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CATHOLICITY OF MISSIONS,
number of Hindoos from any caste become ciety. I believe that this matter has only Christians, and the rest will follow as a to be thoroughly brought before the matter of course. If Satan's strongholds churches to procure for your society an in India have not been abolished, the out- enormous increase of income. Queen Vicworks have been attacked and are giving toria would no more leave unpaid her way. William Carey said, “I will go armies, or put her crown jewels in pawn, down the pit, if you in England will hold than would your churches permit this so
When he got to India he ciety to be hampered with debt, or kept found that the pit was blocked up, and from going forward by difficulties about his first work was to prepare the necessary finance. instruments to dig, and it was years
Rev. S. Coley. before he got a single jewel. You who are holding
the ropes, wondering that you have to hold so long, and why there is comparatively so small a return, must not forget that if many jewels are not found, The missionary spirit is essentially the a great part of the pit has been opened, Christian spirit. It is a proper thing and that you have only received an earnest that we should keep up our” denomiof the fruit of the mine. May God hasten national fences, but I think it would be a the great ingathering in His own good bad thing if we build them so high that time!
we cannot look over them. We ought, Rev. T. Evans. however, all to do our part in these
Christian enterprises. Some gas com A LARGER INCOME TO BE OBTAINED, panies, you know, do not care about the
world being lighted up, so long as they My heart was exceedingly gladdened do not find the gas. For my part, I am the other day, on reading the account of sure there is plenty of room for every your annual gathering in connection with lamp which all the Church of Christ can the Baptist Union, to find some 1,200 light. Let us not trouble ourselves too churches in connection with your Union much about minor differences. I kneel at throughout the country. I cannot, there the table, and you immerse at the font; fore, see that you have got to the end of but we are one for all that. There are your possibilities with this £34,000 a-year. greater unities than divergences. I do I believe that you are about in the same not want to put away our depominational position with respect to the possibilities differences; they are convenient at preof your churches that England was with sent—I do not say they always will be. respect to the possibilities of Australia at There are differences, and therefore there the time when we were just getting wool is no harm to label them ; but let them from the sheep-walks. You have been be watchwords, by which the men of getting the wool from the sheep-walks, each regiment can know their own men, but there is a mine of gold to be got at but not war-cries, at the sound of which yet. I know a great many good things one battalion shall turn the sword against about Baptist churches in the country, the other. Oh! no; the army is one. but I do not know a better thing than the In my own church we are trying to cultiBaptist Missionary Society. I believe vate this spirit; and I am come this that some of your churches are not, per: morning willingly to speak just a few haps, quite so much aware as they might words of hearty love to you-to tell you be, how much the high esteem in which how we wish you good luck in the name they deservedly stand before the public of the Lord -how we rejoice in your sucof this country is owing to the prestige of cesses as belonging to our common Chris. your noble institution. Who could despise tianity. You know the churches do get one of your smallest country-side meeting. divided, and are half afraid of each other; houses, when he remembered that Dr. something like the dew-drops in early Carey came from such a place as that? morning, lying each drop separate from There are many outsiders who know very its sister drop, but by-and-by the sun little about your doctrines, and nothing exhales them, and they blend as they go at all about your church order ; but who up in vapour, and they are one in the is there that does not know something clouds above us. (Cheers.) It is like about your mission achievements ? Who that in the churches. Here they are is there that does. not know something separate, but as Christians are called up about the galaxy of glorious names, second home they become one. to none of any age or church, written in
Rev 8. Coley, the rolls of this Baptist Missionary So
THE HUMAN SYMPATAY OF GREAT MEN. I am not prepared to defend forms and
theories and phraseology ; but all I mainIt must have struck us all in reading tain is that I believe our Baptist Missiothe biographies of great men, and of good nary Society is practically an association men, that they are nearly all of them dis- of God-fearing men, and that we are tinguished by what I may venture to call resolved, in God's strength, to carry on great humanness of feeling. Everything this institution, recognising, stage by that concerns their fellows, interests them. stage, the teaching of His own word, and They are ready to weep in all sorrow, and seeking supremely His own glory. I am they are ready to rejoice in all joy. More bound to love the Christian church, and is needed, indeed, to make a great man, to work with it I am bound to say God. and still more is needed to make a good speed to the individual missionary that man, than this spirit of universal sym- | by such a church is sustained ; but I see pathy. But without that spirit I believe no distinction between a church of 500 that really great and really good men are members and an association of Christian never found. It is now, my lord, some men of 10,000; and I see no distinction twenty years since our brother, William between the two missionaries that may Knibb, entered into his rest-a name it be sustained by a single church, and the is impossible not to recall with a resolu- hundreds of missionaries that are sus, tion in one's hand speaking of Jamaica— tained in the same work by our beloved a man of indomitable energy and of strong mission. Tell me why I am to sustain, and resolute will, but a man, above all, and you tell me the very reasons (only of tender and loving heart. Every mis- I multiply them fiftyfold) why I am to sionary and every oppressed man found sustain a Christian Missionary Society, in him a friend, and every missionary as I believe ours to be. found in his house a home. He was one
Rev. Dr. Angus. of the largest-hearted men that God has ever given to the church. Three hundred
THE JAMAICA MISSION. years ago Martin Luther thundered through Europe, and shook even to its It is more than twenty years since we foundation the Papal throne; and yet held the jubilee of our Baptist Missionary through his love for his wife, his son, and Society. We have passed our threescore his friends, we seem to know Kate Luther years and ten. Amongst the gifts placed and little Hans Luther, and Justyn Jonas, in our treasury that year was a resolution and that brotherhood, as intimately as from our churches in Jamaica, to the effect we know even Martin himself. Take that they would meet their own expenses away from that man his large human thenceforward, and carry on the cause of heart, and his power for usefulness is God among themselves, on the distinct almost entirely gone.
