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This day, be Bread and Peace my Lot:

All else beneath the Sun, Thou know'st if best bestow'd or not,

And let Thy Will be done.

To thee, whose Temple is all Space,

Whose Altar, Earth, Sea, Skies! One Chorus set all Being raise !

All Nature's Incense rise!

Moral Essays



T 0

Several Persons.

Eft brevitate opus, ut currat sententia, neu se
Impediat verbis laffis onerantibus aures :
Et fermone opus eft modo tristi, fæpe jocoso,
Defendente vicem modo Rhetoris atque Poetæ,
Interdum urbani, parcentis viribus, atque
Extenuantis eas confultò.


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E P I S T L E I.


Sir Richard Temple, Lord Cobham.


Of the Knowledge and Characters of MEN.

THAT it is not sufficient for this knowledge to consider

Man in the Abitract: Books will not serve the purpose, nor yet our own Experience fingly, y 1. General maxims, unless they be formed upon both, will be but 13otional, to. Some Peculiarity in every man, characteristic to himself, yet varying from himself, x 15. Difficulties arising from our own Pasions, Fancies, Faculties, &c. Ý 31. The shortness of Life, to observe in, and the uncertainty of the Principles of action in men, to observe by, x 37, &c. Our own Principle of action often bid from ourselves, Ý 41. Some few Chara&ters plain, but in general confounded, dissembled, or inconsistent, 51. The same man utterly different in different places and reasons, Ý 71. Unimaginable weaknesses in the greatest, x 70,&c. Nothing constant and certain but God and Nature, 95. No judging of the Motives from the actions ; the same astions proceeding from contrary Motives, and the fame Motives influencing contrary actions, x 100. II. Yet to form Characters, we can only take the strongest actions of a men's life, and try to make them agree: The utter uncertainty of this, from Nature itself, and from Policy, x 120. Characters given according to the rank of men of the world, x 135. And some reason for it, x 140. Education alters the Nature, or at least Character, of many, x 149. Actions, Passions, Opinions, Manners, Humours, or Principles, all subjeet to change. No judging by Nature, from * 158 to 178. III. It only remains to find (if we can) bis Ruling Passion : That will certainly influence all the rest, and can reconcile the seeming or real inconsistency of all bis aЕtions, Ý 175. Instanced in the extraordinary character of Clodio, 179. A caution against mistaking second qualities for first, which will destroy all polfibility of the knowledge of mankind, x 210. Examples of the strength of the Ruling Passion, and its continuation to the last breath, y 222, &c.

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