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Death of President Harrison (April 4), 1841. |** Uncle Tom's Cabin " published, 1852. *Ashburton Treaty, 1842.
The "Dorr Rebellion "in Rhode Island, 1842.
Anti-rent troubles in New York State, 1842. Dr. Whitman leaves Oregon for Washington (October 3) (returns, 1843), 1842. *Morse completes the first line of electric telegraph and sends the first message (May 24), 1844.
Perry's treaty with Japan, 1854. *Passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Bill, 1854. *The struggle for the possession of Kansas begins; first appearance of John Brown, 1855.
*The President signs the bill for the annexation of Texas (March 1), 1845.
Assault on Senator Sumner, 1856.
*Morton's discovery of the anesthetic uses of *Rise of the Republican party, 1856. ether, 1845.
*Texas admitted to the Union (December 20), *The Dred Scott decision, 1857.
Great increase in emigration to the United
States begins, 1845.
*Treaty settling the Oregon boundary, 1846.
Protective duties taken off. Revenue Tariff
(The battles of Palo Alto and Resaca de la
Battle of Monterey (September 24), 1846.
Treaty of peace with Mexico (February 2),
*Discovery of gold in California, spring of
The Mormons emigrate to Utah, 1848.
Death of President Taylor (July 9), 1850. Clay's " Omnibus Bill," 1850. *Passage of the Fugitive Slave Law (included in the "Omnibus Bill"), 1850. The Maine prohibition law passed, 1851. Rise of the American or "Know-Nothing" party, 1852.
PIERCE'S ADMINISTRATION (one term, 1853-1857).
*Purchase of Arizona and New Mexico, 1853. Opening of the World's Fair at New York, 1853.
VI. THE CIVIL WAR. (1861-1865.)
LINCOLN'S ADMINISTRATION (one term and part of second, 1861 to April 14, 1865). *Bombardment and surrender of Fort Sumter (April 13), 1861.
*President Lincoln's call for 75,000 volunteers (April 15), 1861.
Seizure of arms at Harper's Ferry by Confederates (April 18), 1861.
Bloodshed at Baltimore (April 19), 1861. Seizure of Norfolk Navy Yard by Confederates (April 20), 1861. *Secession of Eastern Virginia, Arkansas,
Tennessee, and North Carolina, making the whole number of States in the Confederacy eleven (May-June), 1861. General Butler declares fugitive slaves contraband of war, 1861.
Union victory of Rich Mountain, West Virginia (July 21), 1861.
*Confederate victory of Bull Run (July 21), 1861.
PRINCIPAL DATES IN AMERICAN HISTORY.
Confederate victory of Wilson's Creek, Missouri (August 10), 1861. Union capture of Fort Hatteras, North Caro- *Act establishing National Banks (February lina (August 29), 1861. 23), 1863.
Union capture of Port Royal, South Caro- Confederate victory of Chancellorsville, Virginia (May 2-3), 1863.
lina (November 7), 1861.
Union capture of Mason and Slidell (Trent *Union victory of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania affair) (November 8), 1861. (July 1-3), 1863.
Union victory of Mill Spring, Kentucky *Grant takes Vicksburg (July 4), 1863. (January 19), 1862. Union victory at Helena, Arkansas (July 4), 1863.
*Farragut takes New Orleans (April 25), 1862. †Battle of Williamsburg, Virginia (May 5),
Union victory of Arkansas Post (January 11), 1863.
Union victory at Fort Henry, Tennessee (February 6), 1862.
Union capture of Roanoke Island, North Carolina (February 8), 1862. *Grant takes Fort Donelson, Tennessee (February 16), 1862.
Morgan's raid into Ohio (July), 1863.
*The Monitor drives back the Merrimac (March 9), 1862.
Union victory at Pea Ridge, Arkansas (March Confederate victory of Chickamauga, Geor-
*Grant's victory at Pittsburg Landing or Shi-
Union victory at Lookout Mountain, Ten-
Union capture of Fort Pulaski, Georgia Sherman destroys Meridian, Mississippi (April 11), 1862.
