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such as histories of Jenny and Tommy, “ At last the king thought it best to go of dolls and tops) though very useful as and meet the mob, and hear what they had lessons, had not enough of the marvellous to say. So he went with the lord mayor, to arrest the attention to the degree neces- and a few other lords and gentlemen, to a sary for amusement. These considerations place called Smithfield, where the mob were led me to tell my little girl the following encamped as if they had been an army. stories, which I found to amuse her in a very When Wat Tyler, who was their chief high degree, without having any of the dis- leader, saw the young king coming, he ad advantages which result from relations mere- vanced to meet him, and then they began ly fictitious. My principal object was not to talk and dispute together; but at length to instruct but to amuse, and I therefore did Wat Tyler was so insolent to the king, that not attempt any think like a course of his. his conduct was not to be borne ; and al. tory; but as I have, in general, adhered to though it was in sight of his own army, the historical fact, and departed from it only lord mayor of London had the courage to (when history was doubtful or silent) in fa- strike him down with his mace, and then the vour of some popular prejudices, whatever other gentlemen put Wat Tyler immediatelasting impression may be made on the ly to death. young mind, will be, on the whole, consist. “ The rioters seeing Wat Tyler, their ent with truth, and conducive to its further leader, fall, prepared to revenge themselves and more substantial improvement.' on the king and his party; and the whole,
even the king himself, would undoubtedly As a specimen of the happy manner have been murdered on the spot, but that in which our author unites the utmost Richard, young as he was, saved them all elegance of language, with that sim- by his own courage; for when he saw the plicity which adapts itself to the ten- mob so furious, instead of seeming frightderest_years, we select his story of ened, he rode up to them alone, and said Wat Tyler :
to them, in a good-humoured manner,
• What is the matter my good people ? Are WAT TYLER.
you angry that you have lost your leader ? Richard II. born 1366.Died 1399.- I am your king, and I will be your leader Reigned 22 years.
myself.' “ There are often great riots in England,
“ The mob was astonished and overwhich are sometimes very dangerous, for awed by the king's courage, and they imwhen mobs assemble nobody knows what mediately obeyed him, and followed him such a great crowd of foolish ignorant peo
out into the fields; for the king was glad ple may do; but one time, about four hun- to get them out of the city, where they were dred years ago, there happened the most committing all manner of mischief. dangerous riots that ever were known, for “ When he had them in the fields, he all the country people armed themselves had such a strong guard of his own soldiers with clubs, and staves, and scythes, and that he was no longer afraid of the rioters. pitchforks, and they rose in such great num
So he commanded them all to disband, and bers, that they drove away all the king's go quietly to their own houses ; which acsoldiers, and got possession of the city of cordingly they immediately did, and not a London.
life was lost after the death of Wat Tyler, “ The chief leaders of this mob were not who very well deserved his fate for his regentlemen nor soldiers, but common peas- bellion against the king, and for all the ants and tradesmen, who were called after mischief and murders that his rebellion had the names of their trades, Wat Tyler, Hob occasioned.” Carter, and Tom Miller ; and as these fellows could neither read nor write, and were
We rather think this story may be poor ignorant wretches, they took a great read with advantage at present by childhatred to all gentlemen, and every body who ren of a larger growth-as we certainly could read and write, and they put some of did not expect that Wat Tyler would them to death; and the whole city was kept have been held up as a patriot even to a for several days in the greatest confusion and danger, and all quiet honest people have not room for further extracts.
Spafields mob. We regret that we were afraid for their lives. “ The king at this time was called Rich
“ The Murder in the Tower,” in parard, not Cæur de Lion,-but another king ticular, is very affectingly told. But Richard, who was called Richard the Second. the specimen we have already quoted He was the grandson of Edward the Third ; will render it quite superfluous for us but he was neither so wise nor so fortunate to say one word more in praise of this as his grandfather, who was a great king. excellent little work, which we have Richard was very young, not more than
no doubt will soon form a part of seventeen years old, and it is not surprising that he hardly knew how to stop the pro every juvenile library; and we can ceedings of this riotous mob; for his sol
assure the distinguished author, from diers were driven away, many of his minis
our own experience, that these stories ters were put to death, and the rest of them have been as “ successful in other fawere forced to fly.
milies as they have been in his own.”
