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the city, as well as of those connected with Oncken was confined, the spot where the literature and science. The Norfolk and first seven were baptized, and the wareNorwich Literary Institution and the house which they had hired for worship Museum, (now one of our best country col- during the times of persecution, and to lections) owe their origin very much to his which access could only be obtained through exertions and his influence; both were estab- a passage extending under the adjoining lished under his roof, and were located there

houses. for several years.

He also made the personal acquaintance While resident in Norwich, he undertook of many devoted men, who had both his well-known edition of the Life, Works, laboured and suffered for the name of the and Correspondence of Sir Thomas Browne. Lord Jesus, amongst them the first Swedish The completion of this work occupied all Baptist, F. 0. Nilsson, who travelled to the time he could spare from more urgent Hamburg for the express purpose of being business, for several years; and it is remark- baptized. We will give the recollections able for the careful research and elaborate of this event in Mr. Wilkin's own words: elucidation which form the essential cha- While I and my family were inmates racteristics of a good editor. Southey paid with brother Oncken, it was no unusual a very gratifying compliment to his labours occurrence for him to present to us at din. by pronouncing the book “the best re-print ner some far traveller who had been passin the English language."

ing part of the morning in his study, a In the year 1832, he lost his valued friend colporteur, perhaps, or travelling brother and pastor Mr. Kinghorn, whose death returned from a missionary tour, or someoverwhelmed the Church with grief, and times a total stranger-a native of some was severely felt by his numerous friends distant land, come to enquire after the of every denomination for Mr. Wilkin it truth. On the 27th of July, 1847, we created a blank never to be filled up. were thus introduced to Frederik 0. Nils

It being thought advisable to add to the son, a Swedish seafaring man. His long number of deacons in the Church he was habits of commercial intercourse with the almost immediately elected to fill that office, United States had rendered him fully conwhich he did with his u-ual activity and versant with English, and therefore we had carnestness, carrying on the correspondence long and highly interesting conversations of the Church, and opening his house to re- with him, nor shall I soon forget the exceive the ministers and others, who came pression of his earnest, weather-beaten to render service to the cause.

countenance, full of emotion, as he related In 1837, he removed to London, and to us the rough passages of his life, and some years later fixed his residence at described the strong and deep exercises Hampstead, where he continued during through which he was led, when the the remainder of his life.

arrow of conviction had pearced through In the Metropolis he associated princi- his conscience. On the following Lord'spally with those, who, like himself, believed day, August 1st, his case was brought in the necessity of baptism on a profession before us at the Church meeting. I was of faith as a pre-requisite to communion and appointed with one of the deacons, brother Church-fellowship, and also took a lively Lange, who spoke English, to confer with interest in Missionary operations. He as

the Swede, and to report to the brethren. sisted in the formation of the Baptist Tract Lange stated to the next Church meeting, and Strict Baptist Societies, and laboured our full satisfaction, and I heartily gave to promote their prosperity:

my confirmation. Nilsson was then called În 1843, he first made the acquaintance in, and after a few questions put to him by of the modern German reformer, pastor brother Oncken in English, and translated Oncken, of Hamburg, with whose religious with bis answers to the Church, he was acsentiments he discovered a most entire cepted unanimously and joyfully. This agreement, and in whose apostolic labours was at noon; after dinner we went in a he at once took the deepest interest. In boat across the Elbe, and there he was im1847, Mr. Wilkin visited Hainburg to at- mersed into the death of the Lord Jesus, tend the opening of the chapel which the in that majestic river by brother Oncken. generosity of British Christians had enabled In the evening, our Swedish brother was the Church there to purchase, and which presented with severa lothers at the Lord's an increase of religious liberty had made it Table, received the right hand of fellowsafe for them to occupy: While there le ship, and united with the Church in comvisited many spots of interest connected memorating the Saviour's dying love. He with the progress of religion and of religious sat dissolved in tears of grateful joy, that liberty in that city; the prison where Mr. he had been received with so much cordi

ality and love by the brethren, and had now greater leisure which he thus enjoyed his obtained a name and a place among them." love of entomology again came into play:

This visit increased Mr. Wilkin's interest In his frequent visits to the country and in the labours of the devoted band of mis- seaside he took pleasure in his old pursuit, sionaries on the continent; he was ever which having been his study in youth, beafter the principal receiver of contributions came his amusement in his later years. in their behalf. Their leaders have always The great urbanity of his manners, his found a cordial welcome under his roof, unvarying cheerfulness and constant flow and Mr. Oncken, especially, has in all his of lively and intelligent conversation, alvisits to this country repaired thither as to ways made him a delightful companion, his English home.

