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enty-five cents ; over $30 to $40, one dollar; over The following will show the rates of postage on $40 to $50, one dollar and twenty-five cents. letters; also the postage on newspapers, books,

Money orders to Canada : Not exceeding $10, pamphlets and all mailable matter to and from twenty cents; over $10 to $20, forty cents; over all parts of the United States.

$20 to $30, sixty cents; over $30 to $40, eighty

cents; over $40 to $50, one dollar. LETTERS.

Each X oz.

POSTAGE TO FOREIGN COUNTRIES. Letters to any part of the U. S.........

The following table shows the rates of postage Drop letters-that is, letters mailed in

chatgeable on letters and newspapers to the fora city, to be delivered elsewhere in

eign countries and places named in alphabetical the same city..............

order. Postal cards to any part of the U.S. 1 ct, each.

Not Registered letters are charged 10



Newscts, in addition to the proper postage


papers. THIRD-CLASS MATTER, in Packages Not Ex

Argentine Confederation ......



*5 One cent for each two ounces, or fraction, for Australia, via San Francisco.. 5 the following: Pamphlets, occasional publica- do. via England.

15 tions, transient newspapers, magazines, books, do. via Brindisi....

19 periodicals, hand-bills, posters, sheet music Belgium. (printed), prospectuses, maps, proof-sheets, regu. Bermuda, via New York..... lar publications, designed primarily for advertis- Brazil

*10 ing purposes, for free circulation, or for circula- Canada, Nova Scotia.. tion at nominal rates, corrected proof-sheets. One cent for each ounce, or fraction, for the Chili, Bolivia, Ecuador..

Cape of Good Hope... following : Printed cards, blanks, lithographs, China, via Southampton.. prints, chromo-lithographs, engravings, photo- Denmark, via England.. graphs, stereoscopic views, book manuscripts, East Indies, via San Francisco unsealed circulars, seeds, cuttings, roots, scions,

do. via England.... bulbs, flexible patterns, samples of ores, metals, France. minerals, book manuscript, passing between au

German States, via North thor and publisher, merchandise, sample cards,

German Union. photographic paper, letter envelopes, postal en

Great Britain and Ireland. velopes and wrappers, unprinted cards, plain Holland.... paper, ornamental paper, card-board, etc.

All matter not prepaid'at letter rates must be Hong Kong, Canton, Swatow, so wrapped that it can be examined without de

Amoy and Foochow, via

San Francisco...... stroying the wrapper, and must not contain any Italy, via England....

5 writing whatever, inside or outside, except the

5 address and the name of sender, with title of Japan, via San Francisco....

Liberia contents. Samples may be numbered to cor

Mexico..... respond with the numbers in a descriptive letter. Newfoundland.


The postage rates on all newspaper and period Portugal, via

Southampton.... ical publications, mailed from a known office of Russia, via England..... publication or news agency and addressed to reg. Shanghai, via San Francisco.. ular subscribers or news agents, are as follows:

On daily and weekly newspapers and period Switzerland
ical publications, and on newspapers and period - Turkey, Syria, etc....
icals issued oftener than once a week, two [2] Venezuela, by American
cents for each pound or fraction thereof.

On newspapers and periodicals issued less fre- Venezuela, by British Packet.

quently than once a week, three (3) cents per West Indies, direct....
pound or fraction thereof.

do. (British), via St. MONEY ORDERS.

Thomas or Havana.

13 Rates on money orders in U.S.: Not exceed- The asterisk (*) indicates that the postage may be paid ing $15, ten cents; over $15 to $30, fifteen cents ;

or not, at the option of the sender of the letter.'

1 The newspiper postage to Canada is the same as that over $30 to $40, twenty cents; over $40 to $50, to any part of the United States. twenty-five cents. Nó fractions of cents to be introduced.