The Edinburgh Review. No 54. ficient, and inconsistent with their
laws are considered to be also insut, 1. Childe Harold's Pilgrimage, Canto avowed purposes, as they allow of tranthe Third, and The Prisoner of Chillon, sactions substantially usurious. The and other Poems. By LORD Byron. penalties imposed upon all who assist In this article the Reviewers do not suitors in courts of justice, with the confine themselves altogether to these means of enforcing their rights, stitwo publications, but the Corsair be- pulating for a certain premium, which ing the last work of Lord Byron of the law of England denominates maine which they had given a particular ac- tenance and champerty, are reprobated count, they introduce their examina- as the growth of a barbarous age; and tion of the present works by notices of a very strong case is extracted from Mr Lara, The Siege of Corinth, and other Bentham's treatise, to show the ruinintermediate pieces. This Third Canto ous consequences of this law to needy of Childe Harold, the Reviewers are suitors. The repeal of the usury laws, persuaded, will not be pronounced in- however, is held to be imprudent at ferior to either of the former; and they this particular crisis, as “ all persons think that it will probably be ranked now owing money would inevitably above them by those who have been have their creditors coming upon them most delighted with the whole. Of for payment.” It is to be wished the The Prisoner of Chillon they speak in Reviewer had taken into consideration the language of praise ; but the rest of the effects which this repeal might the poems are said to be less amiable, produce upon the terms of loans to and most of them, the Reviewers fear, government, and upon the price of have a personal and not very charit- the public funds.-- The Protest qable application.
gainst Law Taxes is highly extol2. A Letter to the Roman Catholic led. The privilege of sueing in fore Priests of Ireland, on the expediency of ma pauperis is shewn to be of little reviving the Canonical mode of electing value. Stamps on law proceedings are Bishops by Dean and Chapter, &c. By censured ; and the vulgar argument, C. 0.-There is no further notice of that such taxes operate as a check to the book or its author. It is a disserta- litigation, is said to be “ triumphantly tion on the Catholic question, in which refuted” by Mr Bentham. the Keviewer endeavours to shew that 4. Wesentliche Betrachtungen oder no securities whatever should be re- Geschichte des Krieges Zwischen den quired from the Catholics as the con- Osmanen und Russen in den Jahren dition of their emancipation.
1768 bis 1774, von RESMI ACHMED 3. Defence of Usury: showing the EFENDI, aus dem Türkischen übersetzt impolicy of the present legal restraints und durch Anmerkungen erlärdert von on the term of pecuniary bargains, in HEINRICH FRIEDRICH Von Diez.Letters to a Friend. To which is added, This book is a history of the war bea Letter to Adam Smith, Esq. LL.D. tween Russian and the Ottoman Porte, on the discouragements opposed by the in the years 1768–1774, originally above restraints to the progress of in- written in Turkish by Resmi Achmed ventive industry. The third edition : Efendi, and translated into German by to which is also added, second edition, M. Von Diez. The Reviewer has cona Protest against Law Taxes. By trived, by the playfulness and pleasanJEREMY BENTHAM, Esq. of Lincoln's try of his style, to render this short Inn.-In this article the Reviewer bee article very amusing. The work ite, gins with examining the reasons that self, he says, is dull enough in all conhave been urged in defence of the science, but it is a literary curiosity. usury laws, and finds that they pro- 5. National Difficulties practically duce none of the good which they pre- explained, and Remedies proposed as tend to have in view ; and then pro- certain, speedy, and effectual, for the ceeds to point out the mischiefs which relief of all our present embarrassments. they create in all directions. These The questions proposed for discus-, Vol. I.
