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Thomas Jefferson.
George Washington. Virginia. Two terms; 1789-1797.

Whole people
John Adams. Edmund Randolph.

Timothy Pickering.
John Adams

Timothy Pickering.
Massachusetts. One term; 1797-1801. Federalists Thomas Jefferson

John Marshall.
Aaron Burr

James Madison.
3
Thomas Jefferson. . . Virginia. Two terms; 1801-1809. .

George Clinton.
Republicans

George Clinton
4 James Madison

Robert Smith,
Virginia.

or Democratic
Two terms; 1809-1817.

Elbridge Gerry James Monroe.

Republicans.
5 James Monroe.
Virginia. Two terms; 1817–1825.

Dan'l D. Tompkins. John Quincy Adams.
6 John Quincy Adams. Massachusetts. One term; 1825-1829. House of Rep. John C. Calhoun. Henry Clay.

Martin Van Buren.

John C. Calhoun. Edward Livingston. 7 Andrew Jackson Tennessee Two terms; 1829–1837. Democrats

Martin Van Buren Louis McLane.

John Forsyth. 8 Martin Van Buren .. New York One term; 1837-1841.

Democrats Rich'd M. Johnson. John Forsyth.
William H. Harrison.
9

Ohio
One month; 1841...

Whigs .
John Tyler.. Daniel Webster.

Hugh S. Legaré.
John Tyler
Virginia. 3 yrs. II mos.; 1841-1845. .

Whigs

Abel P. Upshur.

John C. Calhoun.
James K. Polk.
Tennessee One term; 1845-1849. Democrats ...

George M. Dallas

James Buchanan.
Zachary Taylor. Louisiana.

John M. Clayton.
1 yr. 4 mos.; 1849, 1850.

Whigs
Millard Fillmore

Daniel Webster.
Millard Fillmore ...
New York 2 yrs. 8 mos.; 1850-1853 Whigs

Edward Everett.
Franklin Pierce
14
N. Hampshire. One term; 1853–1857. Democrats William R. King. William L. Marcy.

Lewis Cass.
15 James Buchanan
Pennsylvania . One term; 1857–1861. Democrats J. C. Breckinridge

Jeremiah S. Black.

Hannibal Hamlin. William H. Seward.
16 Abraham Lincoln. Illinois
I term and 6 w’ks; 1861–1865. Republicans.

Andrew Johnson.
17
Andrew Johnson ... Tennessee 3 yrs. 103 mos.; 1865-1869. Republicans.

William H. Seward.

Schuyler Colfax. Elihu B. Washburn.
18 Ulysses S. Grant ... Illinois.
Two terms; 1869–1877. Republicans.

Henry Wilson. Hamilton Fish.
Rutherford B. Hayes. Ohio

One term; 1877-1881. Republicans.
19

Wm. A. Wheeler.. William M. Evarts.
James A. Garfield

Ohio

6 mos. 15 dys.; 1881. Republicans. Chester A. Arthur. James G. Blaine. Chester A. Arthur New York 3 yrs. 5 mos. 15 dys. ; 1881-'85 Republicans.

F.T.Frelinghuysen. Grover Cleveland. New York One term; 1885-1889.

Democrats.

Thos. A. Hendricks. Thomas F. Bayard. Benjamin Harrison Indiana

1889

Republicans. 23

Levi P. Morton, James G. Blaine. 24

APPENDIX.

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xxiii

PRINCIPAL DATES IN AMERICAN HISTORY.

[The * marks the most important dates.]

I. THE PERIOD OF DISCOVERY, 1000- Sir Martin Frobisher's voyages (in search of

a Northwest Passage), 1576. 1507

*Sir Francis Drake sails round the world The coming of the Northmen, 1000.

(visits the western coast of North America *Columbus discovers the West Indies (San and names it New Albion), 1577-1579. Salvador), 1492.

Sir Humphrey Gilbert's voyages (takes posLetter of Columbus describing his voyage, session of Newfoundland), 1578, 1583. 1493

*The Spaniards settle Santa Fé, New Mexico *The Cabots discover the Continent of North

(the second oldest town in the United America, 1497

States), 1582. Voyages of Amerigo Vespucci to South *Sir Walter Raleigh sends out his first expeAmerica, 1499-1503.

dition to North America (the country Amerigo Vespucci publishes an account of

named Virginia in honor of Queen Elizahis voyages, 1504.

beth), 1584. *Waldseemüller publishes a geography in

Sir Walter Raleigh sends out colonies to which he suggests that the New World

settle (Roanoke Island) “ Virginia” (not be called AMERICA, 1507.

permanent), 1585, 1587. II. ATTEMPTS AT EXPLORING AND

III. OPENING OF THE SEVENTEENTH COLONIZING NORTH AMERICA,

CENTURY; PERMANENT ENGLISH 1509–1587.

