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Irving's Companions of Columbus, with Hakluyt, as above.

Higginson and Vogel, as above.

Parkman's Pioneers of France in the New World.

T. Irving's Conquest of Florida.

§De Soto's Discovery and Conquest of Florida (Hakluyt Soc. Pub.).

Barrow's Sir Francis Drake.
Jones's Sir Martin Frobisher.

Edwards's Sir Walter Ralegh [Raleigh].
Towle's Sir Walter Ralegh [Raleigh].
Cooke's Virginia.1

On the Indians, see

Ellis's The Red Man and the White Man.
Parkman's Jesuits in N. America (Intro-

Schoolcraft's Indian Tribes, 6 vols.
Morgan's League of the Iroquois.
Drake's Indian History for Young Folks.
Bancroft's Native Races of the Pacific


Lodge's English Colonies.

Grahame's United States, 4 vols.

Doyle's The English in America, 3 vols.
§Winthrop's New England, 2 vols.
Palfrey's New England, 5 vols.
Drake's Making of New England.

Lowell's Essays: New England Two Hundred Years Ago.

§Jefferson's Notes on Virginia.

Coffin's Old Times in the Colonies. §Captain John Smith's Works (Arber's edition).

Cooke's Virginia.1

Brodhead's New York, 2 vols. O'Calligan's New York, 2 vols. Roberts's New York, 2 vols.1 Barry's Massachusetts, 3 vols. §Hutchinson's Massachusetts, 4 vols. §Young's Chronicles of the Pilgrims.

§ Early or contemporaneous history.


§Bradford's Plymouth (Deane's edition).
Goodwin's Pilgrim Republic.

Ellis's The Puritan Age in Massachusetts.
Oliver's Puritan Commonwealth (compare
Thornton's Reply).

Winsor's Memorial History of Boston, 4 vols. Lowell Lectures (1869), The Early History of Massachusetts.

Arnold's Rhode Island, 2 vols.

Greene's Rhode Island.
Johnston's Connecticut.1
Browne's Maryland.1

McVeagh's Pennsylvania.1
Williamson's North Carolina.

Moore's North Carolina, 2 vols.
Trescott's South Carolina.1
Sanborn's New Hampshire.
Scott's New Jersey.1
Jones's Georgia, 2 vols.
Vincent's Delaware, 2 vols.

Goldwin Smith's Lectures on Modern History (The American Colonies).

Seeley's Expansion of England (First Part). Roosevelt's Winning the West (1769-1776). Parkman's Frontenac.

Parkman's Old Régime in Canada. Parkman's Jesuits in North America. Parkman's The Discovery of the Great West.

Parkman's Wolfe and Montcalm, 2 vols. Parkman's Conspiracy of Pontiac. Johnson's History of the French War. Drake's Making of the Great West. Biography. See Sparks's American Biography for Lives of Nathaniel Bacon, Daniel Boone, Lord Baltimore (Calvert), Jonathan Edwards, John Eliot, Patrick Henry, Anne Hutchinson, John Ledyard, Cotton Mather, Governor Oglethorpe, James Otis, Sir W. Phips, William Penn, Count Rumford (Benj. Thompson), Captain John Smith, Roger Williams, Governor Winthrop; Bigelow's Benjamin Franklin, 3 vols.; Montgomery's Franklin (Ginn & Co.).

STITUTION (1763–1789).

Frothingham's Rise of the Republic.
Greene's American Revolution.
Ludlows's War of Independence.

1 In Scudder's "American Commonwealths" Series.

These works all deal, more or less directly, with our relations with the French and the Indians in the Colonial Period.

Lossing's Pictorial Field-Book of the Revo- Tuckerman's American Art.

lution, 2 vols.

Fiske's American Revolution.

Coffin's The Boys of '76.

Abbot's Blue-Jackets of '76.
Abbott's Revolutionary Times.

Scudder's America One Hundred Years Ago.
McMaster's People of the United States (Vol.

I., 1784-1790).

Laboulaye, Histoire des États-Unis, 3 vols.

Winsor's Reader's Handbook of the Revolution.

Nichol's American Literature.

Richardson's American Literature, 2 vols.
Johnston's American Politics.

Johnston's American Orations, 3 vols.
Benton's Thirty Years' View, 2 vols.
Webster's Great Speeches (Whipple's edi-

McCulloch's Half Century.

§Dwight's Travels in New York and New England, 4 vols. (1796–1821).

§Lewis and Clark's Expedition, 1804, 2 vols.

Von Holst's Constitutional History of the §Breck's Recollections (Scudder).
United States, Vol. I.

§The Federalist.

Fiske's Critical Period in American History.
Story's Constitution of the United States, 3

Curtis's History of the Constitution of the
United States, Vol. I.

Macy's Civil Government (revised edition,
Ginn & Co.).
Wilson's The State.

Biography. Parker's Historic Americans,

Bigelow's Franklin, 3 vols., Hosmer's
Samuel Adams, Morse's John Adams,1
Greene's General Greene, 2 vols., Lodge's
Washington, 2 vols., Fiske's Irving's

For histories of the states, see Scudder's
American Commonwealth Series.

