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4. D. 57: 6. After that, he after his Resurrection. First Peter

was seen of above five (Luke xxiv. 34.) then the whole hundred brethren at College of Apostles (John xx. 19, once : of whom the 26.) and then the five hundred greater part remain Disciples in a Body, in Galile., unto this present, but before his Ascension ( Matth. xxvi. some are fallen alleep.

32.) of whom the major Part are still alive to testify it, tho’ some of them be dead. 7. After that, he

7. That moreover he was seen was seen of James, by James (the Lord's Brother, then of all the apo- called James the Juft) and by all Ales.

his Disciples again, at his Ascenfion into Heaven at the Mount of Olives.

8. And last of all 8 & 9. And lastly, That about he was seen of me

two * Years after his Ascension, also, as of one born (and several Times after that) he out of due time.

9. For I am the appeared in a miraculous Manner least of the apostles

, of my former Prejudices and Pal

to me also; a Person by the Fury be called an apoftle, fions, not fit for an earlier Discobecause I persecuted very of him; and like an Aborthe church of God. tive, am, in that Respect, be

low the Dimensions of the rest of the Apostles, and scarce worthy of that honourable Name.

10. But by the grace 10. But by the divine Favour of God I am what I I am called to this great Office ; am: and his grace and as I was the least worthy of it, which was bestowed of all the other Apostles, so I have upon me, was not in strived to make up that Defect by vain ; but I laboured

uncommon Labour and Diligence more abundantly than they all: yet not I, in the Execution of it; the Sucbut the grace of God cess whereof I do no Way ascribe which was with me. to my self, but all to the Gifts of

his Holy Spirit bestowed on me for that Purpose.

11. Now

* Ver. 8. Akts ix. and afterward in Axls xxii. which was about five years after the Ascenfion.

+ Ib. See 2 Cor. ii. 5. which is reconciled to this Verse by the Paraphrase.

Ver. 10. See Rom. xv. 17, 18, 19.

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u. Therefore whe 11. Now whether * you were A. D. 57. ther it were I or they, converted by me or Peter, or any so we preach, and so other Apostle whatever, the Docye believed.

trine taught you, and on which
you are to depend for Salvation, is the same, viz. that
of a crucified and a risen Saviour.

12. Now if Christ 12. But I find some of your
be preached that he new Teachers have endeavoured to
rose from the dead, persuade you, that a future State,
how say some among and a + Resurrection of the Body,
you, that there is no
resurrection of the But if their Suggestions be of a-

are weak and absurd Notions,

ny Weight, what becomes of that
fundamental Article of your Christian Faith, viz. the
Refurrection of Chrift?
13. But if there be

13. For, to say there can be no
no resurrection of the Resurrection, and yet to hold that
dead, then is Christ Christ is actually risen, is a Con-
not risen.

tradiction. 14. And if Christ

14. And, on the other side, be not risen, then is to deny that Christ is actually risen, our preaching vain I is to destroy the main | Evidence and your faith is also of our Christian Religion; so I vain.

have preached, and you have believed it without any Ground and Foundation:

15. Yea, and we 15. Nay we his Apostles in parare found false wit- ticular, who pretended to give a nesses of God; be- divine Evidence, and appeal to cause we have testified the Truth of God, that he did



Ver. 11. Whether it were I or they

i. e. who con-

you: Or else, whether I or they labour'd most.
+ Ver. 12. No Resurrection of the Dead. Tho' the Word
'Avesnois does indeed in the New Testament mostly signify
the future State, yet by attending to the Method and Turns
of this Chapter, the judicious Reader will find the Apostle
here uses it in both its Acceptations, viz. that of the future
State in general, against the Sadducaical Objectors, and that
of the Resurrection

of the Body against the Gentile Philolo.
phers. See the Contents of this Chapter.

| Ver. 14. See A&ts i. 22. Rom. i. 3. iv. 25. Als xvii. 31. i Pet. iii. 2i. Rom. vi. 4.

A. D. 57. of God that he raised raise up Jesus from the Dead, mup Chrift: whom he must be guilty of the most impi

raised not up, if so be ous Forgery and Falfhood.
that the dead rise not.

16. For if the dead 16 & 17. Consider therefore rise not, then is not the wretched Consequences of Chrift raised :

such an Opinion; it destroys the 17. And if Christ Possibility of Christ's Refurrecbe not raised, your tion, which is the main Proof of faith is vain ; ye are

the Truth of your whole Religiyet in your fins.

on; it disannuls all the Benefits of his Death and Sufferings, by Virtue of which alone a Christian can hope for the Pardon of his Sins. For if he be dead for ever himself, it is impossible his Death can avail any Thing to our Pardon and future Happiness. (See Rom. iv. 21.)

