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truth, in other divisions of the em- in spite of themselves, and of their pire, by giving native youth the own narrow views, and the influence same opportunity of becoming ac- of our supreme and irresistible power quainted with it. On the question cannot be more advantageously apof promoting the spiritual welfare plied than in the promotion of imof the country, it is most gratifying provement. In the hands of Sir to have a Governor-General who John Lawrence we may be condoes not share in the morbid dread fident that this influence will be of taking any step in advance, used most cautiously and judiciously simply because it will alarm the -but it will not be neglected. He prejudices of the natives. This who was instrumental in saving the feeling, though dying out, still empire by crushing the mutiny, is lingers to a considerable degree in not the man to expose it to danger, the minds of some of the influential by any violation of the religious members of the Government. We rights of the people. Though he is do not allow these prejudices to in. imbued with stronger religious fluence us in the matter of slaughter feelings, of a truly evangelical cast, ing cows for our own benefit, though than any ruler of India since the it is the greatest violation we could days of Sir John Shore, yet we may inflict on the religious sensibilities be certain that the development of of the people, and we ought not to these views will be kept in a wise allow them to appal us in matters and due subordination to the duties that concern the welfare of the of the Governor-General. We have as people themselves. We can as much confidence in his wisdom and suredly introduce no improvements, moderation as in his liberal and and no innovations, which will not Christian principles; and though wound the prejudices of those among he may not be able to satisfy the the natives who are anxious that enthusiasm of some classes, all his everything should remain as it was measures will have a direct tendin the days of Munro. If we are to ency to the social and religious imbe deterred from every measure of provement of the people, as far as improvement because it would be the dictates of prudence will allow, repugnant to the views and interests and to disregard those dictates and of particular classes, we have no transgress the limits of a sound vocation in India. To a certain discretion, would only be to put extent the natives must be benefitted back the clock of improvement.
THE BISHOP OF OXFORD'S RECENT CHARGE.
MANIFOLD are the reasons by Christian teaching, and its words which our separation from the the sole authority in matters of Church of England is justified, faith. We have regarded the there are some that more than Church of England as bound by others touch the fundamentals of formularies, her doctrines as exChristian truth. It is a common. pressed and limited by articles, her place of dissenting theology that discipline as administered and conthe Bible alone is the source of all trolled by courts unknown to the Primitive Church and enforced by follow him in his obedience to the Acts of Parliament. For all prac. See of Peter. The Bishop of Oxtical purposes she has set aside the ford now appears to be attempting Bible as her statute book, and sub this impossible feat. From no stituted the word of man for the bishop do we hear more thoroughly word of God.
Evangelical discourses; from no Although the elements of Roman Episcopal lips come sweeter sounds, Catholic error have always been commendatory of the Saviour's recognised as present in the ritual mercy and grace. And yet no ocof the Anglican church, they were cupant of a bishop's throne more largely tempered by the evangelical loudly proclaims the supreme aupiety of the churchmen of the last thority of the Church, or more generation, and by the scriptural strongly enforces her demands on views of the Wilberforces, the the consciences and faith of her Grants, the Newtons, and the children. In no diocese are Romish Romaines, of her communion. The errors more rife, or Romish practimes in which we live have, how. tices more encouraged, than in that ever, seen a singular reaction in over which a son of Wilberforce favour of Romish doctrine, and rules. everything in the formularies of the In a recent charge the Bishop of Church of England that can be made Oxford has surpassed all his other to bear a sacerdotal and sacramental utterances, and we are now boldly character has been sedulously im- told that without the Church we proved, until many of the character- can have no Bible. The grand, istic dogmas and practices of popery universal, fundamental doctrine of are openly taught and observed in the Papacy--the Supremacy of the our parochial cures.
