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All cases of —
bursting of a revolving vessel, wheel, emery wheel, or grindstone moved by mechanical power ;
breaking of a rope, chain, or other appliance used in raising or lowering persons or goods by aid of mechanical power ;
fire affecting any room in which persons are employed and causing complete suspension of ordinary work therein for not less than twenty-four
hours. 4. Order, dated 22nd December, 1906, made by the Secretary of State under
the Notice of Accidents Act, 1906, requiring the reporting of certain classes of dangerous occurrences in mines and quarries whether personal injury is caused or not. (Stat. R. & 0. 1906, No. 934.)
In pursuance of $5 of the Notice of Accidents Act, 1906, I hereby extend the provisions of the said Act requiring notice of accidents in mines and quarries to be given to an Inspector to the following classes of occurrences, whether personal injury or disablement is caused or not :
All cases of ignition of gas or dust below ground other than ignitions of gas in a safety lamp.
All cases of fire below ground.
All cases of breakage of ropes, chains, or other gear by which men are lowered or raised.
All cases of overwinding cages while men are being lowered or raised.
All cases of inrush of water from old workings. 5. Regulations, dated 21st January, 1907, made by the Secretary of State, for
the manufacture of paints and colours. (Stat. R. &0. 1907, No. 17.)
Whereas the manufacture of paints and colours has been certified in pursuance of $79 of the Factory and Workshop Act, 1901, to be dangerous :
I hereby in pursuance of the powers conferred on me by that Act make the following Regulations, and direct that they shall apply to all factories and workshops in which dry carbonate of lead or red lead is used in the manufacture of paints and colours or chromate of lead is produced by boiling, provided as follows :
(1) The Regulations shall not apply to factories and workshops in which paints and colours are manufactured not for sale but solely for use in the business of the occupier; or to factories or workshops in which only the manufacture of artists' colours is carried on; or to the manufacture of varnish paints.
(2) Regulation 2, and so much of Regulation 3 as prevents the employment of a woman in manufacturing lead colour, shall not apply to the packing in parcels or kegs not exceeding 14 lbs. in weight, unless and until so required by notice in writing from the Chief Inspector of Factories.
(3) Regulations 4, 5, 6, II, and 12 shall not apply to factories or workshops in which the grinding of lead colour occupies less than three hours in any week, unless and until so required by notice in writing from the Chief Inspector of Factories.
“Lead colour means dry carbonate of lead and red lead, and any colour into which either of these substances enters.
"Lead process" means any process involving the mixing, crushing, sifting, grinding in oil, or any other manipulation of lead colour giving rise
to dust ; or the manufacture and manipulation of chromate of lead produced by boiling in the colour house. It shall be the duty of the occupier to observe Part I. of these Regulations.
It shall be the duty of all persons employed to observe Part II. of these Regulations.
PART I. DUTIES OF EMPLOYERS. 1. No lead colour shall be placed in any hopper or shoot without an efficient exhaust draught and air guide so arranged as to draw the dust away from the worker as near as possible to the point of origin.
No lead process shall be carried on, save either
(a) with an efficient exhaust draught and air guide so arranged as to carry away the dust or steam as near as possible to the point of origin ; or
(b) in the case of processes giving rise to dust, in an apparatus so closed as to prevent the escape of dust.
Provided that this Regulation shall not apply to the immersion and manipulation of lead colour in water.
3. No woman, young person, or child shall be employed in manipulating lead colour.
4. Every person employed in a lead process or at the roller mills connected with the grinding in oil of lead colour (hereinafter referred to as the roller mills) shall once in each calendar month, on a date of which notice shall be given to every such person, be examined by the Certifying Surgeon of the district or other duly qualified medical practitioner (hereinafter referred to as the Appointed Surgeon) if appointed for the purpose by the Chief Inspector of Factories by a certificate under his hand and subject to such conditions as may be specified in that certificate.
The Certifying or Appointed Surgeon shall have power to suspend from employment in any lead process or at the roller mills.
5. No person after suspension in accordance with Regulation 4, shall be employed in any lead process or at the roller mills without written sanction entered in the Health Register by the Certifying or Appointed Surgeon.
6. A Health Register in a form approved by the Chief Inspector of Factories shall be kept and shall contain a list of all persons employed in any lead process or at the roller mills. The Certifying or Appointed Surgeon will enter therein the dates and results of his examinations of such persons with particulars of any directions given by him.
The Health Register shall be produced at any time when required by any of His Majesty's Inspectors of Factories or by the Certifying or Appointed Surgeon.
7. Overalls shall be provided for all persons employed in lead processes or at the roller mills; and shall be washed or renewed at least once every week.
8. The occupier shall provide and maintain for the use of all persons employed in lead processes or at the roller mills
(a) a cloak-room or other suitable place in which such persons can deposit clothing put off during working hours, and separate and suitable arrangements for the storage of overalls required by Regulation 7;
(6) a dining room, unless all workers leave the factory during meal hours.
9. No person shall be allowed to introduce, keep, prepare, or partake of any food, drink (other than a medicine provided by the occupier and approved by the Certifying or Appointed Surgeon), or tobacco in any room in which a lead
process is carried on. Suitable provision shall be made for the deposit of food brought by persons employed.
