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SYNOPTIC TABLE OF THE CONTENTS.
PART I. DIET.
LECTURE I. Motives for preparing this work, page 13—Nervous Maladies, their prevention and cure essentially alike: the former, however, most easy, 14-Great ignorance on this subject, 15—Men averse to attending to their health, 16-Fond of specific remedies, 17-Few will probably regard my suggestions, 18—Indefinite notions as to the origin and cure of nervous complaints, 19–Dyspeptics eager after specifics, 20—Partial in their observances, 21-Definition of Diet, REGIMEN, AND EMPLOYMENT, 22-Objections against living by rules, 23—Dr. Jackson, 24.–
DIET: Objection that many live long without paying any attention. to it, 25— And that writers do not agree on the subject, 26.
FIRST RULE : that the quantity of food at any one meal should be very moderate, 27— Temperance of ancient Philosophers and Christians, 27 Galen, Parre, Francisco, 28—Dr. Cheyne, 29—Cornaro, 30–What quantity of food is necessary, 31-During severe study, 32—Late dinners and wine, 31-Another rule as to the quantity of food, 35—Dr. J. Johnson's rule on the subject, 38—Use of weighing food, 40-Starvation, 41-Strength of body and mind, promoted by small quantity of food, 43— Training of Pugilists, 45— Eating
a little too much :-Examples,-Cornaro, Parre, Cheyne, Lloyd, 46—Remote Effects of excess, 48 -Curious Example, 50—Is appetite a safe guide, 51-Case of Clement, 52—of Vinall, 53—Men generally eat too much, 53—Acute diseases often the consequence, 54-Definition of Intemperance, in dict, 55 Appeal to temperate men 56— To literary men and Christians, 57—God only can give them strength to resist appetite, 58.
LECTURE II. Diet: SECOND RULE, that the less variety of food used at any one meal, the better, page 60— Variety disturbs and retards digestion, and tempts to excess, 60—63—Curious argument against the rule, 61-Intemperance in eating in the U. States, very prevalent, 64-Proof; Common fare in respectable families, 65—Social visits; 66—A New-England Thanksgiving, 67—How far the female heads of families are to blame, 67—How far gentlemen are to blame, 70—Appeal to the members of Temperance Societies, 71—Gluttony as injurious as drunkenness, 73— Inconsistency of many temperate men, 74-Further proofs of dietetic excesses in the land; Taverns, 75–Boarding Houses, 77—Experiment in Amherst College. 77–Dyspeptics much concerned in this subject, 78 -Examples of temperance for their reflection :-Dr. James Johnson, 80 -An American Scholar, 81—Howard, 81–Variety in diet not injurious, 84—Danger from the second and third dishes, 84—The community not yet prepared for this system of diet, 85—Power of the human constitution to resist excesses, 86—Better die early than submit to such a rigid system, 87–Nevertheless the cause is not to be despaired of, 88
-Abstinence when useful ;-Examples--Howard-Franklin-Socrates. 89—Pomponius Atticus, 90—Importance of regular physicians, 91 -Remedy for common colds, 92_Concluding Remarks ; causes of failure in dieting, 92—Warning, 94.
LECTURE III. THIRD Rule of Diet: Sedentary persons should not use animal food
more than once a day, 95-Is animal food ever necessary, 95--Effects of animal and vegetable food, 97— When a vegetable diet is best, 99– Actual practice of mankind in respect to animal and vegetable food, 99 -Supposed cure for debility, 100—Stimulants and tonics, 101.
FOURTH RULE OF Diet: Literary men should take only three meals per day, and no luncheons, 102—Times of these meals 102—This rule violated by irregularity in the time of meals, 103—Also by more than one hearty meal per day, 103—Also by late dinner hours, 104—Dangers from such habits, 105–Also by luncheons, 107—When shall we eat fruits and sweet meats, 108.
FIFTH RULE OF Diet: Eat and drink slowly, 110—This rule necessary for proper mastication and for preventing excess, 110—Also for increasing the pleasure of eating, 111-How to learn to eat slow, 111.
Sixth Rule oF DIET: Eat with the mind free and the feelings cheerful, 112-Anecdote of Sir I. Newton ; Mutual civilities at table, 113— Literary discussions at table, 114.
SEVENTH RULE OF Diet: Never indulge in a full meal while much fatigued, 114Dr. Wallis's Remarks, 114-May a man eat in proportion to his exercise ? Injurious habit of public speakers, 116.
Eighth RULE OF Diet: Diet should vary with the seasons, 117—The diet adapted to winter spring and summer, 117.
NINTH RULE OF DIET: Articles differ greatly in their nutritive and digestible properties, 118—Materia Alimentaria, 118—The course proposed to be taken under this rule, 118—Reason for giving definite and perfect rules ; 1. Moral rules perfect; 2. Divine Laws perfect, 120 -3. Imperfect rules have failed ; 4. Students should not ask for loose and accommodating rules, 121.
