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Death of President Harrison (April 4), 1841.1 *“ Uncle Tom's Cabin" published, 1852. * Ashburton Treaty, 1842.

PIERCE'S ADMINISTRATION The “Dorr Rebellion "in Rhode Island, (one term, 1853–1857). 1842.

*Purchase of Arizona and New Mexico, 1853. Anti-rent troubles in New York State, 1842. Opening of the World's Fair at New York, Dr. Whitman leaves Oregon for Washington 1853. (October 3) (returns, 1843), 1842.

Perry's treaty with Japan, 1854. *Morse completes the first line of electric tele- *Passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Bill, 1854.

graph and sends the first message (May *The struggle for the possession of Kansas 24), 1844.

begins; first appearance of John Brown, *The President signs the bill for the annexa- 1855. tion of Texas (March 1), 1845.

Assault on Senator Sumner, 1856. *Morton's discovery of the anæsthetic uses of *Rise of the Republican party, 1856. ether, 1845.

BUCHANAN'S ADMINISTRATION POLK'S ADMINISTRATION (one (one term, 1857–1861). term, 1845-1849).

*Business panic, 1857. *Texas admitted to the Union (December 20), *The Dred Scott decision, 1857. 1845.

*Discovery of silver in Nevada and Colorado, Great increase in emigration to the United and of petroleum in Pennsylvania, 1858– States begins, 1845.

1859 *Treaty settling the Oregon boundary, 1846. *John Brown's raid on Harper's Ferry (Octo*Elias Howe invents the sewing-machine, ber 16), 1859. 1846.

*Election of Abraham Lincoln, 1860. Protective duties taken off. Revenue Tariff *Secession of South Carolina (December 20), established; this continues until 1861.

1860. *War declared against Mexico (May 13), Steamer Star of the West fired on by the 1846.

Secessionists (January 9), 1861. (The battles of Palo Alto and Resaca de la *Formation of the Southern Confederacy (FebPalma, May 8 and 9, 1846, were fought

ruary 4), 1861. before the formal declaration of war.) Jefferson Davis elected President of the ConConquest of California, 1846.

federacy (February 18), 1861. New Mexico conquered, 1846. Battle of Monterey (September 24), 1846. VI. THE Civil War. (1861-1865.) Battle of Buena Vista (February 23), 1847. Battle of Contreras (August 20), 1847.

LINCOLN'S ADMINISTRATION Battle of Chapultepec (September 13), 1847. (one term and part of second, 1861 to April The city of Mexico taken (September 14),

14, 1865). 1847

*Bombardment and surrender of Fort Sumter Treaty of peace with Mexico (February 2), (April 13), 1861. 1848.

*President Lincoln's call for 75,000 volunteers *Discovery of gold in California, spring of (April 15), 1861. 1848.

Seizure of arms at Harper's Ferry by ConfedThe Mormons emigrate to Utah, 1848.

erates (April 18), 1861. Great movement of emigrants and gold-dig- Bloodshed at Baltimore (April 19), 1861.

gers to California, beginning in the spring Seizure of Norfolk Navy Yard by Confederof 1849.

ates (April 20), 1861. TAYLOR AND FILLMORE'S AD- *Secession of Eastern Virginia, Arkansas,

MINISTRATION (one term, 1849– Tennessee, and North Carolina, making 1853).

the whole number of States in the ConfedDeath of President Taylor (July 9), 1850. eracy eleven (May-June), 1861. Clay's “ Omnibus Bill," 1850.

General Butler declares fugitive slaves con*Passage of the Fugitive Slave Law (included traband of war, 1861. in the “ Omnibus Bill"), 1850.

Union victory of Rich Mountain, West VirThe Maine prohibition law passed, 1851. ginia (July 21), 1861. Rise of the American or “ Know-Nothing" *Confederate victory of Bull Run (July 21), party, 1852.

1861.

PRINCIPAL DATES IN AMERICAN HISTORY.

xxix

Confederate victory of Wilson's Creek, Mis- Union victory of Arkansas Post (January 11), souri (August 10), 1861.

