« EelmineJätka »
at one of the Italian Universities, ministry of Christ, and spent the rewhen a young man, whom he had mainder of his days in godly words known as a boy, ran up to him with and works. a face full of delight, and told him that My brethren, the question which what he had long been wishing for St. Filippo Neri put to the young man above all things in the world, was at I would put to all of you, and urge length fulfilled, his parents having just you to put it frequently to yourselves. given him leave to study the law; and When you have done all you are doing, that thereupon he had come to the all that you dream of doing, even suplaw school in that University on ac- posing that your dreams are account of its great fame, and meant to complished, that every wish of your spare no pains or labour in getting heart is fulfilled-still I would ask you through his studies as quickly and as -- What will you do, what will you be well as possible. In this way he ran then ? Whenever you cast your on a long time, and when at last he thoughts forward, never let them stop came to a stop, the holy man, who had short on this side of the grave; let been listening to him with great them not stop short at the grave itself; patience and kindness, said—“Well! but when you have followed yourselves and when you have got through your thither, and have seen yourselves laid course of studies, what do you mean to therein, still ask yourselves the searchdo then ?
ing question-And then ? Then I shall take my doctor's de
Live, then, while you live-a life, gree, answered the young man. And then ? asked St. Filippo Neri. not a dream. Live in God and for
God, and you will again.
never die. And then, continued the youth, I Death will be only a sleep, or a shall have a number of difficult and change of residence, and ALL, ALL, knotty cases to manage, and shall for which you may have lived on catch people's notice by my eloquence, earth will follow you to a world of my zeal, my learning, and my acute glory. ness, and gain a great reputation.
There is another aspect of the And then ? repeated the holy man. words « Live while you live » that,
And then replied the youth-why then, there cannot be a question, I
claims attention, viz., LIVE NOW, IN shall be promoted to some high office
THE PRESENT MOMENT. Seek life in or other, besides I shall make money
the present, and not in the future. and grow rich.
Enjoy to-day, and fix not your heart And then ? repeated St. Filippo.
or hopes on the morrow. This And then pursued the young lawyer, may seem strange advice; but it is I shall live comfortably and honourably, correct and scriptural, notwithin health and dignity, and shall be standing. One needs not be imable to look forward quietly to a provident or reckless of consehappy old age.
quences, in order to live in the And then ? asked the holy man. present. The part of true wisdom
And then, said the youth-and then is to enjoy to-day, and so to live --and then I shall die. Here St.
that the end may be only the conFilippo again lifted up his voice, and
tinuance of the present. “He and again said-and then ? Whereapon the young man made no
THAT LIVETH AND BELIEVETH SHALL answer, but cast down his head and
NEVER DIE.” Most men wish the went away. This last-" And then".
present time at an end. The youth had pierced like a flash of lightning longs to be a man. The appreninto his soul, and he could not get anit tice longs to be in business. The of it. Soon after he forsook the study man in business longs to make his of the law, and gave himself up to the fortune and retire. Thus each one loses the enjoyment of the present down peacefully to sleep; toin the anticipation and desire of morrow only having in reserve its some future period, when he hopes own cares and joys, whether in this to commence life. With many, world or in the world to come. death comes before the desired To sum up this Address to the period, and they, therefore, do not young men among our readers, at enjoy life, or live, at all. It is in the commencement of a new year, finitely better to live while you anxious for their highest happiness live-to live to-day, and to-morrow, throughout its whole course, we too, when it comes. He who does say to them :not live in the present, will in all LIVE, every moment live. probability, never live at all. The LIVE' TO PURPOSE, doing what is way to live in the present is simply worth doing. to take no thought for the morrow, LIVE now, enjoying the present, but to glorify God and to enjoy not waiting for to-morrow. God to-day. Live in God and for And then this will be emphatiGod; and then life, in its highest cally a HAPPY YEAR. sense, will be realized now. Heaven
“Live while you live, the epicure would will thus become a present possession
say, instead of being only anticipated And seize the pleasures of the present after death. Live, then, to-day; day; do to-day's work to-day; confess Live while you live, the sacred preacher and obtain pardon of to-day's sins
And give to God each moment as it flies. to-day; have to-day's joys to-day; Lord, in my view let both united be; and then each night one will lie I live to pleasure when I live to Thee,'
SIR JOHN LAWRENCE AS GOVERNOR-GENERAL OF INDIA.
