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THE

ENCYCLOPÆDIA BRITANNICA

DICTIONARY

OP

ARTS, SCIENCES, AND GENERAL LITERATURE

Ainth Edition-Popular Reprint

VOLUME VII

NEW YORK
HENRY G. ALLEN AND COMPANY

PUBLISHERS

1838.

HARVARD COLLEGE LIBRARY

Encyclopaedia Brifannica.—Vol. VII.

PEINCIPAL CONTENTS.

DEAD SEA. J. L. Porter, LL.D., D.D., Professor

of Biblical Criticism, Belfast DEAF AND DUMB. Alfred Lauoe. DECALOGUE. Prof. Robertson Smith. DEFOE. Geohoe Saixtsbuby. DEISM. D. Patrick. DELHI. W. W. Huxtee, LL.D. DELUGE. Rev. T. K. Cheyxe. DEMONOLOGY. E. E;. Ttloe, LL.D. DE MORGAN. W. S. Jevonb, F.R.S., professor of

Political Economy, University College, London. DEMOSTHENES. Prof. R. C. Jkbr. DENMARK. E. XT. CossE, Translator, H.M. Boaul

of Trade, London.
DENTISTRY. Dr. Johx Smith.
DE QU1NCEY. J. R. Fixdlat.
DERBY, EAEL OF. W. Bbowxixo Smith
DESCARTES. William Wallace, LLD.
DEVONSHIRE. R. J. Ktxo.
DIAGRAMS. Prof. J. Clerk Maxwell.
DIALLING. H. Godfray, late Fellow of St John's

College, Cambridge.
DIAMOND. Prof. James Niool.
Diatomaceje. Rev. Eugkxe O'meaua, M.A.
DICKENS. William Mixto.
DICTIONARY. Rev. Poxsoxby A. Lyons.
DIDEROT. Johic Morley.

DIETETICS. Dr. T. K. Chambers, Author of " Manual of Diet"

D1FFUSI0N. Prof. Clerk Maxwell.
DIGESTIVE ORGANS. Prof. William Turner.
DIPLOMATICS. . E. A BoXD, British Jluseum.
DIFTEKA. E. C. Rye, Fellow of the Zoological Society.
DIPHTHERIA. Dr. J. 0. Affleck.
DISTILLATION. Prof. Dittmar and James Patox.
DISTRIBUTION. A B..WALLACE and W. T. T. Dyer.
DIVING. David Steyexsox, C.E.
DIVORCE. Edmukd Robertsox, Barrister-at-Law.
DOCKYARDS. F. W. Rowskll.
DODO. Prof. Alfred Newtox.
DOG. Johx Gibson.

DOGMATIC. J. S. Caxdlish, D.D., Professor of
Divinity, Free Church College, Glasgow.

DOME. Sir Edmukd Beckett, Burt., Q.C.

DOMESDAY BOOK. A. C. Ewald, Public Record Office, London.

DORIANS. Roy. Sir George W. Cox, Bart

DRAGON FLY. R. M'lachlah, F.U.a

DRAMA. A W. Ward, Professor of English Literature, Owen's College, Manchester.

DRAUGHTS. Henry Joxes.

DRAWING. P. 0. Hamectox, Author of "(Thought*

about Art" DREAM. James Sully.

DREDGE. Prof. Sir Wyville .thomson, Author of

11 The Voyage of the Challenger."
DREDGING. David Steyexsox, C.E.
DROWNING. Dr. Hexry D. L-tt-ejohk.
DBU/D.'SM. Jakes Macdoxald, LL.D.
DRUNKENNESS. Dr. Georoe W. Balfour.
DRUSES. H. A. Webster.
DRYDEN. William Mixto.

DUBLIN. E. T. Lefroy, Franmn'l Journal, Dublin.
DUDEVANT. Francis Storr.
DUEL. Fbaxcis Stobr.

DUMAS. Percy Fitzoerald, Author of " Romance of

the Euglish Stage." DUNDONALD. \V. Bkuunixu Smith. DURER. Prof. Sidxey Colvix. DURHAM. Rev. J. T. Fowler, M. A., Hebrew Lecturer,

University of Durham. DWARF. Johx Dokax, Ph.D. DYCE. W. M. Rossetti.

DYEING. Charles O'neill, Author of " Chemistry of

Calico Printing and Dyeing." DYNAMICS. Wm. Garxett, M.A., St John's College,

Cambridge. EAGLE. Prof. Alfred Newtox. EAR. J. G. M'kexdrick, Professor of Institutes of

Medicine, University of Glasgow.
EARTH (fioube Of). Lt-Col. A. R. Clakke, Royal

Engineers.
EARTHQUAKE. F. W. Rudler.
EA8TEB. Canon Vexables.
BCARTB. Hexry Joxes.

ECCLESIASTES. Jftev. C. D. Gixsburo, LL.D., Author

of 11 Commentary on Ecclesiastes." ECH1N0DERMATA F. H. Butler. ECUADOR. H. A. Webster. EDOEWORTH. Thomas Gilbay. EDINBURGH. Prof. Daniel Wilsox. EDMUND, ST. W. L. R. Cates. EDUCATION. Oscar Bbowxixo, M.A.. Fellow of

King's College, Cambridge EFFIGIES. Rev. Charles Boutell. EGYPT. Reoixald Sir Art Poole, British Museum. EISTEDDFOD. Richard Williams. ELASTICITY. Sir Wm. Thomson, F.R.S., Professor

of Natural Philosophy, University of Glasgow.

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