceeding one year, or by both such fine and imprisonment ; *and every such alien so landed shall be deemed to be unlawfully in the United States and shall be deported as provided in $$20 and 21 of this Act.

$19. That all aliens brought to this country in violation of law shall, if practicable, be immediately sent back to the country whence they respectively came on the vessels bringing them. The cost of their maintenance while on land, as well as the expense of the return of such aliens, shall be borne by the owner or owners of the vessels on which they respectively came; and if any master, person in charge, agent, owner or consignee of any such vessel shall refuse to receive back on board thereof, or on board of any other vessel owned or operated by the same interests, such aliens, or shall fail to detain them thereon, or shall refuse or fail to return them to the foreign port from which they came, or to pay the cost of their maintenance while on land, or shall make any charge for the return of any such alien, or shall take any security from him for the payment of such charge, such master, person in charge, agent, owner or consignee shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanour, and shall, on conviction, be punished by a fine of not less than three hundred dollars for each and every such offence; and no vessel shall have clearance from any port of the United States while any such fine is unpaid : *Provided, That the CommissionerGeneral of Immigration, with the approval of the Secretary of Commerce and Labour, may suspend, upon conditions to be prescribed by the Commissioner General of Immigration, the deportation of any alien found to have come in violation of any provision of this Act, if, in his judgment, the testimony of such alien is necessary on behalf of the United States Government in the prosecution of offenders against any provision of this Act : Provided, That the cost of maintenance of any person so detained resulting from such suspension of deportation shall be paid from the“ Immigrant Fund”; [but no alien certified, as provided in $17 of this Act, to be suffering from tuberculosis or from a loathsome or dangerous contagious disease other than one of quarantinable nature shall be permitted to land for medical treatment thereof in any hospital in the United States, unless with the express permission of the Secretary of Commerce and Labour : **Provided, That upon the certificate of a medical officer of the United States Public Health and Marine-Hospital Service to the effect that the health or safety of an insane alien would be unduly imperilled by immediate deportation, such alien may, at the expense of the “Immigrant *For method of reporting, see Rule 30.

See Rule 14.
See paragraph (d), Rule 31, and Rules 34-8.

**See Rule 10.

or of

Fund,” be held for treatment until such time as such alien may, in the opinion of such medical officer, be safely deported.*

$20. That any alien who shall enter the United States in violation of law, and such as become public charges from causes existing prior to landing, shall, upon the warrant of the Secretary of Commerce and Labour, be taken into custody and deported to the country whence he came at any time within three years after the date of his entry into the United States. Such deportation, including one-half of the entire cost of removal to the port of deportation, shall be at the expense of the contractor, procurer, or other person by whom the alien was unlawfully induced to enter the United States, or, if that can not be done, then the cost of removal to the port of deportation shall be at the expense of the “ Immigrant Fund" provided for in fi of this Act, and the deportation from such port shall be at the expense of the owner or owners of such vessel or transportation line by which such aliens respectively came : Provided, That pending the final disposal of the case of any alien so taken into custody, he may be released under a bond in the penalty of not less than five hundred dollars with security approved by the Secretary of Commerce and Labour, conditioned that such alien shall be produced when required for a hearing or hearings in regard to the charge upon which he has been taken into custody, and for deportation if he shall be found to be unlawfully within the United States. I

$21. That in case the Secretary of Commerce and Labour shall be satisfied that an alien has been found in the United States in violation of this Act, or at an alien is subject to deportation under the provisions of this Act

any law of the United States, he shall cause such alien within the period of three years after landing or entry therein to be taken into custody and returned to the country whence he came, as provided by $20 of this Act, † and a failure or refusal on the part of the masters, agents, owners, or consignees of vessels to comply with the order of the Secretary of Commerce and Labour, to take on board, guard safely, and return to the country whence he came any alien ordered to be deported under the provisions of this Act shall be punished by the imposition of the penalties prescribed in $19 of this Act : **Provided, That when in the opinion of the Secretary of Commerce and Labour the mental or physical condition of such alien is such as to require personal care and attendance, he may employ a suitable person for that purpose, who shall accompany such alien to his or her final destination, and the expense incident to such service shall be defrayed in like manner.ft

$22. That the Commissioner-General of Immigration, in addition to such other duties as may by law be assigned to him, shall, under the direction of the Secretary of Commerce and Labour, have charge of the administration of all laws relating to the immigration of aliens into the United States, and shall have the control, direction and supervision of all officers, clerks and employees appointed thereunder. He shall establish such rules and regulations, prescribe such forms of bond, reports, entries and other papers, and shall issue from time to time such instructions, not inconsistent with law, as he shall deem best calculated for carrying out the provisions of this Act and for protecting the United States and aliens migrating thereto from fraud and loss, and shall have authority to enter into contract for the support and relief of such aliens as may fall into distress or need public aid ; all under the direction or with the approval *See Rule 10.