Posral Cards To Foreign COUNTRIES. Money orders to Great Britain, Italy and Swit- American postal cards may be sent for an addizerland : Not exceeding $10, twenty-five cents; tional one-cent stamp to the following countries : over $10 to $20, fifty cents; over $20 to $30, sev- Netherlands, Moldavia, Montenegro, Newfoundenty-five cents; over $30 to $40, one dollar; over land, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Roumania, $40 to $50, one dollar and twenty-five cents. Russia, Servia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Money orders to Germany: Not exceeding $5, Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Egypt, Germany, fifteen cents; over $5 to $10, twenty-five cents; Great Britain and Ireland, Greece, Greenland, over $10 to $20, fifty cents; over $20 to $30, sev- Holland, France, Italy, Turkey and Wallachia.



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erwomen use.


To CURE WARTS.-Dissolve as much common

washing-soda as the water will take up, wash the EARLY RISING. - There is no time spent so warts with this for a minute or two, and let the stupidly as that which inconsiderate people pass dry without wiping. This repeaied is said to in a morning between sleeping and waking. 'He gradually destroy the largest wart. who is awake may be at work or play; he who To WHITEWASH.-Wash with a whitewash. is asleep is receiving the refreshment necessary brush and water to remove the dirt; next preto fit him for action; but the hours spent in pare a wash of whitening, having the necessary dozing and slumbering are wasted without pleas- quantity of size, and a litile blue, such as Fashure or profit. The sooner you leave your bed,

Stir up all together, and lay on the seldomer you will be confined to it. When evenly with a brush, keeping your work up close old people have been examined in order to ascer- to prevent blotching. Lime is used for outdoor tain the cause of their longevity, they have uni. work, and should have some alum mixed with formly agreed in one thing only—that they "all the water in the proportion of a pound of alun went to bed early" and "all rose early."

to twelve gallons of water. The alum shuud ACIDITY IN THE STOMACH arises most fre- be dissolved in warm water before mixing. quently, perhaps, from an undue or improper Plasterers use the grounds of beer in commun fermentation of the food, and is productive of washes. flatulency, purging and indigestion. For its cure BLEEDING FROM THE Nose.-Any determinaabsorbent medicines are often used. As much tion of blood to the head easily ruptures the net. calcined magnesia as will lie upon a shilling may work of delicate blood-vessels spread over the be given two or three times a day to a child suf internal surface of the nostrils, covered only with fering from this complaint. From five to twenty a thin tegument. Great heat, violent exertion, a drops of spirits of hartshorn-according to age- blow, and postures of the body which send the on a piece of sugar is also a favorite domestic blood to the head, are all likely to occasion remedy for it. Persons suffering from acidity bleeding from the nose. It sometimes comes on in the stomach should, of course, avoid pickles, without any previous warning, but at other times stone-fruits, all acid drinks, and fermentable veg- its coming will be preceded by pains in the head, etables, such as cabbage, etc.

accompanied by heaviness, flushings of the face, CHAPPED HANDS AND CRACKED Lips, aris- itching in the nostrils, together with costiveness ing from exposure to sudden changes of tem- or shivering: It should not be suddenly stopped perature, are usually treated with cold cream, in persons who are healthy and strong; but where lard, camphor ointment and spermaceti oint weakness exists, and the discharge of blood is at ment. Glycerine is frequently used as a pre- all large, it will be as well to get into cool air, in ventive.

a somewhat erect position, with the head reclin. To FOLD A COAT.--We often see a good new ing a little back, io drink freely of cold water, coat so wrinkled and creased by careless folding and apply ice as nearly as possible in contact with as to look quite shabby. To fuld a coat properly, the bleeding surface. and so avoid this, proceed as follows: First, TO CLEAN BRASS.-Dissolve in a pint of soft spread it on the table, double the left sleeve from water an ounce of oxalic acid (which, being poi. the elbow toward the collar; the other the same sonous, should be well taken care of and kept in way; then the left lappel over the sleeve as far a bottle labeled " Poison"). Always shake it as the back seam, and the other in the same well before using it. Rub it on the brass with a manner. Next, turn up the left skirt so that the Nannel, and then take another piece to polish it. end may touch the collar; do the same with the Use this solution twice a week, and next day right skirt. Give it a light brushing all over, and have ready some pulverized rotten-stone, sifted then turn one-half the coat exactly even over the through a muslin bag and mixed with oil of turother half. Folded in this manner, the coat may pentine, so as to be liquid. Rub this on with a be put into a trunk, and will keep smooth during leather, let it rest ten minutes, and then wipe it a journey of any length,