(February 3 to March 5), and the railroads centering there, 1864. Grant made lieutenant-general (March 3), 1864.
Union capture of Corinth, Mississippi (May Confederate capture of Fort Pillow, Tennes30), 1862. see (April 12), 1864.
Union victory of Fair Oaks, Virginia (May †Battle of the Wilderness, Virginia (May 5-7), 31), 1862. 1864.
"Stonewall" Jackson drives Banks out of †Battle at Spottsylvania Court-House, Virthe Shenandoah Valley (June), 1862. ginia (May 8-18), 1864. †The "Seven Days' Battles" around Rich- Union victory at Resaca, Georgia (May 14mond (June 25 to July 1), 1862. 15), 1864.
Pope's campaign in Virginia (Confederates victorious) (August), 1862.
Union victory at Dallas, Georgia (May 2528), 1864.
Second battle of Bull Run (Confederate victory) (August 30), 1862.
"Stonewall" Jackson takes Harper's Ferry (September 15), 1862. *Union victory at Antietam (September 17), The Kearsarge sinks the Alabama (June 1862. 19), 1864.
Union victory at Kenesaw Mountain, Georgia (June 27), 1864.
Union victories at Atlanta, Georgia (July 20-28), 1864.
Early's raid on Washington (July), 1864. Early burns Chambersburg, Pennsylvania (July 30), 1864.
Bragg invades Kentucky (September), 1862. †Battle of Perryville, Kentucky (October 8), 1862.
*Confederate victory at Fredericksburg, Vir
ginia (December 13), 1862.
Union victory of Murfreesboro', Tennessee (December 31 to January 2), 1862. *Lincoln's Proclamation of Emancipation
(January 1), 1863.
*Union capture of Port Hudson on the Mississippi (July 9), 1863.
Draft riots in New York City (July 13-16),
Confederate victory at Cold Harbor, Virginia (June 3), 1864.
Siege of Petersburg, Virginia, begun (June), 1864.
Confederate success at the Petersburg mine,
† Battles so marked were indecisive,
*Farragut enters Mobile Bay (August 5), The President's proclamation of pardon 1864. (limited) (May 29), 1865.
*Union victory at Winchester, Virginia (September 19), 1864.
*Sherman takes Atlanta, Georgia (Septem- Reorganization of Southern States, 1865. ber 2), 1864. *The Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution accepted by the states, 1865. *Payment of the National Debt begun, 1865. Tennessee re-admitted to the Union, 1866. Reconstruction acts passed over the President's veto, 1867.
*Union victory at Cedar Creek, Virginia ("Sheridan's Ride") (October 19), 1864. *Sherman's march from Atlanta to Savannah (November 12 to December 21), 1864. Union victory at Franklin, Tennessee (November 30), 1864. Sherman takes Fort McAllister, Georgia *Six states re-admitted to the Union, 1868. *The Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution accepted by the states, 1868.
Tenure of Office Act, 1867 (repealed, 1887). *Purchase of Alaska, 1867. Impeachment of the President, 1868.
(December 13), 1864. *Thomas gains decisive Union victory at Nashville, Tennessee (December 15-16), 1864.
*The President's proclamation of full and unconditional pardon (Christmas), 1868.
*Sherman takes Savannah, Georgia (Decem- GRANT'S ADMINISTRATION (two terms, 1869-1877).
ber 21), 1864.
Union capture of Fort Fisher, North Caro- *Completion of the Pacific Railroad (May 10), lina (January 15), 1865. Sherman marches northward (February to March), 1865. Union capture of Columbia, South Carolina (February 17), 1865.
*Organization of the " Knights of Labor,” 1869. *Completion of the reconstruction of Southern
Union capture of Charleston, South Caro
States (all re-admitted to the Union), 1870. *Weather Bureau established, 1870. *The Fifteenth Amendment to the Constitution accepted by the states, 1870. Tweed Ring in New York, 1871. Ku-Klux Klans, 1871.
lina (February 18), 1865. Union capture of Wilmington, North Carolina (February 21), 1865.
