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with goose-grease and its nose with mutton tal

low, or bound a slice of salt fat pork around its The good housekeeper must have everything throat. The cosmoline bottle answers the same at her finger-ends, not only her knowledge of purpose nowadays, and many a sore throat, what is in pantry, closets and bureau-drawers, stuffy cold, congested chest or rheumatic shoulso that she can lay hands on whatever is wanted, der can be rubbed free again, and the patient in the dark if need be, or when the house is on put into a good sleep by the rubbing and the oil. fire, but her other knowledge for emergencies It is astonishing how much of this is taken up also. When a child swallows poison, something by the hot dry skin, and how it disappears when must be done at once before the doctor gets there. well rubbed in, leaving a different sort of tone Forallalkaline poisoning, such as by concentrated when the soothing rubbing is over. Cold-water lye, ammonia, etc., pour down sweet oil to cover applications and compresses are also soothing up the irritating substance, and take lemon-juice, and refreshing, but these must be most carefully vinegar, or white of egg, while getting an emetic protected by flannel and an outer covering of oilready. For acids use magnesia, washing-soda, cloth or rubber, or the patient takes worse cold chalk or soap. Then take mustard in warm water, and more of it. Something is perhaps due to the or other emetic, to clear out the contents of the oil in another home-made remedy for a congested stomach. After the use of an emetic in any case chest and throat--the yolk of an egg in a tumbler it is well to give a small amount of milk, or white of cold water, to be sipped constantly until six of egg, flaxsced tea, or other bland substance, to yolks were swallowed. Most people got better protect and heal the lining membrane of the stom- before they came to the sixth, or even the fourth ach. For arsenic, the household remedy is mag. egg, but the constant moistening and lubricating nesia and milk; the same when a child has swal- of the throat had its uses doubtless. For the dry lowed "

pearl powder.”. For verdigris, milk or throat of a consumptive, glycerine and whisky or white of egg; for corrosive sublimate, the same, peppermint will give some relief in breathing, or even flour beaten up in water. For indelible while whisky and lemon-juice is a noted remedy ink, common table salt and water. For roach for hoarseness. Feed a cold on grapes and fruit. poisons, such as contain phosphorus, and also Doctors often stimulate the system to throw when a child has eaten the heads off friction off a cold by a quinine piil. When the old housematches, an emctic as soon as possible, followed keeper dropped two or three drops of camphor on by a large dose of magnesia in water. Never let a lump of sugar, at the outset of a cold, she did a laudanum-stupefied person go to sleep while the same thing, but it must be taken at the very there is strong coffee in the house to pour down, first sniff of suspicion that you had “caught or strength to walk the victim about, torment, cold. Camphor and ammonia are diffusive stimshake and urge him to wakefulness.

ulants, the latter of great use, and fifteen drops When a bad burn occurred, the old-fashioned of aromatic spirits of hartshorn in a wineglass housekeeper had her bottle of lime-water stand- of warm water will often recover from faintness ing always ready-cheap and home-made remedy or relieve the sufferer from acute oppression -to" draw out the fire. She did not know that caused by indigestion," heartburn," or even the burns were acid, but experience taught that this weak action of the real heart itself. But it must was a soothing remedy. She did not know that be the aromatic spirits, and not that strong am. the air was a deadly enemy to burned surfaces, monia that is used to clean hair-brushes and planting, out of no one knows what storehouse combs, of germs, poisonous and living things; but she As for the indigestoin, “biliousness” and wrapped the foot or finger up in cotton-batting, other bad feeling caused by too heavy Christmas as the doctors do now with larger burns, with a dinners or too much rich food, there is nothing backing of oil-“red”.oil in those days, sweet so useful as to give the stomach a rest. There was oil, glycerine or cosmoline now, so that the oil once a noted doctor who did take his own medis pure. Cooks sometimes use flour for a burn, icine, but it was not the sort he gave his patients. but there is a better remedy than that in the They would not have been satisfied if he had pantry closet-the ordinary baking soda. Even simply ordered them to do without eating any. extensive blisters, immediately wet and kept wet thing for twelve or twenty-four hours. But fastwith soda, are readily reduced.