AND FRENCH SETTLEMENTS; THE Diego Columbus (son of Christopher Colum

THIRTEEN COLONIES. (1602-1763.) bus), governor of San Domingo, conquers Cuba, 1509.

Gosnold's expedition to Northern Virginia *Por Leon di ers and names Florida, (New England), 1602. 1513.

*Jamestown, Virginia, settled (the first per *Balboa discovers the Pacific, 1513.

manent English settlement made in AmerCortez conquers Mexico, 1519.

ica), 1607. *Magellan's voyage round the globe, 1519- Sir George Popham attempts to make a set1521.

tlement in Maine, 1607. Verrazzano explores the coast of North *The French settle Quebec (first permanent America (?), 1524 (?).

French settlement in America), 1608. Cabeza de Vaca discovers one of the mouths *Henry Hudson explores the Hudson River, of the Mississippi, 1528.

1609. Cartier discovers the St. Lawrence and names * John Rolfe begins the cultivation of tobacco Montreal, 1535.

at Jamestown, Virginia, 1612. *De Soto's expedition (he discovers the main *The Dutch take possession of New Nether

stream of the Mississippi), 1539-1542. land (New York), 1614. Huguenot settlement at Port Royal (not per- *The House of Burgesses (the first law-makmanent), 1562.

ing assembly in America) meets at James. Huguenot settlement on the St. John's River, town, 1619.

Florida (broken up by the Spaniards), 1564. *Negro slavery is introduced into Virginia, *The Spaniards settle St. Augustine, Florida 1619.

(the oldest town in the United States), 1565.1 *Landing of the Pilgrims at Plymouth, 1620.

PRINCIPAL DATES IN AMERICAN HISTORY.

XXV

The Dutch build Fort Orange (Albany), 1622. *Cultivation of rice begun in South Carolina, First permanent English settlement made 1693.

(at Pemaquid Point) in Maine, 1625. Yale College founded, 1701. *The Dutch purchase Manhattan Island (New The French establish a colony at Mobile, York City) of the Indians, 1626.

1701. Settlement of Dover, New Hampshire, 1627. Second war with the French and the Indians Settlement of Salem, Massachusetts, 1628. (“Queen Anne's War"), 1702. *Settlement of Boston, 1630.

*The Boston News Letter, the first newsSettlement of Portland, Maine, 1632.

paper published in America, 1704. *Settlement of St. Mary's, Maryland, 1634. New Orleans founded by the French, 1718. *The first English Catholic Church estab- Benjamin Franklin begins his “ Poor Richlished in America, 1634.

ard's Almanac,” 1732. *Religious toleration granted in Maryland to Oglethorpe settles Savannah, Georgia, 1733. all Christians, 1634.

Cultivation of indigo begun in South Caro*Settlements begun in Connecticut (Wethers

lina, 1741. field and Windsor), 1635.

Third war with the French (“King George's *A public school is established in Boston,

War”), 1744. 1635.

Louisburg taken, 1745. *Settlement of Providence, Rhode Island, by * Benjamin Franklin discovers that lightning Roger Williams, 1636.

and electricity are identical, 1752. *Religious toleration granted in Rhode Island Washington sent as a commissioner to the to all persons (whether Christians or not),

French, 1753. 1636.

The fourth French and Indian War, 1754. *Harvard College founded, 1636.

*The Albany Convention, 1754. The Pequot War, 1637.

The Rev. Jonathan Edwards publishes his New Haven, Connecticut, settled, 1638. work on the “ Freedom of the Will,” 1754. Delaware settled by the Swedes, 1638.

Braddock's defeat, 1755. *The Connecticut Constitution (the first writ- *Fort Duquesne taken by the English and

ten constitution framed by the people in named Fort Pitt (Pittsburgh), 1758. America), 1639.

*Wolfe takes Quebec, 1759. First printing-press in New England, 1639. *Treaty of peace, 1763. First New England Confederacy, 1643.

Pontiac's War, 1763.
Clayborne's Rebellion in Maryland, 1645.
Coming of the Quakers to New England, IV. THE REVOLUTION; THE CONSTI-
1656.

