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623

SIDNEY DOBELL (1824-1874)

William Morris (1834–1896)

America...

The Earthly Paradise

MATTHEW ARNOLD (1822–1888)

Proem..

633

Culture and Anarchy: Sweetness and

Prologue.

634

Light'.

591

The Lady of the Land.

634

Shakespeare.

602 ALGERNON CHARLES SWINBURNE (1837–

The Forsaken Merman.

602

1909)

To Marguerite.

603

Chorus from Atalanta in Calydon. 640

Morality,

The Garden of Proserpine..

641

The Future..

604

Itylus.

642

Sohrab and Rustum.

Étude Réaliste (I, II, III).

Philomela ...

616 The Salt of the Earth..

The Scholar Gipsy.

617 Sonnets

The Last Word..

620

On Lamb's Specimens of Dramatic

EDWARD FITZGERALD (1809-1883)

Poets..

644

The Rubaiyat Omar Khayyam. 621

Hope and Fear.

644

COVENTRY PATMORE (1823-1896)

After Sunset..

644

The Angel in the House : Preludes

GEORGE MEREDITH (1828-1909)

Bk. I, Canto III: I. The Lover

Love in the Valley.

644

Bk. I, Canto VIII: I. Life of Life 623 Juggling Jerry.

648

II. The Revelation.

Bellerophon.

649

III. The Spirit’s Epochs.

Lucifer in Starlight.

650

The Unknown Eros : The Toys.

Ask, is love divine.

650

DANTE GABRIEL ROSSETTI (1828–1882)

Song of the Songless.

650

The Blessed Damozel..

Dirge in Woods..

650

Sister Helen.

626 CHRISTINA RossETTI (1830-1894)

The Ballad of Dead Ladies, from

The Prince's Progress : The Bride-Song 650

François Villon...

629

A Birthday.

651

Francesca da Rimini, from Dante.

Song : When I am dead.

651

On Refusal of Aid between Nations.. 630

The First Day.

651

The Sonnet...

630 Remember.

652

Love-Sight.

630

Rest...

Love-Sweetness.

630 The Lowest Place..

652

Mid-Rapture.

631 JAMES THOMSON (1834-1882)

Soul-Light.

The City of Dreadful Night..

Known in Vain.

Sunday up the River.

653

The Landmark.

Art..

654

The Choice..

632 Walter PATER (1839-1894)

Vain Virtues.

Style.

654

Lost Days.

The Child in the House.

657

A Superscription.

Robert Louis STEVENSON (1850-1894)

662

The One Hope.

François Villon.....

NOTES...

INDEX OF AUTHORS.

INDEX OF TITLES AND FIRST LINES...

781

783

ENGLISH PROSE AND POETRY

EARLY MIDDLE ENGLISH

THE ANGLO-SAXON CHRONICLE (c. 1154)

A MONK OF PETERBOROUGH

FROM THE RECORD FOR 1137

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This gære 1 for 2 the king Stephne ofer sæ This year went King Stephen over the sea to Normandi, and ther west underfangen, to Normandy and was received there, befor-thi-that 6 hi ? uuenden 8 that he sculde 9 cause they thought that he was going to ben 10 alsuic 11 alse 12 the eom

wes, and for 6

be just such as his uncle was, and because he hadde get 14 his tresor; ac 15 he to-deld 16 it he still had his uncle's treasure; but he disand scatered sotlice.17 Micel 18 hadde Henri persed it and scattered it foolishly. Much king gadered gold and sylver, and na ' god 20 had Henry the king gathered of gold and ne dide me 21 for his saule 22 tharof.23

silver, and no good did anyone for his soul by

means of it. Tha 24 the king Stephne to Englalande When King Stephen came to England, then com,25 tha 26 macod 27 he his gadering 28 æt he made his assembly at Oxford; and there Oxeneford; and thar he nam the biscop he seized the bishop Roger of Salisbury and Roger of Sereberi,30 and Alexander biscop of Alexander, bishop of Lincoln, and the ChanLincol and te 31 Canceler Roger his neves, cellor Roger, his nephews, and put them all and dide 33 alle in prisun til hi’ iafen 34 in prison till they gave up their castles. here 35 castles. Tha 24 the suikes 36 under- When the traitors perceived that he was a gæton 37 that he milde man was and softe and mild man and soft and good, and enforced no god 20 and na 19 justise 38 ne dide, tha 26 diden justice, then did they all wonders. They hi ? alle wunder.39 Hi ? hadden him

had done homage to him and sworn oaths. red 41 maked 27 and athes 12

suoren

but they kept no troth. But they were all treuthe ne heolden.44 Alle he ? forsworn and their troths were entirely wæron 45 forsworen, and here 35 treothes for- abandoned; for every powerful man built loren; 46 for ævric 47 rice 48 man his castles "his castles and held against him, and they makede, 49 and agænes 50 him heolden, 51 and filled the land full of castles. They opfylden 52 the land ful of castles. Hi suencten 53 pressed grievously the wretched men of the suythe 54 the uurecce 55 men of the land mid 56 land with castle-building. castel weorces. 57

