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whole truth of the Christian Religion; and even came to the resolution of giving up all as a delusion. In this state of mind he was returning home one night to his house near London : it was so dark, that he could not discern a single object be. fore him. It was in the very moment he was doubting if ever such a person as Christ existed at all, and had been crucified without the gates of Jerni. salem, when a man in his way fell right into his arms, and he felt his face against the beard of a Jew, who happened to be going to town. They mutually begged pardon, and departed, and with the Jew went all his doubts for ever. “ In the croaking of a Jew," said the late Mr. Ryland, “I hear as if the voice of Gabriel proclaimed from heaven, ' Jesus, the true Messiah, was crucified without the gates of Jerusalem.""
In the life of archbishop Usher, we are told of a lady who had been wavering in her religion, that her doubts were removed by the occasion of a Je. suit's being unable to proceed in a disputation with the bishop, and leaving the place with shame.
The story of Mrs. Honeywood, related by Mr. Flavel and many others, is too well known to need a place here.
Melancthon, going once upon some great service for the Church of Christ, and having many doubts and fears about the success of his business, was greatly relieved by a company of poor women and children, whom he found praying together for the prosperity of the Church.
Athenagoras, a famous Athenian philosopher in the second century, not only doubted of the truth of the christian religion, but was determined to write against it : however, upon an intimate enquiry into the facts on which it was supported, in the course of his collecting materials for his intended publication, he was convinced by the blaze of evidence in its favour, and turned his de. signed invective into an elaborate apology, which is still in being.
EDUCATION. LYCURGUS esteemed it one of the greatest duties of a legislator to form regulations for the education of the Spartan children. His grand maxim was, " That children were the property of the state, to which alone their education was to be entrusted.” In their infancy the nurses were instructed to indulge them neither in their diet nor in those little froward humours which are so peculiar to that age; to inure them to bear cold and fasting; to conquer their first fears, by accustoming them to solitude and darkness. Their diet and clothing were just sufficient to support nature, and defend them from the inclemency of the seasons. Their sports and exercises were such as contributed to render their limbs supple, and their bodies compact and firm. Their learning was sufficient for their occasions; for Lycurgus adınitted nothing but what was truly useful. They trained them up in the best of sciences,“ the principles of wisdom and virtue. · Agesilaus, king of Sparta, being asked what he thought-most proper for boys to learn, answered, “ What they ought to do when they come to be men.” Thus useful, not extensive or ostentatious learning is the best. • In the education of young persons, much is to
be considered in respect to their teachers. As -such ought to be possessed of ability, so they ought to be encouraged. ( Pity it is,” says the great Mr. Ascham, “that commonly more care is had, yea, and that among very wise men, to find out rather::a. cunning man for their horse, than a cunning man for their children. They say nay in word, but they do so in deed ; for to one they will gladly give a stipend of two hundred crowns by the year; and are loth to offer to the other two hundred shillings. God, that sitteth in heaven, laugheth their choice to scorn, and re. wardeth their liberality as it should. For he suffereth them to have tame and well.ordered horses, but wild and unfortunate children; and therefore, in the end, they find more pleasure in their horse than comfort in their child.:,:
The moral principle of children ought to be strictly attended to. They who write of Japan, tell us that these people, though mere heathens, take such an effectual course in the education of their children, as to render a lie and breach of faith above all things odious to them ; insomuch, that it is a very rare thing for any person among them to be taken in a lie, or found guilty of breach of faith. What a reproach is this to christians ! How culpable are they, whether tutors or parents, who even for once suffer a lie to pass un- punished or unreproved !
Plato, in several parts of his writings, lays down this great principle : That the end of the education and instruction of youth, as well as of government, is to make them better; and that whosoever departs from this rule, how meritori. ous soever he may otherwise appear to be in rce
ality, does not deserve either the esteem or the approbation of the public. This judgment that great philosopher gave of one of the most illustri, vus citizens of Athens, who had long governed the republic with the highest reputation; who had filled the town with temples, theatres, statues, and public buildings, beautified it with the most famous monuments, and set it off with ornaments of gold; who had drawn into it whatever was curious in sculpture, painting, and architecture, and, had fixed in his works the model and rule of taste for all posterity. “ But,” says Plato, “ can they name one single man, citizen or foreigner, bond or free, beginning with his own children, whom Pericles made wiser or better with all his. care ?" He very judiciously observes, that hiş. conduct, on the contrary, had caused the Atheni. ans to degenerate from the virtues of their ancestors, and had rendered them idle, effeminate, bab-, blers, busy-bodies, fond of extravagant expences, and admirers of vanity and superfluity. From: whence he concludes, that it was wrong to cry up: his administration so excessively, since he deserved no more than a groom, who, undertaking the: care of a fine horse, had taught him only to stum-. ble and kick, to be hard-mouthed, skittish and, vicious.” It is easy to apply this to education : it is of little consequence what we teach children, if we do not learn them to be better.
We should be careful what books we put into the hands of children. All publications tending to infidelity, looseness of character, vice, &c. ought to be proscribed. If the Athenian laws were so delicate, that they disgraced any one who shewed an enquiring traveller the wrong road, what disgrace, among Christians, should attach to that tu.
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tor; parent, or author, who, when a youth is enquiring the road to genuine and useful knowledge; directs him to blasphemy and unbelief?
The effect of a good education in a national point of view, is very important. The late celebrated Henry Fielding assured a person, that, during his long administration of justice in Bow Street, only six Scotchmen were brought before him. The remark did not proceed from any na. tional partiality in the magistrate, but was produ. ced by him in proof of the effect of a sober and religious education, among the lower ranks, on their morals and conduct..
From the tables of the celebrated Mr. Howard, it appears that in the whole of Scotland, whose population at the time of his calculation was esti. mated at one million six hundred thousand souls, only one hundred and thirty-four persons were convicted of capital crimes in a period of nineteen years, being, on the average, about seven in each year. In a, subsequent table we are informed, that in the single circuit of Norfolk in England, including six counties, and containing not more, it is supposed, than eight hundred thousand persons (being but one half of the population of Scotland,) no less than four hundred and thirty criminals were condemned to death in the space of twenty-three years; which is an annual average of nearly nineteen capital convicts, besides eight hundred and seventy four sentenced to transportation..
THE EMPTY CHURCH. WHERE the truth is not preached in its pue rity and simplicity, we do not find many hearers.