Page images

Death of President Harrison (April 4), 1841. |** Uncle Tom's Cabin " published, 1852. *Ashburton Treaty, 1842.

The "Dorr Rebellion "in Rhode Island, 1842.

Anti-rent troubles in New York State, 1842. Dr. Whitman leaves Oregon for Washington (October 3) (returns, 1843), 1842. *Morse completes the first line of electric telegraph and sends the first message (May 24), 1844.

Perry's treaty with Japan, 1854. *Passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Bill, 1854. *The struggle for the possession of Kansas begins; first appearance of John Brown, 1855.

*The President signs the bill for the annexation of Texas (March 1), 1845.

Assault on Senator Sumner, 1856.

*Morton's discovery of the anesthetic uses of *Rise of the Republican party, 1856. ether, 1845.




term, 1845-1849).

*Texas admitted to the Union (December 20), *The Dred Scott decision, 1857.


Great increase in emigration to the United

States begins, 1845.

*Treaty settling the Oregon boundary, 1846.
*Elias Howe invents the sewing-machine,

Protective duties taken off. Revenue Tariff
established; this continues until 1861.
*War declared against Mexico (May 13),

(The battles of Palo Alto and Resaca de la
Palma, May 8 and 9, 1846, were fought
before the formal declaration of war.)
Conquest of California, 1846.
New Mexico conquered, 1846.

Battle of Monterey (September 24), 1846.
Battle of Buena Vista (February 23), 1847.
Battle of Contreras (August 20), 1847.
Battle of Chapultepec (September 13), 1847.
The city of Mexico taken (September 14),

Treaty of peace with Mexico (February 2),

*Discovery of gold in California, spring of


The Mormons emigrate to Utah, 1848.
Great movement of emigrants and gold-dig-
gers to California, beginning in the spring
of 1849.
MINISTRATION (one term, 1849-


Death of President Taylor (July 9), 1850. Clay's " Omnibus Bill," 1850. *Passage of the Fugitive Slave Law (included in the "Omnibus Bill"), 1850. The Maine prohibition law passed, 1851. Rise of the American or "Know-Nothing" party, 1852.

PIERCE'S ADMINISTRATION (one term, 1853-1857).

*Purchase of Arizona and New Mexico, 1853. Opening of the World's Fair at New York, 1853.

(one term, 1857-1861).
*Business panic, 1857.

[blocks in formation]

VI. THE CIVIL WAR. (1861-1865.)

LINCOLN'S ADMINISTRATION (one term and part of second, 1861 to April 14, 1865). *Bombardment and surrender of Fort Sumter (April 13), 1861.

*President Lincoln's call for 75,000 volunteers (April 15), 1861.

Seizure of arms at Harper's Ferry by Confederates (April 18), 1861.

Bloodshed at Baltimore (April 19), 1861. Seizure of Norfolk Navy Yard by Confederates (April 20), 1861. *Secession of Eastern Virginia, Arkansas,

Tennessee, and North Carolina, making the whole number of States in the Confederacy eleven (May-June), 1861. General Butler declares fugitive slaves contraband of war, 1861.

Union victory of Rich Mountain, West Virginia (July 21), 1861.

*Confederate victory of Bull Run (July 21), 1861.


Confederate victory of Wilson's Creek, Missouri (August 10), 1861. Union capture of Fort Hatteras, North Caro- *Act establishing National Banks (February lina (August 29), 1861. 23), 1863.

Union capture of Port Royal, South Caro- Confederate victory of Chancellorsville, Virginia (May 2-3), 1863.

lina (November 7), 1861.

Union capture of Mason and Slidell (Trent *Union victory of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania affair) (November 8), 1861. (July 1-3), 1863.

Union victory of Mill Spring, Kentucky *Grant takes Vicksburg (July 4), 1863. (January 19), 1862. Union victory at Helena, Arkansas (July 4), 1863.

*Farragut takes New Orleans (April 25), 1862. †Battle of Williamsburg, Virginia (May 5),


Union victory of Arkansas Post (January 11), 1863.

Union victory at Fort Henry, Tennessee (February 6), 1862.

Union capture of Roanoke Island, North Carolina (February 8), 1862. *Grant takes Fort Donelson, Tennessee (February 16), 1862.


Morgan's raid into Ohio (July), 1863.

*The Monitor drives back the Merrimac (March 9), 1862.

Union victory at Pea Ridge, Arkansas (March Confederate victory of Chickamauga, Geor-
5-8), 1862.
gia (September 19-20), 1863.
Confederates besiege Chattanooga, Tennessee
(October-November), 1863.
Confederates besiege Knoxville, Tennessee
(November 18-29), 1863.

*Grant's victory at Pittsburg Landing or Shi-
loh, Tennessee (April 6-7), 1862.
*Union capture of Island No. Ten, Mississippi
River (April 8), 1862.

Union victory at Lookout Mountain, Ten-
nessee (November 24-25), 1863.