off with a cloth. Brass cleaned in this manner To Clean LOOKING-GLASSES. ---First wash the looks particularly well. In using the oxalic acid glass all over with warm soapsuds and a sponge. great care must be taken that none of the liquid When dry, rub it bright with a leather and a gets into the eyes when used for rubbing. Should little prepared chalk, finely powdered. Finish this by any accident happen, immediately get a with a silk handkerchief. This is also an excel-bowl full to the brim of cold water, and hold the lent way to clean the inside of windows; it makes eyes open in it till the pain abates; or, better the glass beautifully clear. Another very good still, use an eye-glass, such as is sold for way is to wash the glass first with a sponge and bathing weak eyes in. Repeat at intervals cold water, and afterward with a soft flannel during the day. To remove the stain of oxalic dipped in spirits of wine, which will effectually acid from a dress, rub the spot with a sponge remove fly-stains and all smears. Then, having dipped in hartshorn diluted with a little water. wiped it dry with a soft linen cloth, rub over it This will cause it almost immediately to disapwith a fine piece of fannel a little powder blue, pear. or else fine whiting. Let it rest a while, then COMMON CEMENT. -Mix together half a pint rub it off with a soft cloth.

of vinegar and half a pint of milk. When they CORNS. – To cure corns, the most effective have formed a curd, take the whey only, and way is to remove the cause of their growth- mix with it the whites of five eggs, beating namely, undue pressure. The little elastic the whole thoroughly : then sift in gradually pads perforated in the centre, sold for this sufhcient quick-lime to convert the whole into purpose, readily adapt themselves to the toe

a thick paste.

This will be found useful for and foot, and

without the least broken china, glass, etc. Rub both the broken inconvenience. Cutting corns is rather dan- edges, and then cover the crack with it, allowing gerous.

it a fortnight to dry.



It can

and milk, adding salt and a wineglassful (large) COOKING RECIPES.

of brewer's yeast. Knead, and set to rise till Bread.-No mistress of a house-we might light. Form in loaves, and bake. say no woman, in whatever sphere--ought to BUCKWHEAT GRIDDLE-CAKES.- Make a thin feel herself thoroughly educated who cannot at mush of corn-meal, cooking it ten minutes ; let least superintend the process of bread-making in it become perfectly cool before putting the cakes such style as to produce the resultant of a fair to rise.

In mixing the cakes, take a pint of the and flaky loaf with which to grace the family mush to a quart of buckwheat flour ; add water board. Good yeast is essential to good bread. and yeast as in ordinary cakes made of buck

The hops should be as fresh as possible. They wheat. Making a mush of the corn-meal preshould be kept in the dark, as they lose their vents the raw taste there always is when the strength in the light. The potatoes should not meal is put in uncooked. be boiled in iron; it colors the yeast. When BUCKWHEAT CAKES No. 2.-Three parts by yeast has a strong, tart smell and a watery ap- measure of buckwheat flour to one part of Grapearance on the surface, with sediment at the ham flour, and mix with buttermilk instead of bottom, it is too old to use. The following recipes water. Keeping buckwheat batter is often very have been approved :

troublesome, especially in mild weather. Yeasr.-Take one ounce of dried hops and be kept perfectly sweet by pouring cold water two quarts of water. Boil them fifteen minutes; over that left from one morning, and which is add one quart of cold water, and let it boil for a intended to be used for raising the next mornfew minutes; strain, and add half a pound of ing's cakes. Fill the vessel entirely full of water, flour-putring the latter into a basin, and pouring and put in a cool place; when ready to use, pour on the water slowly to prevent its getting lumpy off the water, which absorbs the acidity. -a quarter of a pound of brown sugar, a handful DOUGHNUTS. --Heat one quart of new milk, but of fine salt. Let it stand three days, stirring it do not let it boil; add two teacupfuls of lard and occasionally. When it ferments well, add six three cupfuls the same size of sugar, either white potatoes, which have been boiled, mashed and or a light brown; when well melted, stir in one run through a colander, making them as smooth cupful of yeast and enough flour to form a thick as possible. This yeast will keep a long while, sponge. Beat long and well, and when the mass and has the advantage of not taking any yeast to seems light and full of bubbles, stir into it the start it with, It rises so quickly that a less well-beaten yolk and white of one egg. When quantity of it must be put in than of ordinary light, work well and let it rise again; then roll yeast.

