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likewise, and in the accounts of their histories, several particulars are added, which need not be distinctly enumerated, but which add greatly to the value of the present edition.

R. Art. 30. A View of the present State of the Dutch Settlements in

the East Izdies. Containing a true and circumftantial Account of their Government, Administration, and Proceedings, their Por. sessions, drooping Trade, Navigation, &c. By a Person long refident in India. 8vo. I s. 6 d. Robinson.

Comparisons are said to be odious; but in this instance they can be odious only to the Dutch ; and at present they are lawful game: for if this homely invective, homely perhaps because written in Englith by a Dutch pen, deserves any degree of credit; the servants as they are bere called, of the English East India Company, about whose mal.practices we make such a rout, are by the aforesaid method of comparison, humane, well-bred, and courteous gentlemen! Ic is to be noted, that the parties compared, exercise their virtues at a great distance from Europe.

N. Art. 31. Letters to and from the Countess Du Barry, the last

Miitress of Lewis XV. of France ; containing her Correspondence with the Princes of the Blood, Ministers of State and others; in. cluding the History of that Favourite, and several curious Anec-' dotes of the Court of Versailles, during the lat fix Years of that Reign; with explanatory Notes. Translated from the French. 8vo. 3 s. fewed. Kearsley.. 1779.

Perhaps there is no part of the globe where female influence is so extensive as in France. Madame Du Barry is only one instance, among several, in which the mistress of a King of France has been in fact his prime minifter. In this capacity the acted for many years: and whether these letters be genuine or not (which is a point we do not undertake to determine), they exhibit, in a lively and entertain. ing manner, the amours and political intrigues of this celebrated Art. 32. A Hint to the Dyers and Cloth-makers. And well

worth the Notice of the Merchant. By James Haigh, Silk and Mulin Dyer, Leeds. 8vo. 6d. Rivington and Son. Mr. Haigh seems laudabiy zealous for the improvement of his art; which he very sensibly advises his brother dyers to expect from a. better knowledge of the chemical qualities of the drugs made use of, and from fuperior care and cleanliness in their operations. This little tract contains likewise some practical instructions that may be of use to the dyers; and a very important hint to the merchants, that they cannot reasonably expect to have the finest colours, when they are unwilling to pay a proportionate price for them.--This observa. tion is indeed of great consequence, and well worth the attention of merchants in general, who frequently contribute to the ruin of our manufaktures, by establiming a mean competition among the workpeople, not which shall excel in quality, but which shall make their goods the cheapft, and consequently the worf. A contrary and more Jiberal way of thinking would greatly tend to improve and establish the character of our manufactures: and we thould not then long hear it asserted, that our blacks and scarlets, elpecially the latter, are yet greatly inferior to the French.-Plato informs us, that the dyers



2 S.

in his time, when they wilhed to make a fine colour, begun by dif, charging the fuff of all impurity, and making it first a perfet wbite : and no doubt great care and exaciness in the preparation, clearnesi in the lquers, and neatness in the whole process, are of great consequence in this very useful art,

For our account of Mr. Haigh's Dyer's Afifint in the Art of Dying Wool and Woollen Goods, see Review for August 1779, p.158.

Respecting A MERIC A. Art. 33. A Candid Examination of the Mutual Claims of Great

Britain and ihe Colonies : with a Plan of Accommodation, on Con. ititutional Principles. By the Author of " Letters to a Nobleman, on the Conduct of the American War. 8vo. News York printed, in 1775, and now republished by Wilkie. 178c.

This republication contains two tracts, viz. the Cardid Examiz.a. rion, and a defence of it, in answer to An Address to the Examiner. They were originally published in America, with design to prevail

on , Vahe horrors of a.civil war;" and they are reprinted in Britain, at a

time when' (says the Author) the Public have reason to hope that proper measures will soon be taken to unite the two countries. upon just and conftitutional principles' in order to throw some light upon the fubje&t.'- The Author, it is fupposed, is Mr. Galloway, late a member of Congress, and a convert to the British Government. TO chis Genile.nan we owe, not only the 'Letters to a Nobleman abovementioned, but the two following well-received tracts, viz. “ Cool Thoughts on the Consequences of American Independence," and “ Historical and political Reflections on the Rise and Progress of the American Rebellion;" These performances have been respectively characterised and commended in our Reviews; and the prefen: Examination is equally worthy of the very fenfible and ingenious Writer. Art. 34. An Elay on the Interests of Great Britain in regard to

s'mexica : or, An Outline of the Terms on which Peace may be settored to the Two Countries. 8vo. 6 d. Sewell. 1780.

