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of the greatest orators which this course at Hackney, he became pastor country ever produced ; and yet the of the very church of which he was a luminary of East London shone among member, showing that sometimes a them with no inferior splendour. His prophet may have honour in his own greater efforts were marked by a power country—a circumstance that surely an elevation of tone, and a loftiness of warrants us in inferring a high reputaexpression, which had not often been tion both for competency and piety. exemplified in the Christian ministry. Nor is it less honourable, both to the But still, though capable of rising to church and their minister, that he conthe level of important public occasions, tinued among the same people to the in his ordinary pastoral labours he end of his days. Indeed, it appears to never sacrificed usefulness to ambition. have been a fixed principle with him The truth most calculated to edify that a pastoral connexion once formed believers, and bring the ungodly to should be regarded as permanent, repentance, was always set forth with unless Providence itself rendered a a clearness and simplicity that could change unmistakeably imperative. hardly be surpassed; and this was, Thus, through more than one trial, beyond a doubt, the secret of his very and threatened alienation of friends, great success. There were some that upon the causes of which we do not far excelled even Dr. Reed in eloquence feel called upon to enter, or to express and genius, but the number of their an opinion, Dr. Reed maintained his converts will bear no comparison with ground, and to the last sought no other those whom he was honoured as the than the spiritual bride of his early instrument of bringing into the Church allections. of Christ. Few ministers, perhaps, For the details of his ministerial will have a greater multitude to be life we must refer our readers to the their joy and crown, in the day of God. goodly octavo which is the monument
Andrew Reed was born on the 27th of filial piety, and which has the merit of November, 1787, in the parish of of being profoundly interesting, and St. Clement Danes, without Temple not overloaded with private memoBar. It was his privilege to be randa. It is an exceedingly difficult descended from a godly race, and to task for sons to write the Memoirs of have parents who sought to bring up a father of whom they have in many their children in the nurture and admo- respects, reason to be proud ; forasnition of the Lord. Doubtless, their much as they have, or may be reasonearly instructions and pious influence ably presumed to have, an irresistible prepared the way, but it was through inclination to colour their portraiture, means of the ministry of Mr. Lyndall, and present the carum caput as a model his own predecessor at Cannon Street of perfection. This is the inevitable Road, that he was actually brought to effect of a natural and amiable religious decision. Subsequently, we partiality. The elements of Dr. Reed's find him diligent in the pursuit of usefulness as a philanthropist did not knowledge, seizing every opportunity surely consist in all the smooth and for the cultivation of his mind, and gentle dispositions, which, while they actively engaged in Sunday School tenderly embraced the wants of orphanteaching. Of course, it would not be hood, softened all social intercourse, long beforc others would observe in and made co-operation a pleasure and him talents of a superior order, that delight. If it were so, we can only might be expected to do good service say, that such a character is both conin the Christian ministry; and this, trary to nature and experience. To together with his own inclination, us, the subject of this volume appears finally led to his consecration to that to have been a very majestic man-of high and holy work. What is some inflexible will and purpose-who could what singular in the case of Dr. Reed afford to have the angles of his characis, that on the conclusion of his college ter left unrounded, and his value to
be determined by the deeds of mercy In a well-written introduction, the which have made his name immortal. Sovereignty of God over all his works
We say this deliberately. The is discussed, and his Sovereignty over founder of the London Orphan Asylum man is shown to be essentially mediaat Clapton; of the Infant Orphan torial. The thesis which the author Asylum at Wanstead; of the asylum maintains is then stated, that “this for fatherless children at Reedham; rule is . ... the one grand fact to of the Asylum for Idiots; and of the which revelation is appointed to bear Royal Hospital for Incurables, has witness," so that inspiration, when done enough to secure a name that viewed as supplying mankind with the posterity will not willingly let die. It several books of the Bible, “is the is inseparably blended with the history historical development of [this] one of those now national institutions. single first principle--a fountain truth.” Persons who care nothing for religion, The evidence adduced in support of or for Dr. Reed as a minister, will this proposition is naturally distributed read this life with profound interest into two parts, the first embracing the and admiration, as showing what one Old, and the second the New Testaman can do in the cause of benevolence, ment Scriptures. By giving a summary without great riches, and by the mere of the topics which are dealt with, our force of untiring industry and determi. readers will easily judge for themselves nation. Those who wish to know the as to the exhaustiveness of the treatise. secret springs of human action, will Under the first part, then, it is shown trace with satisfaction and pleasure the that Sovereignty is “the chief characorigin of all his efforts in the cause of teristic in the creation of man," and the orphan, to their first fountain in “provfs of Mediatorial Sovereignty" the incidents of domestic life. Alto- are drawn “from the federal character gether the volume is a most important of Adam, and its influence on the fall.” issue, and reflects great credit upon its The divine titles of “ the Word,” “ the joint editors. We hope that thereby Angel of the Lord,” “Redeemer,” many will be stimulated to follow him “ Jehovah,” “Lord,” are then exin so far as he followed Christ.
