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for a verdict, but, after many menaces, told them they should be locked up, without meat, drink, fire, or tobacco ; nay, they should starve, unless they brought in a proper verdict. William Pen, being at the bar, said, “ My jury ought not to be thus threatened. We were by force of arms kept out of our meeting-house, and met as near it as the soldiers would give us leave. We are a peaceable people, and cannot offer violence to any man. And, looking upon the jury, he said, “You are Englishmen: mind your privilege ; give not away your right.” To which some of them answered, ós Nor will we ever do t." Upon this they were shut
up all night, without victuals or fire, nor so much as a chamber utensil, though desired. Next morning they brought in the same verdict: upon which they were threatened with the utmost resentments. The mayor said, he would cut Bushel's throat as soon as he could. The recorder said, he never knew the benefit of an inquisition till now ; and that the next sessions of parliament a law would be made, wherein those who would not conform should not have the benefit of the law. The court having obliged the jury to withdraw again, they were kept without meat and drink till next morning, when they brought in the prisoners not guilty ; for which they were fined förty marks a man, and to be imprisoned till paid. The prisoners were also remanded to Newgate, for their fines in not pulling off their hats. The jury, after some time, were discharged by haebus corpus, returnable in the Common Pleas, where their commitment was judged illegal. This was a noble stand for the liberty of the subject in very dangerous times, when neither law nor equity availed any thing.
The following will give us an idea of the inflexibility and decision of a single juryman in opposition to all the rest. Mr. - being on a jury in a trial of life and death, he was completely satisfied of the innocence of the prisoner ; all the other eleven were of the opposite opinion : but he was resolved that a verdict of guilty should not be brought in. In the first place, he spent several hours in trying to convince them ; but found that he made no impression, and that he was fast exkausting the strength which was to be reserved for another mode of operation. He therefore calmly told them it should now be a trial who could endure confinement and famine the longest, and that they might be quite assured he would sooner die than release them at the expence of the priscner's life. In this situation they spent about twenty-four hours, when at length they all ag. ceded to his verdict of acquittal.
LIBERALITY OF SENTIMENT, &c. KINDNESS, liberality of sentiment, candour, charity, are expressions now exceedingly perverted. They become a sanctuary, in which the unprincipled, the erroneous, and the careless, too often take refuge. But let it be remembered, that “that candour which regards all sentiments alike, and considers no error as destructive, is no virtue. It is the offspring of ignorance, of insensibility, and of cold indifference. The blind do not perceive the difference of colours; the dead never dispute: ice, as it congeals, aggregates all bodies within its reach, however heterogeneous their quality. Every virtue has certain bounds, and when it exceeds them it becomes a vice; for the last step of a virtue and the first step of a vice are contiguous. But, surely, it is no wildness of candour that leads us to give the liberty we take ; that suffers a man to think for himself unawed, and that concludes he
may be a follower of God, though he follows not with us.'
Wickliffe's bones were dug up forty years after he was buried, and thrown into the river.--But it deserves to be recorded of Charles V. that he would not suffer Luther's bones to be touched, though he was an avowed enemy to him.-While Charles's troops were quartered at Wirtemburg, in 1547, which was one year after Luther's death, a soldier gave Luther's effigy, in the church of the castle, two stabs with his dagger; and the Spaniards earnestly desired that his tomb might be pulled down, and his bones dug up and burnt: but the emperor wisely answered, “I have nothing farther to do with Luther; he has henceforth another judge, whose jurisdiction it is not lawful for me to usurp. Know that I make no war with the dead, but with the living, who still make war with me.' He would not, therefore, suffer his tomb to be demolished, and he forbade any attempt of that nature upon pain of death.
Dr. H, Bishop of W had observed among his hearers a poor man remarkably attentive, and made him some little presents. After a while, he missed his humble auditor, and, meeting him, said, “ John, how is it that I do not see you in this aisle as usual ?” John, with some hesitation, replied, “My lord, I hope you will not be offended, and I will tell you the truth. I went the other day to hear the methodists, and I un
derstand their plain words so much better, that I have attended them ever since.” The bishop put his hand into his pocket, and gave him a guinea, with words to this effect: “ God bless you! and go where you can receive the greatest profit to
When Archbishop Secker was laid on his couch with a broken thigh, and sensible of his approaching dissolution, Mr. Talbot, of Reading, who had lived in great intimacy with, and had received his preferment from him, visited him at Lambeth before they parted. “You will pray with me, Talbot,” said the archbishop. Mr. Talbot rose, and went to look for a prayer book. “That is not what I want now,” said the dying prelate : “kneel down by me, and pray for me, in the way I know you are used to do.” With which command Mr. Talbot readily complied, and prayed earnestly from his heart for his dying friend, whom he saw
The archbishop's conduct, which he observed towards the several divisions and denominations of Christians in this kingdom, was such as shewed his way of thinking to be truly liberal and catholic.
He was sincerely desirous of cultivating a good understanding with the dissenters. He considered them in general as a conscientious and valuable class of men. With some of the most eminent of them, Watts, Doddridge, Leland, Chandler, Lardner, he mantained an intercourse of friendship or civility. By the most candid and considerate part of them he was highly reverenced and esteemed; and to such among them as needed help he shewed no less kindness and liberality than to those of his own communion.
What an honour did the comprehension bill, for relaxing the terms of conformity on behalf of the protestant dissenters, confer on the names of Dr. Wilkins, afterwards Bishop of Winchester, Lord Bridgman, Sir Matthew Hale, Tillotson, and Stillingfleet! the bill, however was thrown out by the bishops ; and though, afterwards, the scheme was revived, and again rejected, yet in what a striking point of view does it exhibit to us the liberality and candour of the excellent characters above named, as also of the king and queen, who expressed their desire of an union!
THE Almighty is justly styled the Father of mercies. He opens his liberal hand, and is perpetually supplying the wants of his creatures. But how lamentable is it that his favours should be abused, and that those blessings, which should lead us to admire and adore him, become, through our depravity, the occasion of rendering ourselves like beasts ! “ Human life, we own, is full of troubles ; and we are all tempted to alleviate them as much as we can, by freely enjoying the pleasurable moments which Providence thinks fit to allow us ; and enjoy them we may: but if we would enjoy them safely, and enjoy them long, let us temper them with the fear of God.
As soon as this is forgotten, the sound of the harp and the viol is changed into the signal of death. The serpent comes forth from the roses where it had lain in ambush, and gives the fatal sting.