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ARTICLE XIV.1 - Section 1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law, nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
Section 2. Representatives shall be appointed among the several States according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each State, exciuding Indians not taxed. But when the right to vote at any election for the choice of electors for President and Vice-President of the United States, representatives in Congress, the executive or judicial officers of a State, or the members of the Legislature thereof, is denied to any of the male inhabitants of such State, being twenty-one years of age, and citizens of the United States, or in any way abridged, except for participation in rebellion or other crime, the basis of representation therein shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male citizens twenty-one years of age in such State.
Section 3. No person shall be a senator or representative in Congress, or elector of President or Vice-President, or hold any office, civil or military, under the United States, or under any State, who having previously taken an oath as a member of Congress, or as an officer of the United States, or as a member of any State Legislature, or as an executive or judicial officer of any State, to support the Constitution of the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the enemies thereof. But Congress may, by a vote of two-thirds of each house, remove such disability.
Section 4. The validity of the public debt of the United States, authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned. But neither the United States nor any State shall assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebellion against the United States, or any claim for the loss or emancipation of any slave; but all such debts, obligations, and claims shall be held illegal and void.
Section 5. Congress shall have power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article.
ARTICLE XV.2 — Section 1. The rights of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States, or by any State, on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
Section 2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
1 Adopted 1868. The object of sections 1 and 2 was to th freedn (negroes), emancipated during the Civil War, citizens of the United States.
· Adopted 1870. Its object was to give the freedmen (negroes) the right to vote.
46,000 434,373 5,258,014
7,800 378,717 2,238,943
Pennsylvania. Name given by Charles II.- 1787 English.
Meaning Penn's Woods.
governor of the British Island of
Hills - from the Blue Hills near
Maria, wife of Charles I.
from Carolus, the Latin for
Charles. New Hamp- Named by Sir Ferdinand Gorges, 1788 English. shire.
in remembrance of Hampshire,
In honor of Queen Elizabeth, 1788 English.
the “ Virgin Queen.' New York.
In honor of the Duke of York, 1788 Dutch.
who became James II. North Carolina. In honor of Charles II.; derived 1789 English.
from Carolus, the Latin for Charles.
St. Mary's. 1634 11,124 319,728 1,042,390
Either from a fancied resem
English. Fort Dummer tains.
From the Indian River of the 1796 English.
From the Indian - Beautiful or *1803 Americans. Marietta.
73,077 ) 1,858,635
About 38 miles
From the word Indian.
From the union of an Indian 1818 French.
From the Indian - A Place of 1819 French.
* The most recent authorities (see King's "History of Ohio" in The Commonwealth Series, and the article “Ohio" in the Encyclopædia Britannica) give the date of 1803 instead of 1802, the date usually given heretofore.
The Main Land.
1820 English. Pemaquid. From the Indian - Muddy, or 1821 French, Fort Orleans Muddy River.
From the Indian - A weir or 1837 French. Mackinaw.
From the Spanish Pascua Flor- 1845 Spanish. St. Augustine. ida-Flowery Easter, hence Flowery, or Land of Flowers.
Perhaps from an Indian word 1845 French. Lavaca, on the
From the Indian — Cloudy or 1858 Americans. Fort Snelling.
Either from the Indian - River 1859 Americans. Astoria.
From the Spanish Sierra Neo | 1864 Americans. Genoa, at the vada (Snowy mountain ridge),
base of the Snowy.
From the Indian -- Leagued or 1889 English. Pembina.
From the Indian See above. 1889 Americans. Yankton?
From the Latin Mons, a moun- 1889 Americans. Helena?
From the Indian - Diadem of 1890 | Americans. Pioneer City ? the Mountains.
From the Indian - Great Plains. 1890 Americans. Cheyenne.
Total population in 1790, 3.929,214,
Total population, including territories, in 1880, 50,189,200; in 1890, 62,622,250.
NOTE. — Authorities disagree on a number of the dates and place of settlement of states. The areas of states are taken from the