Church over the Word of God By no one, among the holders of itself, is broadly asserted. The authe Episcopal office, has so much thority of the Bible, its claim on been done in this direction as by our faith and obedience, are chalthe Bishop of Oxford. A few years lenged as baseless unless the ago a gentleman of no mean abili. Church verify it. Here are the ties left the Church of England for Bishop's words :a dissenting communion, and be
“ We should be unable to maintain came somewhat noted for his ex
the Divine authority of the Scriptures treme views, especially with regard
if we gave up the Divine authority of to the political relations of the the Church. The two were absolute community he had left with the correlatives. In the Church's sense of state. In a short time he trans. the word we could have no Bible if we ferred his activity to the Church of had no Church; for the Church was Rome, and came into the neigh- its witness and its keeper. The Church bourhood of the writer. There he was and must be before the Bible. It publicly announced that it was one must receive the Bible ; it must propart of his mission, to show, that
pound the Bible to each separate soul the purest Evangelism and the
as the Word of God. The external warmest affection for the doctrines
evidence which proved the Bible to be
the Word of God must, from the naof the Cross, were compatible with
ture of the case, precede the internal a conscientious profession of Po
evidence. The Book, as a book, must pory. We need not say that he failed come to a man as a witness of the to convince others of the accuracy of Church before it was capable of reals views, or to induce many to ceiving an inward confirmation. And
eached Hong before more
how did the Church fulfil this office, other words the Bishop everywhere unless of a truth God was present ? bas in view the “Church of EngUnless the Divine breath inspired her land,” the community of which he judgment, how could she discern the is a mitred Prelate and Bishop truth or settle the canon of the in
But then this “ Church of Engspired Book ? How could she, with
land” never was, and never can be out this power, fulfil any part of her charge for God's glory and man's sal
“before the Bible.” History invation ? Unless God was with her,
exorably teaches that the Bible how could her intercession be real, or canon was formed long before the her praying anything but a disguise ? Church of England was born. How, unless the Divine spirit was “We could have no Bible if we had • really present, acting upon each sepa- no Church,” the bishop says. And
rate part, regenerating, converting, re again — “The Church was, and newing, purifying, strengthening, and must be before the Bible.” If saving, how could any of the means
then, by the “Church” he means of grace be anything else than a de
the Church of England, these aslusion ?"
sertions are historically false, and Two monstrous errors are con- none can know it better than the tained in this short passage : Bishop himself. First, that the Bible has no exis. But the bishop will probably say tence, and no authority, except as the that he means the Church of Christ, Church has determined. Secondly, as formed by the apostles, of which that the Church possesses Divine the Church of England is a direct authority.
and worthy successor. Shutting It is by a sophistical use of the our eyes to the vast abyss the words“ Church” and “Bible,” that bishop must leap to cement the the Bishop endeavours to hide the Church of England with the fallacy of his reasoning. What, “church” of the apostles, we are then, is the meaning of these still at a loss to understand how words?
the “church” was before the Bible The Bishop's entire charge has in such a sense as to give existence reference to the duties which, in to the Bible's teaching, and dethe present state of the nation, the termine its authority. Here again Clergy of his diocese should be we meet with another sophism. careful to discharge. They are ad- The Bible, according to the bishop, dressed as members of the Church is the Word of God; the two terms of this realm, the Church of are correlatives; they are interEngland by law established. The changeable. But again, according Bishop dilates gratefully on the to the bishop, the Bible is a book. progress the “Church" has made; Now, it is quite conceivable that on the advance of “Church educa. the Bible, as a book, may not have tion.” He treats on the causes existed until after the Church of which deter University men from Christ was formed ; and equally so taking orders in the “Church ;" on that the Bible, as the Word of God, the usefulness of sisterhoods and existed before the Church. For on their congruity with the institutions what was the church founded but of the “Church.” He rejoices in on the “Word of God," as preached the increase of synodal action in by Christ and His apostles ? And the “ Church," and enjoins upon this Word of God was known, his Clergy the observance of the believed, and loved, before it came holidays of the “Church.” In to be recorded in written forms.
