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ARTICLE XIV.1- Section 1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law, nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
Section 2. Representatives shall be appointed among the several States according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed. But when the right to vote at any election for the choice of electors for President and Vice-President of the United States, representatives in Congress, the executive or judicial officers of a State, or the members of the Legislature thereof, is denied to any of the male inhabitants of such State, being twenty-one years of age, and citizens of the United States, or in any way abridged, except for participation in rebellion or other crime, the basis of representation therein shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male citizens twenty-one years of age in such State.
Section 3. No person shall be a senator or representative in Congress, or elector of President or Vice-President, or hold any office, civil or military, under the United States, or under any State, who having previously taken an oath as a member of Congress, or as an officer of the United States, or as a member of any State Legislature, or as an executive or judicial officer of any State, to support the Constitution of the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the enemies thereof. But Congress may, by a vote of two-thirds of each house, remove such disability.
Section 4. The validity of the public debt of the United States, authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned. But neither the United States nor any State shall assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebellion against the United States, or any claim for the loss or emancipation of any slave; but all such debts, obligations, and claims shall be held illegal and void.
Section 5. Congress shall have power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article.
ARTICLE XV.2. Section 1. The rights of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States, or by any State, on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
Section 2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
1 Adopted 1868. The object of sections 1 and 2 was to make the freedmen (negroes), emancipated during the Civil War, citizens of the United States.
2 Adopted 1870. Its object was to give the freedmen (negroes) the right to vote.
In honor of the Duke of York,
who became James II.
In honor of Charles II.; derived
1788 English. 1788 English.
From the Indian- -The Great
In honor of Queen Henrietta
In honor of Charles II.; derived
Named by Sir Ferdinand Gorges, 1788 English.
In honor of Queen Elizabeth, 1788 English.
1683 46,000 434,373 5,258,014 1617 8,320 184,139 1,444,933
1634 11,124 319,728 1,042,390 Old Charleston? 1670? 34,000 249,073 1,151,149
9,280 141,899 376,530
58,000 82,548 1,837,353 4,750 238,431
7,800 378,717 2,238,943
38,348 748,308 1,655,980 includi'g W. Va.
1663? 50,704 393,751 1,617,947
The most recent authorities (see King's "History of Ohio" in The Commonwealth Series, and the article "Ohio" in the Encyclopædia Britannica) give the date of 1803 instead of 1802, the date usually given heretofore.
From the Indian-A weir or
From the Spanish Pascua Flor-
Perhaps from an Indian word
The French form of an Indian
1820 English. 1821 French.
From the Indian Kansas (Smoky 1836 French. Water) and the French Arc, a bow.
From the Indian-Wild or Rush- 1848 French.
From the Spanish-The name
From the Indian-Cloudy or
Either from the Indian-
From the Indian - Great Plains. 1890 Americans.
in 1790 in Va.
1845 69,994 1862 86,300
Total population in 1790, 3.929,214.
NOTE.-Authorities disagree on a number of the dates and place of settlement of states. The areas of states are taken from the