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Goodwin's Pilgrim Republic.

Ellis's The Puritan Age in Massachusetts. ICA (1509–1587).

Oliver's Puritan Commonwealth (compare

Thornton's Reply). Irving's Companions of Columbus, with

Winsor's Memorial History of Boston, 4 vols. Hakluyt, as above. Higginson and Vogel, as above.

Lowell Lectures (1869), The Early History

of Massachusetts. Parkman's Pioneers of France in the New World,

Arnold's Rhode Island, 2 vols.

Greene's Rhode Island.
T. Irving's Conquest of Florida.
ŞDe Soto's Discovery and Conquest of Florida Johnston's Connecticut.1

Browne's Maryland.1
(Hakluyt Soc. Pub.).
Barrow's Sir Francis Drake.

McVeagh's Pennsylvania.1

Williamson's North Carolina.
Jones's Sir Martin Frobisher.
Edwards's Sir Walter Ralegh (Raleigh).

Moore's North Carolina, 2 vols.
Towle's Sir Walter Ralegh (Raleigh).

Trescott's South Carolina.1 Cooke's Virginia.1

Sanborn's New Hampshire. On the Indians, see

Scott's New Jersey.1 Ellis's The Red Man and the White Man. Jones's Georgia, 2 vols. Parkman's Jesuits in N. America (Intro

Vincent's Delaware, 2 vols.

Goldwin Smith's Lectures on Modern History duction). Schoolcraft's Indian Tribes, 6 vols.

(The American Colonies). Morgan's League of the Iroquois.

Seeley's Expansion of England (First Part).

Roosevelt's Winning the West (1769-1776). Drake's Indian History for Young Folks. Bancroft's, Native Races of the Pacific Parkman's Frontenac. Coast.

Parkman's Old Régime in Canada.

Parkman's Jesuits in North America. III. PERIOD OF PERMANENT ENGLISH Parkman's The Discovery of the Great West.

|Parkman's Wolfe and Montcalm, 2 vols. AND FRENCH SETTLEMENTS (1607- Parkman's Conspiracy of Pontiac. 1763).

Johnson's History of the French War.

Drake's Making of the Great West. Lodge's English Colonies.

Biography. See Sparks's American BiograGrahame's United States, 4 vols.

phy for Lives of Nathaniel Bacon, Daniel Doyle's The English in America, 3 vols.

Boone, Lord Baltimore (Calvert), JonaSWinthrop's New England, 2 vols.

than Edwards, John Eliot, Patrick Henry, Palfrey's New England, 5 vols.

Anne Hutchinson, John Ledyard, Cotton Drake's Making of New England.

Mather, Governor Oglethorpe, James Otis, Lowell's Essays: New England Two Hun

Sir W. Phips, William Penn, Count Rumdred Years Ago.

ford (Benj. Thompson), Captain John $Jefferson's Notes on Virginia.

Smith, Roger Williams, Governor WinCoffin's Old Times in the Colonies.

throp ; Bigelow's Benjamin Franklin, 3 $Captain John Smith's Works (Arber's edi

vols.; Montgomery's Franklin (Ginn & tion).

Cooke's Virginia.
Brodhead's New York, 2 vols.

IV. THE REVOLUTION AND THE CONO'Calligan's New York, 2 vols.

STITUTION (1763–1789).
Roberts's New York, 2 vols.1
Barry's Massachusetts, 3 vols.

Frothingham's Rise of the Republic.
SHutchinson's Massachusetts, 4 vols.

Greene's American Revolution. SYoung's Chronicles of the Pilgrims.

Ludlows's War of Independence.

$ Early or contemporaneous history.
1 In Scudder's “ American Commonwealths" Series.

These works all deal, more or less directly, with our relations with the French and the Indians in the Colonial Period,

Lossing's Pictorial Field-Book of the Revo- | Tuckerman's American Art. lution, 2 vols.