and cut into shape; boil in hot lard until brown. Another Recipe.- Into a saucepan put three GINGER-SNAPS. – Take three pounds of flour, quaris of water, a very large handful of hops ried one of butter, one pint of molasses, one tableinto a bag, and when it boils add four pared po- spoonful of soda, four of ginger; about threetatoes. When the potatoes are done, take out and quarters of a pound of brown sugar added makes mash in a basin; add a cupful of sugar, one of them more crisp. Roll thin, cut out, and bake in salt and three spoonfuls of four; pour the hop-buttered tins in a quick oven. water over ; mash all well and smoothly together. SPONGE-CAKE.-Three coffee-cupfuls of flour, If it seems lumpy, strain through a colander; put the same quantity of white sugar, nine eggs and back into the saucepan tv boil, and as soon as it one lemon. Beat the yolks and sugar lightly boils up once remove from the fire. When cold, together; add the juice of the lemon and a small add about half a pint of lively yeast and let it portion of the finely-grated rind; mix thoroughly rise. If the yeast is not very lively, it will take into the four halí a teaspoonful of soda. After

When rien, put a little ginger and a it is well stirred, add one teaspoonful of cream small piece of alum dissolved in water to it. Put of tartar; mix this well also. To the yolks and into bottles, and cork.

sugar now add half of the beaten whites; then HOME-MADE BREAD.-Sift two pounds of fine all the flour and the remainder of the whites. white flour into a deep carthen dish, and with a Another Recipe.-Ten eggs, one pound of white wooden spoon hollow out the middle, leaving a sugar, half a pound of sifted flour, one lemon, little flour at the bottom of the hole. Have ready Beat the whites and yolks separately: then slowly a tablespoonful of strong brewer's yeast, which add the sugar to the yolks. When it is very light has stood twenty-four hours in a cup of cold pour on to the beaten whites, stirring lightly all water to settle. Mix the yeast slowly with a the time; add the lemon, and next the flour, onepint of warm milk and water, half of each, stir- quarter of which should be corn-starch or ricering gently while mixing: Pour the mixture into tour. One-half this quantity makes a good-sized the hole in the flour, and stir from the walls of cake. the hole until a thick batter is formed. Cover Baked CUSTARD.-Beat the yolks of four fresh this with flour Cover the pan with a thick eggs for at least half an hour, add five ounces towel, and stand in a warm, dry place. Take up of pulverized white sugar; then stir into the the pan in an hour, if the flour on the top is split sugar and eggs one quart of rich new milk, cold. open, and pour in half a pint of warm milk and Add a teaspoonful of distilled rose-water, or any water, stirring with the spoon until very stiff. flavoring extract you fancy. Fill your custardCover with dry four, and knead, drawing the cups, and set them in a stone pan half filled with edges toward the middle to mix thoroughly, till water, which may be warm at first--not hot. all the flour is kneaded in. Stand again to rise Put the pan in a rather cool oven, and gradually until the dough cracks on the top. Form quickly increase to a moderate heat. In about twenty into loaves, and bake.

minutes dip a teaspoon into one of the custards Rice BrEAD.--Boil one pound of whole rice in to ascertain if it is firm. Judgment and great milk enough to dissolve all the grains, adding it care are nceded to attain skill in baking custard; boiling as it is absorbed. Have four pounds of for if left in the oven a minute too long, or if the sifted flour in a pan, and into this pour the rice fire is too hot, the milk will certainly whey.



Children are certain cares, but uncertaia co

forts. IMPROVE opportunities.

I know of nobody that has a wish to die this Ill doers are ill thinkers.

year. A crowd is not company.

It is a base thing to tread upon a man that is All men can't be masters.

down. Fear is stronger than love.

Friendship is the most sacred of all moral Agree, for the law is costly.

bonds. Dying is as natural as living.

He that gives his heart will not deny hus Care and diligence bring luck.

money. A long life hath long miseries.