Union capture of Fort Pulaski, Georgia Sherman destroys Meridian, Mississippi (April 11), 1862.

(February 3 to March 5), and the railroads centering there, 1864. Grant made lieutenant-general (March 3), 1864.


Union capture of Corinth, Mississippi (May Confederate capture of Fort Pillow, Tennes30), 1862. see (April 12), 1864.

Union victory of Fair Oaks, Virginia (May †Battle of the Wilderness, Virginia (May 5-7), 31), 1862. 1864.

"Stonewall" Jackson drives Banks out of †Battle at Spottsylvania Court-House, Virthe Shenandoah Valley (June), 1862. ginia (May 8-18), 1864. †The "Seven Days' Battles" around Rich- Union victory at Resaca, Georgia (May 14mond (June 25 to July 1), 1862. 15), 1864.

Pope's campaign in Virginia (Confederates victorious) (August), 1862.

Union victory at Dallas, Georgia (May 2528), 1864.

Second battle of Bull Run (Confederate victory) (August 30), 1862.

"Stonewall" Jackson takes Harper's Ferry (September 15), 1862. *Union victory at Antietam (September 17), The Kearsarge sinks the Alabama (June 1862. 19), 1864.

Union victory at Kenesaw Mountain, Georgia (June 27), 1864.

Union victories at Atlanta, Georgia (July 20-28), 1864.

Early's raid on Washington (July), 1864. Early burns Chambersburg, Pennsylvania (July 30), 1864.

Bragg invades Kentucky (September), 1862. †Battle of Perryville, Kentucky (October 8), 1862.

*Confederate victory at Fredericksburg, Vir

ginia (December 13), 1862.

Union victory of Murfreesboro', Tennessee (December 31 to January 2), 1862. *Lincoln's Proclamation of Emancipation

(January 1), 1863.

*Union capture of Port Hudson on the Mississippi (July 9), 1863.

Draft riots in New York City (July 13-16),

Confederate victory at Cold Harbor, Virginia (June 3), 1864.

Siege of Petersburg, Virginia, begun (June), 1864.

Confederate success at the Petersburg mine,
Virginia (July 30), 1864.

† Battles so marked were indecisive,

*Farragut enters Mobile Bay (August 5), The President's proclamation of pardon 1864. (limited) (May 29), 1865.

*Union victory at Winchester, Virginia (September 19), 1864.

*Sherman takes Atlanta, Georgia (Septem- Reorganization of Southern States, 1865. ber 2), 1864. *The Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution accepted by the states, 1865. *Payment of the National Debt begun, 1865. Tennessee re-admitted to the Union, 1866. Reconstruction acts passed over the President's veto, 1867.

*Union victory at Cedar Creek, Virginia ("Sheridan's Ride") (October 19), 1864. *Sherman's march from Atlanta to Savannah (November 12 to December 21), 1864. Union victory at Franklin, Tennessee (November 30), 1864. Sherman takes Fort McAllister, Georgia *Six states re-admitted to the Union, 1868. *The Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution accepted by the states, 1868.

Tenure of Office Act, 1867 (repealed, 1887). *Purchase of Alaska, 1867. Impeachment of the President, 1868.

(December 13), 1864. *Thomas gains decisive Union victory at Nashville, Tennessee (December 15-16), 1864.

*The President's proclamation of full and unconditional pardon (Christmas), 1868.

*Sherman takes Savannah, Georgia (Decem- GRANT'S ADMINISTRATION (two terms, 1869-1877).

ber 21), 1864.


Union capture of Fort Fisher, North Caro- *Completion of the Pacific Railroad (May 10), lina (January 15), 1865. Sherman marches northward (February to March), 1865. Union capture of Columbia, South Carolina (February 17), 1865.

*Organization of the " Knights of Labor,” 1869. *Completion of the reconstruction of Southern

Union capture of Charleston, South Caro

States (all re-admitted to the Union), 1870. *Weather Bureau established, 1870. *The Fifteenth Amendment to the Constitution accepted by the states, 1870. Tweed Ring in New York, 1871. Ku-Klux Klans, 1871.

lina (February 18), 1865. Union capture of Wilmington, North Carolina (February 21), 1865.

Union victory at Averysboro', North Caro- *Great fire at Chicago and Western forest lina (March 15), 1865.

fires, 1871.

Union victory at Bentonville, North Caro- *Treaty of Washington, 1871.
lina (March 19), 1865.
*Great fire at Boston, 1872.

Sheridan's raid on Lynchburg, Virginia Settlement of the Alabama claims, 1872.
(March), 1865.
Modoc War, 1872.
Union victory at Five Forks, Virginia *Business panic, 1873.
Whiskey Ring, 1875.

(April 1), 1865.

capture of Petersburg, Virginia *Centennial celebration and exhibition (electric (April 2), 1865. light and Bell telephone exhibited), 1876. *Grant takes Richmond, Virginia (April 3), Sioux War-death of General Custer, 1876. 1865. *Electoral Commission, 1877. HAYES'S ADMINISTRATION (one term, 1877-1881).