Nichol's American Literature. Fiske's American Revolution.

Richardson's American Literature, 2 vols. Coffin's The Boys of '76.

Johnston's American Politics. Abbot's Blue-Jackets of '76.

Johnston's American Orations, 3 vols. Abbott's Revolutionary Times.

Benton's Thirty Years' View, 2 vols. Scudder's America One Hundred Years Ago. Webster's Great Speeches (Whipple's ediMcMaster's People of the United States (Vol. tion). I., 1784-1790).

McCulloch's Half Century. Laboulaye, Histoire des États-Unis, 3 vols. ŞDwight's Travels in New York and New EngWinsor's Reader's Handbook of the Revo- land, 4 vols. (1796–1821). lution.

ŞLewis and Clark's Expedition, 1804, 2 vols. Von Holst's Constitutional History of the Breck's Recollections (Scudder). United States, Vol. I.

For histories of the states, see Scudder's $The Federalist.

American Commonwealth Series. Fiske's Critical Period in American History. Biography. See in Morse's American StatesStory's Constitution of the United States, 3 men Series (Houghton & Miffin), the Lives vols.

of John Adams, J. Q. Adams, Benton, CalCurtis's History of the Constitution of the houn, Clay, Jackson, Jefferson, Madison, United States, Vol. I.

Monroe, Randolph, Washington, and WebMacy's Civil Government (revised edition, ster; in Sparks's American Biography, the Ginn & Co.).

Lives of Fulton and Rumford; Redpath's Wilson's The State.

John Brown, Johnson's Garrison, Prime's Biography. Parker's Historic Americans, Morse, Rice's Morton, Abbott's Kit Car

Bigelow's Franklin, 3 vols., Hosmer's son, Upham's Frémont, Parton's Famous
Samuel Adams,1 Morse's John Adams, Americans, Mrs. Stowe's Men of Our
Greene's General Greene, 2 vols., Lodge's Times, Hunt's American Merchants.
Washington, 2 vols.,' Fiske's Irving's
Washington and his Country (Ginn & Co.), VI. THE PERIOD OF THE CIVIL WAR
Sparks's American Biography, Lodge's

Hamilton, Gay's Madison,' Roosevelt's
Gouverneur Morris.1

Draper's Civil War, 3 vols.

Greeley's American Conflict, 2 vols. V. THE UNION NATIONAL DEVELOP

The Comte de Paris's Civil War, 4 vols.

Scribner's Campaigns of the Civil War, 12 vols. MENT (1789-1861).

Abbot's Battle-Fields of '61. McMaster's People of the United States, Vol. Abbot's Blue-Jackets of '61. II. (1790-1803).

Johnson's Short History of the War. Schouler's United States, 4 vols. (1789-1847). Coffin's Four Years of Fighting. Tucker's United States, 4 vols. (1607-1841). Thayer's Youth's History of the Civil War. Adams's United States, 2 vols. (1801-1809). Dodge's Bird's-Eye View of the Civil War. H. H. Bancroft's Pacific States, Vols. VIII. Nichol's Story of the Great March. to XXXII, inclusive.

Conyngham's Sherman's March. Coffin's Building the Nation.

Blaine's Twenty Years of Congress, 2 vols. Johnson's War of 1812.

The Century Company's War-Book, 4 vols. Abbot's Blue-Jackets of 1812.

McPherson's Political History of the Re Lossing's Pictorial Field-Book of the War of bellion. 1812.

Swinton's Decisive Battles of the War. Cooper's Naval History.

Pollard's Lost Cause (Confederate). Ripley's War with Mexico, 2 vols.

Stephens' War between the States, 2 vols. Jay's Mexican War.

(Confederate). Bishop's History of American Manufactures, Davis's Rise and Fall of the Confederate Gov2 vols.

ernment (Confederate), 2 vols.

§ Early or contemporaneous history.
1 In Scudder's “ American Commonwealths" Series.




