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Baltimore, first blood in Civil War shed at, 288. Battle of Lundy's Lane, 216.
Bank, the U.S., established, 194.

Mill Spring, 296.
U.S., Jackson ends the, 239.

Missionary Ridge, 310.
Banks, the “ Pet Banks," and worthless banks, Mobile Bay, 317.

Molino del Rey, 262.
National, established, 249 (note 1).

Monitor and the Merrimac, 295.
Baptists forbidden to preach in Massachu- Monmouth, 177.
setts, 85.

Monterey, 260.
Battle of Antietam, or Sharpsburg, 303.

Murfreesboro', 304.
Atlanta, 316.

Nashville, 319.
Ball's Bluff, 294 (note 1).

New Orleans (1815), 218.
Bennington, 173.

(1862), 300.
Brandywine, 174.

Palo Alto, 259.
Buena Vista, 260.

Peninsular Campaign, 301, 302.
Bull Run (1st), 292.

Petersburg (Mine), 315.
(2d), 303•

Petersburg, 321.
Camden (1st), 179.

Pittsburg Landing, or Shiloh, 298.
(2d), 182.

Port Hudson, 309.
Cerro Gordo, 261.

Princeton, 171.
Chancellorsville, 306.

Quebec (1759), 137.
Chapultepec, 262.

(1775), 162.
Charleston, 179.

Resaca, 316.
Chickamauga, 310.

Resaca de la Palma, 259.
Chippewa, 216.

Saratoga, 174-176.
Cold Harbor, 313.

Savannah, 178.
Concord, 158.

Seven Days round Richmond, 302.
Constitution and the Guerrière, 213. Spottsylvania Court-House, 313.
Cowpens, 181.

Stony Point, 178.
Dallas, 316.

Tippecanoe, 211.
Eutaw Springs, 182.

Tohopeka, 216.
Flamborough Head (Paul Jones), 178. Trenton, 170.
Fort Donelson, 297.

Tripoli, 203.
Fort Duquesne, 135, 136.

Vera Cruz, 261.
Fort Henry, 297.

Vicksburg, 307
Fort McAllister, 320.

Wilderness, 313.
Fort McHenry, 218.

Winchester, 315, 316.
Moultrie, 163.

Yorktown, 183, 184, 301.
Fort Sumter, 287.

Beauregard, General, 287, 291, 292.
Fort Washington, 168.

Benton, Thomas H., 239.
Franklin, 319.

Berkeley, Sir William, 60-64:
Fredericksburg, 304.

Black List, 350.
Germantown, 174.

Black Hawk, 244.
Gettysburg, 306.

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Blackstone, William, 83.
Goldsboro', 320.

“ Blizzards" of 1888, 353.
Guilford Court-House, 182.

Boston, settlement of, 81, 83.
Horseshoe Bend, or Tohopeka, 216.

Writs of Assistance at, 150 (note 2).
Island No. 10, 298.

Stamp Act Riot at, 152.
Kearsarge and the Alabama, 313.

“Massacre," 152.
Kenesaw Mountain, 316.

“Tea Party," 154, 155.
King's Mountain, 180.

port of, closed, 155.
Lake Champlain, 217.

siege of, 159.
Lake Erie, 214.

evacuated by the British, 162.
Lexington, 158.

Boycott, 350.
Long Island, 167.

Braddock's defeat, 135.
Lookout Mountain, 310, 311.

Bradford, Governor, of Plymouth, 79.
Louisburg, 130, 136.

Bragg, General, 304, 310.

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British at New York, plans of, 166.

Chase, Secretary, our debt to, 322.
Brown, John, in Kansas, 273.

Chatham, Lord. See Pitt.
raid of, and execution, 278.

Chattanooga, siege of, 310.
John Brown Song, 279.

Chicago, 245, 336, 351.
Buchanan's presidency, 275.

Chinese Immigration, 354.
Buchanan, Captain, 295.

Christian Commission, the, 323.
Burgesses, House of, established, 58.

Civil Service Reform, need of, 237.
Burgoyne, 159.

Civil Service Reform Act, 344.
expedition, 172, 173.

Civil Service, progress in, 349.
Burnside, General, 304.

Civil War, beginning of the, 287.
Burr, Aaron, 207.

Clark's victories in the West, 178.
Butler, General, and the “ Contrabands," 289. Clay, Henry, 225, 243, 267.
at New Orleans, 300.

Clayborne and Ingle rebellion, 103, 104.

Cleveland's presidency, 349.
Cabeza de Vaca discovers a mouth of the Clinton, DeWitt, 249.
Mississippi, 27.

Clinton, General, 159, 173.
Cabinet, the first, 192.

Coal comes into use, 243.
the present, 354 (note 1).