sion in this article are, 1st, In what elude with some account of the Wahamanner were the people of this coun- bees of Arabia, chiefly taken from the try, who are now idle, formerly em- Travels of Ali Bey. ployed? The substance of the answer 8. The Statesman's Manual ; or the is, that foreign trade was “ the source Bible the Best Guide to Political Skill from which employment flowed to and Foresight; a Lay Sermon, adall classes of her industrious inhabi- dressed to the higher classes of Society; tants.”—2d, By what means were they with an Appendix. By S. T. COLEdeprived of this employment? The RIDGE, Esq.—This article abounds in answer is, that this commerce was ridicule and metaphor as well as in arsuddenly pent up, partly by a train of gument. If any one delights in seeill-concerted measures at home, and ing a poor author cut up, he must be partly by the policy of the enemy amply gratified by this indignant and abroad, within the narrow bounds of scornful performance. the British territory.
“ We sought
9. Letters from St Helena. By to ruin the enemy's trade, and we WILLIAM WARDEN, Surgeon on board have succeeded in ruining our own. the Northumberland.The Reviewers And 3d, Whether there is any pro- point out some mistakes in Mr Warbability that it (employment) ever will den's historical recollections, but obbe regained ? This is the most import- serve, “ that there is an air of plainant question. “We have no proof," the ness and sincerity in his account of Reviewer says, “ that the consumption what he saw 'and heard, that recomof our manufactures, either in Europe mends it strongly to the confidence of or in America, has fallen off.” Our error his readers.” Only a small portion of has been in overstocking these markets; the article is devoted to Mr Warden's but the goods will be consumed, and book. The greater part is occupied trade revive.-The most important of “ with a short and general view of the the other causes of the distress which public and political life of Napoleon, prevails are, the decline of agriculture, with such facts and anecdotes interand the increase of taxation.
spersed, as have been furnished to us, 6. The Works of Henry Howard, on good authority, from persons faEarl of Surrey, and of Sir Thomas miliarly connected with him at differWyatt the Elder. Edited by George ent periods of his fortune, or obtained FREDERICK Nott, D.D.F.S.A. late from some of our countrymen, who Fellow of All Souls College, Oxford.— saw and conversed with him during For one of these quartos, that which his residence in the isle of Elba.” This contains the works of the Earl of Sur- delectable compilation would have done rey, the Reviewers are inclined to make honour to M. Bertrand himself. It every allowance, and to muster up every is distinguished throughout by an exthing favourable ; but Sir Thomas aggerated representation of what is Wyatt was in no true sense of the praise-worthy in the character and word a poet;" and as their object is to conduct of Napoleon, and, what is inconsider poets and poetry, they take finitely worse, by a palpable anxiety to leave of him at once. This article con- apologize for his greatest enormities. tains a summary of the Life of the 10. Della Patria di Cristoforo CoEarl of Surrey, and a critique on his lombo. Dissertazione pubblicato nelle poetry. “ We see not the slightest Memorie dell'Accademia Imperiale ground," say the Reviewers, “ for de- delle Scienze di Torino. Restampata priving Chaucer, in any one respect, con Quinte, Documenti, Lettere diverse, of his title of Father of English Poe- &c. and Regionamento nel Quale si con
we are heartily ready to forma ľ Opinion Generale intorno alla allow, that Surrey well deserves that of Patria di Cristoforo Colombo,—Prethe eldest son, however much he was sentato all'Accademia delle Scienze, surpassed by the brothers that imme- Lettere, e Arti di Genova, -Nell Adiately followed him."