Tha 24 the castles uuaren 45 maked, tha 58 When the castles were built, then they fylden hi mid deovles and yvele

filled them with devils and evil men. Then Tha 58 namen 60 hi tha 61 men the 62 hi wenden 63 they seized the men who they thought had that ani god 64 hefden,65 bathe 66 be 67 nihtes any property, both by night and by day,

year ? went 3 sea 4 was 5 received because 35 their 36 traitors 37 perceived 38 justice, punishthey 8 weened, thought should 10 be 11 just such 39 strange things, evils 40 to him

homage
uncle 14
* yet
dispersed foolishly

42 oaths 43
sworn 4 kept

entirely abanmuch 20 good 21 anyone 22 soul

doned 47 every 48 powerful 49 built 50 against held of it 24 when

made 23
assembly fiiled oppressed

wretched with 29 seized 30 Salisbury 31 the 32 nephews (i.e. the son works then evil

those and nephew of Roger of Salisbury) 33 put

weened, thought 64 property 65 had 66 both 67 by

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man43

15 ac

hi nan

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men.

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and be dæies, carlmen! and wimmen, and men and women also, and thrust them in diden ? heom 3 in prisun efter 4 gold and prison for gold and silver, and tortured them sylver, and pined 5 heom untellendlice 6 with unspeakable tortures, for never were pining," for ne uuærens nævre nan martyrs any martyrs so tortured as they were. They swa 10 pined alse 11 hi wæron. Me 12 henged 13 were hanged up by the feet and smoked with up bi the fet 14 and smoked heom mid ful 15 foul smoke. They were hanged by the smoke. Me henged bi the thumbes, other 16 thumbs, or by the head, and coats of mail were bi the hefed,17 and hengen 18 bryniges hung on their feet. Knotted strings were

fet. Me dide ? cnotted strenges put about their heads and twisted till they abuton 22 here 20 hæved 17 and uurythen 23 to 24 penetrated to the brains. They put them in that it gæde 25 to the hærnes. 26 Hi dyden dungeons in which were adders and snakes and heom in quarterne 27 thar 28 nadres 29 and toads, and killed them thus. ... snakes and pades 30 wæron inne, and drapen 31 heom swa.

I ne can ne I ne mai 32 tellen alle the wun- I cannot and I may not tell all the wonders der 33 ne alle the pines 34 that hi diden nor all the tortures that they did to wretched wrecce

this land; and that men in this land; and that lasted the nineteen lastede tha .xix. wintre 37 wile 38 Stephne was years while Stephen was king, and ever it king, and ævre 39 it was uuerse 40 and uuerse.

was worse and worse.

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men

on

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FROM THE POEMA MORALE, OR MORAL ODE (c. 1170)

(Unknown Author)

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lore;

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eom

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Ich 41 am elder then ich wes, a wintre and a I am older than I was in winters and in

lore; Ic 4 wælde *3 more thanne ic dude, 14 mi wit ah 45 I govern more than e'er I did, my wisdom to ben more.

should be more. Wel lange ic 41 habbe 46 child ibeon a weorde Full long time have I been a child in word and ech 48 a dede;

and eke in deed; Theh 49 ic beo 50 a wintre eald, 51 to ying 52 I Though I be in winters old, too young am I a rede. 53

in rede. Unnut 54 lyf ic habb ilæd,55 and yiet,56 me- Useless is the life I lead, and long, methinks, thincth, ic lede;

have led; Thanne ic me bethenche, 57 wel sore ic me When I remember me of this, full sore am I adrede.58

a-dread. Mest 59 al thæt ic habbe ydon 60 ys idelnesse Nearly all that I have done is childish and of and chilche ; 61

naught; Wel late ic habbe me bit hoht,

But, save God show me mercy now, too late do milce.63

is this my thought. Fele 64 ydele word ic habbe iqueden 65 syth- Many idle speeches have I spoken since then 66 ic speke cuthe,

speech to me was lent; And fale yunge 68 dede ido, thet me of- And many a foolish deed have done, that I thinchet 69 nuthe.70

must now repent.