Biography. See in Morse's American States-
men Series (Houghton & Mifflin), the Lives
of John Adams, J. Q. Adams, Benton, Cal-
houn, Clay, Jackson, Jefferson, Madison,
Monroe, Randolph, Washington, and Web-
ster; in Sparks's American Biography, the
Lives of Fulton and Rumford; Redpath's
John Brown, Johnson's Garrison, Prime's
Morse, Rice's Morton, Abbott's Kit Car-
son, Upham's Frémont, Parton's Famous
Americans, Mrs. Stowe's Men of Our
Times, Hunt's American Merchants.


Washington and his Country (Ginn & Co.), VI. THE PERIOD OF THE CIVIL WAR
Sparks's American Biography, Lodge's
Hamilton, Gay's Madison, Roosevelt's
Gouverneur Morris.1

MENT (1789-1861).

McMaster's People of the United States, Vol.
II. (1790-1803).

Schouler's United States, 4 vols. (1789-1847).
Tucker's United States, 4 vols. (1607-1841).
Adams's United States, 2 vols. (1801-1809).
H. H. Bancroft's Pacific States, Vols. VIII.
to XXXII. inclusive.

Coffin's Building the Nation.
Johnson's War of 1812.

Abbot's Blue-Jackets of 1812.

Lossing's Pictorial Field-Book of the War of


Cooper's Naval History.

Ripley's War with Mexico, 2 vols.

Jay's Mexican War.

2 vols.

Draper's Civil War, 3 vols.

Greeley's American Conflict, 2 vols.
The Comte de Paris's Civil War, 4 vols.
Scribner's Campaigns of the Civil War, 12 vols.
Abbot's Battle-Fields of '61.

Abbot's Blue-Jackets of '61.

Johnson's Short History of the War.
Coffin's Four Years of Fighting.

Thayer's Youth's History of the Civil War.
Dodge's Bird's-Eye View of the Civil War.
Nichol's Story of the Great March.
Conyngham's Sherman's March.

Blaine's Twenty Years of Congress, 2 vols.
The Century Company's War-Book, 4 vols.
McPherson's Political History of the Re

Swinton's Decisive Battles of the War.
Pollard's Lost Cause (Confederate).
Stephens' War between the States, 2 vols.

Bishop's History of American Manufactures, Davis's Rise and Fall of the Confederate Gov

ernment (Confederate), 2 vols.

§ Early or contemporaneous history,

1 In Scudder's "American Commonwealths" Series.


Cooke's Wearing of the Gray (Confederate). | Johnston's Narrative of the War (Confederate).

Biography. Nicolay and Hay's Abraham Lincoln, Holland's Lincoln, Herndon's Lincoln, 3 vols., Thayer's Lincoln, Carpenter's Six Months in the White House, McClellan's Own Story, Roman's Beauregard, 2 vols., Badeau's U. S. Grant, 3 vols., Grant's Personal Memoirs, 2 vols., Sherman's Memoirs, 2 vols., Sheridan's Memoirs, 2 vols., Farragut's Life of Farragut, Schuckers' Life of S. P. Chase, Cooke's Robert E. Lee, Cooke's "Stonewall" Jackson, Johnston and Browne's Life of Alexander H. Stephens.


McPherson's Political History of Reconstruction.

Johnston's American Politics.

Bryce's American Commonwealth, 2 vols.
Badeau's Grant in Peace.

Thayer's Garfield.


Harper's First Century of the Republic.
The North American Review, Jan., 1876.
Blaine's Twenty Years of Congress, 2 vols.
Bancroft's Pacific States, vols. on California,
Utah, Oregon, Alaska, etc.

Appleton's Annual Cyclopædia, 1865-1890.
Thayer's The New West.

Ballou's The New Eldorado (Alaska).
McClure's The South.

Bruce, The Plantation Negro as a Free


Herbert's Noted Men of the Solid South. Fiske's American Political Ideas (The Future of America).

Whitney's United States (Physical Geography and Statistics).

Stoddart's (New) Encyclopædia Americana. Johnston's United States (reprinted, with some additions, from the Encyclopædia Britannica).

Appleton's Cyclopædia of American Biography.

NOTE. Many valuable articles relating to the history of the United States during this period will be found in The Century, The Atlantic, Harper's Magazine, Scribner's Magazine, The Nation, The North Amer

McCulloch's Men and Measures of Half a ican Review, and The Forum. For a gen


King's The Great South, 1875.

eral index to reviews and magazines, see Poole's Index.


(These questions cover the principal topics of the history. It is believed that the headings of the paragraphs will be found to answer all the purpose of questions for ordinary recitations.)

*1. When and where was Columbus born? What was the earth then supposed to be? What countries were then laid down on the maps ?

2. What was the Atlantic called? Why? Who were the Northmen?

3. What discoveries did the Northmen make in 850? In 1000? Is it known where Vinland was? Did the discovery of America by the Northmen have any result? Why not?

