Prophets and Markets: The Political Economy of Ancient Israel
Springer Science & Business Media, 31. dets 1982 - 306 pages
5 by predations of the sea peoples. However, the weakening of Mycenean seapower, the destruction of the Hittite kingdom, and finally, the limitation on Philistine strength resulting from the alliance between David and the king of Tyre in the eleventh century, combined to open up "for the Phoenicians, in the first quarter of the first millennium B. C. E. vast overseas trading areas" (Oded 1979a, p. 228). By the end of the eleventh century, pottery from Cyprus, after a long absence could once again be found in Israelite-occupied sites (Albright 1960, p. 47). The expansion of the sea trade in the Mediterranean in which, judging by the song of Deborah (Judg. 5), the northern tribes of Asher and Dan (?) (see figure 1-2) would have parti cipated, was accompanied by the inauguration of camel caravans trans porting the goods of southern Arabia to and through Israel (see Bulliet 1975, especially p. 36). Military victories over the Philistines and Syrians, receipts of tribute, and the collection of tolls from the control of trade routes together with the general revival of trade all contributed to Israel's growing wealth. Indeed, the David-Solomon period (most of the tenth century) is often portrayed as the peak of Israelite economic development. In fact there is precious little extra biblical evidence supporting this portrayal. For example, in spite of the reported activity of David and Solomon's scribes, only one example of 6 "Hebrew" writing from this period, the Gezer Calendar, has been found.
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According affluent altar Amos Amos's ancient apkallu archaeological Assyrian Babylonian barley Beer-sheba Bethel biblical bread century B.C.E. chapter Chron Chronicles classical prophets covenant cultic dating Deut Deuteronomy economic Egypt Egyptian eighth century Esarhaddon evidence example excavated Exod Ezekiel Genesis Gibeon Gilgal grain Hazor Hebrew Hezekiah Hosea Imlk inscription interest Isaiah Israel Israelite jars Jeremiah Jeroboam Jeroboam II Jerusalem Jewish Josiah Judah Judean Kings labor Lachish land later Leviticus loans Lord Masoretic text means Megiddo merchants Mesopotamian Micah millennium Na'aman northern kingdom Nuzi perhaps period Philistines Phoenician points poor possible pottery priests probably prophecy proverbs Psalm reference reforms reign role royal sacrifices Samaria Sennacherib Septuagint seventh century Shechem shekels shepherd silver sixth century slave stone suggests sycamore Tell temple teraphim term thee Thomson Thou trade Transjordan translated tree Ugaritic unto verse Via Maris wheat wine word worship Yahweh
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