Cooke's Wearing of the Gray (Confederate). Harper's First Century of the Republic. Johnston's Narrative of the War (Confed- The North American Review, Jan., 1876. erate).

Blaine's Twenty Years of Congress, 2 vols. Biography. Nicolay and Hay's Abraham Bancroft's Pacific States, vols, on California,

Lincoln, Holland's Lincoln, Herndon's Utah, Oregon, Alaska, etc. Lincoln, 3 vols., Thayer's Lincoln, Car- Appleton's Annual Cyclopædia, 1865-1890. penter's Six Months in the White House, Thayer's The New West. McClellan's Own Story, Roman's Beaure- Ballou's The New Eldorado (Alaska). gard, 2 vols., Badeau's U. S. Grant, 3 McClure's The South. vols., Grant's Personal Memoirs, 2 vols., Bruce, The Plantation Negro as a FreeSherman's Memoirs, 2 vols., Sheridan's Memoirs, 2 vols., Farragut's Life of Far- Herbert's Noted Men of the Solid South. ragut, Schuckers' Life of S. P. Chase, Fiske's American Political Ideas (The Future Cooke's Robert E. Lee, Cooke's “Stone- of America). wall” Jackson, Johnston and Browne's Whitney's United States (Physical GeograLife of Alexander H. Stephens.

phy and Statistics).

Stoddart's (New) Encyclopædia Americana. VII. RECONSTRUCTION. — The New Johnston's United States (reprinted, with NATION (1865 TO THE PRESENT

some additions, from the Encyclopædia

Britannica). TIME).

Appleton's Cyclopædia of American BiograMcPherson's Political History of Recon- phy. struction.

NOTE. — Many valuable articles relating to Johnston's American Politics.

the history of the United States during this Bryce's American Commonwealth, 2 vols. period will be found in The Century, The Badeau's Grant in Peace.

Atlantic, Harper's Magazine, Scribner's Thayer's Garfield.

Magazine, The Nation, The North Amer. McCulloch's Men and Measures of Half a ican Review, and The Forum. For a genCentury.

eral index to reviews and magazines, see King's The Great South, 1875.

Poole's Index.


(These questions cover the principal topics of the history. It is believed that the

hendings of the paragraphs will be found to answer all the purpose of questions for ordinary recitations.)

*1. When and where was Columbus born? What was the earth then supposed to be ? What countries were then laid down on the maps ?

2. What was the Atlantic called? Why? Who were the Northmen?

3. What discoveries did the Northmen make in 850 ? In 1000? Is it known where Vinland was ? Did the discovery of America by the Northmen have any result ? Why not?

4. Did Columbus learn anything of America from the Icelanders ? What country did Columbus wish to reach?

5. What can you say of Marco Polo? What was the first motive of Columbus ? 6. What was his second motive? How was trade with the Indies then carried


7. What change in trade with India occurred in 1453 ? What did the Portuguese attempt to do? What did Diaz accomplish ?

8. What was the plan of Columbus ? State his three reasons.

9. What mistake did he make? From whom did Columbus seek help? How did the council regard his proposed voyage ?

10. What help did he finally receive? When did he sail ? 11. What route did he take? How was he equipped for the voyage ? 12. What conviction did he have ? 13. What is said of the voyage ? Variation of the needle ? Feeling of the crew ? When and why did Columbus change his course ?

14. When and where did he land ?

15. What did Columbus believe this land to be? What did he call the natives? Why?

16. When did Columbus return to Spain? What about his letter ?

17. How did the Pope divide the world ? Was Spain satisfied with the discoveries of Columbus ? Where and how did he die ?

18-19. Who discovered the continent of North America ? Where? When? 20-21. How did America get its name?

21-23. What was it thought to be? Who first discovered it to be an independent continent ?