A detracter is his own foe and the world's Hatred is blind as well as love.

eneiny. Children are poor men's riches.

Alms are the golden key that opens the gate of Idleness always envies industry.

heaven. A great fortune is a great slavery.

A sweet and innocent compliance is the cement Heaven is worth the whole world.

of love. A danger foreseen is half avoided.

Industry is fortune's right hand, and frugality Fore-cast is better than work-hard.

her left. By doing nothing we learn to do ill.

A wise man will make more opportunities than A good example is the best sermon.

he finds. Do good if you expect to receive it.

Discreet wives have sometimes neither eyes Idle men are dead all their life long.

nor ears. A great reputation is a great charge.

A man in passion rides a horse that runs away | A man is not so soon healed as hurt.

with him. A good friend is my nearest relation.

He that does you a very ill turn will never for. It is a manly act to forsake an error.

give you. He doth much that doth a thing well.

He's my friend that speaks well of me behind Empty vessels give the greatest sound.

my back, Ignorance is the mother of impudence.

Forget other people's faults by remembering Ask thy purse what thou shouldest buy.

your own. A quiet conscience causes a quiet sleep.

It often costs more to revenge injuries than to A man is not good or bad for one action.

bear them. A gossip speaks ill of all, and all of her.

He that defends an injury is next to him that Every man living hath something to do. commits it. Examples are the best lessons for youth.

How many things hath he to repent of that He that has no charity mcrits no mercy. lives long! A light purse often makes a heavy heart.

Delays increase desires, and sometimes extinA civil denial is better than a rude grant. guish them. He that has no shame has no conscience.

A covetous man does nothing that he should do Good deeds remain, all things else perish. till he dies. Envy and covetousness are never satisfied. A man may say too much even upon the best He's a slave that cannot command himself. of subjects. In the company of strangers silence is safe. He that after sinning mends recommends him. Change of weather is the discourse of fools. self to God. A man's best fortune, or his worst, is a wife. He that is master of himself will soon be mas. A little of everything is nothing in the main. ter of others. He teaches me to be good that does me good. Emulation is lively and generous, envy base He benefits himself that doeth good to others. and malicious. An hour of pain is as long as a day of pleasure. Courage, conduct and perseverance conquer As love thinks no evil, so envy speaks no good. all before them. He that grasps at too much holds nothing fast. A father is a treasure, a brother a comfort, but Honest men's words are as good as their bonds. a friend is both. If it were not for hopes, the heart would break. He that shows a passion tells his enemy where

Choose a wife rather by your ear than your he may hit him. eye.

He hath a good judgment that relicth not He that falls to-day may be up again to-mor-wholly on his own.

If you have no enemies, it is a sign that forGratitude preserves old friendship and procures tune has forgot you, new

Hunger scarce kills any, but gluttony and A good cause makes a stout heart and a strong drunkenness multitudes.

It has been a great misfortune to many a one He is unworthy to live who lives only for him that he has lived too long. self,

Drunkenness turns a man out of himself, and He hath lived ill that knows not how to die leaves a beast in his place. well.

He that thinks his business below him will All between the cradle and the coffin is uncer- always be above his business. tain.

He that can read and meditate need not think Anger begins with folly and ends with repent. the evenings long or life tedious.

It is a sin against hospitality to open your Blessings are often not valued till they are doors and shut up your countenance. gone.

Happiness generally depends more on the opinCharity begins at home, but should not end ion we have of things than on the things themthere.







United States Ministers abroad. App.

Foreign Ministers to the United States.


Argentine Rep...... Thomas O. OSBORN, II....... 1877 Señor DON MANUEL Ravail Garcia. 1869 Austria

John A. Kasson, lowa 1877 Chevalier Ernest von Tavera............ 1877 Belgium. .......... Wm. Cassius Goodloe, Ky.... 1878 Mr. Maurice DELFOSSE...

1873 Bolivia....

S. Newton Petris, Pa... 1878 No Representative. Brazil.............. HENRY W. Hilliard, Ga..... 1877 CouncilLORA.P.DeCARVALHO Borges 1871 Central America... George Williamson, La..... 1873 No Representative. Chili.....