1863 Union capture of Fort Hatteras, North Caro- *Act establishing National Banks (February lina (August 29), 1861.

23), 1863. Union capture of Port Royal, South Caro- Confederate victory of Chancellorsville, Virlina (November 7), 1861.

zinia (May 2–3), 1863. Union capture of Mason and Slidell (Trent *Union victory of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania affair) (November 8), 1861.

(July 1-3), 1863. Union victory of Mill Spring, Kentucky *Grant takes Vicksburg (July 4), 1863. (January 19), 1862.

Union victory at Helena, Arkansas (July 4), Union victory at Fort Henry, Tennessee 1863. (February 6), 1862.

*Union capture of Port Hudson on the MissisUnion capture of Roanoke Island, North sippi (July 9), 1863. Carolina (February 8), 1862.

Draft riots in New York City (July 13-16), *Grant takes Fort Donelson, Tennessee (Feb- 1863. ruary 16), 1862.

Morgan's raid into Ohio (July), 1863. Union victory at Pea Ridge, Arkansas (March Confederate victory of Chickamauga, Geor5-8), 1862.

gia (September 19-20), 1863. *The Monitor drives back the Merrimac Confederates besiege Chattanooga, Tennessee (March 9), 1862.

(October-November), 1863. *Grant's victory at Pittsburg Landing or Shi- Confederates besiege Knoxville, Tennessee loh, Tennessee (April 6–7), 1862.

(November 18–29), 1863. *Union capture of Island No. Ten, Mississippi Union victory at Lookout Mountain, TenRiver (April 8), 1862.

nessee (November 24-25), 1863. Union capture of Fort Pulaski, Georgia Sherman destroys Meridian, Mississippi (April 11), 1862.

(February 3 to March 5), and the rail*Farragut takes New Orleans (April 25), 1862. roads centering there, 1864. Battle of Williamsburg, Virginia (May 5), Grant made lieutenant-general (March 3), 1862.

1864. Union capture of Corinth, Mississippi (May Confederate capture of Fort Pillow, Tennes30), 1862.

see (April 12), 1864. Union victory of Fair Oaks, Virginia (May Battle of the Wilderness, Virginia (May 5-7), 31), 1862.

1864. Stonewall” Jackson drives Banks out of Battle at Spottsylvania Court-House, Virthe Shenandoah Valley (June), 1862.

ginia (May 8–18), 1864. f The “ Seven Days' Battles” around Rich- Union victory at Resaca, Georgia (May 14mond (June 25 to July 1), 1862.

15), 1864. Pope's campaign in Virginia (Confederates Union victory at Dallas, Georgia (May 25victorious) (August), 1862.

28), 1864. Second battle of Bull Run (Confederate vic- Confederate victory at Cold Harbor, Virtory) (August 30), 1862.

ginia (June 3), 1864. “Stonewall” Jackson takes Harper's Ferry Siege of Petersburg, Virginia, begun (June), (September 15), 1862.

1864. *Union victory at Antietam (September 17), The Kearsarge sinks the Alabama (June 1862.

19), 1864. Bragg invades Kentucky (September), 1862. Union victory at Kenesaw Mountain, Geort Battle of Perryville, Kentucky (October 8), gia (June 27), 1864. 1862.

Union victories at Atlanta, Georgia (July *Confederate victory at Fredericksburg, Vir- 20-28), 1864. ginia (December 13), 1862.

Early's raid on Washington (July), 1864. Union victory of Murfreesboro', Tennessee Early burns Chambersburg, Pennsylvania (December 31 to January 2), 1862.

(July 30), 1864. *Lincoln's Proclamation of Emancipation Confederate success at the Petersburg mine, (January 1), 1863.

Virginia (July 30), 1864.

† Battles so marked were indecisive,

*Farragut enters Mobile Bay (August 5), The President's proclamation of pardon 1864.

(limited) (May 29), 1865. *Sherman takes Atlanta, Georgia (Septem- Reorganization of Southern States, 1865. ber 2), 1864.