TUTION. (1765-1788.)
The English settle in North Carolina, 1663.
The Regicides come to New England, 1663. *Parliament passes the Stamp Act, 1765.
The English seize New Netherland (New Repeal of the Stamp Act, 1766.

Amsterdam becomes New York City), 1664. The Declaratory Act, 1766. The English settle Elizabeth, New Jersey, Duties laid on glass, paints, paper, and tea, 1664.

1767. The Connecticut and the New Haven colo- British troops sent to Boston, 1768. nies united, 1664.

The Boston Massacre (March 3), 1770. *French exploration of the West begins, 1669. Destruction of the Gaspee (June 10), 1772. *Settlement of Old Charleston (South Caro- All duties repealed except that on tea, 1773. lina), 1670.

*The “ Boston Tea Party” (December 16), *King Philip's War, 1675.

1773. *Bacon's Rebellion in Virginia, 1676.

General Gage appointed military governor, *William Penn settles Philadelphia, Pennsyl. 1774 vania, 1683.

*Parliament closes the port of Boston (June 1), *La Salle explores the Mississippi, 1682.

1774. First war with the French and the Indians *The first Continental Congress meets at Phil. (" King William's War"), 1689.

adelphia (September 5), 1774. The Salem Witchcraft, 1692.

The battle of Lexington (April 19), 1775. William and Mary College (Virginia) The battle of Concord (April 19), 1775. founded, 1692.

The siege of Boston begins (April 20), 1775.

Ethan Allen takes Ticonderoga (May 10),| Indian massacre at Wyoming, Pennsylvania 1775

(July 3), 1778. Crown Point taken (May 11), 1775.

Indian massacre at Cherry Valley, New York *Washington appointed commander-in-chief (November 11), 1778. (June 15), 1775.

The British take Savannah, Georgia (De*Battle of Bunker Hill (June 17), 1775. cember 29), 1778. Washington takes command of the Conti- “Mad Anthony” Wayne takes Stony Point nental Army at Cambridge, Massachusetts

(July 15), 1779. (July 3), 1775.

*Victory of Paul Jones off coast of England General Montgomery takes Montreal (No- (September 23), 1779. vember 13), 1775.

British conquest of Georgia, 1779. Montgomery and Arnold attack Quebec British capture of Charleston, South Caro

(Montgomery killed) (December 31), 1775. lina (May 12), 1780. Paine's “ Common Sense" (January 5), 1776. British victory at Camden, South Carolina *The British evacuate Boston (March 17), (August 16), 1780. 1776.

*Arnold's treason (September), 1780. The British fail in their attack on Fort Moul- American victory at King's Mountain, South

trie, South Carolina (June 28), 1776. Carolina (October 7), 1780. *Declaration of Independence (July 4), 1776. *General Greene takes command of the Amer*Battle of Long Island (August 27), 1776. ican army at the South, 1780. Battle of White Plains, New York (October *American victory at Cowpens, South Caro28), 1776.

lina (January 17), 1781. Fort Washington taken (November 16), 1776. *Greene's retreat northward, 1781. *Washington retreats across New Jersey and British gain battle of Guilford Court-House,

crosses the Delaware (November 19 to North Carolina (March 15), 1781. December 8), 1776.

British success at Hobkirk's Hill, South *Washington gains the victory of Trenton, Carolina (April 25), 1781. New Jersey (December 26), 1776.

British retreat from Eutaw Springs, South *Washington victorious at Princeton, New Carolina (September 8), 1781. Jersey (January 3), 1777.

Benedict Arnold and Cornwallis invade VirHe goes into winter quarters at Morristown, ginia, 1781. New Jersey, 1777.

*American victory of Yorktown (October 19), Arrival of Lafayette in spring of 1777.

1781. *American victory at Bennington, Vermont The war suspended, 1782. (August 16), 1777.

*Treaty of peace with Great Britain (SeptemBritish victory at Brandywine Creek, Penn- ber 3), 1783. sylvania (September 11), 1777.

Shays' Rebellion in Massachusetts, 1786. Battle of Bemis Heights, New York (Sep- *The Federal Convention frames the Constitember 19), 1777

tution, 1787 *Howe enters Philadelphia (September 26), The ordinance concerning the Northwest 1777.

Territory, 1787. British victory at Germantown, Pennsyl- *The states accept the Constitution, 1788.

vania (October 4), 1777. *American victory at Stillwater, New York V. THE UNION; NATIONAL DEVEL(October 7), 1777.

OPMENT. (1789-1860.) *American victory at Saratoga, New York;

Burgoyne surrenders (October 17), 1777. WASHINGTON inaugurated President Washington goes into winter quarters at of the United States (two terms), 1789-1797.

