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and shall subsequently determine the interior block corners of his survey in reference to the block corners so first established.

(2) Every surveyor shall mark all corners and angles of blocks with iron posts having the number or letter designating the block marked thereon with a cold chisel; and straight lines connecting the said corners and angles in the manner shown on the plan shall constitute the boundaries of said blocks.

(3) Every surveyor shall mark, in all blocks which have curvilinear boundaries, the points of beginning and end of each curve having a constant radius and shall mark all four corners of each lot on said curvilinear boundary with iron posts.

(4) The iron posts planted in accordance with the two next preceding sections shall, upon the registration of the plan of survey, establish for all purposes whatsoever the true and unalterable boundaries of every lot or block shown on such plan, whether or not such iron posts upon admeasurement upon the ground are found to be in the relative position shown on such plan of survey.

(5) Each and every lot and lane on a rectilinear block boundary shall have a frontage measurement proportionate to the total distance between the corners of the block in the same ratio as the frontage measurements of each lot and lane shown in the registered plan bears to the total distances between the corners of the block shown on said plan.

(6) Every surveyor employed to survey a side or rear boundary of any lot or parcel of land as shown on a plan of subdivision survey registered after the passing of this Act, where the said line is not a block boundary, shall proceed in such a manner as to give each and every lot and lane in the block which contains the said lot dimensions proportionate to those shown on the said registered plan.

(7) Notwithstanding anything in this Act contained, plans of surveys completed on the ground prior to the passing of this Act and not made in accordance therewith, may, if there is attached thereto a certificate that the survey was so completed on the ground, and if such plans are correct in other respects, be registered by the registrars of land titles offices at any time within six months from the date of the passing of this Act; provided further, however, that all such surveys shall, when the plans thereof have been registered, be considered for the purposes of this Act as if made thereunder.

RE-ESTABLISHMENT OF LOST CORNERS OF SUBDIVISION SURVEYS MADE UNDER THIS ACT.

15. When a surveyor is employed to make a survey in any subdivision of which a plan has been registered after the passing

of this Act and is unable to find the original iron post planted at the corner of any block (or lot on a curvilinear block boundary) of which he is required to re-establish the boundaries, he shall obtain the best evidence possible of the original position of such post, and, if satisfied in regard to such evidence, reestablish the said boundaries accordingly by planting a new iron post in lieu of the lost post; but if in his opinion such evidence is inconclusive or untrustworthy he shall proceed as follows:

(a) If such post is for a block corner at the intersection of two of the external boundaries of the original subdivision, or at the intersection of the inner limits of the streets adjoining such external boundaries, he shall join by a straight line the two nearest undisputed points which are block corners on each of said boundaries, or limits, and produce the two straight lines thus determined to an intersection and shall plant an iron post in re-establishment of the lost corner at said intersection;

(b) If such post is for a block corner on one of the external boundaries of the subdivision, or for a block corner adjacent thereto in cases where no block corners were established on such external boundary, as the same is shown on the registered plan thereof, he shall connect by a straight line the nearest undisputed points which are block corners on, or adjacent to, such boundary which are on opposite sides of the lost corner and shall plant an iron post in re-establishment of the lost corner on the said line in such manner as to make the distances between it and the two undisputed points proportionate to one another in the same ratio as those shown therefor on the registered plan.

(c) In all other cases of lost block corners, he shall join by straight lines the two nearest undisputed points which are block corners, which are on the opposite sides of the lost corner on each of the street lines which intersect at said corner, and shall plant an iron post in re-establishment of the lost corner at the intersection of the two said straight lines;

(d) If such post is for a lot corner on a curvilinear block boundary, he shall re-establish said boundary as between the two nearest undisputed points thereon which are on opposite sides of the lost corner, and which are shown on the registered plan to be block corners, lot corners or points of curve and shall reestablish the lost corner on the boundary so reestablished in such a way as to make the distances between the said corner and the two undisputed

points proportionate to one another in the same ratio as those shown therefor on the registered plan. (See also clause (e) of section 17.)

MONUMENTS TO GOVERN.

16. In subdivision surveys of which plans have been registered prior to the passing of this Act any original monument or post marking a corner of a block, lot, street, lane, park or other point of the survey, the original position of which can be in any way satisfactorily established, shall determine the true and unalterable position of such corner, whether upon admeasurement on the ground it is shown to agree with the measurements marked on the plan or not.

RE-ESTABLISHMENT OF LOST CORNERS OF SUBDIVISION SURVEYS MADE PRIOR TO THIS ACT.