amined as declarations of this Sovereignty. The forms of divine manifestation next pass under review, and
the indications of Mediatorial SoveMediatorial Sovereignty the Mystery of reignty to be found in the primitive
Christ and the Revelation of the Old faith and worship of the church, in and New Testaments. By GEORGE the covenants, in the church, and in STEWARD, 2 vols. Edinburgh: the types, are carefully traced. This T. & T. Clark.
Sovereignty is further proved to be the In these handsome volumes Mr. doctrine of prophecy, and the discuss Steward has discussed the doctrine of sion is appropriately closed by showMediatorial Sovereignty with a fulness ing that the Old Testament is fundaand completeness to which no other work mental to the New. In the second on the subject in our language pretends. part, the history of the personal and It appears that he had drawn out official titles of the Messiah, and the the scheme of his argument whilst illustrations of Mediatorial Sovereignty engaged in the active duties of the found in the ministry of our Lord, in ministry; but being unable to secure the work of the Holy Ghost, in the the needful time for completing it to testimony of the apostles, and in the his own satisfaction, he was compelled church, are examined at great length, to await the leisure which retirement and the proof is thus completed that from pastoral labours could afford, to the Father hath committed all judgarrange his materials in proper form; ment unto the Son, that all men shouku and we congratulate him on the good honour the Son, even as they honour use he has made of that leisure.
The general ability with which this range as an expositor. He is very great argument is conducted makes us careful not to admit unnecessary diffi. regret the diffuse style adopted by the culties in the text, and to limit himself author. Had there been as much to the statements which its own words energy shown in keeping down all by fair interpretation can be shown to tendency to use the amplifications make. In this way he obviates many customary in spoken discourses, as objections and quibbles that have been there is diligence manifested in the raised by scientific and other inquirers, collection of the Scriptural evidence, and gives fair reason for the conclusion the book would have been smaller in that there is nothing in the Book of bulk, and, as we think, of increased Genesis which will be found contrary value to theological readers. But we to the facts established by science, are bound to say that, even amidst the when they have first given themselves redundancies of expression which we the trouble to understand the precise could wish out of the way, the argu- meaning of the document they have in ment is not overlaid, but always fairly their hands. We commend the work kept in view. It is a work especially to our readers, and can assure them fit to be read aloud, and would be sure that, when they may see reason to to keep alive the interest of intelligent doubt the interpretation given of any persons ; but it will amply repay the passage by Dr. Murphy, they will give closest attention of the student. We him credit for an evident desire to get shall be glad to know that it has a at and state the truth as it is recorded. large circulation in our body.
A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on
the Book of Genesis, with a new translation. By James G. MURPHY, LL.D., T.C.D., Professor of Hebrew, Belfast. Edinburgh : T. and T. Clark, 1863.
The design of this work is to trace out for ordinary readers of the Bible the exact meaning of the phraseology used in the Book of Genesis. The author's acquirements as a Hebrew scholar have enabled him to render good service in a department requiring much discrimination and patient labour to produce anything of permanent value to the Church of God; and we heartily welcome the aid thus given us in the study of “this venerable document.” Critical students would have prized the work more highly if it had been prepared with a special reference to their wants, and the philological and other questions raised in connexion with the book had been exhaustively discussed. But, as Dr. Murphy has evidently provided for a much larger class, and has written for the instruction of those who know little of Hebrew, he has allowed himself considerable
Sacrificial Worship of the Old Testa
ment. By J. KURTZ, D.D., Professor of Theology at Dorpat, &c. Translated by James Martin, B.A. Edinburgh: T. and T. Clark, 1863.