4. Did Columbus learn anything of America from the Icelanders? What country did Columbus wish to reach ?


What was the first motive of Columbus? How was trade with the Indies then carried

5. What can you say of Marco Polo? 6. What was his second motive?

7. What change in trade with India occurred in 1453? What did the Portuguese attempt to do? What did Diaz accomplish?

8. What was the plan of Columbus? State his three reasons.

9. What mistake did he make? From whom did Columbus seek help? How did the council regard his proposed voyage?

10. What help did he finally receive? When did he sail ?

II. What route did he take?

How was he equipped for the voyage?

12. What conviction did he have?

13. What is said of the voyage? Variation of the needle? Feeling of the crew? When and why did Columbus change his course?

14. When and where did he land?

15. What did Columbus believe this land to be? What did he call the natives? Why?

What about his letter?

16. When did Columbus return to Spain 17. How did the Pope divide the world? Was Spain satisfied with the discoveries of Columbus ? Where and how did he die ?

18-19. Who discovered the continent of North America? Where? When? 20-21. How did America get its name?

21-23. What was it thought to be? Who first discovered it to be an independent continent?

23. What was the great merit of Columbus?

24-25. What did Ponce de Leon discover? Why did he name the land Florida? 25-26. When and where did Balboa discover the Pacific? When did Cortez land in Mexico?

27. What exploration did Cartier make?

What did Cabeza de Vaca discover?

28-29. Describe De Soto's expedition. What great river did he discover?

30. Where was he buried? Who were the Huguenots? Where did they attempt to settle?

31-32. What did Menendez do? What is said of St. Augustine? What of De Gourgues?

33. What did Frobisher and Davis try to do? What were the results ?

34. Describe Gilbert's voyages; Drake's voyage. What country did he call

New Albion ?

35. What expedition did Raleigh send out, and with what result?

*The figures refer to pages.



35-36. When did he send out his first colony to Virginia? What new root and new weed did the colonists discover?

37. What happened to his second colony?

38-39. What white settlers did this country have in 1600? What was America found to be? How is America superior to Europe?

39-46. What can you say about the Indians? Their appearance? Mode of life? What was their most ingenious work How were they governed? What was wampum used for? How was the Indian bound by customs? What was the totem? What was the Indian's religion? What about his self-control, his torturing captives, his respect for courage? What about the Indian and the White Man? What did the Whites learn from the Indians? What influence did the Indians have on the early history of the country?

46-48. What effects did the discovery of America have on Europe in regard to geographical knowledge, enterprise, precious metals, commerce, new products, sugar, cotton, rice, and coffee? what effect on men's minds ?

49-51. Describe Gosnold's expedition. Did England need America? Why? What is said of the London and the Plymouth Companies? What is a Charter? 51-55. When did the first colony sail? Of what did the colony consist? Where did the colonists settle? Did they own any land? Could they vote? Did they own what they raised? How did they get on the first summer? What about Pocahontas? What happened in the summer of 1608? What did the colonists resolve to do? Why did they go back?

55-56. What did Governor Dale do? What did he give the settlers ? 56-57. What effect did the raising of tobacco have?

58-60. What met in Jamestown in 1619 ? When did negro slavery begin in America? What about white apprentices? Who had now settled in the North? When did Virginia become a royal province? What about Sir William Berkeley?

61-65. Who were the Puritans? The Cavaliers? What famous men in Virginia descended from the Cavaliers ? What were the Navigation Laws? Who was Nathaniel Bacon, and what did he do?

65-72. Describe Hudson's expedition. Who took possession of the country? What did they name it? What is said of Fort Orange? What of Peter Minuit ? Who were the Patroons? What can you say of Peter Stuyvesant? Who claimed the country? What happened in 1664?

72-74. Who first claimed New Jersey? How did it get the name of New Jersey? What about the Friends, or Quakers?

74-76. What about religious liberty in England in 1607? Who were the Separatists? To what country did they first go? Why did the Separatists or Pilgrims come to America in 1620 ?

77-80. Describe the sailing of the Mayflower. What land did the colonists first see? What did they do there? Where did they finally land? How were public matters settled and the laws made? What about Governor Bradford and the Indians? Of what did Plymouth colony finally become part? 80-87. Where did Endicott plant a colony? When did Winthrop come, and where did he finally settle? What is said of the emigrants who came in the next ten years? How was Massachusetts governed? Who could vote? What did the people do for a living? Who was Roger Williams? Why did he leave Massachusetts? What about Mrs. Hutchinson? How did Williams influence the Narragansett Indians? What is said of public schools, of Harvard College, of John Eliot?

87-91. What was the object of the New England Confederacy? What about the coming of the Friends, or Quakers? What did the Puritans do to the Friends? What did the king do?

91-93. Describe King Philip's War.

What about the Salem witchcraft? When

did Massachusetts become a royal province? What is said of Andros? What of the new Charter?

94-96. Where and by whom was New Hampshire first settled? Why was it so named? What of Exeter? Of Londonderry?

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