Valley Forge, Pennsylvania (December *Organization of the departments of the gov11), 1777

ernment and formation of the Cabinet, *France acknowledges the independence of 1789. the United States (February 6), 1778.

Revenue Tariff imposed, 1789. *The British evacuate Philadelphia (June 18), First census, 1790. 1778.

Settlement of Cincinnati, 1790. Battle of Monmouth, New Jersey (June 28), United States Bank established, 1791. 1778.

United States Mint established, 1792.

PRINCIPAL DATES IN AMERICAN HISTORY.

xxvii

Organization of political parties begun,--Fed. The first steamship — the Savannah

eralists and Anti-Federalists or Demo- (American) crosses the Atlantic, 1819. cratic-Republicans, a name later shortened *Purchase of Florida, 1819. to Democrats, — 1792.

*The Missouri Compromise, 1820. *Whitney invents the cotton-gin, 1793. *Extension of National Road, 1822. The Whiskey Rebellion, 1794.

*The Monroe Doctrine, 1823. Jay's treaty with Great Britain, 1795. High Protective Tariff established, 1824. ADAMS'S ADMINISTRATION (one Lafayette visits the United States, 1824. term, 1797-1801).

ADAMS'S (J. Q.) ADMINISTRAThe X. Y. 2. Papers, – War with France, TION (one term, 1825-1829). 1798.

*The Erie Canal opened, 1825. *The Alien and the Sedition Laws, 1798. *The temperance reform movement begun, Peace made with France, 1799.

1826. Death of Washington, 1799.

*Ground broken at Baltimore for the first rail*The city of Washington made the national road, 1828. capital, 1800.

*Publication of Webster's “Dictionary,JEFFERSON'S ADMINISTRA- Irving, Cooper, Bryant, - 1828. TION (two terms, 1801-1809).

JACKSON'S ADMINISTRATION War with Tripoli, 1801.

(two terms, 1829–1837). *Purchase of Louisiana, 1803.

*General removal of government officers, 1829. *Lewis and Clarke's expedition, 1804.

*The first steam railroad opened (at BaltiPeace with Tripoli, 1805.

more), 1830. The Leopard and the Chesapeake, 1807. *Garrison begins the publication of the Liber*The Embargo, 1807.

ator (January 1), 1831, Burr's expedition and trial, 1807.

The President vetoes the United States Bank *Fulton's steamboat (August 11), 1807.

Bill, 1832.
The importation of slaves forbidden, 1808. *Nullification in South Carolina, 1832.
The Non-Intercourse Act, 1809.

Chicago founded, 1833. MADISON'S ADMINISTRATION The New York Daily Sun, the first one(two terms, 1809-1817).

cent newspaper, appears, 1833. End of the Non-Intercourse Policy, 1810. *McCormick's reaper, 1834. Battle of Tippecanoe, 1811.

Rise of the Whig party, 1834. *War declared against Great Britain (June 18), Second Seminole War, 1835. 1812.

Coal comes into extensive use, 1835. Hull surrenders Detroit (August 16), 1812. Great fire in New York City, 1835. *The Constitution takes the Guerrière *Rise of American Literature,

Whittier, (August 19), - many American victories Longfellow, Holmes, Lowell, Emerson, on the sea follow, 1812.

Bancroft, Prescott, Hawthorne, Poe, *Perry's victory on Lake Erie (September 10), — 1835. 1813.

VAN BUREN'S ADMINISTRAJackson's victory at Tohopeka, Alabama TION (one term, 1837-1841). (March 27), 1814.

*Business panic, 1837. Battle of Chippewa (July 5), 1814.

Repudiation of state debts, 1838. Battle of Lundy's Lane (July 25), 1814. Congress refuses to receive petitions for the *The British take Washington (August 24), abolition of slavery in the District of Co1814.

lumbia, 1838. *Macdonough's victory on Lake Champlain *Beginning of the American express system, (September 11), 1814.

1839. Hartford Convention (December 15), 1814. The Mormons settle Nauvoo, 1839. Treaty of peace signed at Ghent (December *The first line of steamships between Europe 24), 1814.

and America (Cunard) established, 1840. *Jackson's victory at New Orleans (January *The government establishes an independent 8), 1815.

treasury with sub-treasuries, 1840. MONROE'S ADMINISTRATION HARRISON AND TYLER'S AD(two terms, 1817-1825).

MINISTRATIONS (one term, 1841First Seminole War, 1817.

1845).

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