while the depth of his Christian character In 1850, Mr. Wilkin, was called to pass and the genial warmth of his disposition, through a long and severe illness, which endeared him to all who knew him, and shut him out from the engagements of life, though as age increased, strength lessened and brought him apparently very near to and infirmities became apparent, yet the the borders of the grave; during all this power of the Divine light within him beillness those around him had full proof of came brighter and brighter as unto the the power of true religion, in the firm hope perfect day. which supported him, in his lively sense of He died at his residence at Hampstead, God's goodness, even in so severe a dispen- July 28th, 1862, the day after the complesation, as well as in the constant cheerful- tion of his 72nd year, and was buried at ness of spirit which he manifested.

his native village of Cossey. In 1851, his health being considerably restored, he passed several weeks in Scotland, where he had the pleasure of becom

Mr. Joseph Howse ALLEN. ing acquainted with a large circle of Chris- The lamented subject of this brief tian friends, especially the late Dr. Innes, memoir was born at Norwich, February and Messrs. Arthur and Dickie, of Edin- 12th., 1801. His parents, who occupied a burgh, all of whom are now like himself highly respectable position in that city gone to their reward.

were members of the Church of England, When a few years later, the well-known and of course educated their son in the suit in Chancery was instituted for the pur- principles and practices of that commupose of preserving to the use of the Strict nion. In comparatively early life, however, Baptists, the chapel at St. Mary's, Norwich, doubts respecting the scripturalness of inwhich in 1811 he had largely contributed to fant baptism were awakened in his mind by erect, he at once saw it to be his duty to witnessing the administration of that rite in join in the prayer of that suit, and though the Established Church, and further exahis age and want of health made it impos- mination having converted those doubts sible for him to take any very active part into convictions, he avowed himself a in its prosecution, he cheerfully took upon Nonconformist, and cast in his lot with himself his share of the heavy risk involved, that denomination with which he remained though the kindness of Providence, and the identified until his death. The conscienexertions of friends prevented that risk tiousness with which this change of opinion being realized. The pamphlets he had and position was made, was attested by the previously printed on the subject show his sacrifice of feeling it cost him at the time, strong feeling of the merits of the case, and by the firmness with which he held and his earnest desire that the ancient his principles as a Dissenter and a Baptist usage of the Church should not be altered. for the space of forty-five years. When strong language was used denounc- Mr. Allen united himself with the ing as unchristian any application to church under the care of the late Rev. civil authorities in the matter, he said Joseph Kinghorn, and soon after the sucthat it was then too late to consider that cession of Mr. Brock to the pastorate, was question. When he accepted the office of chosen a deacon of the church. After rentrustee he placed himself under the autho- dering most valuable service in that caparity of the Court of Chancery in the city for a few years, he retired from busimatter, and whenever called upon by ness, and left Norwich to reside in the those for whose benefit the trust was in neighbourhood of London ; identifying stituted, to maintain their rights, no power himself with the church at Camberwell. but the same Court could possibly release Dr. Steane bears testimony to the worth of him.

his character and the efficiency of his serThe remaining years of his life were vices. “His experience," writes the Docspent in comparative retirement, and in the tor, “devoutness, practical good sense, and

spiritual endowments, soon commended him mately acquainted with the working of the to the judgment of the church as emi- Society, many of the most essential of nently fitted for the office to which they those services being such as never come shortly after called him. My entire inter- before the public eye. The estimation in course with him, both as a personal friend which he was held by his brethren of the and a deacon, was uninterruptedly happy, Committee is shewn by the fact that he was and led me to form a high estimate of his called to fill the chair more frequently than moral worth. I feel that by his removal I any other member, up to the time of his am bereft of a valued friend. The abstrac. removal into the country; and also that, tion from the church of Christ, too, of so during the absence of Dr. Angus on depumany Christian virtues as were combined tation to Jamaica in 1846, Mr. Allen was in his character, and adorned his example, requested to undertake some of the most makes that removal a public loss."

responsible of the duties of the secretariat. The church at Brixton Hill being in a When he quitted London his name was depressed state, and Mr. Allen having gone placed on the list of honorary members of to reside in that neighbourhood, he yielded the Committee. He always leaned to the to a request that he would remove from the side of sobriety and prudence in delibeSociety at Camberwell and join that at ration and action, though without narrowBrixton ; in the belief that, while the ness of view, or any lack of faith in the stronger church could spare him, his in- principles and work of the Society. He fluence and effort might be useful to the remained to the close of life, a warm, steady, weaker. The last seven years of his life and active friend of the Mission. It will were passed in the retired village of Aston be long before the frequenters of Moorgate Clinton, Bucks. He laboured with charac- Street