*Lee surrenders to Grant (April 9), 1865. General Anderson raises the Union flag over Fort Sumter, South Carolina (April 14), 1865.

*Assassination of Lincoln (April 14), 1865.






(April 15, 1865, to 1869).

Review of Grant's and of Sherman's armies

The President withdraws all troops from the
South, 1877.

*Great railroad strikes, 1877.

*The telephone begins to come into general use, 1877.

Yellow fever at the South, 1878.

Silver dollars restored (remonetization of silver), 1878.

*Resumption of specie payment (January 1), 1879.

*Eads's improvement of the navigation of the Mississippi, 1879.

at Washington (May 23-24), 1865.

Gradual disbanding of the Union armies, 1865. Treaty with China, 1880.






Presidential Succession Act, 1886.
Interstate Commerce Act, 1887.
Chinese Immigration Act, 1888.
Western "blizzards," 1888.
(1889- ).

*Assassination of the President (July 2), 1881.
Death of the President (September 19), 1881.
Overflow of the Mississippi, 1882.
Electric lights begin to come into general Opening of the Oklahoma lands to settlers
use, 1883.

(April 22), 1889.

Completion of the East River Suspension Centennial celebration of the inauguration of Bridge, 1883. Washington (April 29 to May 1), 1889. The Johnstown disaster (May 31), 1889. Electricity begins to be extensively used for driving light machinery and propelling street cars, 1889.

A number of new steel war-ships added to the Navy, 1889.

Congress of the Three Americas (Pan-Amer

ican Congress) (October 2), 1889-1890. The "Squadron of Evolution" sails from Boston for Lisbon (December 7), 1889. The taking of the eleventh or centennial census begins (June 2), 1890.

*Civil Service Reform Commission, 1883.
*Reduction in rates of letter-postage (to two

cents), 1883, 1885. Cincinnati riot, 1884.

New Orleans Exhibition, 1884. CLEVELAND'S


TION (one term, 1885 to 1889).
Progress in civil service reform, 1885.
Extensive labor strikes, 1886.

Anarchist riot at Chicago, 1886.

The Charleston earthquake, 1886.

The Statue of Liberty completed at New
York, 1886.



*Winsor's Narrative and Critical History, 8 vols. (to 1887, but not including the period of the Civil War).

*Bancroft's United States, 6 vols. (revised
edition) (to 1789).

*Hildreth's United States, 6 vols. (to 1821).
*Bryant and Gay's United States, 4 vols. (to

*Johnston's United States (reprinted from
the Encyclopædia Britannica) (1607 to

*Gilman's American People (to 1881).
*Higginson's Larger History of the United
States (to 1837).

Schouler's United States, 4 vols. (1783-1847).

Works of Reference.

Lalor's Cyclopædia of United States History,
3 vols.

Appleton's Annual Cyclopædia.
Spofford's American Almanac.
Johnston's American Politics.

Von Holst's Constitutional History of the
United States, 4 vols. (to 1859).

Scribner's Statistical Atlas of the United

Lossing's Cyclopædia of United States His


Labberton's Historical Atlas.

Poole's Index to Reviews.

Bryce's The American Commonwealth, 2


Brooks's The Story of the States (a series of
volumes now in course of publication).
Scudder's American Commonwealths (a se-
ries of volumes giving the histories of the
states, by eminent writers).
Sparks's American Biography, 25 vols.
Morse's American Statesmen (a series of
volumes by able writers).

Appleton's Cyclopædia of American Biogra-
phy, 6 vols.

Warner's American Men of Letters (a com

panion series of vols. to the American Statesmen series).

Harper's The First Century of the Republic

The North American Review for January,
1876 (covering the general progress of the
country from 1776 to 1876 in a series of arti-
cles on Religion, Politics, Science, Polit-
ical Economy, Law, and Education).
The Statesman's Year Book.

The Magazine of American History.
The Magazine of Western History.
Adams's Manual of Historical Literature (re-
vised edition). (This valuable manual
contains full references to all works on
American History.)



Help's Columbus.
Irving's Columbus.

Irving's Companions of Columbus.
Harrisse, Colombo, sa vie, etc.

MacCoun's Historical Geography of the §Major's Select Letters of Columbus (Hak

United States.

luyt Soc. Pub.).

Curtis's Constitutional History of the United

States, 2 vols. (to 1865).

Higginson's American Explorers.
Vogel's Century of Discovery.
Markham's The Sea Fathers.

Wilson's The State.

Macy's Civil Government of the United §Hakluyt's Divers Voyages touching the DisStates.

covery of America.

Putnam's Great Cities of the Republic (a
series of vols.).

Bourne's Voyages (The Cabots).
Nicholl's Sebastian Cabot.

* Books so marked begin with the earliest period of American History.
§ Early or contemporaneous history.

« EelmineJätka »