See Rules 31-7. See paragraph (8), Rule 35.
**For method of reporting, see Rule 30.
11For procedure for providing attendant, see Rule 37.

of the Secretary of Commerce and Labour. And it shall be the duty of the Commissioner-General of Immigration to detail officers of the immigration service from time to time as may be necessary, in his judgment, to secure information as to the number of aliens detained in the penal, reformatory and charitable institutions (public and private) of the several States and Territories, the District of Columbia, and other territory of the United States and to inform the officers of such institutions of the provisions of law in relation to the deportation of aliens who have become public charges : Provided, That the Commissioner-General of Immigration may, with the approval of the Secretary of Commerce and Labour, whenever in his judgment such action may be necessary to accomplish the purposes of this Act, detail immigration officers, and also surgeons, in accordance with the provisions of $17, for service in foreign countries.

$23. That the duties of the Commissioners of Immigration shall be of an administrative character, to be prescribed in detail by regulations prepared, under the direction or with the approval of the Secretary of Commerce and Labour.

$24. That immigrant inspectors and other immigration officers, clerks and employees shall hereafter be appointed and their compensation fixed and raised or decreased from time to time by the Secretary of Commerce and Labour, upon the recommendation of the Commissioner-General of Immigration and in accordance with the provisions of the Civil Service Act of January 16th, eighteen hundred and eighty-three : Provided, That said Secretary, in the enforcement of that portion of this Act which excludes contract labourers, may employ, without reference to the provisions of the said Civil Service Act, or to the various Acts relative to the compilation of the official register, such persons as he inay deem advisable and from time to time fix, raise, or decrease their compensation. He may draw from the “ Immigrant Fund” annually fifty thousand dollars, or as much thereof as may be necessary, to be expended for the salaries and expenses of persons so employed and for expenses incident to such employment; and the accounting officers of the Treasury shall pass to the credit of the proper disbursing officer expenditures from said sum without itemized account whenever the Secretary of Commerce and Labour certifies that an itemized account would not be for the best interests of the Government : Provided further, That nothing herein contained shall be construed to alter the mode of appointing commissioners of Immigration at the several ports of the United States as provided by the sundry civil Appropriation Act approved August eighteenth, eighteen hundred and ninety-four, or the official status of such commissioners heretofore appointed. Immigration officers shall have power to administer oaths and to take and consider evidence touching the right of any alien to enter the United States, and, where such action may be necessary, to make a written record of such evidence; and any person to whom such an vath has been administered under the provisions of this Act who shall knowingly or wilfully give false evidence or swear to any false statement in any way affecting or in relation to the right of any alien to admission to the United States shall be deemed guilty of perjury and be punished as provided by $5392, United States Revised Statutes. The decision of any such officer, if favourable to the admission of any alien, shall be subject to challenge by any other immigration officer, and such challenge shall operate to take the alien whose right to land is so challenged before a board of special inquiry for its investigation. Every alien who may not appear to the examining immigrant inspector at the port of arrival to be clearly and beyond a doubt entitled to land shall be detained for examination in relation thereto by a board of special inquiry.

$25. That such boards of special inquiry shall be appointed by the Commissioner of Immigration at the various ports of arrival as may be necessary for the prompt determination of all cases of immigrants detained at such ports under the provisions of law.* Each board shall consist of three members, who shall be selected from such of the immigrant officials in the service as the Commissioner-General of Immigration, with the approval of the Secretary of Commerce and Labour, shall from time to time designate as qualified to serve on such boards : Provided, That at ports where there are fewer than three immigrant inspectors, the Secretary of Commerce and Labour, upon the recommendation of the Commissioner-General of Immigration, may designate other United States officials for service on such boards of special inquiry. Such boards shall have authority to determine whether an alien who has been duly held shall be allowed to land or shall be deported. All hearings before boards shall be separate and apart from the public, but the said boards shall keep a complete permanent record of their proceedings and of all such testimony as may be produced before them; and the decision of any two members of a board shall prevail, but either the alien or any dissenting member of the said board may appeal through the commissioner of immigration at the port of arrival and the Commissioner-General of Immigration to the Secretary of Commerce and Labour, and the taking of such appeal shall operate to stay any action in regard to the final disposal of any alien whose case is so appealed until the receipt by the commissioner of immigration at the port of arrival of such decision which shall be rendered solely upon the evidence adduced before the board of special inquiry: Provided, That in every case where an alien is excluded from admission into the United States, under any law or treaty now existing or hereafter made, the decision of the appropriate immigration officers, if adverse to the admission of such alien, shall be final, unless reversed on appeal to the Secretary of Commerce and Labour ; but nothing in this Section shall be construed to admit of any appeal in the case of an alien rejected as provided for in $10 in this Act.