will grow accustomed to the vacancy teristic energy in support of the little cause which his absence will occasion in the there, twice assisting in the enlargement of meetings there. the chapel, and, during the four-years' va- Mr. Ållen succeeded the late Mr. Gurney cancy of the pulpit, bearing much of the as one of the treasurers of the Baptist responsibility, without the name, of a pas- Fund, and was also one of the managers tor. He frequently occupied the pulpit, of the Widows' Fund. On the death of while the general management of the af- Mr. Fletcher, he was appointed treasurer fairs of the church devolved almost entirely of the Baptist Building Fund, an office upon him. His native love of order, espe

which he held for eleven years, resigning cially in connection with the worship of it, on account of failing health, within a God, shewed itself in minute personal at- month of his decease. The duties of this tention to every detail of arrangement, office in connection with the Building while his influence was constantly exerted, Fund are more onerous and irksome than and by God's blessing successfully, to pre- those of the treasurers of ordinary societies, serve the peace, and promote the life of the involving the task of obtaining the regular Church. His removal is a bereavement to repayment of the instalments falling due to that village cause, which to human appre- the Fund. This difficult and often delicate hension, appears utterly irreparable. task our friend fulfilled, not only with un

The work of village preaching, it should failing punctuality, but, according to the be said in passing, was one in which Mr. testimony of the esteemed secretary of the Allen had taken much interest from the Fund, “without in any case creating unperiod of his connection with the church at kindly feelings." Norwich. He not unfrequently, also, occu. While manifesting a thoroughly catholic pied the pulpit with acceptance, while re- spirit in his intercourse with Christians of siding in London.

all denominations, Mr. Allen held it his Our friend's well known integrity, zeal, duty to reserve his chief sympathy and and capacity for business, marked him out effort for the religious body to which he as a man specially qualified for posts of was earnestly and conscientiously attached. trust and influence in connection with our He was not one of those who confound dedenominational societies. Accordingly, al- nominationalism with sectarianism, or mismost immediately on his settling near take indifference to distinctive principles London, he was appointed one of the first for Christian love. “I dwell among mine treasurers of the Bible Translation Society, own people," was a motto frequently on and elected a member of the Baptist Mis- his lip, and consistently exemplified in sionary Committee, which latter position his life. As a believer he belonged to he retained until his decease. How constant what is often called, with a shallow affectaand valuable his services in this capacity tion of contempt, “the old school." The were, they know best who are most inti- great doctrines of grace were to him no dead articles of an obsolete, worn-out conviction that he was stricken already by creed; but living, and glorious truths, his death. And so it proved. In a day or two strength amidst the activities and trials of he took to his bed, and after a month of life, his support and comfort in the hour most distressing weakness and pain, passed of death, He loved to hear them clearly away on the 27th of February, having just articulated and strongly enforced from the completed his sixty-third year. His deathpulpit, and to see their influence manifested bed was a scene of calm and holy triumph, in the life of these who “profess and call a most impressive evidence of the truth themselves Christians.”

and power of the Gospel. It was, as the Integrity, promptitude, and decision writer most un feignedly felt, a privilege to were among the most obvious features of stand by, and see the spirit amidst the Mr. Allen's character. These were patent failure of heart and flesh, resting, as upon to the observation even of those whose ac- a rock, on the finished work of Christ, to quaintance with him was but general, and receive the witness of the dying saint that commanded, irresistibly, respect and con- the great truths he had believed while livfidence. But it needed the closer inti- ing, sufficed for support and comfort in that macy of friendship to reveal his gentler last dread extremity. With characteristic and more winning attributes.

His pre- clearness and decision he spoke of his hopes, cision might seem to persons of freer mode and the foundation on which they rested. of thought and life to tend to punctilious- While thankful that he had been able to ness, and his decision sometimes wore the render any service to the cause of Christ, air of sternness, and impatience with the he solemnly and emphatically renounced slower and more hesitating movements of all his own works as the ground of his acothers. But all this, was only the result ceptance before God, declaring that he of his scrupulous desire to do whatever he trusted as a helpless sinner in the great held to be right, and it utterly belied him atonement of the Lamb. He had striven whenever it left an impression of any after sanctification, he said, in dependence lack of real warmth and kindliness of on the Holy Spirit, and hoped soon to heart. Few men were ever more tender realise the completion of that work in in sympathy, more generous in spirit, Heaven. He seemed anxious to leave none more considerate in thought of others. It of the grand truths of the Gospel out from is much to say of any man, what could em- this his last testimony, and, as though dephatically be said of him, that while all termined to make that testimony as comwho knew him respected him, those who plete as possible, suffered none, not even knew him best loved him most. He was, his professional attendants, to leave him moreover, a man of fervent and habitual without the simple and earnest assurance devotion. He "gave himself unto prayer; that his hope and peace were found in and by that holy exercise kept ever clear Jesus only. “I have no rapture,” he de and open the channels of communication clared, “but I have a solid peace that I between his soul and heaven. In his con- would not resign for ten thousand worlds, nection with the cause of Christ, he was an and a hope which is an anchor to my soul." admirable representative of a class who Surely it is in scenes like these, that faith constitute the very strength and sinew of finds her sufficing warrant, her triumphant the church-men of business, prompted by justification. Tried by whatever test, sumardent love to Christ to devote all their moned by whatever emergency, the Gospel energy and skill to the furtherance of his approves itself the very