understanding upon our side and theirs, Rev. Dr. Angus. that we were to use the fund that was
spared from Jamaica in commencing SOCIETIES AND INDIVIDUAL ACTION. missions in other destitute fields. It was
my privilege and my misfortune to take I am aware that there has been for part in carrying out that resolution. My years among us, and probably there is privilege I shall ever deem it, for I be. still, a feeling of doubt about our So lieve it was one of the noblest resolutions cieties-a preference for individual action ever passed by any body of brethren. A and for church action ; and among the resolution unique in the history of the grounds of this preference is the convic- Christian church, that a large body of tion or fear that Societies for the most Europeans should give up the support part have no conscience and no heart; they had been receiving from their they excite no sympathy because they brethren at home, and throw themselves themselves fcel none. Now, I am pre absolutely for support on comparatively pared to-day to say not a single word poor native churches—a resolution unique against individual action, and, if possible, I believe, in that form, in the history of to say still less against church action; but the church. I deem it my privilege also, I am as prepared to affirm also that I because we forth with commenced missions cannot give you, and I could'nt even con- in Africa, in Hayti, in Trinidad, in ceive of, a single reason for church action, Canada, and in France, absorbing within and for admiration of church action, that two years more than all the funds that does not apply to a society of Christian we had previously spent in Jamaica. men, constituted as I believe in fact ours This is the bright side. And now let me to be. I say constituted in fact, because say a word upon what I deem my mis
fortune. Perhaps the resolution of these | Conservatives who sit down under the churches was premature-perhaps they tree whose branches are nearly rotten, had formed an unwise association between and singthe word jubilee and freedom-freedom
“Woodman, spare that tree, for us, and freedom for them. Un
Touch not a single bough, doubtedly unforeseen circumstances did
In youth it sheltered me, arise, and, in fact, after we had conse
And I'll protect it now." crated our contribution for Jamaica to
There is something very beautiful and other fields, we had appeals from that touching about this—so beautiful and island, and were compelled out of kind, touching that it never would be in my ness and equity to borrow and to spend heart to speak a hard thing about that old there besides, £10,000 or £12,000. That Conservative tree. Again, there is somewas our misfortune. Then we had an. thing very beautiful about that youthful other difficulty. There is, I suppose, flash and fire that, to set all things right, throughout all our colonies a very high would turn all things upside down ; but estimate of the exhaustless resources of for all that I would prefer to adopt a the mother country. I believe that that middle course. I would rather see in estimate is overrunning and excessive, power those who would make reforms even when “the mother country" means when necessary, and who would yet hold the imperial treasury; and I am quite fast the constitutional principles, and even sure it is excessive when it means the the items that grow out of these prinBaptist Missionary Society. There had ciples, as far as possible. True lovers of been for years an impression in Jamaica their country are to be found in both that the Baptist Missionary Society meant extreme roads, no doubt, but they are not the Queen, both Houses of Parliament, to be thought less true to their country the Bank of England, and the Lord Mayor. who take a middle position, and do not But in the end our brethren did learn the aspire to lead either side. And the true lesson generously, nobly, intelligently, lovers of the Baptist Missionary Society and for the last fifteen years in the his. may be those who would not have a word tory of that mission, they have gone altered in its constitution, and yet cannot alone-a noble, generous child, the very defend the phraseology; and they may be image of its mother, I hope, in her best those who say, "No society;" but when qualities, and certainly prepared to hope I take my stand and say, Let us hold toand attempt great things in our Master's gether in a great society, but at the same
And because of what they have time let us be prepared to follow out done and suffered and struggled, and are more and more what we feel to be Scripnow doing and struggling, I commend tural revelation, I hold I am not less a them in the words of this resolution to friend to the Baptist Missionary Society your hearty sympathy. But I have one than any man living. I do not believe reason besides. It is fifty years since that there is any party who wish that there mission was formed ; and within twenty had been no society action. I believe years after its formation slavery crossed that to have been a thorough misappreits path, and in the form of white men hension—not a misrepresentation, doubtburnt down its chapels. There, as else. less--for we have all said, God speed the where, slavery struck the first blow. Society! On our knees have we asked of Slavery ceased in that island, and 300,000 God to show us what could make her slaves were made free. It is confessed on
