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TOPICAL ANALYSIS.

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XIV.
Pierce's
Administration.
(One term,
1853-1857.)

(Pierce. See note 1, page 270.)
301. The World's Fair of 1853; American labor-saving

machines.
302. Commodore Perry and Japan.
303. The Kansas-Nebraska Act. (Stephen A. Douglas.)
304-306. The struggle for the possession of Kansas;

rival governments; civil war in Kansas; attack

on Lawrence; John Brown; assault on Sumner.
307. Summary of Pierce's presidency.
(Buchanan. See note 1, page 275.)
308, 309. The Dred Scott Case; Chief Justice Taney's

decision; results.
310. The business panic of 1857. (Causes.)
311. Discovery of silver, of petroleum, and of natural

gas.
312. John Brown's raid into Virginia.
313. Election of Abraham Lincoln; secession of South

Carolina.
314. Secession of six other states; formation of the

“ Confederate States of America.”
315. Why the South seceded; national property; the

Star of the West.
316. General summary from Washington to Buchanan. ·

(1, population; 2, territorial growth; 3, cities,
railroads, and telegraph; 4, disunion : its cause;
what must be done; what freedom would ac-
complish.)

XV.
Buchanan's
Administration.
(One term,
1857–1861.)

Sixth PERIOD. — THE CIVIL WAR. (APRIL, 1861, TO APRIL, 1865.)

(First year of the
war, 1861–1862.)

XVI.
Lincoln's
Administration.
(One term and
part of second,
1861-1865.)

(Lincoln.. See note 2, page 279, and note 1, page 285.)
317. President Lincoln's arrival at Washington and

inaugural speech. (Feeling at the North.)
318. Major Anderson; Fort Sumter; the Civil War begins.
319. President Lincoln's call for troops; result.
320. Secession of four more states; General Butler's

“ Contrabands."
321. Condition of the North and the South. (The three

advantages of the North; the four of the South.)
322. Number and position of the two armies.
323, 324. Battle of Bull Run; results.
325. Union plan of the war.
326. The Confederate war-vessels; Mason and Slidell.
327. "he Merrimac; the Monitor.
328. The war in the West; Fort Henry; Fort Donelson.
329. Pittsburg Landing; Island Number Ten.
330. Summary of the first year of the war, April, 1861,

to April, 1862.
331. Second year of the war; expedition against New

Orleans.
332. Bombardment of the forts; capture of New Orleans.

(Second year of
the
war,

1862-
1863.)

(Lincoln's Ad.

ministration -
continued.)

(Third year of
the war, 1863-
1864.)

(Fourth year of
the war, 1864-
1865.)

333. The war in Virginia; McClellan's advance on Rich-

mond; the Peninsular Campaign.
334. “Stonewall ” Jackson's raid; Stuart; results of the

Peninsular Campaign.
335. Second battle of Bull Run; Lee's advance; An-

tietam.
336. Battles of Fredericksburg and Murfreesboro'.
337. Proclamation of Emancipation; results.
338. Summary of the second year of the war, April, 1862,

to April, 1863.
339. Third year of the war; Chancellorsville.
340. Gettysburg.
341. Vicksburg and Port Hudson.
342. Draft riots; Morgan's raid; Chickamauga; siege

of Chattanooga.
343. Missionary Ridge and Lookout Mountain; Me-

ridian; Grant made general-in-chief.
344. Summary of the third year of the war, April, 1863,

to April 1864.
345. Fourth and last year of the war; planning the

“Hammering Campaign.”
346. The battles of the Wilderness; Petersburg.
347. Captain Winslow and the Alabama; Early's raid.
348. Sheridan's raid in the Shenandoah Valley.
349. The Petersburg mine; Sheridan's ride.
350. The war in the West; Sherman's advance to At-

lanta.
351. Sherman takes Atlanta : Farragut enters Mobile

Bay.
352. Sherman's march from Atlanta to the sea.
353. Thomas and Hood.
354. Sherman at Savannah; his message to the Presi-

dent; bis advance northward.
355. The end of the war; what the war cost; murder of

the President.
356. The North and the South in the war.
357. Summary of the fourth and last year of the war,

April, 1864, to April, 1865.

(1865 TO THE

SEVENTH PERIOD. — RECONSTRUCTION; THE NEW NATION.

PRESENT TIME.)

XVII.
Johnson's
Administration.
(Part of one
term,
1865-1869.)

(Johnson. See note 1, page 324.)
358. Task of reconstruction; the grand review; dis-

banding the armies.
359. What the war settled.
360. The President's proclamation of pardon; the Presi-

dent and Congress.
361. Congress and the Southern States.

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(Fohnson's Ad.

ministration -
continued.)

362. Six states re-admitted; negro legislators and "Car-

pet-Baggers."
363. Congress impeaches the President; the President's

proclamation of full and unconditional pardon;

the three amendments to the Constitution.
364. The Atlantic cable.
365. Alaska; payment of the national debt.
366. Summary of Johnson's presidency.

