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whom they had so much vilified ; and, to teach them better how to govern their tongues, he took his cane, and corrected them till they begged his pardon : upon which he immediately took his horse, and rode to London. By the means of one whom he well knew (who was then a favorite at court), he got to be introduced to the king's presence. The king told him that he had abused his ministers and the justices of the peace. He replied, “Oppression, may it please your majesty, makes a wise man mad. The justices, beyond all law, have very much wronged your majesty's loyal subjects, the Nonconformists in the west.” He instanced in several particulars, and spoke with such presence of mind and ingenuity, that the king heard him with patience, seemed affected, and promised that they should have no such cause of complaint for the future. Soon after this, the Dissenters had some favour shewn them; and Mr. H, thereupon, came up with an address from a considerable number of gentlemen and others in the west, and presented it. The king received it very graciously, and asked him if he had not been as good as his word. An indulgence was granted, and liberty to build places of worship; and, by his majesty's favour, Mr. H. got back a third part of what the Dissenters in those parts had paid in on the conventicle act.
INFLUENCE OF THE PASSIONS. • THE powerful influence of the passions and affections upon the human frame is astonishing. How many instances are there upon record of sudden death having been occasioned by the hasty communication of joyful tidings? “ Like a stroke of electricity," says Dr. Cogan, “ indiscreetly directed, the violent percussion has probably produced a paralysis of the heart has the excess of its stimulus.".
Pliny informs us that Chilo, the Lacedemonian, died upon hearing that his son had gained a prize in the Olympic game's. · Valerius Maximus tells us that Sophocles, in a contest of honor, died in consequence of a decision being pronounced in his favour. · Aulius Gellius mentions a remarkable instance of the effect of accumulated joy. Dia, gora had three sons, who were all crowned on the same day as victors; the one as a pugilist, the other as a wrestler, and the third in both capacities. The sons carried their father on their shoulders through an incredible number of spectators, who threw Aowers by handfuls on him, and applauded his glory and good fortune. But in the midst of all the congratulations of the populace, he died in the arms and embraces of his sons.
Livy also mentions an instance of an aged mat. ron, who, while she was in the depth of distress, from the tidings of her son's having been slain in battle, died in his arms, in the excess of joy, upon his safe return.
The Italian historian, Guicciardini, tells us, that Leo X died of a fever, occasioned by the - agitation of his spirits on his receiving the joy. ful news of the capture of Milan, concerning which he had entertained much anxiety.
It is said of a nobleman in the reign of Henry the Eighth, that when a pardon was sent him a few hours before the time which was fixed for his execution, that, not expecting it, it so transported him, that he died for joy.
What an effect has grief also produced on the body! Excessive sorrow has been the cause of sudden death, or.confirmed melancholy, loss of memory, imbecility of mind, of nervous fevers, of hypocondriac complaints, and the loss of appetite.
Plautius, looking on his dead wife, threw himself upon her dead body, and presently died.
“I knew a woman,” says one,“who, upon only hearing of the death of one of her friends, shrieked out, and immediately fell down, and died.”
The Dutchess of Burgundy, a princes of the house of Savoy (wife to the grandson of Lewis XIV), one day said to her husband, “ As the hour of my dissolution is now drawing near, and I know you will not be able to live without a -wife, I should be glad to know whom it is your intention to marry.” “I hope,” said the duke, " that God will never inflict so severe a punishment on me, as to deprive me of you ; but, should I experience such a misfortune, I should not, most certainly, think of taking a second rwife, since, being unable to support your death, I should follow you in less than a week.” The duke died of grief on the seventh day after the decease of the duchess.
+ Other passions also have a wonderful effect upon the body. “ Thus fear is peculiarly dangerous: in every species of contagion. It has instantaneously changed the complexion of
produced innt circumstan by the m
wounds, and rendered them fatal. It has occasioned gangrenes, induration of the glands, and epilepsies. It has produced a permanent stupor on the brain, and the first horrors of the imagi. nation have, in some cases, made too deep an impression to be effaced by the most favoura.. ble change of circumstances. Thus anger has produced inflammatory and bilious fevers, hæmorrhages, apoplexies, inflammation of the brain, and mania. Thus terror has caused attacks of catalepsies, epilepsies, and other spasmodic disorders. Thus love has excited inflammatory fe. vers, hysterics, hectics, and the rage of madness. -It might be mentioned here, however, the good effects which sometimes have been produced by the passion. Thus hope enlivens and invigorates both mind and body ; it diffuses a temperate vivacity over the system, directing a due degree of energy to ever part. Joy has been a potent remedy in some diseases; and what has been said of hope is applicable to joy under its more moderate influence. Love has cured in. termittents, and fortified the body against dangers, difficulties, and hardships, that appeared superior to human force. Thus, , even anger, we are told, has cured agues, restored speech to the dumb, and for several days arrested the cold hand of death. Fear has been known to relieve sexcruciating fits of the gout, to have rendered - maniacs calm and composed, and the effects of
fear in affording temporary relief in the toothach are universally known. .
- NO man in any condition of life can pass his days with tolerable comfort without patience. It is of universal use. Without it, prosperity will be continually disturbed, and adversity will be clouded with double darkness. He who is without patience will be uneasy and troublesome to all with whom he is connected, and will be more troublesome to himself than to any other. The loud complaint, the querulous temper, and fretful spirit, disgrace every character: we weaken thereby the sympathy of others, and estrange them from the offices of kindness and comfort. But to maintain a steady and unbroken mind, amidst all the shocks of adversity, forms the highest honour of man. Afflictions supported by patience and surmounted by fortitude, give the last finishing to the heroic and the virtuous character. Thus the vale of tears becomes the the. atre of human glory; that dark cloud presents the scene for all the beauties in the bow of vir. tue to appear. Moral grandeur, like the sun, is brighter in the day of the storm, and never is so truly sublime as when struggling through the darkness of an eclipse.”
Pericles was of so patient a spirit, that he was hardly ever troubled with any thing that crossed him. There was a man who did nothing all the day bút rail at him in the market-place before all the people, notwithstanding Pericles was a ma. gistrate. Pericles, however, took no notice of it, but, dispatching sundry cases of importance, till
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