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But thousands die, without or this or that,
Die, and endow a college, or a cat.
To some, indeed, Heaven grants the happier fate,
T'enrich a bastard, or a son they hate.

Perhaps you think the poor might have their part; Bond damns the poor, and hates them from his

heart: The grave Sir Gilbert holds it for a rule That every man in want is knave or fool : “ God cannot love” (says Blunt, with tearless eyes) “ The wretch he starves” — and piously denies : But the good bishop, with a meeker air, Admits, and leaves them, Providence's care.

Yet to be just to these poor men of pelf, Each does but hate his neighbour as himself: Damn'd to the mines, an equal fate betides The slave that digs it, and the slave that hides.

B. Who suffer thus, mere charity should own, Must act on motives powerful, though unknown.

P. Some war, some plague, or famine, they foresee,
Some revelation hid from you and me.
Why Shylock wants a meal, the cause is found ;
He thinks a loaf will rise to fifty pound.
What made directors cheat in South-Sea year ?
To live on venison when it sold so dear.
Ask you why Phryne the whole auction buys?
Phryne foresees a general excise.
Why she and Sappho raise that monstrous sum ?
Alas! they fear a man will cost a plum,

Wise Peter sees the world's respect for gold,
And therefore hopes this nation may be sold :
Glorious ambition ! Peter, swell thy store,
And be what Rome's great Didius was before.


The crown of Poland, venal twice an age,
To just three millions stinted modest Gage.
But nobler scenes Maria's dreams unfold,
Hereditary realms, and worlds of gold.
Congenial souls ; whose life one avarice joins,
And one fate buries in th' Asturian mines.

Much-injur'd Blunt! why bears he Britain's hate?
A wizard told him in these words our fate:
“ At length Corruption, like a general flood,
(So long by watchful ministers withstood,)
Shall deluge all; and Avarice, creeping on,
Spread like a low-born mist, and blot the sun;
Statesman and patriot ply alike the stocks,
Peeress and butler share alike the box;
And judges job, and bishops bite the town,
And mighty dukes pack cards for half a crown.
See Britain sunk in Lucre's sordid charms,
And France reveng'd of Anne's and Edward's

'Twas no court-badge, great scrivener, fir'd thy brain,
Nor lordly luxury, nor city gain :
No, 'twas thy righteous end, asham'd to see
Senates degenerate, patriots disagree,
And nobly wishing party-rage to cease,
To buy both sides, and give thy country peace.

“ All this is madness,” cries a sober sage:
But who, my friend, has reason in his rage ?
“ The ruling passion, be it what it will,
The ruling passion conquers reason still."
Less mad the wildest whimsey we can frame,
Than even that passion, if it has no aim;
For though such motives folly you may call,
The folly's greater to have none at all.

Hear then the truth: “T'is Heaven each passion

sends, And different men directs to different ends. Extremes in Nature equal good produce, Extremes in man concur to general use. Ask we what makes one keep, and one bestow? That Power who bids the ocean ebb and flow, Bids seed-time, harvest, equal course maintain, Through reconcil'd extremes of drought and rain, Builds life on death, on change duration founds, And gives th' eternal wheels to know their rounds,

Riches, like insects, when conceal'd they lie, Wait but for wings, and in their season fly. Who sees pale Mammon pine amidst his store, Sees but a backward steward for the poor ; This year, a reservoir, to keep and spare ; The next, a fountain, spouting through his heir, In lavish streams to quench a country's thirst, And men and dogs shall drink him till they burst.

Old Cotta sham'd his fortune and his birth, Yet was not Cotta void of wit or worth : What though (the use of barbarous spits forgot) His kitchen vied in coolness with his grot? His court with nettles, moats with cresses stor'd, With soups unbought and sallads bless'd his board ? If Cotta liv'd on pulse, it was no more Than Bramins, saints, and sages

did before : To cram the rich, was prodigal expense, And who would take the poor from Providence ? Like some lone Chartreux stands the good old Hall, Silence without, and fasts within the wall; No rafter'd roofs with dance and tabor sound, No noontide bell invites the country round:

Yet sure,

Tenants with sighs the smokeless towers survey,
And turn th' unwilling steeds another way:
Benighted wanderers, the forest o'er,
Curs'd the sav'd candle, and unopening door ;
While the gaunt mastiff, growling at the gate,
Affrights the beggar whom he longs to eat.

Not so his son : he mark'd this oversight,
And then mistook reverse of wrong for right.
(For what to shun, will no great knowledge need;
But what to follow, is a task indeed.)

of qualities deserving praise, More go to ruin fortunes, than to raise. What slaughter'd hecatombs, what floods of wine, Fill the capacious 'squire, and deep divine ! Yet no mean motives this profusion draws, His oxen perish in his country's cause ; 'Tis George and Liberty that crowns the cup, And zeal for that great house which eats him up. The woods recede around the naked seat, The Sylvans groan

no matter for the fleet :
Next goes his wool — to clothe our valiant bands :
Last, for his country's love, he sells his lands.
To town he comes, completes the nation's hope,
And heads the bold train-bands, and burns a pope.
And shall not Britain now reward his toils,
Britain that pays her patriots with her spoils ?
In vain at court the bankrupt pleads his cause,
His thankless country leaves him to her laws.

The sense to value riches, with the art
Tenjoy them, and the virtue to impart,
Not meanly, nor ambitiously pursued,
Not sunk by sloth, nor rais’d by servitude ;

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To balance fortune by a just expense,
Join with economy, magnificence;
With splendour, charity; with plenty, health ;
Oh teach us, Bathurst ! yet unspoil'd by wealth!
That secret rare, between th' extremes to move
Of mad Good-nature, and of mean Self-love.
B. To worth or want well-weigh’d, be bounty

And ease, or emulate, the care of Heaven;
(Whose measure full o'erflows on human race)
Mend Fortune's fault, and justify her grace.
Wealth in the gross is death, but life diffus'd ;
As poison heals, in just proportion us’d:
In heaps, like ambergris, a stink it lies,
But well dispers’d, is incense to the skies.

P. Who starves by nobles, or with nobles eats ? The wretch that trusts them, and the rogue that

cheats. Is there a lord, who knows a cheerful noon Without a fiddler, flatterer, or buffoon ? Whose table, Wit, or modest Merit share, Un-elbow'd by a gamester, pimp, or player ? Who copies yours, or Oxford's better part, To ease th’ oppress'd, and raise the sinking heart ? Where'er he shines, oh Fortune, gild the scene, And angels guard him in the golden mean! There, English Bounty yet a while may stand, And Honour linger ere it leaves the land.

But all our praises why should lords engross? Rise, honest Muse! and sing the Man of Ross : Pleas'd Vaga echoes through her winding bounds, And rapid Severn hoarse applause resounds.

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