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Limited Partnerships Act, 1907.
[7 Edw. 7. CH. 24.]
ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS.
1. Short title.
2. Commencement of Act.
3. Interpretation of terms.
4. Definition and constitution of limited partnership.
5. Registration of limited partnership required.
6. Modifications of general law in case of limited partnerships.
7. Law as to private partnerships to apply where not excluded by this Act.
8. Manner and particulars of registration.
9. Registration of changes in partnerships.
10. Advertisement in Gazette of statement of general partner becoming a limited partner and of assignment of share of limited partner. 11. Ad valorem stamp duty on contributions by limited partners. 12. Making false returns to be misdemeanour.
13. Registrar to file statement and issue certificate of registration. 14. Register and index to be kept.
15. Registrar of joint stock companies to be registrar under Act. 16. Inspection of statements registered.
17. Power to Board of Trade to make rules.
An Act to establish Limited Partnerships.
[28th August 1907.] A.D. 1907.
E it enacted by the King's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:
1. This Act may be cited for all purposes as the Limited Partner- Short title. ships Act, 1907.
2. This Act shall come into operation on the first day of January Commencement one thousand nine hundred and eight.
53 & 54 Vict. c. 39.
Definition and constitution of limited partnership.
Registration of limited partnership required.
Modifications of general law in case of limited partnerships.
3. In the construction of this Act the following words and expressions shall have the meanings respectively assigned to them in this section, unless there be something in the subject or context repugnant to such construction :—
"Firm," "firm name," and "business" have the same meanings as in the Partnership Act, 1890:
"General partner shall mean any partner who is not a limited partner as defined by this Act.
4. (1) From and after the commencement of this Act limited partnerships may be formed in the manner and subject to the conditions by this Act provided.
(2) A limited partnership shall not consist, in the case of a partnership carrying on the business of banking, of more than ten persons, and, in the case of any other partnership, of more than twenty persons, and must consist of one or more persons called general partners, who shall be liable for all debts and obligations of the firm, and one or more persons to be called limited partners, who shall at the time of entering into such partnership contribute thereto a sum or sums as capital or property valued at a stated amount, and who shall not be liable for the debts or obligations of the firm beyond the amount so contributed. (3) A limited partner shall not during the continuance of the partnership, either directly or indirectly, draw out or receive back any part of his contribution, and if he does so draw out or receive back any such part shall be liable for the debts and obligations of the firm up to the amount so drawn out or received back.
(4) A body corporate may be a limited partner.
5. Every limited partnership must be registered as such in accordance with the provisions of this Act, or in default thereof it shall be deemed to be a general partnership and every limited partner shall be deemed to be a general partner.
6.—(1) A limited partner shall not take part in the management of the partnership business, and shall not have power to bind the firm : Provided that a limited partner may by himself or his agent at any time inspect the books of the firm and examine into the state and prospects of the partnership business, and may advise with the partners thereon.
If a limited partner takes part in the management of the partnership business he shall be liable for all debts and obligations of the firm incurred while he so takes part in the management as though he were a general partner.
(2) A limited partnership shall not be dissolved by the death or bankruptcy of a limited partner, and the lunacy of a limited partner shall not be a ground for dissolution of the partnership by the court unless the lunatic's share cannot be otherwise ascertained and realised. (3) In the event of the dissolution of a limited partnership its affairs shall be wound up by the general partners unless the court otherwise orders.
(4) Applications to the court to wind up a limited partnership shall be by petition under the Companies Acts, 1862 to 1900, and the provisions of those Acts relating to the winding up of companies by the court and of the rules made thereunder (including provisions as to fees) shall, subject to such modifications (if any) as the Lord Chancellor, with the concurrence of the President of the Board of Trade, may by rules provide, apply to the winding up by the court of limited partnerships, with the substitution of general partners for directors.
(5) Subject to any agreement expressed or implied between the partners
(a) Any difference arising as to ordinary matters connected with the partnership business may be decided by a majority of the general partners;
(b) A limited partner may, with the consent of the general partners, assign his share in the partnership, and upon such an assignment the assignee shall become a limited partner with all the rights of the assignor;
(c) The other partners shall not be entitled to dissolve the partnership by reason of any limited partner suffering his share to be charged for his separate debt;
(d) A person may be introduced as a partner without the consent of the existing limited partners;
(e) A limited partner shall not be entitled to dissolve the partnership by notice.
7. Subject to the provisions of this Act, the Partnership Act, 1890, and the rules of equity and of common law applicable to partnerships, except so far as they are inconsistent with the express provisions of the last-mentioned Act, shall apply to limited partnerships.