The Bible is the Word of God The Word of God, then, was because it is the record of what “before” the church. From it was spoken and done by God. The the church derived her existence; Church of Christ was founded before on that word she is built; it is her evangelists wrote or apostles penned law, and the source of her life, and their epistles to the churches they owes none of its authority or saving had established; but it was built up power to that which was born of it. on the “Word of God," and came It is an error of the greatest magniinto being by its inspired utterance. tude to advance the church to a The “ Word of God” was before the pre-eminence above the Word of church; but the record of what God as recorded in the Bible. Christ did and said, and what But the second heresy of the apostles taught, is subsequent to Bishop of Oxford is no less subher foundation. By confounding the versive of the supremacy of the Bible as a book with the word of Word of God. He claims for the God preached by Christ and His church “divine authority.” He apostles, the bishop has most falla- leaves us in no doubt of the fulness ciously given pre-eminence to the of this power, for he affirms her church, as if the church was herself to be “inspired.” The “divine the fountain of that life by which breath inspired her judgment." she herself lives. ·
He intimates that she possesses a But, further, it is not true that power of intercession with God, the church, as a church, is the that she enjoys the real presence of authority on which the Bible must the divine Spirit to give efficiency be received as the Word of God. to her ordinances and rites. We In any corporate sense, we are not shall not attempt to combat this dependent on the church for the frightful claim to inspired infallievidence of the authenticity of bility. We thought such arrogant Scripture. Its several parts come pretensions were confined to Rome; to us as testified by individuals, by but here they are put forward not men who wrote as men, and not as merely on behalf of the entire mouthpieces of the entire com church of the faithful, but for the munity of the faithful. Our readers Church of England—the church of have only to open any book on the our Henrys and Charleses, the canon of the New Testament, and church of the Reformation and they will find that ancient witnesses Restoration. to its genuineness are never And for what purpose does the adduced as speaking with church Bishop of Oxford thus affront the authority, but solely as competent Protestantism of England, and the evidence of what they individually faith of Christian men in the inknew respecting the question in spired truth of the New Testament? hand. If we are referred to the Chiefly to resist the advancement Council of Nice as authenticating of those blessed and saving truths, by its votes the present canon, it is the assertion of which has led to enough to say that the Nicene the separation of so many of the fathers simply recognized a canon godly from the communion to already existing by the common which he belongs; but also, as he consent of Christian men, and vainly thinks, to stem that torrent whose testimony is of no further of scepticism which has its prinvalue than as a corroboration of cipal affluents in the bosom of that evidence of an earlier date.
community which he affirms to be “ inspired.” It is no fault of ours if illustration of the fact that church wename in one breath, as alliegin the principles, as they are called, or presentassaultsontheChristian faith, in other words, the fundamental infidels and churchmen-sceptics of thesis of Rome, the supremacy of the Colenso type, and churchmen the church over the Word of God, of the bishop's. Both attempt to by whatever church adopted, indestroy our faith in the Bible. evitably gives birth to frightful Reason and the “church” go hand heresies, and to the utter subversion in hand to the attack-the Bible is of the gospel of Christ. inferior to both. If the church- As day by day the principles put the Church of England is the sole forth by the Bishop of Oxford arbiter of the Bible's authority, of penetrate the teaching of his the Bible's meaning, against the church-and there is no doubt that assaults of infidelity, alas! for the they are everywhere spreading, Word of God and the salvation of “eating as doth a canker " the men! No wonder that the life- dissent which he so diligently seeks blood of the Church of England is' to repress as more harmful than poisoned at its fountain, and that beer-houses, or cottages in which the halls of her universities echo decency of conduct is impossible, with an internecine strife. In will have given to it a stronger fidelity and scepticism have ever life, and the grounds of separation found their allies in the Vatican; must become more plain and more and the Church of England is imperative on all who love the setting before the world another gospel of Christ.
with an other univem; and that
THE NEW JERUSALEM.
A Scripture Study: from Rev. xxi, 9-xxii. 7. BY THE REV. S. G. GREEN, B.A., RawDON COLLEGE. PERHAPS no popular interpretation while the translation of Bernard's of Scripture is more generally ac- Latin hymn on the same theme is cepted than that which identifies even more pathetie and beautiful :the New Jerusalem of the Apo
"To thee, O dear dear country, calypse with the heavenly state. Mine eyes their vigils keep." Our favourite religious poetry con- In the language of our most exalted stantly recurs to this idea. One religious feeling, we speak of “enterof the oldest English hymns, found ing the gates of pearl,” of “ walking in an'abridged and altered form in
in in the golden streets." For the almost every collection of Psalmody, ceaseless happy activity, the bright is that which begins
and perfect knowledge of the Jerusalem, my happy home 1** celestial world, we have no higher * Sir Roundell Palmer ("the Book of description than the emblem,“There Praise") gives 14 out of 20 stanzas of this snall be no night there ;" and when hymn in their original form. The learned editor adds, " The original hymn is contained (which is entitled, A Song by F. B. P. to the in a MS. quarto volume, numbered 15,225, tune of Diana), is probably of Queen Elizain the British Museum, the date of which beth's time." See also Dr. Bonar's edition of seems to be about 1616. The hymn itself" Dickson's New Jerusalem, Edinburgh, 1616.