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into bondage, if a man standings and Principles, and to A. D. 57; devour you, if a man insult their persons ; they resent take of you, if a man not the most abusive Behaviour exalt himself, if a man

from them. smite you on the face.

21. I speak as con- 21. Thus they patiently permit cerning reproach, as the very * People that despise and tho'we had been weak: undervalue me, to use them howbeit, whereinfo- with the utmost Pride and Indigever any is bold (Inity. But as weak and insignifispeak foolishly) I am

cant a Man as they represent me; bold also.

what is there in which I am not able to compare with them?

22. Are they He- 22. If they be the Descendants brews ? so am I: are of Abraham, Jerus by Birth, by they Israelites ? so am Language and Religion, so am I. I: are they the seed of Abraham ? so am I:

23. Are they mini- 23. If they boast of their Chriffters of Chrift? (I tian Ministry, you may perhaps Speak as a fool) I am think me vain, but 'tis true, if more: in labours more I say, I have far surpassed them abundant, in ftripes a- in that Capacity; witness my unbove measure, in pri speakable Toils and Labours, my fons more frequent, innumerable Stripes, the many in deaths oft.

Imprisonments, and Hazards of Death I have gone through for the Sake of Christ and his Gospel; Trials that they have had little or no Share of.

24. Of the Jews 24 & 25. I was whipt five five times received I Times with thirty-nine + Strokes forty Aripes save one.

at a Time, by order of the Jewish 25. Thrice was I

Governors. Thrice I was lashed beaten with rods, once was I ftoned, thrice I by, the Heathen Officers, (Aets suffered shipwrack; a

xvi. 23.) once stoned, (Aets xiv. night 19.) thrice shipwrecked, and for


* Ver. 21. Kaladtquiar alga, I speak as concerning Reproacb, i.e. either the Reproaches and Insults those Teachers used toward their Followers; or such as they treated St. Paul with. I have expressed both Senses.

+Ver. 24. See Dext. XXV. 3. Jofeph. Antiq. Lib. IV. Ch. viii.

A. D. 57. night and a day I have a Night and a Day was tost upon

been in the deep : a Piece * of Wreck before I could

get to Land.

26. In journeying 26. Innumerable have been

my often, in perils of wa- Dangers and Hardships in Traters, in perils of rob- vels by Sea and Land, in City bers, in perils by mine and + Country, from Jews and own country men, in Gentiles, and from faljé Brethren perils by the heathen, of all kinds. in perils in the city, in perils in the wilderness, in perils in the sea, in perils among false brethren; 27. In weariness and

27. I have born the Labours of painfulness, in watch the Day, and the Watchings of ings often, in hunger the Night; the Uneasiness of and thirst, in fasting Want, and the voluntary Pains of often, in cold and severe Abstinence; and have somenakedness.

times not had wherewithal to skreen me from Cold and Nakedness,

28. Besides those 28. Nor are these outward and things that are with bodily Inconveniencies, the Whole out, that which com

of my Christian Sufferings; still eth upon me daily,

greater and more constant are the the care of all the inward Cares, the Jealousies and churches.

Fears I have for all the Churches I have planted. 29. Who is weak,


Not a Christian Member in and I am not weak?

any one of them is afflicted, whewho is offended, and ther in Mind or Body, but I fymI burn not?

pathize with him, make his Diftemper my own, and bear Part of his Burden. Not a Soul is perverted, prejudiced, or misled in his Christian


* Ver. 25. So Theodoret, Trzési ti orámos dianugero, πάσαν τήν τε νύκλα και την ημέρα διέλεσα τήδε κακίσε van twv xuudly peeguer, 1. é the ship being shatter'd to Pieces, he lived a whole Night and a Day, tost upon a Part of its Wreck.

+ Ver. 26. In Perils in the Wilderness. 'Ey épuuia, in the Country. For so the Word signifies very often. 'T'is here opposed to co róa, the City. We read of no Woods or Wilderneses St. Paul suffered in.

Principles, but my Heart is all on Fire with Zeal to A. D. 57. strengthen and recover him. 30. If I must needs

30 & 31. These are such Mat-
glory, I will glory of ters, such Sufferings, and such
the things which con- Affections as these, may warrant
cern mine infirmities,
31. The God and all warrantable.
ntt to boast, if any Boasting be at

And for the
Father of our Lord
Jesus Christ, which is Truth of these Facts, I appeal to
blessed for evermore,

the ever-blessed God, the Father knoweth that I lie not. of our Lord Jesus Christ, whose

Apostle I am. 32. In Damascus the

32 & 33. My very Entrance governor under Are- upon my Apostolical Ministry, was tas the king, kept the an Entrance into a suffering State. city of the Dama. For at Damascus, the first Place scenes with a garri- of my Preaching, the Roman Goson, desirous to ap- vernor, at the Instigation of the prehend me: 33. And through a

obstinate Jews, ordered Watch window in a basket and Ward to apprehend me

; was I let down by but the Christian Converts let me the wall, and escaped down the Town-Wall in a Bafhis hands.

ket, and fo I escaped.