The appointment of Sir John attributed exclusively to aristocratic Lawrence to the Governor-Gene- tendencies ; but this impression is ralship of India, the most important only partially correct. It is rather office in the gift of the Crown, to be traced to the declaration of after that of the prime minister, Mr. Canning, when President of has been received throughout the the Board of Control, that it was country with unqualified satisfac- difficult to suppose the occurrence tion. Lord Palmerston has acquired of any circumstances in which the no small accession of respect and minister would be justified in conpopularity by the wisdom of his ferring this office on a servant of choice, and not less by the courage the Company, instead of bestowing he has displayed in breaking it on a nobleman of high social and through a rule which has been held political standing in England. Besacred for half-a-century, and ac- fore that period, Warren Hastings quired all the strength of prescrip- and Sir John Shore, both of the tion. The limitation of this office Company's service, had successfully to the nobility of England has been administered the government of India, and Sir George Barlow, support from the relationship subanother Indian civilian, had been sisting between the Court of Diactually appointed to the office, rectors who governed India, and though his commission was subse their nominees in the civil service quently cancelled. But Mr. Can who administered its affairs abroad, ning's opinion has, since his time, but this argument has been exregulated the principle of selection, tinguished by throwing open the and it has been followed with so service to competition, and transmuch servility, that Mr. John ferring the government to the Adam and Sir Charles Metcalfe, Crown. The civilians in India have two of the ablest and most eminent thus ceased to be linked by any men in the Indian service, who were community of interests or feelings officiating as Governors-General, with a powerful body in England, were denied the permanent appoint- and there has ceased to be any ment to make room for two noble- reason, on this ground, to discourage men, of such inferior pretensions, the selection of a Governor-General as Lords Amherst and Auckland. from the ranks of the Indian civil This rule has now been ignored service. by the selection of a man from the The first selection which has now ranks of the Indian service totally been made from that service, is in unconnected with the aristocracy, every respect auspicious. Sir John but possessed of the highest quali- Lawrence is already an Indian fications for the office.
statesman of the first stamp. He The argument against such ap proceeds to Calcutta with a compointments was not, however, with plete knowledge of the country and out weight. It was supposed that the people, of the character of the men who had been bred up in the native princes, and of the institutions service in India would be unable, and policy of the British governon their promotion, to emancipate ment, and is qualified at once to themselves from the influence of enter on the duties of the adminislocal associations, and that they tration. To those who have had would rather be the head of a an opportunity of observing the clique, than the rulers of an empire. hesitation and diffidence with It was apprehended that their ad. which a nobleman, fresh from Engministration would be distracted land, is obliged to creep along for and weakened by party-animosities, months after he has assumed the and that they would be unable to government, in which everything is command from those with whom strange, and bewildering, this will they had lived as equals, that ready appear to be an advantage of no submission and deference which was ordinary value. He finds that he necessarily due to the head of the has everything to learn; he has a government. On the other hand, longer or shorter noviciate to serve the complete independence which before he can venture to act with an English peer and statesman any degree of confidence in the would enjoy, and the dignity he management of the vast and com. would bring to the office, were con. plicated machine of government. sidered so valuable as to counter. During this period, he is obliged to balance the defects of his inexperi. lean upon the advice of men of ence. This objection to the local experience, who form the appointment of a civilian Governor staff of office, and his administraGeneral, moreover, derived no small tion for a long period bears rather the stamp of their partialities and will now have an opportunity of prejudices than of his own judg- bringing to bear on the whole emment. Even Lord Dalhousie, with pire. The age of conquest in India his magnificent powers of adminis- has terminated, and the age of imtration, felt himself obliged to wait provement has commenced. Not a a twelvemonth before he could shot is now fired from the Himalaya carry out his views with perfect to Cape Comorin without our perconfidence. From this inevitable mission. The great obstacle to evil Sir John Lawrence's adminis- the prosperity of India has always tration will be entirely free. He arisen from the insatiable ambihas nothing to learn. He will not tion, the incessant wars and enbe for an hour in the hands of croachments of its numerous secretaries and officials. He will princes, great and small. These be able to discover with a glance evils have been removed by the the merits of every question which establishment of one universal and may arise, and from the hour when irresistible power, which protects he takes the oaths and his seat in the provinces under its own rule council, he can determine, without