« EelmineJätka »
sit facér iste locus, Nec quis temerarius ausit sacrileg a turbare manu Venerabile Bustum. Intacti maneunt, maneant per secula dulcis Couleij cineres, ferveatq; immobile saxun.
Sic Vovet; Votumq; suum apud Posteros sacratum esse voluit. Qui Viro Incomparabili posuit sepulchrale marmor.
GEORGIUS DUX BUCKINGHAMIE. Excessit è vita Anne Æts 49, et honorifica pompa elatųs ex Ædibus Buckingamianis, viris illustribus omnium ordinım exsequias celebrantibús. Sepultus est Die 3o M. Augusti A. D. 1667.
THE EPITAPH, TRANSCRIBED FROM THE AUTHOR'S TOMB IN WESTMINSTER
ABBEY, ATTEMPTED IN ENGLISH.
HERE UNDER LIES
OF THE ENGLISH NATION,
While through the world thy labours shine;
Sweet Cowley's dust let none profane,
Life of Cowley,
page 3 Martial, lib. ii. Vota tui breviter, 29 Upon the Shortness of Man's Martial, lib. ji, Vis fieri liber, &c. 29 Life, 7 Martial, lib. v. ep. 59.
30 The Chronicle, a ballad, 7 Martial, lib. x. ep. 47. Vitam quæ Hymn to Light, 10 faciunt, &c.
30 On the Death of Mr. William
Horat, Epondon. Beatus ille qui Harvey,
31 The Despair, 18 The Country Life,
33 The Wish,
19 Of Greatness, Resolved to be beloved, 20 Of Avarice,
- 35 Again Hope,
- 21 Danger of Procastination, . 38 For Hope,
23 Claudian's old Man of Verona, 39 Age, an Anacreontic, 24 The Author's Epitaph,
40 Elegy upon Anacreon, - 24 Epitaph upon the Author's Tomb Martial, lib. v. ep. 2!. Si tecum in Westminster Abbey. mihi,
28 | The same translated,
EDMUND WALLER was fortunately blest much beyond the poet's wonted lot, for he was exempted from obscurity in the commencement of life, and from poverty during it's continuance. His father was Robert Waller, esq. of Buckinghamshire, his mother was sister to the celebrated Hampden. Our poet was born at Coleshill near Amersham, in Hertfordshire, March 3, 1605. He was educated at Eton, and King's college, Cambridge, and was chosen when scarcely seventeen, member for Amersham, in the last parliament of James I. He became kuown at an early period of his life by the exploits of carrying off a rich heiress, in opposition to a rival, whose cause was espoused by the court, but his matrimonial happiness was of short duration; he was left a widower at the
of 25. Still young, rich, and ambitious, he became the suitor of lady Dorothea Sydney, eldest daughter of the earl of Leicester, on whom, under the title of Sacharissa, he has bestowed some of the choicest of his poetic effusions. This appellation of sweetness happened however to be ill applied, for she treated his affection with haughty disdain, and quashed every fond desire of the poet by giving her hand to the Earl of Sun. derland. Waller, tho' unsuccessful did not consign himself to despair, but began to foster another tender partiality. Lady Sophia Murray, is supposed to be the Amoret of some of his most pleasing pieces. Unfortunately, he was again unsuccessful, and he lowered his ideas to conmon life, uniting himself to a lady named Brésse, in whom, tho' he found nothing to celebrate in poetry, he found much domestic comfort. This second marriage produced 13 children.
Connected with the principal leaders in the politics of the times; in possession of a large fortune; and endowed with splendid talents, he cannot be supposed to have been an indifferent look'er-on. No, he was a considerable actor upon the political stage, and played several parts. At first he opposed the court, and in the impeachment of judge Crawley, he spoke with such eloquence and animation, that, 20,000 ..copies of the speech is said to have been sold in one day. It 1642 Waller was one of the commissioners who proposed conditions of peace from the parliament to the king. In 1643 we find him engaged with his : brother-in-law Tomkyns and others, in a plot to reduce the city of London and the tower, to the service of the king. His plot was however discovered just as it was ripe for execution. Some members of parliament and others were concerned, who were tried and condemned; yet Tomkyns' and Chaloner only were hanged. Waller purchased his life at the expense of one year's imprisoninent and a fine of 10,000 pounds. Afterthis disgrace, he retired to France, and lived chiefly at Rouen. He obtained from Croinwell, permission to return to his native country, where he was received into favour and confidence. Waller did not forget .this kindness, for on Cromwell's death, which happened soon after, he celebrated his memory in a strain of the most finished panegyric. So pliant a courtier was our poet, that he offered up a large portion of adulatory incense to monarchy restored.
The king perceived and bantered Waller on the congratulatory -verses, addressed to him being much inferior to those on the death of Oliver. Waller, however, extricated himself very adroitly, by remarking, that“poets always succeed better in fiction than in truth.” Wailer, during all the reign of Charles 2, served in parliament with
considerable celebrity. He took a decided part against Hyde earl of Clarendon, who fled from party rage to Rouen, in France, where he died. In 1683 Wailer was again chosen, tho’in his 80th year, a representative in the first parliament of James 2. Towards the decline of life he had bought a small house with some land, at Coleshill, and said, “ he would die like the stag, where he was roused.” This, however, did not happen. When he was at Beconsfield, he found his legs grow tumid. He went to Windsor, where? Sir Cbarles Scarborough then attended the king, and requested him, both as a friend and physician, to tell bim“ what that swelling meant." • Why, sir,” answered the physician your blood will run no longer!" The poet returned to Beaconsfield, where, on the Ist of Oct. 1687, he yielded up his breath, at the age of 82, and was burierl at the same place, where a monument is erected over his remains.
The ingenious doctor Robert Anderson, has observed, that the poetry of Waller, when we consider the time in which his first pieces (no ways inferior to his later ones) were written, displays a great elegance of taste, and a judgment almost congenially matured. One can scarcely believe, that but 20 years intervened between the last publication of Spencer, and the first of Waller; yet the former (who indeed affected the obsolete) cannot be read without a glossary; whereas the diction and turn of style (save a few scattered expletives) of the latter, are so entirely modern, that they seem no otherwise different, than by conveying that superior weight and energy of sentiment, which so strongly mark the character of the older poetry, and which yet promises it a longer existence than it's florid but feeble offspring can hope for.