17. When a surveyor is employed to make a survey in a subdivision of which a plan has been registered prior to the passing of this Act, and is unable to find the original post planted at the corner of any block or lot of which he is required to re-establish the boundaries, or if its original position cannot be satisfactorily established he shall proceed as follows:

(a) If such post is for a block corner at the intersection of two of the external boundaries of the original subdivision, or at the intersection of the inner limits of the streets adjoining such external boundaries, he shall join by a straight line the two nearest undisputed points which are block corners on each of said boundaries, or limits, and produce the two straight lines thus determined to an intersection and shall plant an iron post in re-establishment of the lost corner at said intersection;

(b) If such post is for a block corner on one of the external boundaries of the subdivision, or for a block corner adjacent thereto in cases where no block corners were established on such external boundary, as the same is shown on the registered plan thereof, he shall connect by a straight line the nearest undisputed points which are block corners on, or adjacent to, such boundary which are on opposite sides of the lost corner, and shall plant an iron post in re-establishment of the lost corner on the said line in such manner as to make the distances between it and the two undisputed points proportionate to one another in the same ratio as those shown therefor on the registered plan;

(c) In all other cases of lost block corners, he shall join by straight lines the two nearest undisputed points which are block corners, which are on the opposite sides of the lost corner on each of the street lines which intersect at said corner, and shall plant an iron post in re-establishment of the lost corner at the intersection of the two said straight lines;

(d) If such post is for a lot corner he shall join by a straight line the two nearest undisputed points, if any, on the block boundary on which such corner occurs on opposite sides of the lost corner, and shall subdivide the distance found by admeasurement on the ground between said points, in such a way as to give each lot or lane a frontage measurement proportionate to said distance in the same ratio as the frontage measurement shown on the registered plan of such lot or lane bears to the said distance as shown on the plan; if there is no undisputed point on the block boundary on either or both sides of the lost corner, the surveyor shall first re-establish the block corner or corners and then proceed in the manner above set forth;

(e) Notwithstanding anything in this Act contained, in all cases where the provisions in regard to re-establishing lost corners are clearly inapplicable every surveyor shall proceed in such manner as to carry out the evident intention of the original survey as shown on the registered plan of the same.

REMOVAL OF MONUMENTS IN SPECIAL CASES.

18. A surveyor may remove a monument shown on a registered plan of subdivision survey when it is intended to

excavate or

post is

build to the boundary line of the lot of which the a corner, having first planted suitable permanent reference marks to establish the position of the original monument; and shall file evidence in regard to such removal in the land titles office where the said plan is on record showing clearly the position of such reference marks and the location

supply the chief surveyor of land titles offices with a copy of

such evidence.

RAILWAY SURVEYS.

19. When a surveyor is employed to make a survey of the lands required by any railroad company for right of way and station grounds he shall proceed as follows:

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(a) He shall make all measurements, both angular and linear on the centre line of the railway, and shall make all measurements to reference posts or to connect the right of way to the corners of sections, quarter sections, settlement lots or other surveyed parcels of land in reference thereto;

(b) The location and boundaries of the right of way shall be referenced and established in the following manner, viz.: by planting iron posts as herein defined driven into the ground to within two inches of the top, each post being permanently marked with the initial letters of the words composing the name of the company; such posts shall be planted by right angle offsets from the centre line and in all cases a uniform distance of three feet within the limit of the right of way or station grounds they are intended to define, and on the southerly and westerly side of the centre line wherever possible (except as otherwise provided for in subclauses (i) and (iii) at every change of direction of said centre line, at the beginning and end of every change in width of the right of way, at the intersection of the reference line with the southerly and westerly boundary of each road allowance, or where there is no road allowance, of each section, settlement lot or other surveyed parcel of land at the beginning and end of every curve:

(i) Whenever for any reason it is not possible to define and post the southerly and westerly limit of the right of way or stati.n grounds such surveyor shall define and post the northerly or easterly limit thereof and in the manner before described in this subsection;

(ii) In the case of a number of settlement lots adjacent to one another the side lines of which have not been defined on the ground ties need not be made with every side line of each settlement lot but a reasonable number of ties with some of the aforesaid lines shall be made and posted in order to accurately determine the position of intermediary side lines;

(iii) When the lands required by the railway company as aforesaid are parts of a block or blocks as shown on a registered plan of subdivision an iron post shall be planted at each intersection of the limits of the right of way or station grounds with the boundaries of the said block or blocks and the position of such posts shall be connected by admeasurement with the survey of the centre line of the right of way and with the nearest corner of the block in which they occur;

(iv) Wherever the centre line intersects the southerly or westerly boundary of a road allowance, or where

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