dunanza del di 16. Decembre 1312, 7. Narrative of a Journey in Egypt, dagli Accademici Serra, Carrega e Pin and the Country beyond the Cataracts. aggio.—The object of the first of these By Thomas Legh, Esq. M.P.-The works is to prove that Columbus was Reviewers speak well of this work.- a Piedmontese, and of the latter, that, After accompanying Mr Legh on his as has been generally held, he was a journey, and extracting a very inter- Genoese. The Reviewers are of this esting part of the narrative, they con- last opinion. To this discussion is
66 The hope
subjoined a most interesting letter, second £400. The second prize was written by Columbus upon his return assigned to Mr Sumner, of whose Treafrom the first voyage in which he dis- tise the Reviewers present a pretty full, covered the New World, and despatch- and apparently an impartial, examinaed from Lisbon, where he landed, to tion in this interesting article. Their one of the Spanish king's council. It observations on the principle of popuhas been almost entirely overlooked by lation lead to conclusions very differhistorians.
ent from those of Mr Malthus, and are, 11. Statements respecting the East we hope, better supported by history India College, with an appeal to facts, in and experience. refutation of the charges lately brought 4. A Voyage round the World, from against it in the Court of Proprietors. 1806 to 1802; in which Japan, KamBy the Rev. T. R. MALThus, &c. schatka, the Aleutian Islands, and the Mr Malthus and the Reviewers, alter Sandwich Islands, were visited, &c. By et idem perhaps, agree in thinking that ARCHIBALD CAMPBELL.-Campbell is some sort of instruction is really de- a poor young sailor, who had lost both sirable for the future Judges and feet, and was found by Mr Smith, the Magistrates of India, and this indeed Editor of the volume, in one of the is a point tolerably well proved, though steam-boats that ply on the Clyde, not till after a good deal of time and playing on the violin for the amuselabour has been employed about it. ment of the passengers. But whether the College at Hertford that an account of his voyage might be the very best institution for the pur- be of service to an unfortunate and pose is not quite so clear. The argu- deserving man, and not unacceptable ments in defence of it are of too gene- to those who take pleasure in contemral a nature, and the “ disturbances" plating the progress of mankind in the on which the objection to it rests, too arts of civilization, gave rise to the preslightly noticed, to enable the public sent publication.' The book itself to come to any decided opinion, with- contains much that is curious, and out having access to information of a adds not a little to our still very immore definite and tangible character. perfect knowledge of the remote regions
visited by the author. The QUARTERLY Review. No 31. By ANDREW Becket.-An article full
5. Shakspeare's Himself again! &c. 1. Narrative of a Journey in Egypt of irony and banter, apparently a well and the Country beyond the Cataracts. deserved chastisement of this unforBy Thomas LEGH, Esq. M.P.-" On tunate commentator. the present occasion,” say the Review- 6. Tracts on Saving Banks. There ers, we have nothing to find fault with is a great deal of information about but the omissions.” Mr Legh may re- those banks collected in this article, joice that he has escaped so well from but the Reviewer is two zealous and the ordeal of these opposite Courts of too sanguine to perceive the inconveCriticism.
niences which must be felt from de 2. Counsellor Phillips's Poems and dopting the plans of Mr Duncan; and, Speeches.--Mr Phillips's sins against while he bestows well-merited praise good taste are not a little aggravated on the benevolent exertions of this genin the eyes of these Reviewers by his tleman, we think that he hardly does political opinions.
justice to some of the other fellow 3. A Treatise on the Records of the labourers. Creation, and on the Moral Attributes
7. Cowper's Poems and Life.-The of the Creator, with particular refer- third volume of the poems, edited by ence to the Jewish History, and to the John Johnson, LL.D., the first work consistency of the principle of Popu- embraced by this Review, is considere lation with the Wisdom and Goodness of ed as decidedly inferior to its predecesthe Deity. By John BIRD SUMNER, sors. The other two treatises are meM.A.-Mr Burnett, a gentleman of moirs, said to be written by Cowper Aberdeenshire, bequeathed a sum to himself, and never before published. be set apart till it should accumulate From what we see of them here, the to £1600, which was then to be given only subject of regret is, that they to the authors of the two best Essays should ever have been published at all. on the subject of Mr Sumner's book, The article contains a general character to the first in merit £1200, and to the of Cowper's poetry and letters.