23. What was the great merit of Columbus ? 24-25. What did Ponce de Leon discover? Why did he name the land Florida ?

25-26. When and where did Balboa discover the Pacific? When did Cortez land in Mexico ? 27. What exploration did Cartier make ? What did Cabeza de Vaca discover ? 28-29. Describe De Soto's expedition. What great river did he discover ?

30. Where was he buried ? Who were the Huguenots ? Where did they attempt to settle ?

31-32. What did Menendez do? What is said of St. Augustine ? What of De Gourgues ?

33. What did Frobisher and Davis try to do? What were the results ? 34. Describe Gilbert's voyages ; Drake's voyage. What country did he call New Albion ?

35. What expedition did Raleigh send out, and with what result ?

* The figures refer to pages.



35-36. When did he send out his first colony to Virginia ? What new root and new weed did the colonists discover ?

37. What happened to his second colony?

38–39. What white settlers did this country have in 1600? What was America found to be? How is America superior to Europe ?

39-46. What can you say about the Indians ? Their appearance ? Mode of life What was their most ingenious work? How were they governed ? What was wampum used for? How was the Indian bound by customs ? What was the totem ? What was the Indian's religion? What about his self-control, his torturing captives, his respect for courage? What about the Indian and the White Man ? What did the Whites learn from the Indians ? What influence did the Indians have on the early history of the country?

46-48. What effects did the discovery of America have on Europe in regard to geographical knowledge, enterprise, precious metals, commerce, new products, sugar, cotton, rice, and coffee? what effect on men's minds ?

49-51. Describe Gosnold's expedition. Did England need America ? Why? What is said of the London and the Plymouth Companies ? What is a Charter ?

51-55. When did the first colony sail ? Of what did the colony consist ? Where did the colonists settle? Did they own any land ? Could they vote? Did they own what they raised ? How did they get on the first summer? What about Pocahontas ? What happened in the summer of 1608 ? What did the colonists resolve to do? Why did they go back ?

55-56. What did Governor Dale do? What did he give the settlers ? 56-57. What effect did the raising of tobacco have ?

58–60. What met in Jamestown in 1619 ? When did negro slavery begin in America ? What about white apprentices ? Who had now settled in the North? When did Virginia become a royal province ? What about Sir William Berkeley ?

61-65. Who were the Puritans? The Cavaliers ? What famous men in Virginia descended from the Cavaliers ? What were the Navigation Laws ? Who was Nathaniel Bacon, and what did he do ?

65-72. Describe Hudson's expedition. Who took possession of the country? What did they name it? What is said of Fort Orange? What of Peter Minuit ? Who were the Patroons ? What can you say of Peter Stuyvesant? Who claimed the country? What happened in 1664?

72–74. Who first claimed New Jersey? How did it get the name of New Jersey ? What about the Friends, or Quakers ?

74-76. What about religious liberty in England in 1607? Who were the Separatists? To what country did they first go? Why did the Separatists or Pilgrims come to America in 1620 ?

77–80. Describe the sailing of the Mayflower. What land did the colonists first see? What did they do there? Where did they finally land ? How were public matters settled and the laws made ? What about Governor Bradford and the Indians ? Of what did Plymouth colony finally become part ?

80–87. Where did Endicott plant a colony? When did Winthrop come, and where did he finally settle ? What is said of the emigrants who came in the next ten years ? How was Massachusetts governed ? Who could vote? What did the people do for a living? Who was Roger Williams? Why did he leave Massachusetts ? What about Mrs. Hutchinson? How did Williams influence the Narragansett Indians ? What is said of public schools, of Harvard College, of John Eliot ?

87-91. What was the object of the New England Confederacy? What about the coming of the Friends, or Quakers ? What did the Puritans do to the Friends ? What did the king do?

91-93. Describe King Philip's War. What about the Salem witchcraft? When did Massachusetts become a royal province ? What is said of Andros ? What of the new Charter ?

94-96. Where and by whom was New Hampshire first settled ? Why was it so named? What of Exeter? Of Londonderry?

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