ing has its virtues. Keep out of sight of the It was not propounded in the old times that breakfast- or dinner-table, for there is often a fatigue was acid, or rather that the tired body morbid appetite at these times. Resist the blandhad not strength enough to work off the burnt- ishment of a little tea or toast or some tempting out results of all its muscular exertion. But the preparation, and either take a walk or go to bed old remedy of bathing tired feet and limbs in on the resolution-at least, that was what the warm water into which the experienced hand doctor did. For a violent attack of bilious colic emptied all the salæratus she could spare from the old ladies put oats (not oatmeal) on to boil the kitchen closet means just that, and nothing for oat tea, just as for a violent bilious headache else. It makes the tired walker “rise” up quite they made you swallow as much hot water, and refreshed the next morning, and is a good thing near the boiling-point, as you could contrive to for mountain-climbers and other pilgrims to car- get it down. With hot water flannels, constantry, not in their shoes, but in their luggage. ly renewed, it certainly was effectual in routing

It was not for nothing that the people of a the pain. A sprinkling of turpentine, as the still older time "anointed themselves with oil,'' flannels are wrung out in the boiling hot water, and that Hebrew and Greek custom makes the ; makes the turpentine " stupc," which is good to supple and clean-limbed human animals rub drive away acute pain anywhere. But wring out themselves down with the same attention that all the hot flannels in a crash towel by the two ends, fine horses get. There is a great deal to be said so as not to scald the hands, and do not put too for the rubbing, and something too for the oil. much turpentine, or you will blister the patient. The old housekeeper rubbed the child's neck i Tansy and John's wort leaves and blossoms in

whisky were two famous remedies for pain or

MAXIMS. weakness, The former survives in other than WITHOUT Constancy there is neither love, friendhome circles.

ship nor virtue in the world. The virtues of hard cider, too, were proved. No man can be provident of his time who is For this sets the liver to its work almost as well not prudent in the choice of his company. as a ride on horseback. The onion and the hop The superiority of some men is merely local. for sleeplessness--this generation knows them They are great because their associates are little. not. But a hop pillow, made up on the moment, Every one must see daily instances of people sprinkled with vinegar and heated in the stove, who complain from a mere habit of complairing. was an institution to be remembered when the It is the part of a prudent man to conciliate toothache or the earache went to sleep on it. A the minds of others, and to turn them to his own spoonful of" Hoffman's Anodyne" does the same advantage. thing, perhaps, but the hop anodyne was always It is better to keep children to their duty by a the first thing brought out. The sleepiness that sense of honor and by kindness than by fear and there is in the onion was perhaps one reason why punishment. a“ roasted onion" in the ear was the great rem- Compassion is an emotion of which we ought edy for earache, and a supper of raw onions and never to be ashamed. Graceful, particularly in bread was the remedy for wakefulness. So, too, youth, is the tear of sympathy and the heart the onion poultice would often put the croupy that melts at the tale of woe. child into a refreshing sleep.

Truc courage is cool and calm. The bravest The virtues of rubbing, so well understood by of men have the least of a brutal, bullying insokind old hands, are come up again in the "mass- lence, and in the very time of danger are found age," and experts are trained to follow all the the most serene and free. muscle lines to work them up to a good tone. Consult your friend on all things, especially on There is one hearty old gentleman in Philadel- those which respect yourself. Äis counsel may phia to-day (perhaps others) who is regularly then be useful where your own self-love or interrubbed down on going to bed and on rising. est might impair your judgment.