College, Harvard, founded, 86, 87.
Cabot discovers the continent of America, 18. Colonies, Dutch, 66.
Calhoun, 241 (note 2); 242.

English, 35-37, 49, 51.
California, named by Spaniards, 34 (note 2). French, 30-32, 54.
conquest of, 260.

Spanish (St. Augustine), 32.
gold found in, 263.

Swedish, 109.
emigration to, 263.

general condition of the thirteen in 1763,
Canonicus, 79.

139-147
Carolina, North, settled, 111, 112.

resistance to English oppression, 149-164.
South, settled, 111, 112.

declare themselves independent, 164.
trade in rice and indigo, 114, 115. Columbus, birth, voyages, and death, 1-18.
cotton first exported from, 346.

Kentucky, evacuated, 298.
nullification in, 241.

Compromise, definition of, 225 (note 3).
secession of, 281.

measures of 1850, 267.
negro rule in, 328.

Missouri, 225.
Carpenters' Hall, 156.

Confederacy, New England (1643), 87, 88.
“Carpet-Baggers," 328.

the Southern, 281.
Cartier's explorations, 27.

Congress, First Continental, 156.
Carver, Governor John, 78.

Connecticut, first settlement of, 96.
Catholics, the, in England, 74, 75.

Constitution of, 97, 98.
emigrate to Maryland, 101.

Andros and the charter of, 100.
establish the first English Catholic Church extent of, under its charter, 100.
in America, 102.

Constitution, amendments to, 327, 328, 330.
grant religious freedom to all Christians, the first written in America, 97, 98.

the “ Grand Model,” 113.
are deprived of their rights, 104.

of Pennsylvania (the “Great Law"), 117
regain them at the Revolution, 105.

the U. S., formed and adopted, 188, 189.
Cavaliers, the, in Virginia, 61, 62.

necessity of the, 188.
Census, the first (1790), 193.

what it accomplished, 190.
See Population.

Constitution and Guerrière, 213.
Centennial Exhibition of 1876, 337.

“ Contrabands” applied to fugitive slaves, 289.
Chambersburg, burning of, 314, 315.

Cornwallis, General, 162 (note 2); 167, 171,
Champlain, the French explorer, 54, 65.

179, 181, 183, 184.
Charleston, South Carolina, 112, 115, 241, 281, Cotton, first exported, 196.
352.

gin invented, 196, 197.
Charter, definition of, 24 (note 3).

exhibition at New Orleans, 346.
Charter Oak, the, 100.

manufacture first established, 346 (note 2).
Charter of the Virginia Companies (1606), effect of war of 1812 on manufacture of, 219.
50, 51.

crop of 1890, 348.

102.

Cotton-seed oil, 348 (note 1).

Education at the South since the war, 348
Croatoan, 37-

in America, free, 359.
Crystal Palace (1853), 270.

Edwards, Rev. Jonathan, 146.
Custer, General, killed, 339.

Election of Hayes disputed, 354 (note I).

Electoral Commission, 340 (note 1).
Dale, Governor, in Virginia, 55, 56.

votes, law for counting, 354.
Dare, Virginia, birth of, 37.

Electricity, Franklin's discoveries in, 147.
Davenport, Rev. John, 99.

present uses of, 147, 338, 339.
Davis, Jefferson, in Mexican War, 260.

Electric telegraph, the, 254, 330.
in Congress, 269.

Eliot, Rev. John, 87.
elected President of the Confederate Emancipation, proclamation of, 304.
States, 281.

Embargo, the, 206.
capture of, 321 (note 1).

Emigration to the United States, 251.
Davis, Captain John, voyages, 33.

from China, 354.
Debt of the Revolution, 193.

laws concerning, 354 (note 3).
the Civil War, 322 (note I).

Endicott, Governor, 80, 81.
payment of, 331.

England's need of America, 50.
reduction of interest on, 343.

England, formerly no religious liberty in, 74-
Declaration of Independence, 164.

English explorations, early, 18, 32.
De Gourges's revenge, 32.

attempts to colonize America, 35-38.
Delaware, Lord, 55.

first permanent colony in America, 52.
settled by the Swedes, 109.

Ericsson's inventions, 255 (note 1); 296
seized by the Dutch, 110.

(note 1).
English, 110.

“Era of good feeling," 220.
granted to William Penn, 110.

Erie Canal, 229.
first state to enter the Union, 110.

Ether, Dr. Morton's discovery respecting, 255.
Democrats, 191, 229 (note 1); 252 (note 2). European trade with the Indies, 6, 7.
De Soto, expedition, 28–30.

Exhibition, the Centennial (1876), 337.
discovers the Mississippi, 29.

the New Orleans, 346.
is buried in it, 30.

Ohio, 356 (note 2).
Detroit, Hull surrenders at, 213.

