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[RICHARD HURD, Bishop of Worcester, was denominated by tibbon, who has left a careful examination of his commentary on Horace's epistles, "one of those valuable authors who cannot be read without improvement." He was born at Congreve, Staffordshire, January, 13, 1721, and died May, 1808. He studied at Cambridge, rose through the various degrees of preferment, from fellow to bishop; was preceptor to the Prince of Wales and Duke of York; attracted attention by several critical and theological works; a defence of religion against Hume, and his friendship with Warburton-of whom he was both biographer and ediHis edition of Addison was published in 6 vols. 8vo.

tor.

The notes are chiefly confined to verbal criticism, and the fol lowing notice and extracts are the only preface.-G.]

VOL. I.-1

Mr. Addison is generally allowed to be the most correct and elegant of all our writers; yet some inaccuracies of style have escaped him, which it is the chief design of the following notes to point out. A work of this sort, well executed, would be of use to foreigners who study our language; and even to such of our countrymen, as wish to write it in perfect purity. R. WORCESTER.

Extract from a Letter of BISHOP Warburton, to Dr. Hurd.

"GLOUCESTER, Sept. 10, 1770. -“Your grammatical pleasures, which you enjoy in studying the most correct of our great writers, Mr. Addison, can not be greater than the political ones I taste, in reading, over again, the most incorrect of all good writers (though not from his incorrectness, which is stupendous) Lord Clarendon, in the late published continuation of his History.

"I charge you bring your Addison to town. Nothing is minutiæ to me which you write or think.'

See "Letters from a late eminent Prelate," &c.-Letter 227. 4to. 1808

And in Letter 228, in the same collection, October 16, 1770, the BISHOP says――

-"Your reflections on Lord Clarendon are the truth itself. The History of his Life and Administration I have just finished. Every thing is admirable in it but the style: in which your favourite and amiable author [Mr. Addison] has infinitely the advantage. Bring him with you to town. There, I own, your late amusements have the advantage of mine. It was an advantage I envied you;"

Extract of a Letter from DR. HURD to the REVEREND MR. MASON, Residentiary of Yorke.

"THUROASTON, Oct. 26, 1770. -"You will ask what I have done in this long leisure. Not much indeed, to any purpose. My lecture has slept: But I found an amusement in turning over the works of Mr. Addison. I set out, many years ago, with a warm admiration of this amiable writer. I then took a surfeit of his natural, easy manner; and was taken, like my betters, with the raptures and high flights of Shakespeare. My maturer judgment, or lenient age (call it which you will), has now led me back to the favourite of my youth. And, here, I think, I shall stick: for such useful sense, in so charming words, I find not elsewhere. His taste is so pure, and his Virgilian prose (as Dr. Young styles it) so exquisite, that I have but now found out, at the close of a critical life, the full value of his writings."

Inscription to Mr. Addison, written in 1805.

EXIMIO VIRO,

JOSEPHO ADDISON:

GRATIA, FAMA, FORTUNA COMMENDATO; HUMANIORIBUS LITERIS UNICE INSTRUCTO;

HAUD IGNOBILI POETÆ;

IN ORATIONE SOLUTA CONTEXENDA

SUMMO ARTIFICI;

CENSORI MORUM

GRAVI SANE, SED ET PERJUCUNDO,

LEVIORIBUS IN ARGUMENTIS

SUBRIDENTI SUAVITER,

RES ETIAM SERIAS

LEPORE QUODAM SUO CONTINGENTI ;

PIETATIS, PORRO, SINCERÆ,

HOC EST, CHRISTIANÆ,

FIDE, VITA, SCRIPTIS

STUDIOSISSIMO CULTORI:

EXIMIO, PROINDE, VIRO,

JOSEPHO ADDISON,

HOO MONUMENTUM SACRUM ESTO.

E. W. 1805, Sept. 5.

TO THE RIGHT HONOURABLE

JAMES CRAGGS, Esq.,

HIS MAJESTY'S PRINCIPAL SECRETARY OF STATE.*

DEAR SIR,

I CANNOT wish that any of my writings should last longer than the memory of our friendship, and therefore I thus publickly bequeathe them to you, in return for the many valuable instances of your affection.

That they may come to you with as little disadvantage as possible, I have left the care of them to one, whom, by the experience of some years, I know well qualified to answer my intentions. He has already the honour and happiness of being under your protection; and, as he will very much stand in need of it, I cannot wish him better, than that he may continue to deserve the favour and countenance of such a patron.

I have no time to lay out in forming such compliments, as would but ill suit that familiarity between us, which was once my greatest pleasure, and will be my greatest honour hereafter. Instead of them, accept of my hearty wishes, that the great reputation you have acquired so

* This dedication and preface belong to the original edition of Addi son's works by Tickell.-G.

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