ow much of the sluggishness that makes con- Wi the civilized man contentment is a myth. gestion, the rush of blood to the head, the stiff. From the cradle to the grave he is for ever longness of creaking joints, and the dull or exhausting and striving after something hetter, an indeed nerves that bring about paralysis are waken. finable something, some new object yet unated up refreshed by this sensible "grooming.' tained. There is no reason that the valuable animals A good conscience is to the soul what health should have all this sort of luxurious care and is to the body; it preserves a constant case and human beings none. For the sleeplessness of long. serenity within us, and more than countervails time invalids or fever patients a gentle and all the calamities and afflictions that can possi. regular rubbing of the feet after they are ready bly befall us. to go to sleep is one of the best of anodynes. In the commission of evil fear no man so much First taking one foot and then the other, following as thyself. Another is but one witness against gently all the lines of the tendons, the monotonous thee: thou art a thousand; another thou days and somewhat magnetic motion of the hand is very avoid : thyself thou canst not. Wickedness is soothing. It is a sort of shampoo that draws the its own punishment. blood away from the head and seems to distract Better it is toward the right conduct of life to the attention of the irritated nerves, while it consider what will be the end of a thing than brings a new tone and action to the hot and dry what is the beginning of it; for what promises skin. All nurses should study to have the sooth- fair at first may prove ill, and what seems at first ing presence. Even to sit by the side of a rest- a disadvantage may prove very advantageous. less and fever-scorched patient, holding the Beauty depends more upon the movement of wrist with firm and gentle hand, will compose to the face than upon the form of the features when sleep

at rest. Thus a countenance habitually under These are all relief remedies, but prevention the influence of amiable feelings acquires a is a better one. Plenty of covering for the arms beauty of the highest order, from the frequency and legs of children out of doors, and plenty of with which such feelings are the originating out-of-doors air in the house, no matter whether causes of the movement or expressions which the house is large or small or the child's outer stamp their character upon it. dress cheap or costly--these are rules that no one There is a something in the pleasures of the can afford to slight, “ Hardening" children by country that reaches much beyond the gratificacold plunge-baths and insufficient clothing is as tion of the eye-a something that invigorates the great a mistake as over-coddling; but everybody mind, that erects its hopes, that allays its percan pass a sponge of cold water, rapidly and turbations, that mcllows its affections; and it quickly dried, to every square inch of skin once will generally be found that our happiest schemes a day, either night or inorning, whichever is and wisest resolutions are formed under the mild found most comfortable and convenient. There influence of a country scene and the soft obscuriare grown people who rub throats and necks with ties of rural retirement. a bit of ice every morning, and these say that Socrates called beauty a short-lived tyranny: they never have sore throats. But the air and the Plato, a privilege of nature; Theophrastus, a siwater, especially for people who live in furnace- lent cheat; Theocritus, a delightful prejudice; baked houses, are the best of doctors; and when Carneades, a solitary kingdom; Domitian said the insides of houses are full of fresh air, there is that nothing was more grateful; Aristotle affirm. less danger of the sudden chills, croups and ed that beauty was better than all the letters of pneumonias that come of the change from a recommendation in the world; Homer, that 'twas forcing-house temperature to tho damp-sharp a glorious gift of nature; and Ovid, alluding to winds of our wintry streets.

him, calls it a favor bestowed by the gods.



United States Ministers abroad. App.

Foreign Ministers to the United States.




Argentine Rep... Thomas 0. Osborn, III. 1877 Señor Don MANUEL RAFAEL GARCIA. 1869
JOHN A. KASSON, Iowa, 1877 BARON ERNST MAYR..........

1879 Belgium... Wm. Cassius Goodloe, Ky. 1878 Mr. George Neyt....

1879 Bolivia..

S. Newton Pettis, Pa... 1878 No Representative.

HENRY W. HILLIARD), Ga..... 1877 Mr. B. F Torreño de Barros....
Central America... Cornelius A. Logan, II......... 1879 No Representative.

THOMAS A. OSBORN, Kan..... 1877 SEÑOR Don F. S. Asta-BURUAGA........ 1879 China

GEORGE F. SEWARD), Cal...... 1876 CHEN LAN Pin and YUNG WING......... 1878 Colombia Ernest Dichman, Wis. 1878 Dr. Justo Arosemena

1879 Costa Rica.. (See Central America)........ Señor Don Manuel M. Peralta...

1876 Denmark

M. 7. Cramer, Ky........... 1876 Mr. J. H. de Hegermann-Lindencrone... 1875 France.....

EDWARD F. Noyes, ........ 1877 MR. MAXIME OUTREY...