Express system established, 244.
Dixie, song of, 314 (note I).
Dorr Rebellion, the, 253.

Faneuil Hall, 152, 214.
Douglas, Stephen A., 271, 272.

Farragut takes New Orleans, 299.
Drafting at the South, 310.

enters Mobile Bay, 317.
Draft riots in New York, 310.

Federalists, the, 191.
Drake, voyage of, 34.

Fillmore's presidency, 268.
names Pacific coast New Albion, 34. Fires, the Chicago, forest, and Boston, 336.
Dred Scott case, 275.

Flag, the first American, 175 (note 3).
Drinking habits of early times, 233.

first American, on a war-ship, 178.
Dutch, the, in New Netherland (New York), the Confederate, 282 (and note 1).
66, 67

our present, 357.
seize the Delaware country, 110.

Florida, discovery and naming of, 25.
dispossessed of New York by the English,

Narvaez in, 27.
72.

De Soto in, 28.
dispossessed of Delaware, 110.

struggle of French and Spaniards for, 31,

32.
Eads's, Captain, work on the Mississippi, 341. purchase of, by the United States, 222.
Early's raid, 313.

Fort Duquesne, 134, 135.
Earth, ideas of, before Columbus sailed, 1. (Pittsburgh), 136.

countries known before Columbus sailed, 1. Orange (Albany), 66.
Earthquake, the Charleston, 352.

Forts, line of French, 132.
Eccentric lathe, the, 255 (note 1).

France sends expedition to America, 27.
Education in New England, 86.

colonies of, in America, 30, 32, 54.
Governor Berkeley on, in Va., 60 (note 1). struggle of, with England for America,
in the colonies, 146.

129-139.

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141, 156, 186.

France recognizes American Independence, Gold, supposed finding of, in Virginia, 54.
175, 176.

discovery of, in California, 263.
aid from, in the Revolution, 176.

effects of, in 1857, 276.
trouble with, 194, 199, 206, 211.

Gorges, Sir F., 94.
war with, 200.

Gosnold's expedition, 49.
sells us Louisiana, 204.

Governments, colonial (see Colonies), 83,
Statue of Liberty given by people of, 353.
See French.

organization of our present, 188, 191, 192.
Franklin, sketch of life of, 131 (note 1).

See Constitution and United States.
writings of, 146.

“Grand Model,” the, 113.
electrical experiments of, 147.

Grant, General, sketch of life, 297 (note 1).
Snake, the (Albany Convention), 135. “unconditional surrender

letter, 297,
and the Stamp Act, 151.

299.
letter to Strahan, 161, 162,

takes Fort Donelson, 297.
negotiates treaty with France, 176.

at Pittsburg Landing, 298.
money obtained by, in aid of Revolution, takes Vicksburg, 308.
176 (note i).

made general-in-chief, 311.
fits out ships in our defence, 179.

and Sherman's “ hammering campaign,"
helps frame the Constitution, 188.

311.
Freedmen, the, 304, 327, 328, 330, 336.

in battles of the Wilderness, 313.
progress made by, 348.

sends Sheridan to lay waste the Shenan.
Free Trade (1846-1861), 240 (note I).

doah Valley, 314.
Frémont conquers California, 260.

takes Petersburg, 321.
sketch of life of, 291 (note 3).

in Richmond, 321.
French, the, explore the St. Lawrence, 26. receives Lee's surrender, 321.
the, in Carolina and Florida, 30–32.

presidency, 332.
found Quebec, 54.

Greenbacks” become equal to gold, 342.
explore and take possession of the West, Greene, General, in command at the South,
124-128.

180.
found Mobile and New Orleans, 128.

campaign in the Carolinas, 181–183.
build forts at Detroit, Chicago, St. Louis,
and Natchez, 132.

Hail Columbia, song of, 200.
and Indian Wars, 129-139.

Halleck, General, 296.
See France, Huguenots.

Hamilton and the Constitution, 183.
Friends, or Quakers, buy New Jersey, 73. first Secretary of the Treasury, 193.
treaties with the Indians, 73, 118.

shot by Burr, 207.
in Massachusetts, 88-90.

cock, John, 156, 157, 158, 165.
found Pennsylvania, 116.

Harrison, General, at Tippecanoe, 211.
See William Penn.

presidential campaign of, 252.
Frobisher's voyages, 32.

Harrison's, Benj., presidency, 355.
Fugitive Slave Law, 267.

Harrison's, W. H., presidency, 251.
Fulton's steamboat, 208.

Harvard, John, 86.

Harvard University founded, 86.
Gadsden Purchase, the, 270 (note 1).

Hayes's presidency, 34a
Gage, General, in Boston, 153, 155, 157, 160,

election of disputed, 354 (note 1).
162.

Henry, Patrick, 156.
Garfield's presidency, 343.

