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§ 1. Nature of the Question . . . . . . . . . 130

§ 2. Philosophical Theories . . . . . . . . . 132

Limitation of Being. — Leibnitz's Theory. — Antagonism. —

Schleiermacher's Theory. — The Sensuous Theory. — Selfish-

ness . . . . . . . . . . . . 144

Theological Theories.

§ 3. Doctrine of the Early Church . . . . . . . . 150

§ 4. Pelagian Theory . . . . . . . . . . 152

Arguments against it . . . . . . . . . 155

§ 5. Augustine's Doctrine . . . . . . . . . 157

Philosophical Element of his Doctrine. — Why he made Sin a

Negation. — The Moral Element of his Doctrine . . . 159

§ 6. Doctrine of the Church of Rome . . . . . . . 164

Diversity of Doctrine in the Latin Church. - Semi-Pelagians. -

Anselm. — Abelard. — Thomas Aquinas. — The Scotists. . 173

Tridentine Doctrine on Original Sin . . . . . . 174

The true Doctrine of the Church of Rome . . . . . 177

$ 7. Protestant Doctrine of Sin . . . . . . . i 180

Sin a specific Evil. – Has relation to Law. — That Law the Law

of God. - Extent of the Law's Demands. — Sin not confined to

Acts of the Will. – Consists in want of Conformity to the Law

of God. - Includes Guilt and Pollution . . . . . 188

$ 8. Effects of Adam's Sin on his Posterity . . . . . . 192

& 9. Immediate Imputation . . . . . . . . . 192

Statement of the Doctrine. — Ground of the Imputation of Adam's

Sin. — Adam the Federal Head of his Race. — The Representa-

tive Principle in the Scriptures. — This Principle involved in

other Doctrines. — Argument from Romans v. 12–21. — From

General Consent. — Objections . . . . . . 204

$ 10. Mediate Imputation . . . . . • . . . 205

Origin of the Doctrine in the French Church.-Held by Theolo-

gians in other Churches. — Objections. — Theory of Propagation 214

$ 11. Preëxistence . .
. . . . . .

214

8 12. Realistic Theory . . . . . . . . . . 216

President Edwards' Theory. — Proper Realistic Theory. — Objec-

tions . . . . . . . . . . . 219

$ 13. Original Sin ..

. . 227

Its Nature. — Proof of the Doctrine. — From the Universality of

Sin. — From the entire Sinfulness of Man. — From the incor-

rigible Nature of Sin. — From its early Manifestations. — Eva-

sions of the foregoing Arguments. — Declarations of Scripture.

— Argument from the necessity of Redemption. — From the

necessity of Regeneration. — From Infant Baptism.- From the

Universality of Death. — From the common Consent of Christians 249

Objections. — Men responsible only for Voluntary Acts. — Incon-

. 288

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