This volume is a welcome addition to the series of translations issued by Messrs. Clark. It contains an elaborate examination of the sacrificial system established by God of old, and is worthy of attentive study by all ministers of the Gospel. Even the discussions, in which Dr. Kurtz delights, of theories of his German opponents have a great interest for English theologians, for they shew us the tendencies of speculation against which it is necessary to be forearmed; whilst the thoroughness of investigation which characterises the book makes it a model for all who engage in such studies. We should be glad to know that the esteemed theological tutors of our colleges made it a class-book for their students, and lectured upon it with corresponding ability ; for they would thereby do much to fit their pupils to become workmen that need not be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth.
The Course of Faith ; or, the Practical Believer Delineated. By JOHN ANGELL JAMES. Second edition. Fourth thousand. London: Hamilton, Adams & Co., Paternoster Row. Birmingham: Hudson and Son, Bull Street. Pp. 336.-It would seem superfluous to notice a work which has been so long before the public, and for the excellency of which the lamented author's name is a sufficient guarantee. But many of our readers will be glad to learn that the publishers now offer it at a very reduced price, and We hope that this will greatly extend its circulation. The Gospel according to Saint Matthew. A new translation, with brief Notes and a Harmony of the Four Gospels. Lon. don: Samuel Bagster and Sons, 15, Paternoster Row.-The design of this translation is to give the exact meaning of the Greek in the English of the present day. We must say, however, that if we are to judge by this volume, the English of the present day is very far inferior in beauty, force, and euphony to the language of our forefathers. Moreover, it seems to us, that words and phrases that are found in our standard version, and which are not obsolete, are here exchanged for others without any real difference of signification. To take an example at random from the narrative of the Syrophenician woman : we do not see that "requested" is more modern than “besought," nor “the bread of the children " and "the table of the master," than the “children's bread” and the master's table." And yet in the genealogy the translator gives us “ David's son, Abraham's son," instead of the son of David, the son of Abraham. Again, what motive can there be for altering"Be it unto thee even as thou wilt," into "Be it for thee as thou desirest," and * womnan great is thy faith," into “ O woman thy faith is great." The sense is as nearly as possible the same: is it that the force and beauty of the former rendering are greater than the original? With all due deference to the scholarship of Mr. Godwin we cannot think so. Altogether, in our opinion, this version would have been far better if the modernising process had been conducted
with more judgment and taste. The catalogue of lessons, however, to be de. rived from the Gospel now under our consideration, together with the harmony, will be found of great practical utility.
T he New Testament of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. The common Eng. lish version corrected by the Final Committee of the American Bible Union. Eleventh thousand. New York: Ame. rican Bible Union, 1863. Vol. I.-This first volume contains the whole of the Four Gospels. As put forth under the sanction of a great institution, it has a strong guarantee with respect to fidelity and accuracy. The emendations of the received English text, though numerous, are not obtrusive, and therefore are not harshly at variance with familiar phraseology that is consecrated by long usage. We regard this as a great merit. To Baptists it will perhaps be the more acceptable, inasmuch as it translates the words that relate to the ordinance, and is an immersionist version.
Thomas Raffles, D.D., LL.D. A Sketch by James BALDWIN BROWN, B.A., Minis. ter of Clayland's Chapel, Clapham Road. London: Jackson, Walford and Hodder, 27, Paternoster Row. Pp. 53.--This brief record of a distinguished man, who belonged to a race of great preachers that has now well-nigh passed away, will be welcomed far beyond the limits of the denomination with which Dr. Raffles was identified. Comparatively few, even though possessed of commanding eloquence and power, have fulfilled a course so long, prosperous, and useful. Mr. Brown has exhibited in few words the character of the man, and the causes of his success, with much judgment, and in a spirit worthy of the highest commendation.
First Lessons in the Life of our Lord Jesus Christ, for Families and Schools. By CHARLES WILLS, M A. Jackson, Walford and Hodder, 27, Paternoster Row, 1863. Pp. 78.--A very useful little inanual for Bible classes and for catechetical instruction generally. No questions are given, but they may be easily applied by any judicious and intelligent teacher. We hope the work will be widely circulated.
