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Our conversation lasted for about an hour, during which time the Raja asked me many questions concerning the religion of Christ, which, by God's mercy, were answered to his satisfaction. Whilst I was relating to him the history of our Saviour and His apostles, he suddenly, but in a becoming manner, interrupted me, saying, that I some of our European people told him that Christ never appeared in the flesh, and therefore, continued he, “His religion is vain." Hearing this, I quietly asked him the name of the man or men that told him so; but he, politely excusing himself, refused me this favour. My request being thus declined, and also being a little astonished at the bad intention of the European in expressing himself in such an unworthy manner in the presence of a heathen Raja, I thought it my duty to contradict such an unchristian-like statement. So I fearlessly told the Raja that what his European friend or friends said was perfectly untrue; and at the same time assuring him that the evidences of Christ's incarnation were more numerous and stronger than the evidences of any other historical truth; and that we Christians had better and firmer reasons to believe in the appearance of the Son of God in the flesh, than either the Hindoos had to believe in the existence of any of their gods, or the Mahometans in the existence of their prophet, referring him at the time to the testimonies of Jewish, Christian, and heathen writers concerning the fact. Having done this, I earnestly entreated him to get a Bible, and to read it carefully and prayerfully, so that he might be able to judge for himself concerning this important matter. In compliance with my request, he kindly asked me to send him a Bible, which I promised to do as soon as I would return home, because, to my great sorrow, I had none by me at the time.
Here ended our conversation, and having given him my salaam, I departed. After I reached Agra, I sent him a copy of the Old and New Testaments, which I hope he will read without prejudice, so that his heart may be enlightened and turned unto God. Leaving Moorshan, we followed the main road to Muttra, visiting several of the intervening villages on our way there. Having arrived at this seat of Hindooism, we stayed here fifteen days, preaching daily both in the city and its vicinity.
During our stay at Muttra, we got every day, both morning and evening, a large number of people to hearken to our message of love, many of whom seemed much pleased with it. Though we were not without some opposition, especially from the Choubees, whose “filthy lucre" decreases as Christianity gains ground, yet the mass of the people listened exceedingly well, and appeared interested in the “good news.” A day or two before my leaving the place, many of the people asked me to stay there and preach to them, because, as they expressed themselves, “there is no Padree Sahib with us now.” I hope they shall soon get one; he is needed there. From here we returned home, preaching in the various villages from Muttra to Agra. I and Thakurdass enjoyed the journey, and were well pleased with the attention given to us.
A MISSIONARY TOUR IN HAYTI.
BY THE REV. E. BAUMANN. Mr. Webley and I left Port-au-Prince early on Tuesday morning, the 20th of January, for the Cape Haitien, with the intention of visiting, besides this place, St. Raphael and Dondon, Port de Paix, St. Marc, of each of which I will give you some details in turn.
CAPE HAITIEN. Here we were received by Mr. Bishop, the Wesleyan missionary of the place. This, until lately the finest town of the island, called "le petit Paris," became
one heap of ruins in a few seconds by the earthquake of 1842. You may easily imagine that the town bears rather a melancholy look. Ten only of the destroyed houses have been rebuilt. Passing through the streets you meet but here and there with houses, whilst everywhere they are surrounded by stones, and some pieces of wall that escaped the general ruin, showing the former grandeur of the place. There may have been at one time between twenty and thirty thousand inhabitants in this town, but now there are scarcely twelve or fourteen thousand. The missionary work was commenced here some time before the earthquake, by the efforts of the Wesleyan Missionary Society.
This event stopped the work; but it was taken up again soon after. There are about forty members belonging to this church, and somewhat about 100 persons attending regularly or occasionally the preaching of the Gospel at the Chapel
. Besides this, there have been made efforts by the American Baptist Free Missionary Society. There remain only about a dozen of persons meeting together regularly, with a kind of native pastor and one deacon at their head. They have, unfortunately, a bad reputation amongst the Christians at large at the Cape, partly because they kept much aloot from their Wesleyan brethren, and partly also because the reputation of their former leaders has fallen upon them. We preached several times for them, the impression I received being, that they shun too much other people. Their deacon, however, seems a good man ; the impression he made upon us was a good one. The night before leaving the Cape, where we staid about a fortnight, we had a nice missionary meeting at the Wesleyan Chapel. It was well attended, and has we hope, with the Lord's blessing, produced some good fruits for the glory of God.