XVIII.
Grant's
Administration.
(Two terms,
1869–1877.)

(Grant. See note 1, page 297, section on the Civil War,

and note 3, page 332.)
367, 368. The Pacific Railroad; what railroads and tele-

graphs have done for the Union; Effect of the
Pacific Railroad on commerce with Asia, and on

the growth of the far West.
369. Completion of reconstruction; great fires; “Rings.”
370. The business panic of 1873; the Centennial Exhi-

bition; the electric light; the telephone.
371. Treaty with Great Britain; the Alabama; Indian

wars.
372. Summary of Grant's presidency.

XIX.
Hayes's
Administration.
(One term,
1877–1881.)

(Hayes. See note 1, page 340.)
373. Withdrawal of troops from the South; railroad

and coal strikes.
374. Deepening the mouth of the Mississippi. (Results.)
375.

Greenbacks and gold; the national debt.
376. Summary of Hayes's presidency.

XX., XXI.
Garfield and
Arthur's Ad-
ministrations.
(One term,
1881-1885.)

(Garfield and Arthur. See note 1, page 343.)
377. Assassination of the President; Civil Service Reform.
378. Overflow of the Mississippi; the East River Suspen-

sion Bridge; cheap postage.
379. The New Orleans Exhibition; the “New South.”
380, 381. Progress in the South; manufactures; the cot-

ton crop; the freedmen; education. (Horace

Greeley.)
382. Summary of Garfield and Arthur's presidencies.

XXII.
Cleveland's
Administration.
(One term,
1885–1889.)

(Cleveland. See note 1, page 349.)
383. Progress in Civil Service Reform.
384. The “Knights of Labor "; the “Black List”; the

“ Boycott.
385. The Year of Strikes; the Chicago Anarchists.
386. The Charleston earthquake; “ Blizzards.”
387. The Statue of Liberty.
388. Four important laws. (1, Succession to the presi-

dency; 2, counting the electoral votes; 3, inter-

state commerce; 4, Chinese immigration.)
389. Summary of Cleveland's presidency.

XXIII.
Harrison's
Administration.
(1890-

(Harrison. See note 3, page 355.)
390. Oklahoma. (Oklahoma City and Guthrie.)
391. The Washington Centennial; the Johnstown dis-

aster.
392. The Congress of the three Americas; six new

states; the new war ships.
393. General summary. (1, Growth of the Republic; ex-

tent; 2, advantages; 3, what America means;
4, the great question.)

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Abolition societies formed, 238.

America, Struggle of English and French for,
Adams, John, 164, 165, 185.

129-139
presidency, 199.

Early trade of, 52, 62, 114, 141, 149, 150.
Adams's, J. Q., presidency, 229.

declares itself independent, 164.
on right of petition, 239.

first flag of, 175 (note 3); 178.
Adams, Samuel, 152, 154, 155, 156 (note 2); a country of advantages, 359.
157

means Opportunity, 359.
Alabama, the, built, 294.

See also United States.
sunk, 313.

American Party, the, 270 (note 1).
claims settled, 339.

Americas, Congress of the Three, 357.
Alaska purchased, 331.

Amerigo Vespucci, voyages of, 20.
Albany (Fort Orange) settled, 66.

Anarchists, the Chicago, 351.
Albany, the, Convention (1754), 135.

Anderson, Major, at Fort Sumter, 286, 322.
Albion, New, 34.

Andros, Governor, of Massachusetts, 93.
Alien, the, and Sedition laws, 200.

is seized and imprisoned, 93.
Allen, Ethan, takes Ticonderoga, 159.

tries to get possession of the Connecticut
Amendment, the 13th, to the Constitution, 327.

Charter, 100.
the 14th, to the Constitution, 328. Anti-Federalists, 191.

the 15th, to the Constitution, 330. Anti-Renters, 253.
Amendments, the constitutional, and the Anti-Slavery movement, beginning of, 237.
negro, 330.

Apprentices, white, in Virginia, 59.
America discovered by the Northmen, 3. Armies, in the Revolution, 167.
discovered by Columbus, 14.

in the Civil War, 290, 291.
continent of, discovered by Cabot, 18. review of, at close of the war, 325.
origin of name, 20, 21.

disbanding the Union, 325.
white settlers in 1600, 38.

Arnold, expedition against Quebec, 161.
what it was found to be, 38.

at Saratoga, 175.
wherein superior to Europe, 38, 39.

treason of, 180.
Gladstone on, 39.

Art, American, 245.
effects of the discovery of, on Europe, Arthur's presidency, 343.
46–48.

Ashburton Treaty, 253.
first permanent English and French Astor, John J., 206 (note 1).
colonies in, 49.

Astoria, 206 (note 1).
England's need of, 50.

Atlantic, the “ Sea of Darkness," 2.
thought to be less than two hundred Atlantic Telegraph Cable, 330.
miles broad, 53.

Authors, American, 146, 245, 269.
first law-making assembly in, 58.
Dutch settlements in, 66.

Bacon, Nathaniel, rebellion, 63.
English settlements in, 52.

burns Jamestown, 63.
French settlements in, 54.

Balboa discovers the Pacific, 25, 26.
Spanish settlements in, 16, 24, 26, 32. Baltimore, Lord, 101, 104, 105.
Swedish settlements in, 109.

Baltimore, city of, founded, 105.
French explorations in, 124-128.

first railroad in America begun at, 232.

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