*The Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitu*Union victory at Winchester, Virginia tion accepted by the states, 1865. (September 19), 1864.

*Payment of the National Debt begun, 1865. *Union victory at Cedar Creek, Virginia Tennessee re-admitted to the Union, 1866.

(“Sheridan's Ride") (October 19), 1864. Reconstruction acts passed over the Presi*Sherman's march from Atlanta to Savannah dent's veto, 1867.

(November 12 to December 21), 1864. Tenure of Office Act, 1867 (repealed, 1887). Union victory at Franklin, Tennessee (No-1 *Purchase of Alaska, 1867. vember 30), 1864.

Impeachment of the President, 1868. Sherman takes Fort McAllister, Georgia *Six states re-admitted to the Union, 1868. (December 13), 1864.

*The Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitu*Thomas gains decisive Union victory at tion accepted by the states, 1868.

Nashville, Tennessee (December 15-16), *The President's proclamation of full and un1864.

conditional pardon (Christmas), 1868. *Sherman takes Savannah, Georgia (Decem- GRANT'S ADMINISTRATION (two ber 21), 1864.

terms, 1869–1877). Union capture of Fort Fisher, North Caro- *Completion of the Pacific Railroad (May 10), lina (January 15), 1865.

1869. Sherman marches northward (February to *Organization of the “ Knights of Labor,” 1869. March), 1865.

*Completion of the reconstruction of Southern Union capture of Columbia, South Carolina States (all re-admitted to the Union), 1870. (February 17), 1865.

*Weather Bureau established, 1870. Union capture of Charleston, South Caro- *The Fifteenth Amendment to the Constitulina (February 18), 1865.

tion accepted by the states, 1870. Union capture of Wilmington, North Caro- Tweed Ring in New York, 1871. lina (February 21), 1865.

Ku-Klux Klans, 1871. Union victory at Averysboro', North Caro- *Great fire at Chicago and Western forest lina (March 15), 1865.

fires, 1871. Union victory at Bentonville, North Caro- *Treaty of Washington, 1871. lina (March 19), 1865.

*Great fire at Boston, 1872. Sheridan's raid on Lynchburg, Virginia Settlement of the Alabama claims, 1872. (March), 1865.

Modoc War, 1872. Union victory at Five Forks, Virginia *Business panic, 1873. (April 1), 1865.

Whiskey Ring, 1875. Union capture of Petersburg, Virginia *Centennial celebration and exhibition (electric (April 2), 1865.

light and Bell telephone exhibited), 1876. *Grant takes Richmond, Virginia (April 3), Sioux War- death of General Custer, 1876. 1865.

*Electoral Commission, 1877. *Lee surrenders to Grant (April 9), 1865. HAYES'S ADMINISTRATION (one General Anderson raises the Union flag over term, 1877–1881).

Fort Sumter, South Carolina (April 14), The President withdraws all troops from the 1865.

South, 1877. *Assassination of Lincoln (April 14), 1865. *Great railroad strikes, 1877.

*The telephone begins to come into general VII. RECONSTRUCTION; The New use, 1877. NATION. (1865 TO THE PRESENT Yellow fever at the South, 1878.

Silver dollars restored (remonetization of sil. TIME.)

ver), 1878. JOHNSON'S ADMINISTRATION *Resumption of specie payment (January 1), (April 15, 1865, to 1869).

1879. Review of Grant's and of Sherman's armies *Eads's improvement of the navigation of the at Washington (May 23–24), 1865.

Mississippi, 1879. Gradual disbanding of the Union armies, 1865. | Treaty with China, 1880.

PRINCIPAL DATES IN AMERICAN HISTORY.

xxxi

GARFIELD'S AND ARTHUR'S Presidential Succession Act, 1886.
ADMINISTRATIONS (one term,

Interstate Commerce Act, 1887. 1881-1885).

Chinese Immigration Act, 1888. *Assassination of the President (July 2), 1881. Western “ blizzards,” 1888. Death of the President (September 19), 1881. HARRISON'S ADMINISTRATION Overflow of the Mississippi, 1882.