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To weigh down ftill more the Disparagement the false

Teachers had caft upon him, the Apostle further prefers
himself to them, on Account of the special Revelations
that God had vouchsafed to make to him. But instances
chiefly in one. He is not puffed up into Pride by these
great Favours and Privileges. God had provided him
a natural Remedy against such an Abuse of them, viz.
A Thorn in his Flesh, his bodily Infirmities, where-
with his wicked Adversaries reproach'd and mortify'd
him. Yet he glories in these divine Revelations as ma-
nifes Proofs of a true Apostleship. Touches again upon
his prudent Resolution not to take Maintenance from

A. D. 57: their Church. Confutes the groundless Infinuatim of his

Adversaries, that he made private Gains of them, tho® he apparently refus’d to take any Thing of them. Expreses again his Tenderness toward them, and wisbeth he

may find no Necessity of punising their Obstinacy at his next Visit to their Church. "IT is not expedi- 1.'

IS needless for me to en

"T ent for me doubt

large any further on less to glory: I will what I have done and suffer'd for come to visions and the Gospel, beyond any of your revelations of the

new Teachers. But I shall give Lord.

you one Demonstration more of the Excellency and Truth of my Apostleship above theirs, from those special Revelations God has been pleas'd to make me.

2. I knew a man in 2. Among several of which I Chrift, above fourteen shall choose to instance at present years ago (whether in but in one. About fourteen Years the body, I cannot tell; or whether out ago, being about eleven * Years tell; or whether out after my first Conversion to Chriftell: God knoweth) tianity, I was, methought, caught such an one caught up up into the third Heaven, having to the third heaven.

a glorious Manifestation of the

Majesty of God made to me, and of the Habitation and Society of blessed Angels and Spirits.

3. And I knew 3. Whether, in this Manifestasuch a man (whether tion, my Soul was still joined to in the body, or out my Body, or separately conveyed of the body, I cannot into that blessed Abode, God ontell: God knoweth:) ly knows, for I am not able to determine it.

4. How that he 4. I can only say, I was in was caught up into Paradise, the Seat of the Blessed, paradise, and heard and had a clear and certain Reveunspeakable words, lation of such Things made to me, which it is not lawful

as I am no Way able to t express. for a man to utter.

5. Though So Dr. Wbirby placeth it, Anno Dom. 46. and to have been made at Lystra, Aits xiv.

+ Ver. 4. 'Oux iE ov, It is not lawful for a Man to utter, or it is not pellible, as the Word often fignifies ; róuw sy pész

Tags :

5. Of such an one 5. Though therefore I had 1. D. 57. will I glory: yet of waved all my own Actions and my felf I will not glo- Qualifications, yet these are such ry, but in mine infir- divine Favours toward me, and mities.

Testimonies for me, that I may
ustly triumph in them. As to my self, I boast in no-
thing but the Sufferings and Reproaches for which
others are apt to despise me.

6. For though I 6. These I could much longer
would defire to glory, dwell upon, without any juft Im-
I shall not be a fool: putation of Folly, and Vanity,
for I will say, the (for they are nothing but Truth)
truth: but now I for-
bear, lest any man

but I shall say no more, but shall

refer myself to what you and
should think of me a-
bove that which he other Christians plainly know of
seeth me to be, or that me.
he heareth of me.

7. And left I should 7. Nay indeed GOD has pro-
be exalted above mea- vided against my too high Con-
fure through the a- ceit of myself, upon Account e-
bundance of the reve-

ven of these Favours of Divine lations, there was giy. Revelations to me.

For along
en to me a thorn in with them I have those natural
the flesh, fthe messen. Infirmities and Defects * of Body,
ger of Satan to buffet

which my Adversaries, those +

περγίελίας τινα το, εκ εξόν, δυνάμει 5 αγία άφθεγκλον
eral ti Islov MnVuer. Not unlawful by any divine Command,
but imposible to be express’d in buman Language, as they were
perfetly divine and beavenly Things. Clem. Alexand. Stron.
v. pag. 586.

Ver. 7. A Thorn in the Flesh. See Note on Chap. X. 10. and Dr. Whitby on this Place. See also and compare Numb. xxxiii. 55. fol. xxiii. 13. Judges ii. 3. Ezek. xxviii. 24.

+ Ib. The Mefsenger of Satan to buffet me. "Ayreo ExJäriva ut nonapisy, So as that the Messenger of Satan buffers me. (Ais xii. 21, 22, 23.) I have paraphras'd this Passage according to the learned Dr. Wbirby's Interpretation, as the clearest and most agreeable to other Passages in these Epifles. If the Reader does not approve of it, he may choose that Sense which several of the antient Fathers, Chryfoftom and Oecumenius, &c. give of it, who, by the Thorn in tbe Flesh, understand bis Afiliations and Perfecutions, which his Adver, faries, the Messengers of Satan, brought upon him.

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