more efficient—what could give her misall sides, by friends and foes, that our sionaries more spirit in the field, and her brethren did their share in that work. ministers more spirit in the cabinet. It Fifteen years later these churches de is not a question whether there should be clared their independence, and went alone; a society or not, but how far the churches and in visiting that island some years of God should be recognised, and indisince we had occasion to mark anew these vidual action be brought more fully into facts, and these form the ground on which play. I rest this appeal.
Rev. C. II. Spurgeon.
PRINCIPLES OF ASSOCIATION
Now it bas seemed to us that an assoI have the profoundest respect for those ciation of good men working out God's politicians who would follow a Liberal purposes was a noble idea, and the outcourse of reform in the government of our growth of the idea of a church ; and we land, and I respect very greatly those have therefore never said a word against
it, but have, on the other hand, fondly, you cannot have without it. There is the cherished the hope that we might see such personal joy of doing good which I cannot an association. We have not believed in have unless, with my own hand, I feed an association composed of ten-and-six. the hungry, and with my own lips instruct pences. We have always said piety is an the ignorant, and with my own heart essential, and the profession of that piety show sympathy to those that are suffering before men. We have always thought and sick. There is, besides, a kind of that any connection with the world, spiritual education that a man gains from merely on account of ten-and-sixpences, feeling his personal responsibility. His or even thousands of pounds, was almost heart grows larger. He learns how neces. as great an evil as uniting the Church sary it is to call for the aid of all brethren with the State, which contains so many like-minded, and he shakes off all bigotry. worldly elements; and therefore we have And as he works, he feels his own weaknot spoken about words and phraseologies, ness, and is humbled; but he feels his but about what is to us a very solemn own strength, and so his faith grows, and principle. We are prepared, as Christian the spiritual education of the individual men, to maintain in its fullest strength, who works for Christ is something so inthis Society, but we are not prepared to strumentally beneficial that everything work with any Society which either ig. that should seem in any way to prevent nores the churches, or does not distinctly this sense of responsibility ought to be make itself a Christian Society, by having deplored. no members but those who profess to be
Rev. C. H. Spurgeon. Christians. We don't believe we could expect to have God's blessing unless we
WHAT CAN BE DONE. purge out the old leaven. We think that just as in the human body, if there is a What we want to do in connection with piece of bone that is dead, there will be the Society is this—could not some of you an ulcer and a swelling till the bone is cut keep a missionary yourself, paying your out; so the admission, even in phrase. money into the Society? At the same ology, of anything like a dead word, and time inform that missionary that he the unrenewed nature of man into the depends upon you for support, and tell working society of Christ, would only be him that if he is ill, and wants a little to breed an ulcer in it, which would mar extra help, to let you know, if things are the whole body in its beauty and strength. not going well with him to let you know. Rev. C. H. Spurgeon. A person sustaining a missionary in that
way would be more likely to pray for him, INDIVIDUAL RESPONSIBILITY. and feel sympathy with him, than any,
body else. There may be some friend To get the whole country into some here---a lady perhaps — who has faith thing like dissatisfaction with the results enough, though poor, to believe that God hitherto obtained, would be one of the will enable her to support a missionary ; best ways towards making every man feel like a dear sister in Cheltenham, who more than it does its own individual re- supports an Evangelist in Paris. Well, I sponsibility. If you could see my heart, am quite sure, if she undertakes to do it, you would see nothing in it but the purest that it will have a most blessed effect on love to this Society, even when I say her soul. You see they are all now looksomething about its faults. It is because ing to this great Society; that, to a large I love the Society that I want to see a extent, takes off the responsibility from more thorough revival of the sense of in the individual. We do not want to cut dividual responsibility. To whom did the rope that is holding the missionaries Christ give his commission ? Not to a down below; but we want you to undersociety, but to individuals. If I under. stand that it is nothing but a rope, and stand the promise, it is given to each in we must all have our share in holding it, dividual believer, who, feeling his own and we must be recognised as having our weakness, comes to God, and casts him- share. If every man feels that the hold. self upon the Divine strength. And to ) ing of the rope depends upon him, and whom is the reward given ? Shall I, at , that if he does not subscribe, the rope the gate of heaven, hear the words, “Well will not be held so well, depend upon it done, good and faithful Society?" No; he will think twice before he lets go. but "Well done, good and faithful ser. Why, your debt has been a magnificent vant, enter thou into the joy of thy Lord.” hing for the committee. The people And mark, there are personal benefits to have felt, why we must all do something. be derived from personal action which We should like to see knots of three or
BOLD DARING NEEDED.