The Contrast ; or, the Shepherd of
Bentham Hill By Mrs. Brown. Edin. upon opinion the American constitution, burgh: William P. Kennedy, 79, George, and the precise bearing of the present war Street. Glasgow : D. Bryce and Co. : on the interests of emancipation. SufLondon: Hamilton, Adams & Co.-This fice it to say that, for the most part Mr. narrative is by no means devoid of inte Stock's remarks are sensible and good ; rest, but its chief excellence is, that it though it would have been well if the abounds with evangelical truth and sen- politics of a distant land had been kept timent. From the introduction it would out of the pulpit. It may fairly be appear that the story is at least founded doubted whether any man in this coun. upon facts. The volume is attractive in try is competent to expound the duties appearance, and the reading is pleasant of British Christians in the present in. though not exciting.
stance. Certainly no man is so, who has Chinese Scenes and People, with Notices a strong sympathy with either party. of Christian Missions and Missionary No doubt many will fully agree with Mr. life. By JANE R. EDKINS, with narra. Stock, and such will find his pamphlet tive of a visit to Nanking by her husband, worthy of their attention. the Rev. Joseph Edkins, B.A., of the The Foundations of our Faith. Ten London Missionary Society; also a Me- papers read before a mixed audience of moir by her father, the Rev. William men. By Professors AUBERLEN, GESS, Stobbs, Stromness. London: James Nis- and others. London: Strahan & Co.bet and Co., Berners Street, 1866. Pp. These papers, founded upon the several 307.—The greater portion of this volume articles of the so-called Apostle's Creed, consists of letters by Mrs. Edkins, which, discuss in an admirable manner the beside theirinterestascontaining sketches fundamental doctrines of the gospel. of scenery and people, are remarkable They are worthy of attentive perusal, for the Christian character “which inci- not only for the exposition they give of dentally they unfold.” They were written, those doctrines, but especially because as we are informed, without the remotest they are prepared with reference to the idea of their being published. We do not exceptions commonly taken in these wonder, however, that they were deemed days to the things assuredly believed worthy of perusalbeyond thecircle of rela- among us. No one can read the volume tions and friends. We heartily commend without feeling thankful to God for them to all who love missions, and will having raised up such valiant witnesses be gratified by information about China for the truth as the several authors of and its people.
these ten papers. The Family, the Character, and the Re- Warm Hearts in cold Regions. A tale ward of the Faithful Minister of Christ. of Arctic life. By CHARLES EDE, R. N. A Sermon occasioned by the death of London: Nelson & Sons.-A story which the Rev. Thomas Winter, late of Coun- our young friends will be sure to read to terslip, Bristol, preached at Torrington the end if they once begin it. It is on Sunday morning, May 17th, 1863, by enough to add that it is well worth the Rev. Evan Edwards, of Chard. reading., London: Elliot Stock, Paternoster Row. Living in Earnest; with lessons an. Chard: Thomas Young, 1863. 18.-This incidents from the lives of the great and is an excellent sermon, and does as much good. A book for young men. By credit to the head and heart of the JOSEPH JOHXSON. London: Nelson & preacher as it does honour to the memory Sons.-Fitted to do much good to the of the eminently pious and useful minis. class for whom it has been written. ter by whose decease it was occasioned. Stories from Jewish History; from the Such an example as Mr. Winter is more Babylonish captivity to the destruction of than usually calculated to give point and Jerusalem by Titus. By A. L. 0. E. force to the Apostle's words,“ Whose London: Nelson and Sons.-A little faith follow considering the end of their book of useful information on the political conversation Jesus Christ the same yes- history of the Jews. terday, to-day, and for ever."
Notes on the Gospels ; Critical and · The Duties of British Christians in re- Explanatory. Mark and Luke. By M. ation to the struggle in America. A dis W. JACOBUS, Professor of Biblical Literacourse delivered by the Rev.John Stock. ture in Alleghany City. Edinburgh: London : Elliot Stock, 62, Paternoster W. Oliphant and Co. Written with Row.' Manchester Union and Eman- especial reference to the wants of Sunday cipation Society, 51, Piccadilly, 3d.- school teachers, and likely to be of use to We are not prepared to put on record an them. The Pædobaptist teaching of the