The History of Brazil
Greenwood Press, 1999 - 208 pages
Brazil is a vast, complex country with great potential but an uneven history. This engaging study will introduce readers to the history of Brazil from its origins to today. It emphasizes current issues and problems, including the country's return to democracy after more than two decades of harsh military rule and the economic consequences of adopting free-market policies as part of the creation of the global marketplace. Levine, a noted Brazilianist, explains the legacy of slavery on race relations, the stubborn persistence of barriers to upward mobility, and the characteristics of Brazil's exuberant culture. The author draws not only from a broad array of traditional sources but from oral histories and postings on the Internet. The history of Brazil unfolds in narrative chronological chapters beginning with the Portuguese conquest, then moving on to the colonial period, Independence, the nineteenth-century monarchy--the only one in Latin America--the Republic, the nationalist regime under Vargas, the eclipse of democracy under military rule in the 1960s and 1970s, and the current democratically elected government under Cardoso, who was elected in 1998 to his second term. Short biographical sketches of 40 prominent Brazilians, a glossary of Portuguese terms, and a bibliographical essay add reference value to this work. This is the only up-to-date history of Brazil, current through 1999.
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Some 250,000 immigrants came under state or private sponsorship in the year
1882, their passage paid for in exchange for a contract that obliged the
immigrants to work off their debts for a period of years. Northern provinces also
sought to ...
Few immigrant settlers could afford horses, mules, or steel plows. Conflicting and
overlapping land claims made possession of the land difficult. Local bandits and
other enterprising opportunists often saw the newcomers' vulnerability and took ...
By 1920 immigrants constituted more than half of the labor force in manufacturing
and over 58 percent of transportation workers. The foreigners, however, were
often literate in their own languages if not in Portuguese, and they brought with ...
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With over 3 million square miles of territory and 4,600 miles of shoreline, Brazil is the fifth largest nation in the world. In this impressively concise history, Levine, the director for the Center ... Read full review
An Earthly Paradise
Early Brazil 15001822
Independence and Empire 18221889
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