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ExamPLE.--"Yon row of visionary pines,
Streaming before them."
“The bill underwent a great variety of alterations and amendments, which were not effected without violent contests. At length, however, it was floated through both houses on the tide of a great majority, and steered into the safe harbour of royal approbation.”
EXAMPLE 24. “We are now advancing from the starlight of circumstance, to the daylight of discovery, the sun of certainty is melting the darkness, and we are arrived at facts admitted by both parties."
The examples in this exercise are designed to illustrate the rules and cautions, which are found in the section on Verbal Criticism, and on Sentences.
1. You stand to 'him in the relation of a son; of consequence you should obey him.
2. He came toward ine and immediately fell backward. 3. His sermon was an extempore performance. 4. It is exceeding dear and scarce to be obtained. 5. He came afterward and apologized. 6. He dare not do it at present, and he need not. 7. Whether he will or no, I care not. 8. He is vindicative in his disposition. 9. These conditions were accepted of by the conquerors.
10. I have followed the habit of rising early in the morning, till it has become a custom with me.
11. You have not money responsible to your views. 12. They hold their own fortunes synonyinous with those of their country,
13. Though some men reach the regions of wisdom by this path, it is not the most patent rout.
14. He succeeded by dint of application, though he is not now a whit better.
15. I expect he was the man you saw.
18. An eloquent speaker may give more, but cannot give more convincing arguments, than this plain man afforded.
19. We do those things frequently, that we repent of afterwards,
20. By greatness, I do not mean the bulk of any single object, but the largeness of a whole view.
21. It would appear, that for the cause of liberty, though paradoxical, neither hopes nor fears can be too sanguine.
22. How sew there are at the present day, who are willing to make any sacrifice of their feelings or property for the public good. When by so doing they might ultimately benefit themselves and society.
23. One would think that more sophists than one, had a finger in these letters.
24. I have settled the meaning of those pleasures of image ination, which are the subject of my present undertaking, by way of introduction, in this paper.
25. As it is necessary to have the head clear as well as the complexion, to be perfect in this part of learning, I rare. ly mingle with the men, but frequent the tea-tables of the ladies.
26. Many act so directly contrary to this method, that from a habit of saving time and paper, which they acquired at the university, they write in so diminutive a manner, that they can hardly read what they have written.
27. Dr. Prideaux used to relate, that when he brought the copy of his "Connexion of the Old and new Testament” to the Bookseller, he told him it was a dry subject, and the printing could not be safely ventured upon, unless he could enliven the work with a little humour:
From the following example the student may learn in what manner long and involved sentences may be broken up and made more plain ; and also that the same ideas may be expressed in different forms as the occasion may require.
Since it is better to enter on the unaccustomed scenes of the world with that sorrow and dejection, which will make us heedful to our ways, rather than with an elation and giddiness which is careless of the present and looks not to that which is to come, it is well that the breaking up of the attachments of our youth should for a time give us pain, and that then we should be warned to prepare ourselves, for the pursuits of life in such a manner, that we may obtain to ourselves other sources of happiness, which shall recome pence us in a degree for those which are lost.”
This sentence is long and involved. It may be improved by breaking it up into distinct sentences, and still further by changing the arrangement of its different clauses. I shall first divide it into several sentences.
“It is better for us to enter on the accustomed scenes of the world with that sorrow and dejection, which will make us heedful to our ways, rather than with an elation and giddiness, which is careless of the present and looks not at that which is to come. Hence it is well perhaps that we are subjected to that pain, which attends the breaking up of the attachments of youth. We are thus warned to prepare ourselves for the pursuits of life. We are thus taught to obtain for ourselves other sources of happiness, which may recompence us for those which are lost."
The sentence may assume another form by changing the order of its members.
“It is well perhaps that the breaking up of the attachments of youth should for a time give us pain. We then enter on the unaccustomed scenes of the world with that sorrow and dejection, which will make us heedful to our ways, instead of an elation and giddiness, which is careless of the present and looks not at that which is to come. We are warned to prepare curselves for the pursuits of life in such a manner, as that we may obtain to ourselves other sources of happiness, which sball recompence us in a degree for those which are lost.'