(1889- ). Electric lights begin to come into general Opening of the Oklahoma lands to settlers use, 1883.

(April 22), 1889. Completion of the East River Suspension Centennial celebration of the inauguration of Bridge, 1883

Washington (April 29 to May 1), 1889. *Civil Service Reform Commission, 1883. The Johnstown disaster (May 31), 1889. *Reduction in rates of letter-postage (to two Electricity begins to be extensively used for cents), 1883, 1885.

driving light machinery and propelling Cincinnati riot, 1884.

street cars, 1889. New Orleans Exhibition, 1884.

A number of new steel war-ships added to CLEVELAND'S ADMINISTRA- the Navy, 1889. TION (one term, 1885 to 1889).

Congress of the Three Americas (Pan-AmerProgress in civil service reform, 1885.

ican Congress) (October 2), 1889-1890. Extensive labor strikes, 1886.

The “ Squadron of Evolution” sails from Anarchist riot at Chicago, 1886.

Boston for Lisbon (December 7), 1889. The Charleston earthquake, 1886.

The taking of the eleventh or centennial cenThe Statue of Liberty completed at New sus begins (June 2), 1890.

York, 1886.

A SHORT LIST OF BOOKS ON AMERICAN HISTORY.

3 vols.

GENERAL HISTORIES.

Brooks's The Story of the States (a series of

volumes now in course of publication). *Winsor's Narrative and Critical History, 8 Scudder's American Commonwealths (a sevols. (to 1887, but not including the period

ries of volumes giving the histories of the of the Civil War).

states, by eminent writers). *Bancroft's United States, 6 vols. (revised

Sparks's American Biography, 25 vols. edition) (to 1789).

Morse's American Statesmen (a series of *Hildreth's United States, 6 vols. (to 1821).

volumes by able writers). *Bryant and Gay's United States, 4 vols. (to

Appleton's Cyclopædia of American Biogra1865).

phy, 6 vols. *Johnston's United States (reprinted from Warner's American Men of Letters (a comthe Encyclopædia Britannica) (1607 to

panion series of vols. to the American 1889).

Statesmen series). *Gilman's American People (to 1881).

Harper's The First Century of the Republic *Higginson's Larger History of the United

(1776-1876). States (to 1837).

The North American Review for January, Schouler's United States, 4 vols. (1783-1847).

1876 (covering the general progress of the

country from 1776 to 1876 in a series of artiWorks of Reference.

cles on Religion, Politics, Science, Polit

ical Economy, Law, and Education). Lalor's Cyclopædia of United States History,

The Statesman's Year Book.

The Magazine of American History. Appleton's Annual Cyclopædia.

The Magazine of Western History. Spofford's American Almanac.

Adams's Manual of Historical Literature (reJohnston's American Politics.

vised edition). (This valuable manual Von Holst's Constitutional History of the

contains full references to all works on United States, 4 vols. (to 1859).

American History.)
Scribner's Statistical Atlas of the United
States.

I. PERIOD OF DISCOVERY (1492– Lossing's Cyclopædia of United States History.

1521). Labberton's Historical Atlas.

Help's Columbus. Poole's Index to Reviews.

Irving's Columbus. Bryce's The American Commonwealth, 2 Irving's Companions of Columbus. vols.

Harrisse, Colombo, sa vie, etc. MacCoun's Historical Geography of the Major's Select Letters of Columbus (HakUnited States.

luyt Soc. Pub.). Curtis's Constitutional History of the United Higginson's American Explorers. States, 2 vols. (to 1865).

Vogel's Century of Discovery. Wilson's The State.

Markham's The Sea Fathers. Macy's Civil Government of the United SHakluyt's Divers Voyages touching the DisStates.

covery of America. Putnam's Great Cities of the Republic (a Bourne's Voyages (The Cabots). series of vols.).

Nicholl's Sebastian Cabot.

* Books so marked begin with the earliest period of American History.
§ Early or contemporaneous history.

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