Henry, the, letters, 211.
Garrison publishes the Liberator, 237. Higher Law, the, 268.
mobbed, 237

Hoe's press, 255 (note 1).
Gaspee, the, destroyed, 153.

“Holy Experiment,” the, of Penn, 116.
Gates, General, 175, 179.

Hood, General, 316, 319.
Genet * Citizen," 194.

Hooker, General, 304, 306, 310.
George III., 149, 150, 153, 163, 164, 185. Hooker, Rev. Thomas, 97.
Georgia, settlement of, iro.

Howe, General, 159, 160, 162, 166, 173, 174,
Gilbert, voyage of Sir H., 33.

175, 176, 177 (note 1).
Goffc, the regicide, 99 (note 3).

Hudson, Henry, 65, 66.

Huguenots attempt to settle in America, 30-32. Johnson, presidency of, 324.
settle in Charleston, 112.

impeached, but acquitted, 329.
illustrious descendants of the, 113. Johnston, General A. S., 296, 298 (note 1).
Hull, Captain Isaac, victory of, 213.

General Joseph E., 291 (note 2); 30%
Hull's march to Detroit, 212.

312, 320, 321 (note 1).
surrender, 213.

Johnstown disaster, the, 356.
Hutchinson, Mrs. Anne, 85, 108.

Joliet and Marquette's expedition, 125.

Jones, Paul, 178.
Immigration, 251, 354.
Independence, Declaration of, 164.

Kansas and Nebraska Act, 271.
Independence Hall, 164, 165.

struggle for possession of, 272-274.
Indians, why so named, 15.

John Brown in, 273.
tribes of, 40 (note 1).

enters as a free state, 274.
mode of life, character, religion, 39-45. Kearsarge, the, sinks the Alabama, 313.
what they taught the whites, 45.

Kentucky, first settlement of, by Boone, 195.
influence on our history, 46.

and Virginia resolutions, 200.
first taste strong drink, 65.

Know Nothing Party, 270 (note 1).
Eliot's work among, 87.

Knox, General, 162.
wars with (see Wars), 63, 80, 91, 97,
129-139, 215, 221, 244, 339.

Labor, free and slave, compared, 197, 266,
treaties with, 67, 73, 118, 216.

305, 348.
massacres by, in Revolution, 178.

Knights of, 350.
Indies, trade with, in fifteenth century, 6, 7.

strikes, 340, 351.
schemes for reaching the, by sea, 5-9.

Lafayette in the Revolution, 172, 175, 183.
America supposed to be part of the, 15. visit of, in 1824, 228.
Indigo, culture of, in South Carolina, 114, 115. La Salle explores the Mississippi, 126.
Ingle, Captain, 103.

Laudonnière's colony, 31.
Interstate Commerce Act, 354.

Lee, General Charles, in the Revolution, 168,
Intolerable Acts, the, 155 (note 2).

170, 177.
Inventions, American, 195, 197 (note 1); 208, Lee, Richard Henry, 62, 164.

254, 255 (note 1); 270, 296 (note 1); Lee, General Robert E., 290, 302, 303, 306,
330, 337, 338 (note 3).

312, 313, 321, 326.
See Cotton Gin, Eccentric Lathe, Moni- Leif the Lucky, 3.

tor, Phonograph, Reaper, Revolver, Leopard and the Chesapeake, 206.
Screw Propeller, Sewing Machine, Lewis and Clarke's expedition, 205.
Steamboat, Steam Printing Press, Liberty, Statue of, 353.
Telegraph, Telephone.

Lincoln, sketch of early life of, 279 (note 2).
Iroquois Indians, 67, 135, 173, 178.

election of, 279.

presidency of, 285.
Jackson, General, at Tohopeka, 215.

his inaugural speech, 285.
at New Orleans, 218.

calls for 75,000 volunteers, 288.
and the Seminoles, 222.

emancipates the slaves, 304.
sketch of life of, 234 (note 2).

assassination of, 322.
presidency of, 234

Literature, colonial, 146.
Jackson, “Stonewall,” 293, 302, 306.

rise of American, 245, 246.
Jamestown, settlement of, 52.

influence of “Uncle Tom's Cabin," 268
colony of, 52-63.

London Company, the, 50.
burned by Bacon, 63.

Louisburg taken, 130, 136.
Japan, Perry's treaty with, 271.

Louisiana, origin of the name, 127.
Jay, John, 192, 198.

purchase of, 204.
Jefferson drafts the Declaration of Inde- explored by Lewis and Clarke, 205.
pendence, 165.

great flood in, 344.
first secretary of state, 192.

progress since the war, 347.
sketch of life of, 201 (note 2).
presidency of, 201.

Macdonough's victory, 217.
purchases Louisiana, 204.

Machinery, American labor-saving, 270, 338

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