8. A Sketch of the British fur Trade dead to every emotion of pleasure and in North America, with Observations gratitude, this article must stir up these relative to the North-west Company of feelings in no common degree. The Montreal ; by the EARL of Selkirk: Reviewer displays throughout, not onand Voyage de la Mer Atlantique à ly the powers of a poet and of a critic l'Ocean Pacifique par le Nord-ouest of the highest order, but the delicacy dans la Mer Glaciale ; par le Capi- and solicitude of a friend, without, taine Laurent Ferrer Maldonado l'an however, shutting his eyes to the ec1588. Nouvellement traduit, &c.- centricities and misjudged exhibitions Lord Selkirk, some years ago, attempt of this lugubrious and indignant mised to divert the tide of emigration from anthrope. There are one or two dithe Highlands of Scotland to the Unit- gressions in it somewhat curious, for ed States, and turn it to Prince Ed- they may be thought to identify the ward's Island, within the territories of Reviewer,---upon much the same Great Britain. More lately, his views grounds as Childe Harold has been of colonization seem to have become supposed to speak the sentiments of more extensive; and having purchased Lord Byron. In the first, he disputes about a third part of the stock of the the proposition, that rapidity of comHudson's Bay Company, he obtained position and publication endangers the from their governors a grant of a wide fame of an author of great talents. A extent of country, held, or supposed little after it is stated, as an axiom, to be held, under their charter, of that “every author should, like Lord which he proceeded to take possession. Byron, form to himself, and commuThe settlers on this tract have been nicate to the reader, a precise, defined, molested, it appears, by the servants of and distinct view of the landscape, the North-west Company, between sentiment, or action, which he intends which and the Hudson's Bay Come to describe to the reader.” Lord Bypany there had long subsisted a deadly ron's political opinions, of course, meet feud; and some very extraordinary with no favour; but his sins of omisproceedings are understood to have sion, as well as commission, though taken place on both sides. According pointed out in forcible language, do to Lord Selkirk, the fur trade is not in not call forth those expressions of conthe best hands, nor carried on in a very tumely and bitterness, which so often honourable manner. The North-west disgrace the subalterns in political hosCompany is pointedly accused, indeed, tilities. There is something very, of great violence and injustice, for serious, or, so different are peoples' which, as the law at present stands, it is tastes, perhaps amusing, at the concluextremely difficult, or altogether in- sion of this article. It is impossible possible, to call its servants to account. not to see in it the goodness of the of the Hudson's Bay Company, the writer's heart, though we make no Reviewers do not think so well as Lord doubt that others may pretend to disSelkirk does. The rest of this article, cover also a slight infusion of amiable and that which is of a far deeper in- simplicity: For our own parts, we terest, relates to the North-west pass- cannot help suspecting that there is a age. The relation of Maldonado's voy- reasonable portion of affectation in age is held to be a clumsy and audaci- some of Lord Byron's dolorous verses ; ous forgery. The Reviewers firmly and that to treat him like a spoilt believe, however, that a navigable child will not have much efficacy in passage from the Atlantic to the Paci- removing the complaint. If any one fic, round the northern coast of Ame- should hereafter think it necessary, in rica, does exist, and may be of no order to establish his superiority of tadifficult execution. In support of this lent, to begin with distinguishing himopinion, they proceed to examine the self in the circles of vice and folly, desvarious unsuccessful attempts that have pising the restraints to which ordinary been made at different periods. No mortals have agreed to submit, he may human being, they say, has yet ap- be led to doubt of the certainty of this proached the coast of America on the mode of proving his claim, when he is eastern side, from 660 to 72°, and here assured, that the moral and religious it is thought the passage may be found. regimen, here prescribed to Lord By
9. Childe Harold's Pilgrimage, Can- ron, has been very faithfully observed, to III. ; and the Prisoner of Chillon, both in the private and public life of and other Poems. By LORD Byron. several of the most distinguished writ--- If the heart of Lord Byron be not ers of the present age.