Union victory at Averysboro', North Caro- *Great fire at Chicago and Western forest lina (March 15), 1865.
Union victory at Bentonville, North Caro- *Treaty of Washington, 1871.
Sheridan's raid on Lynchburg, Virginia Settlement of the Alabama claims, 1872.
(April 1), 1865.
capture of Petersburg, Virginia *Centennial celebration and exhibition (electric (April 2), 1865. light and Bell telephone exhibited), 1876. *Grant takes Richmond, Virginia (April 3), Sioux War-death of General Custer, 1876. 1865. *Electoral Commission, 1877. HAYES'S ADMINISTRATION (one term, 1877-1881).
*Lee surrenders to Grant (April 9), 1865. General Anderson raises the Union flag over Fort Sumter, South Carolina (April 14), 1865.
*Assassination of Lincoln (April 14), 1865.
NATION. (1865 TO THE PRESENT
(April 15, 1865, to 1869).
Review of Grant's and of Sherman's armies
The President withdraws all troops from the
*Great railroad strikes, 1877.
*The telephone begins to come into general use, 1877.
Yellow fever at the South, 1878.
Silver dollars restored (remonetization of silver), 1878.
*Resumption of specie payment (January 1), 1879.
*Eads's improvement of the navigation of the Mississippi, 1879.
at Washington (May 23-24), 1865.
Gradual disbanding of the Union armies, 1865. Treaty with China, 1880.
PRINCIPAL DATES IN AMERICAN HISTORY.
GARFIELD'S AND ARTHUR'S (one term,
Presidential Succession Act, 1886.
*Assassination of the President (July 2), 1881.
(April 22), 1889.
Completion of the East River Suspension Centennial celebration of the inauguration of Bridge, 1883. Washington (April 29 to May 1), 1889. The Johnstown disaster (May 31), 1889. Electricity begins to be extensively used for driving light machinery and propelling street cars, 1889.
A number of new steel war-ships added to the Navy, 1889.
Congress of the Three Americas (Pan-Amer
ican Congress) (October 2), 1889-1890. The "Squadron of Evolution" sails from Boston for Lisbon (December 7), 1889. The taking of the eleventh or centennial census begins (June 2), 1890.
*Civil Service Reform Commission, 1883.
cents), 1883, 1885. Cincinnati riot, 1884.
New Orleans Exhibition, 1884. CLEVELAND'S
Anarchist riot at Chicago, 1886.
The Charleston earthquake, 1886.
The Statue of Liberty completed at New
A SHORT LIST OF BOOKS ON AMERICAN HISTORY.
*Winsor's Narrative and Critical History, 8 vols. (to 1887, but not including the period of the Civil War).
*Bancroft's United States, 6 vols. (revised
*Hildreth's United States, 6 vols. (to 1821).
*Johnston's United States (reprinted from
*Gilman's American People (to 1881).
Schouler's United States, 4 vols. (1783-1847).
Works of Reference.
Lalor's Cyclopædia of United States History,
Appleton's Annual Cyclopædia.
Von Holst's Constitutional History of the
Scribner's Statistical Atlas of the United
Lossing's Cyclopædia of United States His
Labberton's Historical Atlas.
Poole's Index to Reviews.
Bryce's The American Commonwealth, 2
Brooks's The Story of the States (a series of
Appleton's Cyclopædia of American Biogra-
Warner's American Men of Letters (a com
panion series of vols. to the American Statesmen series).
Harper's The First Century of the Republic
The North American Review for January,
The Magazine of American History.
I. PERIOD OF DISCOVERY (1492
Irving's Companions of Columbus.
MacCoun's Historical Geography of the §Major's Select Letters of Columbus (Hak
luyt Soc. Pub.).
Curtis's Constitutional History of the United
States, 2 vols. (to 1865).
Higginson's American Explorers.
Wilson's The State.
Macy's Civil Government of the United §Hakluyt's Divers Voyages touching the DisStates.
covery of America.
Putnam's Great Cities of the Republic (a
Bourne's Voyages (The Cabots).
* Books so marked begin with the earliest period of American History.