1871 Great Britain....

W. 7. Hoppin, N.Y. (ad int.) SIR EDWARD THORNTON, K, C. B... 1868 Guatemala.... (See Central America )......... SEÑOR DON VICENTE DARDON... 1874 Hawaiian Islands.. James M. Comly, 0..


1870 Hayti...

John M. Langston, D. C...... 1877 MR, STEPHEN PRESTON ...............
George P. MARSH, Vt..... 1861 BAKON ALBERT BLANC..

1875 Japan

JOHN A. BINGHAM, O... 1873 Shorokui Yoshida Djiro (ad int.......... 1879 Liberia..

John H. Smyth, N. C 1878 No Representative. Mexico....

JOHN W. FOSTER, Ind......... 1873 SEÑOR DON MANUEL M. DE ZAMACONA 1878 Netherlands. James Birney, Mich.. 1976 Mr. Rudolph de Pestel.... Paraguay.. John C. Calidwell, La.......... DR. DON BENJAMIN ACEVAL.. Peru..... I. P. CHRISTIANCY, Mich..... '1879 Señor Don José Carlos Pracy.

1879 Portugal.. Benjamin Moran, Pa...... 1874 VISCOUNT DAS NOGUEIRAS..

1878 Russia W. Hoffman, N.Y., kad int.). MR. NICOLAS SISAKIN.....

1875 Salvador. (See Central America)....


J. Russell Lowell, Mass... 1877 Señor Don Felipe MENDEZ DE VIGO... 1879 Sweden & Norway John L. Stevens, Me.. 1877 COUNT CARL LEWENHAUFT....

1876 Switzerland.. Nicholas Fish, N. Y

1877 No Representative. Turkey.

Horace Maynard, Tenn.. 1875 GRÉGOIRE ARISTARCHI BEY................. 1873 Uruguay

John C. Caldwell, La. 1874 No Representative.
Jehu Baker, III.



1875 1877

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Envoys Extraordinary and Ministers Plenipotentiary in SMALL CAPS; Ministers Resident in Roman; Chargés d'Affaires in italics.





80 ........

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Page! Astronomical Information, Diplomatic Intercourse, 1879- Philadelphia Chronology for etc.........


........ 57

1879-80..17, 19, 21, 23, 25, 26, 27 Bishops of the Various Chris- Eclipses in 1880.....

6. Philadelphia City Governtian Denominations in the Elections in 1880.


...47-50 United States..

..41-43 Epidemics and Pestilential Philadelphia Necrology, 1879British North America......... 52 Diseases in Philadelphia,

27 Calendar for 1880.


15 Planets. Calendar for January 2 Fixed and Movable Feasts, Rates of Postage...

53 Calendar for February. 4 Fasts, etc., 1880.....

4 Singing Societies in PhiladelCalendar for March.... 6 Foreign Consuls at Philadel. phia.......

54 Calendar for April.. 8 phia.....

51 State Governments in 1880..... 52 Calendar for May...

10 Government of Pennsylvania, Supreme Court of PennsylCalendar for June..

188. ...........


47 Calendar for July....

14 Hebrew Calendar for 1880.... 8 Supreme Court of the U. S... 44 Calendar for August 16 Maxims..

56 Tables of Wcights and MeasCalendar for September. 18 Old Wine in New Bottles...... 55

54 Calendar for October.

20 Origin of Townships, Incor. The Ephemeris............... Calendar for November......... 22 porated Districts and Bor. Territories.

52 Calendar for December......... 24 oughs in the City and Coun- United States Officers in PhilCapacity of Boxes. 54 ty of Philadelphia.3, 5, 7, 9,


-50, 51 Churches and Religious Ser.

11,13 United States Government.... 44 vices in Philadelphia.......29-41 Pennsylvania Legislature, United States House of RepDepartments of the City Gov. 1880

47 resentatives. crnment.. 48 Postage to Foreign countries. 53 United States Senate..





45, 46

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