THOMAS A. OSBORN, Kan..... 1877 Señor Don Eduardo Vigil Zañartu...... 1876 China GEORGE F. SEWARD), Cal.... 1876 CHEN LAN PIN......

1878 Colombia Ernest Dichman, Wis..

1878 Costa Rica... (See Central America

Señor Don Manuel M. Peralta... 1876 Denmark

M. J. Cramer, Ky.... 1876 Mr. J.H. de Hegermann-Lindencrone... 1875 France.... Edward F. Noyes, O. 1377 Mr. Max OUTREY.......

1877 Germany BAYARD TAYLOR, Pa.. 1878 MR. KURD Von Schlözer.....

1871 Great Britain.. John Welsh, Pa.

1877 SIR EDWARD THORNTON, K. C. B... 1868 Greece..

7. Meredith Read, N. Y 1873 No Representative. Guatemala... (See Central America).


1874 Hawaiian Islands.. James M. Comly, 0..

1877 Mr. E. H. ALLEN....

1870 Hayti....

John M. Langston, D. C...... 1877 MR. STEPHEN PRESTON.
George P. MARSK, Vt........11861 BAKON ALBERT BLANC...


1874 Liberia..

John H. Smyth, N. C 1873 No Representative. Mexico..... JOHN W. FOSTER, Ind... 1873 SEÑOR Don MANUEL M. DE ZAMACONA 1878 Netherlands James Birney, Mich.... 1876 Mr. de Pestel....

1875 Paraguay.. John C. Calavell, La..... Dr. Don BENJAMIN ACEVAL..

1877 Peru...

RICHARD Gibbs, N. Y....
Benjamin Moran, Pa.... 1874 VISCOUNT DAS NOGUEIRAS.

1878 Russia

J. RUSSELL LOWELL, Mass... 1877 Señor Don José Brunetti

1878 Sweden & Notway John L. Stevens, Me..... 1877 COUNT CARL LEWENHAUPT...

(1876 Switzerland.. Nicholas Fish, N. Y 1877 No Representative. Turkey.

Horace Maynard, Tenn.... 1875 GRÉGOIRE ARISTARCHI BEY................. Uruguay

John C. Caldwell, La.. 1874 No Representative.
Jehu Baker, III...

| 1878 SEÑOR Don Juan B. DALLA COSTA.... 1874





Envoys Extraordinary and Ministers Plenipotentiary in SMALL CAPS; Ministers Resident in Roman; Chargés d'Affaires in Italics.




Page Astronomical Information, Churches and Religious Ser. Philadelphia City Governetc.... vices in Philadelphia.......28-40 ment....

47-51 Bishops of the Various Chris- Cooking Recipes....

55 Philadelphia Necrology, 1877tian Denominations in the Departments of the City Gov- 78....

27 United States..... .........40-42 ernment.....

48 Planets.... British North America ......... 52 Diplomatic Intercourse, 1878- Proverbs.

...... 56 Calendar for 1879.

........ 57 Rates of Postage...

53 Calendar for January 2 Eclipses in 1879..

6 Religious Statistics of U. S.. 42 Calendar for February........... 4 Elections in 1879

13 State Governments in 1879.... 52 Calendar for March....... 6 Fixed and Movable Feasts, Supreme Court of PennsylCalendar for April.. 8 Fasts, etc., 1878.....

vania... Calendar for May. ............ 10 Foreign Consuls' at Philadel- Supreme Court of the United Calendar for June..



43 Calendar for July...

14 Government of Pennsylvania, The Ephemeris.............. Calendar for August. 16 1879 ..... 46 Territories....

52 Calendar for September......... 18 Hebrew Calendar for 1879... 8 United States Officers in Phil. Calendar for October... 20 How Interest Eats

22 adelphia.

51 Calendar for November......... 22 Pennsylvania Legislature, United States Government..... 43 Calendar for December......... 24 1978-79....

..46, 47 United States House of RepChanges in the Names of Postage to Foreign Countries 53 resentatives..

-44, 45 Streams in and about Phil. Philadelphia Chronology for

United States Senate............. 44 adelphia.......... 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13 1878–79..15, 17, 19, 21, 23, 25, 26, Useful Recipes.

........ 54


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