bute 62

me God

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64

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unspeakable torture
one (i.e. they indefinite) hanged

hung corselets (as weights) 20 their 21 cords 22 about twisted

26 brains went, penetrated

prison 29 adders

31 killed

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may tortures 35 wretched

years

38 while
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ever worse

41 I 42

2 in years and in
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knowledge govern

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also

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though

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51 old 52

young 53 counsel

54 useless
53 I am frightened 59 almost
ishness 62 unless

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64

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mercy many spoken 66 since 67 could 68

young, silly

repents now

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24 till 28 where 33 evils

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30 toads

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36 in

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ne

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Al to lome' ic habbe agult ? a weorche 3 and

ec * a worde; Al to muchel ic habbe ispend, to litel yleid 5

an horde. Mest 6 al thet me licede ? ær, nu hit '

mislicheth ; 10 The 11 mychel 12 folyeth 13 his ywil, him sulfne

he biswiketh.14 Ich mihte habbe bet 15 idon, hadde ic tho 16

yselt he; 17 Nu ic wolde, ac 18 ic ne mei 19 for elde 20

for unhelthe; Ylde 21 me is bistolen on, ær ic hit awyste; Ne mihte ic iseon 23 before me for smeche 24

ne for miste. Ærwe 25 we beoth 26 to done god, and to yfele

al to thriste; More æie stent man of manne thanne him

do of Criste. The 11 wel ne deth 31 the hwile he mei,32 wel

oft hit hym scæl ruwen, Thenne 4 hy 35 mowen sculen 36 and ripen, 37

ther 38 hi ær seowen.39 Don ec 40 to Gode wet

ye muye,32 the hwile ye buth 26 a life; Ne hopie no man 42 to muchel to childe ne to

wyfe; The 11 him selve foryut 43 for wife other for

childe, He sceal cume an uvele stede 44 bute 45 hym

God beo milde. Sende æch 46 sum god biforen hym, the hwile

he mei, to heovene; Betere is an elmesse 47 bifore thenne beon æfter

seovene. Ne beo the leovre 48 thene the sulf thi mei 49 ne

50 Sot 51 is the 11 is othres mannes freond betre thene his aye. 52

30 Ne hopie 53 wif to hire were,54 ne wer

to his wife; Beo 55 for him sulve ævrich

man, the hwyle he beo 57 alive. Wis 58 is the 59 him sulfne bithencth 60 the

hwile he mote 61 libbe, 62 For sone

wulleth 64

him foryite the fremde 66 and the sibbe. 67

All too often have I sinned in deed and eke

in word; All too freely have I spent, too little laid in

hoard. Almost all I now mislike of things I liked of

yore; Who follows over-much his will, betrays him

self the more. Had fortune only favored me, I might have

done more good; Now for weakness and for age, I may not,

though I would. Old age is stolen me upon, ere that I it wist; I could not see before me for the smoke and

for the mist. Timid we are in doing good, in evil all too

bold; More awe of man than awe of Christ doth

every person hold. Who doth not well, the while he may, shall

often rue it sore, When comes the time to mow and

reap

what he has sown before. Do ye for God the best ye may, the while ye

are in life; And let no man hope overmuch in child nor

yet in wife. He who doth himself forget for wife or else

for child Shall come into an evil place save God to him

be mild. Let each some good before him send, the while

he may, to heaven; For better is one alms before than afterward

are seven. And hold not dearer than thyself thy kins

man or thy son; Foolish to be another's friend rather than thine own.

30 And let no wife in husband hope, nor band

in his wife; Be each man for himself alone, the while he

is in life. Wise is who bethinks himself the while he

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thi maye

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1 all too often a sinned 3 deed 4 also 5 laid 6 almost ? pleased 8 formerly ' it displeases who 12 much 13 follows 14 betrays 15 better 17 good fortune 18 but 19

19 may not

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weakbefore I knew it 23 see

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smoke 25

timid 27 evil bold awe, fear 30 arises to 31

doth may shall repent

when they shall

37 38

39 where reap

sowed

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also what 42 let no 43

45 man hope forgets 44 in evil place unless 47

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dearer one alms

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kinsman son 51 foolish

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own 53 hope not

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56 man

every
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wise

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who 60 bethinks

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may 63

55 be

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57 is

62 live

26 are

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66 soon

stranger

67 kinsman

64 will

65 forget

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