four churches having their missionary. , for wisdom that I would not say a word It is a well-known thing that the Society's against wise people, but if by some strange report does not come with the freshness freak there should come a rash period of the letter that is sent home by the mis again-a little Quixotism shall I call it ? sionary himself. We gain immensely for -if our brethren should go raving mad, God and His cause when we make every and some of the subscribers should say believer begin to cry over souls, and to they were like drunken men, I should not say, “Lord, what wilt thou have me to decry them. If our committee get on fire do ?" If the Society helps you to serve with enthusiasm, we will get water and God, as I believe it does, remember it pump on them, and do our share to save does not take from you your individual them from combustion, spontaneous or responsibility.
otherwise. Yea, if they should do anyRev. C. H. Spurgeon. thing absurd, and be arraigned for at. tempting impossibilities and
getting into debt, some of us will come and plead guilty side by side with them, for we shall
feel too glad to find them offending-deI wish we had, as a Society, a little lighted to catch them falling into somemore of that bold daring which we had at thing like extravagance for God. Oh ! first. Carey, Ryland, and Fuller were for a circular all round to pray for a rash and imprudent in the judgment of sevenfold blessing, setting forth the faith cautious people sitting down to reflect of the Society in her God and then for Now there is always a rash period with immediate action, depending upon God. every man, and afterwards I suppose Go forward, brethren, and rely upon it there comes a wise period, but it is an there are some among us-and they are uncommonly slow period. There has the vast majority, if not all—who have been something like a rash, and some such faith in God, that if you have faith thing like a wise period in this Society. in Him they will not let you go too far. Of course I have so profound a reverence
Rev. C. H. Spurgeon. As the meeting was about to close, the proceedings were interrupted by Mr. Alexander Innes. On the motion of the Rev. W. Brock, seconded by the Rev. C. Stovel, the meeting unanimously refused to hear him, on the grounds stated in the following language by Mr. Brock :
The person who has caused this inter , one of the brethren who was to have been ruption is a dismissed missionary of this here to-day, but could not because of ill. Society. We have gone into the whole ness," as that worthless scoundrel Saker." matter that he desires to bring before And of the directors of the Society he you, and have pronounced against him. dares to assert that “they are a set of He has received from our hands the full impostors, and that lying and slander discharge of his claim upon us, and we have been their weapons.
That is my hold his receipt, and yet he has actually case in moving a distinct and definite re. had the impertinence to demand his salary solution that this man be not heard. A up to the present time, and hold us bound man who can first calumniate your secreto pay him. Furthermore, he has sent a tary, then go further, and defame one of letter to one of our secretaries, claiming the best missionaries we have ever had, £1,000 for damage to his reputation, and and further consummate his rancour by a second letter to the other secretary, traducing the whole body of your direcclaiming from him by return £10,000 as tors, is not the man to be heard by you compensation. This is not the man to even for a single moment. I beg, there. get the ear of an Exeter Hall audience. fore, to move that Mr. Alexander Innes He has gone further, and has declared be not heard. that “as for Frederick Trestrail, he would The Rev. C. Stovel said : I beg to state not believe a word he might say-not even that Mr. Innes himself supplied the facts take his oath on any matter.” Now, we on which his further services were de would. Furthermore, he has written of clined.
The proceedings of these most interesting anniversary services were brought to a close by a large gathering of the friends of the Young Men's Missionary Association in the Metropolitan Tabernacle in the evening. The devout spirit in which they began was continued throughout. Amid