After expatiating, with good sense, on the impolicy of our continuing the war in North America, the Author proceeds to enumerate the terms on which an happy union between the two countries might be effected: he says they are such as would, he is “ well affured, be received by America." For the particulars, we refer to the tract. To see them take effeli, were a confummation devourly 10 be wijhed.

MILITARY AFFAIRS. Art. 35. 4 Supplement to the State of the Expedition from Canada,

containing General Bargoyne's Orders, respecting the principal Movements and Operations of the Army, to the raising of the Siege of Ticonderoga. 4to. 18. 6 d. Becket, &c. 1780.

The Editor does not undertake to lay before the Public the whole of General Burgoyne's orders during the campaign of 1777.-Io so exieofive a detail, many would appear quite uninteresting at the pre

* See our account of the State of the Expedition, &c. Review for March, Art. 33 of the Catalogue.


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fent moment, and even at the time they were givev, except perhaps to the departments immediately concerned, as far as regarded their execution : such are those respecting the daily duties, the hospital, the commiserati, drivers, &c. Thole only have been selected, that have for their object the general arrangements and movements of the army, and which may tend to illuitrate che operations of the campaign. There are likewise some few by Generals Carleton and Philips, which are introduced here, as relating in particular to General Burgoyne's expedition.

• The Editor's principal inducement for offering these orders to the Public, was drawn not only from the idea that the state of the expedition is incomplete without them, but likewise from the observation of the avidity with which General Wolfe's orders were received by all rauks of people, and particularly by the officers of the army. li was conceived, that if General Wolfe's orders were esteemed as models to commanding officers of corps, as well as instruclive lessons in their profeslion to those of an inferior rank, General Burgoyne's would more fully answer that description, as they rela:e to military transactions far more important, and to scenes infinitely more inte. resting to the Public.--Beside that the Author of them is known to add to the knowledge and experience of the General all the cxterior graces and refinement of the scholar and the writer,

• It is but justice to his Excellency the Lieutenant-General co ac. knowledge, that these orders are published without his concurrence or authority.'

Art. 36. Elegiac Epiftles on the Calamities of Love and War.

Including a genuine Description of the tragical Engagement be-
tween his Majesty's Ships the Serapis and Countess of Scarborough,
and the Enemy's Squadron under the Command of Paul Jones, on
the Twenty-third of September, 1779. 8vo. 2 s. Printed for
the Authors mand sold by Pridden. 1780.

These Epistles, though written in no very high strain of poetry,
are yet not deftitute of that pathetic tenderness which is thought to
contitute the true nature of Elegy. They seem to bear a faithful
impression of what passed in the Writer's mind at the time they were
composed; and consequently to a Reader, who is not squeamishly
faftidious, they will probably communicate more pleasure cban may
be afforded by some more elegant and laboured performances, that
are written without an immediate appeal to the feelings of the
The following passage may perhaps juftify this remark:

When late, (to Elbe's commercial cities bound)
As fail'd the vessel o'er the deep profound,
A gentle swallow, labouring to explore
The distant confines of the summer-thore,
Fell on the deck towards the approach of night,
Pancing for breath, and wearied with its fligh..
The pitied scene soft o'er each riling thought
Your TENDER PEELINGS to remembrance brought :
Whose eye could ne'er behold the wanton boy
The feacher'd parent's pasient hopes destroy:


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Whose ear could never bear the sportive sound
That laid the pheasant fluttering on the ground:
Whose band could ne'er infli& the fatal pain
The paroles-brood are destin'd to suftain.
"Twas your's to feel the sympathetic glow
That'with your own, could weep for oibers' woe.

- to pass the winter nights away,
I've at your elbow read the tragic lay,
(Your skilful hands, by practice often try'd,
While one the steel and one che lawn employ'd)
I've mark'd the tear that glisten'd in your eye,
And leen your bosom heave che pitying Ggh.
Not then the goddess ancient poels drew,

The queen of beauty, seem'd to vie with you. -
Art. 37. Poems, with Notes. By John Walters, Scholar of

Jesus College, and Sub-librarian in the Bodleian Library. 8vo. 5 s. Kearly. 1780.