$26. That any alien liable to be excluded because likely to become a public charge or because of physical disability other than tuberculosis or a loathsome or dangerous contagious disease may, if otherwise admissible, nevertheless be admitted in the discretion of the Secretary of Commerce and Labour upon the giving of a suitable and proper bond or undertaking, approved by said Secretary in such amount and containing such conditions as he may prescribe, to the people of the United States, holding the United States or any State, Territory, county, municipality, or district thereof harmless against such alien becoming a public charge. The admission of such alien shall be a consideration for the giving of such bond or undertaking. Suit may be brought thereon in the name and by the proper law officers either of the United States Government or of any State, Territory, district, county, or municipality in which such alien becomes a public charge. I

$27. That no suit or proceeding for a violation of the provisions of this Act shall be settled, compromised, or discontinued without the consent of the court in which it is pending, entered of record, with the reasons therefor.

$28. That nothing contained in this Act shall be construed to affect any prosecution, suit, action, or proceedings brought, or any act, thing, or matter, civil or criminal, done or existing at the time of the taking effect of this Act ; but as to all such prosecutions, suits, actions, proceedings, acts, things, or matters the laws or parts of laws repealed or amended by this Act are hereby continued in force and effect.

*See Rule 17 for form for oath of board member.
See Rule 20 as to circumstances under which accepted.

See Rules 5-8.

$29. That the circuit and district courts of the United States are hereby invested with full and concurrent jurisdiction of all causes, civil and criminal, arising under any of the provisons of this Act.

$30. That all exclusive privileges of exchanging money, transporting passengers or baggage, or keeping eating houses, and all other like privileges in connection with any United States immigrant station, shall be disposed of after public competition, subject to such conditions and limitations as the Commissioner-General of Immigration, under the direction or with the approval of the Secretary of Commerce and Labour, may prescribe : Provided, That no intoxicating liquors shall be sold in any such immigrant station; that all receipts accruing from the disposal of such exclusive privileges as herein provided shall be paid into the Treasury of the United States to the credit of the Immigrant Fund” provided for in $1 of this Act.

$31. That for the preservation of the peace and in order that arrests may be made for crimes under the laws of the States and Territories of the United States where the various immigrant stations are located, the officers in charge of such stations, as occasion may require, shall admit therein the proper State and municipal officers charged with the enforcement of such laws, and for the purpose of this Section the jurisdiction of such officers and of the local courts shall extend over such stations.

$32. That the Commissioner-General of Immigration, under the direction or with the approval of the Secretary of Commerce and Labour, shall prescribe rules for the entry and inspection of aliens along the borders of Canada and Mexico, so as not to unnecessarily delay, impede, or annoy passengers in ordinary travel between the United States and said countries, and shall have power to enter into contracts with transportation lines for the said purpose. *

$33. That for the purpose of this Act the term “ United States " as used in the title as well as in the various sections of this Act shall be construed to mean the United States and any waters, territory, or other place subject to the jurisdiction thereof, except the Isthmian Canal Zone: Provided, That if any alien shall leave the Canal Zone and attempt to enter any other place under the jurisdiction of the United States, nothing contained in this Act shall be construed as permitting him to enter under any other conditions than those applicable to all aliens.

$34. That the Commissioner-General of Immigration, with the approval of the Secretary of Commerce and Labour, may appoint a commissioner of immigration to discharge at New Orleans, Louisiana, the duties now required of other commissioners of immigration at their respective posts.

$35. That the deportation of aliens arrested within the United States after entry and found to be illegally therein, provided for in this Act, shall be to the trans-Atlantic or trans-Pacific ports from which said aliens embarked for the United States ; or, if such embarkation was for foreign contiguous territory, to the foreign port at which said aliens embarked for such territory.

$36. That all aliens who shall enter the United States except at the seaports thereof, or at such place or places as the Secretary of Commerce and Labour may from time to time designate, shall be adjudged to have entered the country unlawfully and shall be deported as provided by $820 and 21 of this Act : Provided, That nothing contained in this Section shall affect the

*For arrangement on Canadian border, see Rule 25; on Mexican border, Rule 27.

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