8. The registration of a limited partnership shall be effected by sending by post or delivering to the registrar at the register office in that part of the United Kingdom in which the principal place of business of the limited partnership is situated or proposed to be situated a statement signed by the partners containing the following particulars :(a) The firm name;
(b) The general nature of the business; (c) The principal place of business;
(d) The full name of each of the partners;
(e) The term, if any, for which the partnership is entered into, and the date of its commencement ;
(ƒ) A statement that the partnership is limited, and the description of every limited partner as such;
(g) The sum contributed by each limited partner, and whether paid
in cash or how otherwise.
Law as to
9.—(1) If during the continuance of a limited partnership any change Registration of is made or occurs in
(e) the term or character of the partnership,
(d) the partners or the name of any partner,
the sum contributed by any limited partner,
(g) the liability of any partner by reason of his becoming a limited instead of a general partner or a general instead of a limited partner,
a statement, signed by the firm, specifying the nature of the change. shall within seven days be sent by post or delivered to the registrar at the register office in that part of the United Kingdom in which the partnership is registered.
(2) If default is made in compliance with the requirements of this section each of the general partners shall on conviction under the Summary Jurisdiction Acts be liable to a fine not exceeding one pound for each day during which the default continues.
10.-(1) Notice of any arrangement or transaction under which any person will cease to be a general partner in any firm, and will become a limited partner in that firm, or under which the share of a limited partner in a firm will be assigned to any person, shall be forthwith advertised in the Gazette, and until notice of the arrangement or transaction is so advertised, the arrangement or transaction shall, for the purposes of this Act, be deemed to be of no effect.
changes in partnerships.
in Gazette of statement of general partner becoming a limited partner and of assignment of share
of limited partner.
Ad valorem stamp duty on contributions by limited partners.
Making false returns to be misdemeanour.
Registrar to file statement and issue certificate of registration.
Register and index to be kept.
Registrar of joint stock
(2) For the purposes of this section, the expression "the Gazette "
In the case of a limited partnership registered in England, the London
In the case of a limited partnership registered in Scotland, the Edin-
In the case of a limited partnership registered in Ireland, the Dublin
11. The statement of the amount contributed by a limited partner, and a statement of any increase in that amount, sent to the registrar for registration under this Act, shall be charged with an ad valorem stamp duty of five shillings for every one hundred pounds, and any fraction of one hundred pounds over any multiple of one hundred pounds, of the amount so contributed, or of the increase of that amount, as the case may be; and in default of payment of stamp duty thereon as herein required, the duty with interest thereon at the rate of five per cent. per annum from the date of delivery of such statement shall be a joint and several debt to His Majesty, recoverable from the partners, or any of them, in the said statements named, or, in the case of an increase, from all or any of the said partners whose discontinuance in the firm shall not, before the date of delivery of such statement of increase, have been duly notified to the registrar.
12. Every one commits a misdemeanour, and shall be liable to imprisonment with hard labour for a term not exceeding two years, who makes, signs, sends, or delivers for the purpose of registration under this Act any false statement known by him to be false.
13. On receiving any statement made in pursuance of this Act the registrar shall cause the same to be filed, and he shall send by post to the firm from whom such statement shall have been received a certificate of the registration thereof.
14. At each of the register offices hereinafter referred to the registrar shall keep, in proper books to be provided for the purpose, a register and an index of all the limited partnerships registered as aforesaid, and of all the statements registered in relation to such partnerships.
15. The registrar of joint stock companies shall be the registrar of limited partnerships, and the several offices for the registration of joint companies to be stock companies in London, Edinburgh, and Dublin shall be the offices for the registration of limited partnerships carrying on business within those parts of the United Kingdom in which they are respectively
registrar under Act.
Inspection of statements registered.
16.-(1) Any person may inspect the statements filed by the registrar in the register offices aforesaid, and there shall be paid for such inspection such fees as may be appointed by the Board of Trade, not exceeding one shilling for each inspection; and any person may require a certificate of the registration of any limited partnership, or a copy of or extract from any registered statement, to be certified by the registrar, and there shall be paid for such certificate of registration, certified copy, or extract such fees as the Board of Trade may appoint, not exceeding two shillings for the certificate of registration, and not exceeding sixpence for each folio of seventy-two words, or in Scotland for each sheet of two hundred words.
(2) A certificate of registration, or a copy of or extract from any statement registered under this Act, if duly certified to be a true copy under the hand of the registrar or one of the assistant registrars (whom it shall not be necessary to prove to be the registrar or assistant registrar) shall, in all legal proceedings, civil or criminal, and in all cases whatsoever be received in evidence.
17. The Board of Trade may make rules (but as to fees with the concurrence of the Treasury) concerning any of the following matters :— (a) The fees to be paid to the registrar under this Act, so that they do not exceed in the case of the original registration of a limited partnership the sum of two pounds, and in any other case the sum of five shillings;
b) The duties or additional duties to be performed by the registrar
(c) The performance by assistant registrars and other officers of
(e) Generally the conduct and regulation of registration under this
Power to Board
of Trade to make rules.