If a reasonable degree of allowance be made for the period of life when these poems were written (so early as before the age of nineteen) they will be intitled to considerable praise. The principal poem is The Bodleiar. Library. Little as such a subject seems capable of poetic embellishment, Mr. Walters has made it the vehicle not only of information, but entertainment. But the best written and most spirited piece in this collection, is the Epislle to Mr. Taibet, or his travels.

The following passage will possibly convey no imperfect idea of the general file and manner which pervade the whole composition :

But hence we halte to seek the wintry plains,
The land of old Helvetia's hardy swains,
Whose arms the Julian legions long with tood,
And bath'd the chains, that Rome had forg'd, ia blood.
They ne'er, with hands in kindred wounds imbrued,
Th’imperial eagle's dreadful track pursued
O'er heaps of dead, with whom they once were free,
(Sad reliques of expiring liberiy!)
But fill the smiles that Cæsar's brow display'd,
With fullea frowning majefty repay'd.
Like them, their rough descendants, fam'd in arms,
Whom the same foul of dauntle's valour warms,
Still to the charge advance with martial rage,
But, ah! no more in freedom's fields engage :
Intent no more their country's rights to save,
With palms inglorious crown'd, and meanly brave,
From their own Alps and native mountains far,
They wake the rage of mercenary war,
And bend, as onward sweeps their Pyrrhic dance,
The Corsic neck beneath the yoke of France.
Guide of their march, Ambition lifts her eye,

And waves her glite'ring oriflamb on high. Beside these and some few others, there are two Latin poems; the title of the one is The Progress of Religion; of the other, which is a poem of some length, Botany. Neither of these, in our opinion,


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are of equal merit with his English compositions. At the end of the
volume is added a loco-descriptive poem, entitled Landough, by Da-
piel Walters, head scholar of Cowbridge fchool. “This poem (says
Mr. John Walters, with perhaps less truth than modefty), had its
place been determined by its merit, would have appeared at the head
of this collection ; it was written by my brother in 1779, at the age
of seventeen.' It certainly possesses no inferior degree of merit. C. E-&.
Art. 38. The Castle of Infamy, a poetical Vision. In Two


410. 25. od. Bew. 1580.
To reprove vice, and to expose folly, is the province of satire. The
initruments the makes use of are wit, ridicule, and argument: argu-
ment to efiablish the truth and justice of her accusations, and wit or
ridicule to give force and poignancy to argument. To criminate,
therefore, even the fairelt objects of latire without proof or propriety,
is to calumniare and libel rather than to satirize : for abuse, even
though it may be jullly deserved, will no more conftitute fatire (as
this Writer seems to imagine) than mere rhymes will confitate the
effence of poetry,

This poem, like others of the Writer's compositions, contains
some few marks of ingenuity, accompanied by many that are the re-
verse of modesty and good manners.

In his Dedication to his very good friends the Monthly Re. viewers,” be charges them with inconsistency, because on one occafion they spoke of him as an ingenious Writer, and on another cenfured him for writing Billingsgate poetry. We wish, for the credit of human nature, that such a charge were really inconsistent. The head is by no means a sufficient security against the depravity of the heart. How common is it for men who are much superior in point of ingenuity to the Writer of this poem, if once they give themfelves up to the dominion of paffion, to be petulant, abuGve, and intolerant! Our Author must know little of human life, and conse. quently be ill qualified to sustain the character he has assumed, if he has not observed many, who, notwithstanding the flattering presages they may have once given, have afterwards, either through vanity, or other motives, turned out impertinent coxcombs, or something worse. There are too many instances indeed, of persons who have even the manners of gentlemen (our Author will perceive we are not alluding to him), who, from ill temper, or natural malignity, have so far forgotten what they owe to themselves and their own dignity, as sometimes to make use of language both fcurrilous and indecent, Cut--6. Art. 39. The American Times: a Satire. In Three Paris. In

which are delineated the Characters of the Leaders of the American
Rebellion. Amongst the principal are, Franklin, Laurens, Adams,
Hancock, Jay, Duer, Duane, Wilson, Pulaki, Witherspoon,
Reed, M.Kean, Washington, Roberdeau, Morris, Chase, &c.
By Camillo Querno, Poct-laureat to the Congress. 4to. 2 s.

The observations, which were thrown out in the foregoing article, are not inapplicable to the present. This Writer empties bis Jordan of invective wish as little confideration or remorse upon the Ameria can rulers, as the lat Writer does upon the rulers in England.


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