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Each individual seeks a sev'ral goal;
Heav'n forming each on other to depend,
COMMENTARY. Ver. 239. That counterworks each folly and caprice;] The mention of this principle, that Self directs Vice and Virtue, and its consequence, which is, that
Each individual seeks a sev'ral goal, leads the author to observe
That Heav'n's great View is One, and that the Whole. And this brings him naturally round again to his main subject, namely, God's producing good out of ill, which he prosecutes from ý 238 to 249.
VER. 249. Heav'n forming each on other to depend,] I. Hitherto the Poet hath been employed in discoursing of the use of the Paffions, with regard to Society at large ; and in freeing bis
Bids each on other for assistance call,
Those joys, those loves, those int'rests to resign;
Whate'er the Passion, knowledge, fame, or pelf, Not one will change his neighbour with himself.
COMMENTARY, doctrine from objections: This is the first general division of the subject of this epistle.
II. He comes to shew (from 248 to 261) the use of these Paffions, with regard to the more confined circle of our Friends, Relations, and Acquaintance; and this is the second general divifion.
Ver. 261. Whate'er the Passion, &c.] III. The poet having thus shewn the use of the Passions in Society, and in Domestic
NOTES VER. 253. Wants, frailties, passions, clafer ftill ally The common intreft, &c.] As these lines have been misunderstood, I shall give the reader their plain and obvious meaning. To these frailties (fays he) we owe all the endearments of private life; yet, when we come to that age, which generally dispofęs Men to think more feriously of the true value of things, and consequently of their provifion for a future state, the confideration, that the grounds of those joys, loves, and friendships, are wants, frailtięs, and passions, proves the best expedient to wean
The learn’d is happy nature to explore,
-Opinion gilds with varying rays
And not a vanity is giv'n in vain.
NOTES. us from the world; a disengagement so friendly to that provision
are now making for another. The observation is new, and would in any place be extremely beautiful, but has here an infinite grace and propriety, as it so well confirms, by an instance of great moment, the general thesis, That God makes Ill, at every step, productive of Good.
Ver. 270.--the poet in his Mufe.] The author having said, that no one would change his profession or views for those of another, intended to carry his obfervation still further, and
See some strange comfort ev'ry state attend,
Behold the child, by nature's kindly law, 275
NOTES. shew that Men were unwilling to exchange their own acquire ments even for those of the same kind, confeffedly larger, and infinitely more eminent, in another. To this end he wrote,
What partly pleases, totally will shock:
I question much, if Toland would be Locke. but wanting another proper instance of this truth when he published his laft Edition of the Effay, he reserved the lines above for some following one.
Ver. 280. And beads and pray'r-books are the toys of age :] A Satire on what is called in Popery the Opus operatum. As this is a description of the circle of human life returning into itself by a second child-hood, the poet has with great elegance concluded his description with the same image with which he fet qut.
Pleas'd with this bauble still, as that before; 281
290 Ev'n mean Self-love becomes, by force divine, The scale to measure others wants by thine. See! and confefs, one comfort still must rise; 'Tis this, Tho' Man's a fool, yet GOD IS WISE.
NOTES. VER. 286. And each vacuity of sense by Pride :] An eminent Cafuift, Father Francis Garasje, in his Somme Theologique, has drawn a very charitable conclufion from this principle. « Se“ lon la Justice (says this equitable Divine) tout travail hon« nête doit être recompense de louange ou de satisfaction. " Quand les bons esprits font un ouvrage excellent, ils sont “justement recompensez par les fuffrages du Public. Quand « un pauvre esprit travaille beaucoup, pour fair un magvais “ ouvrage, il n'est pas juste ni raisonable, qu'il attende des s louanges publiques ; car elles ne lui sont pas duës. Mais “ afin que les travaux ne demeurent pas sans recompense, Dieu “ lui donne une satisfaction personelle, que personne ne lui ça peut envier fans une injustice plus que barbare ; tout ainsi
que Dieu, qui est juste, donne de la satisfaction aux Grenoü$ illes de leur chant. Autrement la blâme public, joint à leur şs mécontentement, seroit suffisant pour les réduire au desespoir.”