18. Then they also 18. So that all that have died which are fallen a- in the Christian Faith, are lost, sleep in Christ, are and disappointed of all their Hopes perished.

and Promises. 19. If in this life

19. For, if all our Prospect of only we have hope in Happiness were terminated in the Christ, we are of all present Life, a Christian, and espemen most miserable.

cially an Apostle of Christ, who is thus exposed to Sufferings and Persecution, would have the worst and hardest Condition of all Mankind.

20. But now is Christ 20. But be not misled with risen from the dead, speculative and vain Notions. and become the first- The Fact is certain and absolute; fruits of them that that Christ our Saviour is rifen; slept.

and our Resurrection is as certain a Consequence of our blessed Master's, as the whole Jewish Harvest was of being accepted and blessed by the Offering of the First-Fruits.

21. For since by man 21 & 22. Nor can your Jewish came death, by man Objectors, viz. of the Sadducaical came also the resurrec. Party, deny this great Truth, withtion of the dead.

out destroying all that Analogy 22. For



22. For as in Adam between the first and * second A. D. 57. all die, even so in Adam, which themselves allow Chrift fhall all be from their own Scriptures. For made alive.

if all true Believers are not restored to Life by the Messiah, the second Adam, as all * Mankind were made fubje&t to Death by the Sin of the first Adam, the main Instance of the Analogy is lost. Whereas by supposing this contrary Truth, the Agreement is kept whole and entire.

23. But every man 23. And thus Christ's Resurin his own order : rection is an Assurance and Pledge Christ the first-fruits, of the Resurrection of all good afterward they that and fincere Christians at the last are Chrifts, at his

Day + of his Appearance to Judge coming.

24: Then cometh the 24. At that Day, I say, which end, when he thall shall put an End to the mediatohave delivered up the rial Kingdom and Government kingdom to God, even of Christ, and finish the whole the Father; when he Dispensation of God with ManThall have put down

kind, in this World; when Christ all rule, and all au- shall have gained a compleat Conthority and power.

quest over Sin and Death, wicked Angels and wicked Men, and shall resign the Government of all Things to God the Father. 25. For he must

25. For the Dispensation and reign till he hath put Government of Mankind in this all enemies under his World, must continue immediate

ly under Christ the Mefiah, till all the Enemies of GOD and his Church be subdued. 26. The last enemy

26. Now Death being one and that shall be destroy the last of those Enemies, it is ed, is death.


feet I.

* Ver. 21, 22. See Rom. v. where the Apostle uses the same Argument to another Purpose, and both there and here uses it as an Argument ad hominem against the Jewish Notions, viz. of the Sadducees. Without Supposal whereof, neither of the Passages seem to carry any Reason in them.

+ Ver. 23. 1 Thel. iv. 16. The Dead in Chrift (i.e. good Christians) shall rise first.

| Ver. 25. Till be barb put. See Note on Rom. v. 13.

1. D. 57. absolutely necessary for compleating this divine and ñ glorious Conquest, to have that also destroyed, which

can never be but by a Resurrection to a future Life.
27. For he hath put

27. When I say Christ has the all things under his Government and Superiority over feet.

But when he all Things given to him, you must faith all things are put naturally suppose I except God under him, it is ma- the Father, who committed this nifest that he is ex. Government to him. cepted which did put all things under him. 28. And when all

28. And thus even when Chrift things shall be subdu- shall have subdued all the Enemies ed unto him, then of God, and finished the whole shall the Son also Dispensation with Mankind upont himself be subje&t un: Earth, and his mediatorial Goto him that put all

vernment shall cease, he will rethings under him, that God may be all sign himself, his Church, and all

its Members, to God the Father ; in all.

who Ihall then either himself be for ever the immediate Governor, Lord, and Disposer of all Things; or else will continue Chrift; his Son, the glorious and triumphant Lord over the Church he has fo graciously redeemed; tho' ftill in Subordination to himself the supreme Father, who first committed all Power unto him. [Compare Dat. vii. 14, 27.]

29. But to return to the main they do which are Argument. The Denial of the baptized for the dead, future State and Resurrection difif the dead rise not at annuls all the purposes and Effects all? why are they of your Christian Baptism. 'Tis then baptized for the the Belief of the Resurrection you dead +

are baptized into; and to say that Christians die and † live no more, is to make your bap

tismal 29. * Main Argument, which was left off at Ver. 23, not ac the 20th, as Mr. Locke, and others, by a plain Mistake, suppose.

+ Ver. 29. 'TTÈS Tây vergão-Baplized for the Dead? i.e. who would be so weak as to be baptized into the Faith of a Resurrection, that give themselves up for eternally dead after this Life? I have given the undoubted Sense and Design of the Phrase, but how the Greek of it is precisely to be construed, muft ftill be left to the Criticks. See Dr. Mills upon this place.

29. Else what shall

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