The sentence may assume another form, should the occasion and nature of the performance in which it is found, require. "The breaking up of the attachments of youth gives us pain. This is well. We are warned to prepare ourselves for the pursuits of life. We are incited to obtain for ourselves other and different sources of happiness. Who would enter on the unaccustomed scenes of life with an elation and giddiness careless of the present and of the future? Better is it that we be familiar with sorrow and dejection, and thus take beed to our ways ;'
The examples in this Exercise are particularly designed to lead the student to notice the characteristic traits of different styles ; and have been selected with reference to what is said on this subject in the chapter on Style. They are arranged miscellaneously, and without naming the authors, that the examination may call into exercise the knowledge and skill of the student.
Example 1. “From him also was derived the wonderful workmanship of cur frames-the eye,in whose orb of beauty is pencilled the whole orbs of heaven and of earth, for the mind to peruse and know and possess and rejoice over, even as if the whole universe were her own-the ear, in whose vocal chamber are entertained harmonious numbers, the melody of rejoicing nature, the welcomes and salutations of friends, the whisperings of love, the voices of parents and of children, with all the sweetness and the power that dwell upon the tongue of man. His also is the gift of the beating heart, flooding all the hidden recesses of the human frame with the tide of lifehis the cunning of the hand, whose workmanship turns rude and raw materials to such pleasant forms and wholesome uses,-his the whole vital frame of man, which is a world of wonders within itself, a world of bounty, and, if rightly used, a world of the finest enjoyments.His also are the mysteries of the soul within the judgment, which weighs in a balance all contending thoughts, extracting order from confusion ; the memory, recorder of the soul, in whose books are chronicled the accidents of the changing world, and the fluctuating moods of the mind itself ; fancy, the eye of the soul, which scales the heavens and circles round the verge, and circuits of all possible existence; hope, the purveyor of happiness, which peoples the hidden future with brighter forms and happier accidents than ever possessed the present, offering to the soul the foretaste of every joy, whose full bosom can cherish a thousand objects without being impoverished, but rather replenished, a storehouse in
exhaustible towards the brotherhood and sisterhood of this earth, as the storehouse of God is inexhaustible to the universal world ; and conscience, the arbitrator of the soul, and the touchstone of the evil and the good, whose voice within our breast is the echo of the voice of God. These, all these, whose varied action and move ment constitutes the maze of thought, the mystery of life, the cntinuous chain of being-God hath given us to know that we hold of his hand, and during his pleasure, and out of the fullness of his care."
Example 2. “One great cause of our insensibility to the goodness of the Creator is the very extensiveness of his bounty. We prize but little, what we share only in common with the rest, or with the generality of our species. When we hear of blessings, we think forth with of successes, of prosperous fortunes, of honors, riches, prefernients, i. e. of those advantages and superiorities over others, which we happen either to possess, or to be in pursuit of, or to covet. The common benefits of our nature entirely escape us.
Yet these are the great things. These constitute, what most properly ought to be accounted blessings of Proviience ; what alone, if we might so speak, are worthy of its care. Nightly rest and daily bread, the ordinary use of our limbs, and senses, and understandings, are gists which admit of no comparison with any other. Yet, because almost every man we meet with possesses these, we leave them out of our enumeration. They raise no sentiment : they move no gratitude. · Now, herein, is our judgment perverted by our selfishness. A blessing ought in truth to be the more satisfactory, the bounty at least of the donor is rendered more conspicuous, by its very diffusion, its commonness ; by its falling to the lot, and forming the happiness, of the great bulk and body of our species, as well as of ourselves. Nay even when we do not possess it, it ought to be matter of thankfulness that others do. But we have a different way of thinking. We court distinction. That I don't quarrel with : but we can see nothing but what has distinction to recommend it. This necessarily contracts our view of the Creator's benefi. cence withio a narrow compass; and most unjustly. It