ST. RAPHAEL AND DONDON. Whilst at the Cape, we spent a few days at St. Raphael. This place is about forty miles from the Cape. Here we found a nice little church indeed, rescued almost, it may be said, from the shipwreck that has befallen the American Baptist Mission in this country. These good Christians tried with the Lord's help to live a Christian life. They met regularly together, and have even seen their work prospering. At this place of about 200 inhabitants, we found a little church of twenty-three regular members; of these fourteen reside at St. Raphael, five at a place called Hinche, three at Dondon and its environs, and one at Fort Libertè. A young married man, Metellus Miward, who is well educated, and possesses some gifts of speaking, preaches the Gospel to them. Besides, they have two deacons ; one is the Colonel commanding the place, and the other a Captain of the army. These three men seem evidently to be earnest, pious, and truly Christian men. We had a church meeting, at which, all the members expressing their satisfaction with the preaching of brother Metellus, we all agreed to set him apart for the work of Christ, as minister of the church of St. Raphael. We held this service, with a marriage, and the communion service, that same evening. We felt all refreshed, thanking God to have made us meet with Christians of a much more standing character than we anticipated. Our friends of St. Raphael, as well as we ourselves, will long remember the two days we spent amongst them. Would to God that there were many such places in this country! its moral and social position in the world would soon be different !
Going to St. Raphael, we had to pass through Dondon, where we stopped the first night. Here, too, the Gospel has been preached, and many persons were baptized; but now not one is to be found that really retains Christian principles. We spoke here too, but had only about half-a-dozen hearers, most of whom were friends and relations of brother Metellus, a native of Dondon.
PORT DE PAIX. We arrived here after three days travelling from the Cape, owing to the fatigue of one of our horses. The distance between these two places is about eighty-five or ninety miles. This is a comparatively small town of about 3000 or 4000 inhabitants. It is situated in a fertile plain, has an open port, since the liberal government of Geffrard, and seems, though small, rather a pretty-looking place. The same earthquake that ruined Cape Haitien, did here some damage too. The Roman Catholic Church, and several other large buildings were completely ruined. Here we found a few Baptists, who are nice and good people, especially two families. Two of these Baptists have been brought to the knowledge of Christ at Jacmel, where they have been members for a long time. One of them is now the wife of one of the other five members who were baptized in the north. Here we staid a few days at the house of Mrs. Darius Joseph, the before-mentioned member from Jacmel, who married at Port de Paix." We had the opportunity of preaching there twice, and of taking the Lord's Supper. It seems this they had not enjoyed for a long time. There would be a nice centre here at Port de Paix for beginning a new mission field. Besides the beginning made at the town itself, it is surrounded by several interesting places, where the Missionary labours might be extended to, St. Louis, about nine miles east ; L'Anse a Toleur, about fifteen miles in the same direction : then there is Aubert, still nearer, about three or four miles to the south-west ; and again, at a greater distance, Gros Marne, forty miles, Sarabet, forty miles, the Mole St. Nicolas, sixty miles, all of them to the south and south-west; Borgne, forty miles to the east. From here one might also occasionally visit St. Raphael, in order to encourage the friends there, as well as the Cape, though this latter place is situated nearer, i. e., forty miles, whilst the distance from Port de Paix to St. Raphael is eighty miles. From here we proceeded by Gros Morne to Gonaives, where we staid a few days at the house of a native minister of the Wesleyan body. But, as it seems, the inhabitants do not appreciate much the Gospel ; of all the members of the congregation not one is a native of Gonaives. But there is here a very flourishing school both of boys and girls.
ST. MARC. From Gonaives we proceeded to St. Marc, where we remained Saturday and Sunday. This place is much changed since we last saw it. Then the immigration of coloured people from America gave a nice and lively aspect to the town ; but this immigration having proved a failure, St. Marc now looks a very dull place, as it must have been before the immigration scheme had been undertaken. By far the greater part of the immigrants died, some returned discouraged to America ; very few are still to be found at St. Marc and its environs. The mortality amongst these poor men had been such, that their dead had to be buried in a special place. Since our first visit to St. Marc, the Baptist congregation of that place has begun again to meet more regularly. We preached for them on Sunday. They seem to need encouragement.
Before ending this letter I may add, that since our return to Jacmel, several other members have been received into the church at St. Raphael.
THE QUARRYMAN AND THE GOSPEL.
BY THE REV. J. JENKINS.
Last Sabbath, May 24th, was an interesting day. In the afternoon a countryman and his son called on me, being a resident of a mountainous district 12 miles off. This man received a tract of me 12 or 14 years ago. The reading of it gave him the desire of knowing more. Not long since he bought a New Testament of the Scripture reader, and he is become very much another man, by the blessing of God on his word. He has 8 children, the eldest of whom came with him, a nice young man, abounding in the sentiments of his father, who had taught him to read his Testament within the last three months. On account of his religious views this man was threatened to lose a small slate quarry by which he lives. His reply to the owner was, "you have a right to do what you like with your property, but I cannot give up my religious views, as I put the salvation of my soul above all other things." The landlord left him quiet. The priest also called him to task for his attachment to protestantism. The priest told him he had protestant books which it was forbidden to read. The man replied he had the gospel of our Saviour ; and, said he, be not displeased, “I am come to you having my loins girt about with truth, I have taken the helmet of salvation, and am shod with the preparation of the gospel of peace ; for we have to wrestlé not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against the rulers of the darkness in high places,” and, said he to the priest, “I think it is you that is meant there." The priest hearing this turned his back and went away. This is certainly a shrewd man. He and his son attended our meeting in the evening, and they were much affected and edified. I preached from John v. 38, and in my discourse I spoke of the Breton Testament, and exhorted the people to read it. At the close of the service an inhabitant of the town came to buy a Testament and Barth's Bible Stories.