power of God." kingdom-men whose attachment to great Infidelity may point its shrivelled finger, principles and zeal for their promotion, and curl its bloodless lip, at the "truth as may always, with the utmost confidence, it is in Jesus ;" but, while Christians live be appealed to and trusted. It will be ili and die like this, – for Zion when the race of such men grows “Should all the forms that men devise scanty within her walls.

Assault my faith with treacherous art,

I'd call them vanity and lies, Mr. Allen's health had been gradually

And bind the Gospel to my heart." failing for a considerable time before the

At Mr. Allen's own request, the Rev. last fatal access of disease. This occurred

Thomas Toller joined the writer in the during a visit to some relatives at Ketter

conduct of the funeral service, which took ing, paid partly for the settlement of some

place on Saturday, March 5th, at the Ketfamily affairs, and partly with a hope, tering cemetery: A funeral sermon was though but a slender one, of recruiting his

preached the following morning at Fuller health. The writer met him for a few Chapel, from Acts xiii., 36–37, minutes on the evening of his arrival in the

JAMES MURSELL. town, and left him with the almost certain

Kettering, 15 April, 1864.

320

Correspondence.

ZINE.

To the Editor of the BAPTIST MAGA- themselves when they refuse to be

bound by the laws of language, and so he Sir,---Having seen in the Magazine seized upon one of the latest theories for this month an article on the increase

which have found backers amongst our of Popery, I would ask can nothing be

Pædobaptist brethren, in America and done to arrest its progress? We be- England, and I think he is successful. lieve that nothing takes place without

I wish he had told your readers that the knowledge and permission of our

his paper was merely intended to expose God; and we are sure He can overthrow

an inaccurate and unphilosophical transthis monstrous system of iniquity when

lation of a word, because his mock ever He pleases ; but if we wish Him to gravity in the discussion would have do so, we must humbly ask Him. Let been instantly appreciated. I am afraid me appeal through your pages to the

that owing to this omission some people Baptist Churches to set apart a day, or

have thought the writer to be in an evening, for the purpose of prayer.

earnest. Surely we have many amongst us who

All Baptists adopt the meaning asare mighty in prayer: many, who, like signed by the best lexicographers to Jacob, could wrestle and prevail. I feel baptizo," and say it is “immersion." assured that we have ; and although it

Our good friend Dr. Halley, taught his is the duty of all God's children to

brethren, several years ago, that "to bappray to Him to arrest this stride of

tize" meant “ to make one thing be in Satan, yet the assembling of the saints

another;" but upon the authority of together for particular prayer is in God's lexicons, we may say it means “to imbook most strictly enjoined ; and where

merse.” The passive voice would actwo or three meet together in His name cordingly mean

cordingly mean “ to be immersed," and there is He, and may we not therefore

the middle voice “to immerse one'sexpect that the Master will be in the self.” The verb has nothing to do with midst of His people, to hear their peti- the material in which the immersion tions and to fulfil His promise ? For

takes place, but it keeps its meaning myself, I do not doubt it; and if we

whether it be in water, or in wine, or in have faith to believe that He is able to blood, or in ink, or even in a cess-pool. stop the spread of an accursed system,

And that it happens to be used when let us believe also that He is willing.

the result of the immersion is “ cereYours &c.,

monial purification," no more proves it WM. MACDONALD.

to mean “ to purify," than the result of 3, Threadneedle-street.

the immersion of a bar of red-hot iron 12th April, 1864.

fresh from the forge into the black

smith's tank of water proves it to mean To the Editor of the BAPTIST MAGA

“ to cool.”

Of course, Mr. Thomas knew all this Dear Mr. Editor,—In the Magazine

as well as yourself, butfor April there is an article on " Jewish

“Like a frolic calf he would Purification, as explaining some diffi

His clumsy gambols play!” cult passages of Scripture." I turned No doubt he has laughed heartily to it with interest, and hoped to learn over his (pretended) mystification of a much from it ; but when I had read it simple subject. I suppose other people through I could not be sure of your by this time are laughing too with contributor's meaning. So I went

Yours &c., through it again, and the light gra

AN OLD-FASHIONED BAPTIST. dually dawned upon me. He wanted April 7, 1864. to show how ridiculous men make

ZINE.

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