LECTURE IV. ALCOHOLIC AND NARCOTIC SUBSTANCES : Amount of alcohol in wines and spirit; Adulteration of wines, 125–Narcotic substances; opium and tobacco, 126—Appeal to students and other young men ; 1, On the principles of philosophy, 127-Classification of these substances, 127– Their composition: Definition of a poison, 128—Opium, tobacco, and alcohol proved to be poisonous, 129–Hence should be used only by the physician, 131_Warning against the use of opium, 132—Also against tobacco, 133—Is alcohol ever serviceable as a common drink? 134– Does it promote digestion? 137–Does it resist contagion? How does it operate upon the animal system ? 138—Does not naturally exist in grain, fruit, &c. How it produces strength; How it exhausts the system, 141- And exposes it to disease ; and brutifies the intellect, 142– Its besotting effect upon the moral feelings; Water the best substitute for alcohol, 145—Other substitutes, 148.
The appeal is made secondly; On the ground of self interest and prudence, 149—Expense of these articles; and their influence on the reputation, 150_Inconvenience of using them, 151-Students in peculiar danger of intemperance, 152.
The appeal rests thirdly; On the ground of Patriotism, 155—Amount of pecuniary loss, by these articles to the country, 155—-Also of life; the sum total of loss, 156—Loss in physical and intellectual character, 156 -In our social character, 158—In our moral character, 159—Our liberties in jeopardy, 160—The remedy-Total abstinence, 161.
The appeal is made fourthly ; Upon the principles of Christianity, 163—Scriptural argument for the use of wine and spirit, 163—Reply as to wine, 164-Do. as to spirit; other principles of the gospel forbid their use ; particularly the second table of the law, 165.
Definition of Regimen : EXERCISE, 203—Experiment of Dr. Dwight ;
Anecdote of Sydenham, 223—Task exercises, 2:23.
Sixth Rule : Exercise should be of rarious kinds, 224-Passive and
Eighth Rule: Exercise rio substitute for temperance in diet ; Be tem-
REGIMEN : Air. Pure, bąd, and evening air, 234-Crowded rooms;
ascertain the quantity ; how to promote sleep, 248—Examples of early
rising, 249—Proper hour of rising ; students apt to forget it, 251–Ex-
Employment as distinguished from Regimen; different occupations
OBJECT OF THE LECTURE : Knowledge concerning dyspepsy suppos-
-Causes of Melancholy, and Irritability, 323—These feelings how far sinful, 325—Irritability of Genius, 326.
Effects of Nervous Maladies on Society: On its physical character 327,-Examples : On its Enterprise, 328–On its Stability, 329—On its Literature, 330—Examples, 331-On its religious character, 331—The times demand a different piety, 332—Extent to which nervous maladies prevail
, 333—The Cause : The Remedy, 334—Concluding Remarks, 335—Personal testimony, 336—Miseries of dyspepsy, 337.
THE PHYSICAL CULTURE ADAPTED TO THE TIMES. PROPORTION A CHARACTERISTIC of NATURE: Man violates its laws, 311-Society violates them, 342—Intellectual character of the age, 343
- Physical Education neglected, 314—Counter Efforts : The success of Pestalozzi and Fellenberg, 315—The Times demand peculiar attention to physical culture, 316.
First; this is required by the pecuniary demands of benevolence : Literary labor cannot be adequately rewarded, 346--The poorest as well as the rich must be educated, 317—Plan of Self Support for indigent students : 1 By mechanical or agricultural labours, 318—2 By an abstemious system of diet : Water the best of all beverages, 319–Stimulants and Narcotics should all be abandoned: We must not parley with bad habits, 350—One dish only at a meal, 351-—This dietetic system not new, 353—It is promotive of happiness: A prophecy concerning it, 354 3 By Temperance Boarding Houses, 355—4 By school keeping, 356.
Secondly: This physical Culture is demanded by the literary character of the times: Knowledge widely diffused at this day, 357— Painful example, 358—Vigorous minds usually united to vigorous bodies : Longevity of ancient philosophers and Christians, 359--Of learned moderns, 360—Exceptions, 361-Feeble health favorable in some cases to literary distinction : Goldsmith-Cowper-H. K. White-Burns-By
- Montgomery-Pollok-Wilcox, 352_Correspondence between the Physical and intellectual Character of nations, 365.
Thirdly: Eminent Professional Usefulness requires this physical Culture: Among ministers especially, 365—The clerical character less reverenced than formerly: Parochial intercourse must be familiar, 366 -Clergymen must not be ignorant of common secular atlairs, 367— They need more vigorous health, 368–Dyspepsy very prevalent among them: They should depend on physical culture and not on stimulants, 369—John Wesley: Broken-down ministers, 371–Longevity, usefulness and piety promoted by physical discipline, 372—The church needs ministers of vigorous, bodily, mental, and moral health, 373--Motives for efforts in the cause of plıysical education, 375.
Note A. Favorable reception given to this work, 373—Exceptions : Reply to the Reviewers, 378--Discussions concerning wines, 378--Attempt to bring odium upon the friends of temperance: Apprehended division among them, 380— Misapprehensions in respect to food, 381– Argumentum ab invidia : The real difference between us stated, 382— Argumentum a tuto : Pleasures of abstemiousness, Argument for excess from the cultivation of plants and the domestication of animals, 383— The true philosophy of this subject, 381–The religious argument of the Lectures passed by, 385–Cry of exaggeration, 386.