LATEST NEWS FROM CHINA.
BY REV. J. LAUGHTON. In the summer I went to Tungchow-foo, the only other Missionary Station in Shantung. It is distant from here about 65 English miles. My visit happened to be at the time of the examination for the “Sien tsin," (B.A.) degree of all candidates residing within the jurisdiction of the “foo,” which is a department city. The number of candidates was between six and seven thousand. The missionáries have had a fine opportunity for preaching the gospel during these examinations. The chapels were crowded. Scarcely any of these scholars had ever heard anything of Christianity before; and it was with painful interest that I watched to see how these proud disciples of Confucius would treat the first announcement of the Gospel message. When it was compared in some respects (which of course were few) to their great master Confucius, some of them said that "Jesus was a great sage, and according to what the preacher said, he was a Shing jui (holy man) ; some of them suggested that as there was a great eastern sage (Confucius), so it was probable that there was also a great western sage, and this sage might be Jesus, who perhaps, was in some respects equal to Confucius." Then they were told that the much boasted system of morals, &c., of which Confucius was the founder, was fundamentally wrong in what it did teach, that self-love is the grand motive to virtue, and that it was equally defective in what it did not teach, for it left out of the question man's duty to the one living and true God, and did not say anything of man being a sinner, and point out to him a means of escape. Moreover, Confucius spoke nothing of what must take place after death. In all these respects Jesus Christ gave us the only true and safe light.
These things were exceedingly unpleasant to them, and many could not restrain their anger. When Christ was spoken of as the Son of the only true God, who became incarnate, and died for the sins of men, and that now he sits on the right hand of God as a Prince and a Saviour, that he now commandeth all men every where to repent, because after death we shall rise again and be judged for all the deeds done in the body, and every man will then receive either a sentence of everlasting felicity or everlasting punishment--these things made some of them look at each other and sneer, others made "game," while some burst into a furious rage of passion, and the whole of them soon left, saying, We may perhaps call again another day and hear more of this doctrine. I think the latter part of the 17th chapter of the Acts of the Apostles could not have
described better what Paul saw at Athens, than what I witnessed in the conduct of these Confucian scholars. Some of them however came privately to the missionaries and discussed the points of dispute with considerable calmness and ability. I think some of them were convinced of the truth, although they were too stubborn to acknowledge it.
I think preaching at these examinations is very important, and likely to be useful. This class of men constitute the material from which are selected the public officers throughout the empire.
We are not without signs of the master's presence and blessing in our little church at Cheefoo. Brother Kloecker baptised two men lately, who, so far as we could see, gave good evidence of saving faith. To see these men, by this public act, renounce the religion of their country and their fathers, and declare their allegiance to Christ, was to me the most sublime and joyful spectacle I have ever witnessed, and I pray that God may grant me to see many more such. I wish our friends at home could have seen it for themselves. I think a little time in a heathen land would do more, to open both their purses and their hearts, than the most eloquent appeals from the platform or the press.
SEWRY, BEERBHOOM. Mr. Williamson reports that it is not a little encouraging to perceive increasing interest on the part of the people towards the Gospel. Fewer replies are now made, and the objections brought forward are made in a milder spirit than formerly. Mr. Williamson's health has improved, and he is able to go morning and evening to the bazaar for preaching. Mr. Ellis has paid a very interesting visit to the district of Barisal, the report of which we hope shortly to lay before our readers.
DACCA. From the north of this district Mr. Bion has received an urgent request that he would visit some people and baptize several families. He was there for some days two years ago. The candidates have been steadfast amidst many trials. A similar call has come from a village in Bikrampore.
AGRA. In the month of September three soldiers were baptized by Mr. Gregson, and a lady in October. Others are candidates. Since the month of February, 21 Europeans in all have been baptized. On Saturday evenings a very useful gathering of persons takes place at the missionary's house, fifty individuals usually sitting down to tea.
MATAKOOLEY, CEYLON. Mrs. Pigott has commenced an interesting girls' school, and hopes to make it entirely self-supporting. Many natives are willing to pay 10s. a month for the instruction the children receive.
CHEFOO, CHINA. Much time is spent by Mr. Laughton in the streets and shops talking with the people about the Gospel ; he hopes also thus to acquire a thorough mastery of the vernacular. For the spiritual benefit of the European residents and sailors, Mr. Laughton also conducts frequent English services.
Nassau, WEST INDIES. Mr. Davey speaks with pain of the demoralizing effects of the American blockade on this island. He has, however, to rejoice in the conversion of many. On New Year's Day he was hoping to baptize 30 persons.