10. The occupier shall provide and maintain in a cleanly state and in good repair for the use of persons employed in lead processes or at the roller mills a lavatory containing either
(a) at least one lavatory basin for every five such persons, fitted with a waste pipe, or placed in a trough having a waste pipe, and having a constant supply of cold water laid on, and a sufficient supply of hot water constantly available ; or
(6) troughs of enamel or similar smooth impervious material, fitted with waste pipes without plugs, and having a constant supply of warm water
The length of such troughs shall be in a proportion of not less than two feet for every five persons employed in lead processes or at the roller mills.
He shall also provide in the lavatory soap, nail brushes, and a sufficient supply of clean towels renewed daily.
PART II. DUTIES OF PERSONS EMPLOYED. All persons employed in lead processes or at the roller mills shall present themselves at the appointed time for examination by the Certifying or Appointed Surgeon as provided in Regulation 4.
12. No person after suspension under Regulation 4 shall work in a lead process or at the roller mills in any paint and colour factory or workshop to which these Regulations apply without written sanction entered in the Health Register by the Certifying or Appointed Surgeon.
13. All persons employed in lead processes or at the roller mills shall wear the overalls provided under Regulation 7 and shall deposit such overalls and any clothing put off during working hours in the places provided under Regulation 8.
The overalls shall not be removed by persons employed from the factory or workshop.
14. No person shall introduce, keep, prepare, or partake of any food, drink (other than a medicine provided by the occupier and approved by the Certifying or Appointed Surgeon), or tobacco in any room in which a lead process is carried on.
15. All persons employed in lead processes or at the roller mills shall carefully clean and wash their hands before leaving the premises or partaking of any food.
16. No person shall, without the permission of the occupier or manager, interfere in any way with the means and appliances provided for the removal of dust, steam, or fumes, and for the carrying out of these Regulations.
These Regulations shall come into force on the ist February, 1907. 6. The Explosives in Coal Mines Order of the 8th April, 1907. (Stat. Rules
and Orders, 1907, No. 256.)* 7. Order of the Secretary of State, dated 22nd May, 1907, extending the pro
visions of the Workmen's Compensation Act, 1906, to certain industrial diseases. (Stat. Rules & Orders, 1907, No. 407.)
Whereas by $8 of the Workmen's Compensation Act, 1906, the provisions of that Act are applied, in certain cases and subject to certain modifications, to workmen disabled by, or suspended from their usual employment on account of their having contracted, a disease mentioned in the Third Schedule to the Act;
*See Introduction, p. XII.
And whereas it is enacted by sub-section (2) of the said section that if the workman at or immediately before the date of his disablement or suspension was employed in a process mentioned in the second column of the Third Schedule to the Act, and the disease contracted is the disease in the first column of that Schedule set opposite the description of the process, then the disease shall be deemed, except as otherwise provided in the sub-section, to have been due to the nature of that employment unless the employer proves the contrary;
And whereas sub-section (6) of the same section empowers the Secretary of State to make Orders for extending the provisions of that section to other diseases and other processes, and to injuries due to the nature of any employment specified in the Order not being injuries by accident, either without modification or subject to such modifications as may be contained in the Order;
Now I, the Right Honourable Herbert John Gladstone, one of His Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State, by this Order made under sub-section (6) of the said section, do hereby direct that the provisions of $8 of the Workmen's Compensation Act, 1906, shall extend and apply to the diseases, injuries, and processes, specified in the first and second columns of the Schedule annexed to this Order, as if the said diseases and injuries were included in the first column of the Third Schedule of the Act and as if the said processes were set opposite in the second column of that Schedule to the diseases or injuries to which they are set opposite in the second column of the Schedule annexed hereto.
8. An Act to repeal $57 of the Factory and Workshop Act, 1901, and part of
$7 of the Coal Mines Regulation Act, 1887, relating to the employment of women and children. (9th August, 1907.)
Be it enacted by the King's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:
1. Section fifty-seven of the Factory and Workshop Act, 1901 (which relates to the employment of women in fax scutch mills), and in paragraph (5) of $7 of the Coal Mines Regulation Act, 1887 (which relates to the employment of women and children above ground), the words “ of not less than eight hours between the termination of employment on Friday and the commencement of employment on the following Saturday and in other cases" are hereby repealed.
2. This Act may be cited as the Employment of Women Act, 1907.
I. NEWFOUNDLAND, 1. An Act respecting the immigration of Chinese persons. 10th May, 1906.
(6 Edw. VII., c. 2.) 2. An Act to regulate the law with regard to aliens. 10th May, 1906. (6 Edw. VII., c. 3.)
II. VICTORIA. An Act to consolidate the law relating to the supervision and regulation of factories, workrooms and shops and for other purposes. No. 1975.
6th October, 1905.)* 2. An Act to amend the Factories and Shops Act, 1905. No. 2008. 12th De
*These two Acts (Nos. 1975 and 2008) are here given together. Sections and provisions of the amending Act (No. 2008) are printed in italics. See Introduction, p. VIII.