from desolation, and prevents the hesitation, the course of policy to native princes from making war on be pursued. He lands in India the each other; a blessing which India full and complete Governor-general. has never before enjoyed in such To this he adds a familiar acquain perfection. After centuries of tance with the native language. anarchy it has at length become He can address princes and nobles, the abode of tranquility, and the opand people in their own tongue, portunity is now afforded for the and the vast popularity which the calm pursuits of industry, and the administration of Warren Hastings cultivation of its boundless re. derived from this source will be at sources. The responsibility of once attached to his own. The stimulating improvement rests upon want of this qualification has always our government, and Sir John been a serious drawback in the case Lawrence, who gave every encour. even of the most eminent Gover- agement to the spirit of enterprise nors-general, none of whom were in the Punjab, will be sure to ex. able to address the natives, except tend the same advantage to every through the medium of an inter- province of India. He is fully aware preter. Even Lord William Ben- that the great wants of India are tinck was obliged to make signs English capital, English skill, and with his fingers whenever he re- English enterprise, and that with quired water to wash his hands. these auxiliaries, the commerce, It is an incalculable advantage for a which already exceeds a hundred ruler to be able to hold personal millions a year, may in time reach intercourse with those whom he even double that amount; and nohas to govern, and there are few thing which may fall within the things which serve more effectually province of government to ento establish mutual confidence. courage the settlement of Euro
To this qualification may be peans, and contribute to this con. added Sir John Lawrence's intimate summation, will be wanting on his knowledge of the requirements of part. India, and his liberal policy, which It was Sir John Lawrence who took was first developed in the govern- the lead in the task of simplifying ment of the Punjab, and which he legislation. Fortunately for the interests of the Punjab, it was not a Westminter; but there can no “regulation province,” that is, a question that the general tone of the province to which the cumbrous and Council of India is in accordance with confused regulations of the older the liberal and enlightened principossesions extended, and he and his ples of the age, and with Sir John colleague, Sir Robert Montgomery, Lawrence's own views, and in carrywere, therefore, in a position to ing out the policy of progress which draw up a short and compendious is the path in which our duty lies, code for its tribunals, soon after it there is likely to be a harmonious came under our dominion. The concurrence between the two powers code was adapted to the simple on both sides of the Cape. habits of the people, and though com- We have reserved for our last prised in only sixteen sheets of fools- notice the most important of the cap, gave more justice and equity qualifications, which enable us, in and satisfaction to the natives than common with every section of the the sixteen folio volumes to which religious public in England, to hail the Cornwallis code had swelled. this appointment with delight—Sir So far, therefore, as the happiness John Lawrence's views regarding of any people is dependent on the the intellectual, moral, and spiritual laws prescribed for them, it is sure improvement of the country. He to be promoted during his adminis. has always been the most strenuous tration in India, by every possible promoter of the cause of education, attempt to improve their simplicity more so indeed than some of his preand efficiency, and to curtail the decessors in the government of scope for that spirit of legal chic India ; and we may, therefore, exanery which is engrained in the pect that his influence will give a people of India.
stronger impulse to intellectual imThere is likewise this peculiar provement, than it has yet received. advantage connected with the pre- While he fully appreciates the imsent selection, that Sir John Law- portance of giving the most comrence has had an opportunity plete education through the medium for several years of being associ- of English, to all who have leisure ated with the home government of to receive it, he has alwas acted India. He has assisted in its deliber- upon the principle that any attempt rations, and is fully cognizant of the to elevate the great body of the various reasons which have regu- people must be made through thir lated the decisions upon every own language. We may, therefore, question, social, material, and politi- feel satisfied that vernacular ecucacal. He is thoroughly acquainted tion, which, notwithstanding the with the views and policy of the injunctions of Sir Charles Wcod's India House, and there is less celebrated dispatch of 1853, has chance of a discordance of opinion been lamentably neglected at the than could be expected from the different Presidencies, will now be official intercourse of two authorities enforced throughout the country. utter strangers to each other, and Sir John Lawrence was the first to acting in different hemispheres. introduce the Bible into the public There is every reason to believe Schools in the Punjab, a measure that some of the old cobwebs of which has not been found to impair prejudice of the old House in the loyalty of the Sikhs; and he will Leadenhall Street have been trans- not be slack in removing the obferred to the new India Office in stacles to the progress of religious