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on, which consists in using the simplest language with dignity, and the most ornamented, with ease. For the rest, his harmony and strength of numbers, his force and splendor of colouring, his gravity and sublimity of sentiment, would have rather led him to another model. Nor was his temper less unlike that of Horace, than his talents. What Horace would only smile at, Mr. Pope would treat with the grave severity of Persius : and what Mr. Pope would strike with the caustic lightning of Juvenal, Horace would content himself in turning into ridicule.
If it be asked then, why he took any body at all to imitate, he has informed us in his Advertisement. To which we may add, that this sort of Imitations, which are of the nature of Parodies, adds reflected grace and fplendor on original wit. Besides, he deemed it more modest to give the name of Imitations to his Satires, than, like Despreaux, to give the name of Satires to Imitations.
HORATIUS. TREBATIU S.
UNT quíbus in Satira videar nimis acer, et ultra Legem tendere opus ; b fine nervis altera, quidquid Composui, pars esse putat, fimilesque meorum Mille die verfus deduci pofle. Trebati, Quid faciam ? praescribe. T. Quiescas.
H. Ne faciam, inquio, Omnino versus ?
H. Peream male, fi now Optimum erat : e verum nequeo dormire.
Ver. 3. Scarce to wise Peter---Chartres] It has been commonly observed of the English, that a Rogue never goes to the Gallows without the pity of the Spectators, and their parting curses on the rigour of the Laws that brought him thither : and this has been as commonly ascribed to the good nature of the people. But it is a mistake. The true cause is their hatred and envy of power. Their compassion for Dunces and Scoundrels (when exposed by great writers to public contempt, either in justice to the age, or in vindication of their own Characters) has the same source. They cover their envy to a superior genius, in lamenting the severity of his Pen.
Safe from the Bar, the Pupil & theThrone, Yetcouchd and shamid by Ridicule alone..
Ip: w Suure Part 2
S A TIRE I.
To Mr. FORTESCUE.
HERE are (I scarce can think it, but am
told) There are; to whom my Satire feems too bold : Scarce to wise Peter complaisant enough, And something faid of Chartres much too rough. b The lines are weak, another's pleas'd to say, 5 Lord Fanny spins a thousand such a day. Tim'rous by nature, of the Rich in awe,
I come to Council learned in the Law :
You'll give me, like a friend both fage and free, *Advice; and (as you use) without a Fee. 10 F. d I'd write no more.
P. Not write ? but then I think, • And for my foul I cannot sleep a wink.
VER. 7. Tim'rous by nature, of the Rich in awe,] The den licacy of this does not so much lie in the ironical application of it to himself, as in its seriously characterising the Person for whose advice he applies.
VER, 12. Not rorite ? &»,] He has omitted the most humourous part of the answer.
Peream male, fi non
Optimum erat, and has loft the grace, by not mitating the concifenefs, of Yerum nequeo dormire,