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accidents action amended amount annual application Arbitration Association authority average Board building Bureau cause cent chapter clothing Commissioner committee companies conference constitutional contains Continued contract court danger decision defendant Department duty earnings effect employed employees employment engine establishments fact factory Failure Fall fire guard hand held hours of labor hundred idleness Includes increase industrial injury inspection inspector International Italy July June Labor Law legislation less liability license machinery machines makers manufacturing March means membership metal months negligence objects operation organizations person plaintiff present Printing protection quarter question railroad reason received refused regulation relating representatives rest result returns rule secured September statistics statute Stone strike TABLE Textiles thereof third tion Total trades union United wages week Wood workers York City
Page 69 - persons and property are subjected to all kinds of restraints and burdens, in order to secure the general comfort, health, and prosperity of the State ; of the perfect right of the Legislature to do which no question ever was, or upon acknowledged general principles ever can be, made, so far as natural persons are concerned.
Page 80 - It may be said in a general way that the police power extends to all the great public needs. ... It may be put forth in aid of what is sanctioned by usage, or held by the prevailing morality or strong and preponderant opinion to be greatly and immediately necessary to the public welfare.
Page 410 - ... establishment more than sixty hours in any one week; or more than ten hours in any one day, unless for the purpose of making a shorter work day of some one day of the week; or before seven o'clock in the morning or after ten o'clock in the evening of any day.
Page 119 - That woman's physical structure and the performance of maternal functions place her at a disadvantage in the struggle for subsistence is obvious. This is especially true when the burdens of motherhood are upon her. Even when they are not, by abundant testimony of the medical fraternity continuance for a long time on her feet at work, repeating this from day to day, tends to injurious effects...
Page 116 - There is no contention that bakers as a class are not equal in intelligence and capacity to men in other trades or manual occupations, or that they are not able to assert their rights and care for themselves without the protecting arm of the State, interfering with their independence of judgment and of action. They are in no sense wards of the State.
Page 382 - ... no person shall be prosecuted or subjected to any penalty or forfeiture for or on account of any transaction, matter or thing concerning which he may so testify or produce evidence, documentary or otherwise, and no testimony so given or produced shall be received against him upon any criminal action, suit or proceeding, investigation, inquisition or inquiry.
Page 110 - While the general experience of mankind may justify us in believing that men may engage in ordinary employments more than eight hours per day without injury to their health, it does not follow that labor for the same length of time is innocuous when carried on beneath the surface of the earth, where the operative is deprived of fresh air and sunlight, and is frequently subjected to foul atmosphere and a very high temperature, or to the influence of noxious gases, generated by the processes of refining...
Page 108 - Statutes of the nature of that under review, limiting the hours in which grown and intelligent men may labor to earn their living. are mere meddlesome interferences with the rights of the individual, and they are not saved from condemnation by the claim, that they are passed in the exercise of the police power and upon the subject of the health of the individual whose rights are interfered with, unless there be some fair ground, reasonable in and of itself, to say that there is material danger to...
Page 69 - Constitution, to make, ordain, and establish all manner of wholesome and reasonable laws, statutes, and ordinances, either with penalties or without, not repugnant to the Constitution, as they shall judge to be for the good and welfare of the commonwealth, and of the subjects of the same. It is much easier to perceive and realize the existence and sources of this power than to mark its boundaries, or prescribe limits to its exercise.