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but unfortunately one of them happened Bashi-Bazouks, in which I undertook a to be insecurely fixed upon its pedestal, daily and conscientious attack on the and fell in pieces at the feet of the author- empire, and everybody connected with ities. My pamphlets were scattered in all it.” The only outburst he records from directions, and, as the police would say, all his speeches in the chamber has we were caught red-handed. The incident

sometimes been quoted as his masterwas so comic that our disappointment was well compensated by the ridicule which piece. When his name was called out fell on the Tuileries man. We at once hit at the Louvre, on the occasion of the upon another combination.

oath-taking after the election, the em

peror, who presided, was seen to laugh. Returning to Paris in 1869 as a can- A few days after, Rochefort and his didate for the first electoral division, friend Raspail brought in a bill abolishRochefort was arrested on the frontier, ing the conscription, which was greeted and this ineptitude on the part of the with loud jeers. The opportunity had government carried him into the house come. of deputies by an overwhelming majority. Next day he was released, but I asked permission to make a personal then it was too late. The populace had explanation, and, amid the breathless been aroused to fury by the news of silence, hurled this little speech at the his arrest. The Grand Salon de Mont- majority: "The minister has taken the martre was crowded with electors wait- liberty of describing our bill as ridiculous

and childish. The policy of the governing his arrival.

ment appears to be to ridicule all our acts Suddenly a wild rumor spread through

and words. The chief of the State has the mass—“Rochefort is arrested!"

been the first to adopt this attitude by darThe proprietor of the Grand Salon has ing to laugh when the name of the deputy since told me that the yelling, stamping, for the first division of Paris was called and beating of the walls was so violent

out in his presence. The emperor grossly that he feared the building would collapse. insulted the universal suffrage on which Men were delirious with anger and indig- he pretends to rely. In any case, if I am nation. So great was the excitement that ridiculous, I shall never be so ridiculous as even Albiot could not make himself heard

the individual who walked about the for quite ten minutes, although everybody promenade at Boulogne with an eagle on in the hall was awaiting his declaration.

his shoulder, and a lump of lard in his

hat." When Rochefort himself attempted

For a violent article on what he calls to address the electors during the cam.

the murder of Victor Noir by Pierre, paign, he could not be heard, but not

son of Lucien, Bonaparte, Rochefort because of the enthusiasm, feverish as

sent to prison on the ninth of Februthat always was. Like many other

ary, 1870, and there he remained till he brilliant writers, he was no orator.

was rescued by the Paris mob soon My election speeches were quite inco- after the disaster of Sedan. “Covered herent. My task, however, was a very

with flowers, and entwined like Mayeasy one, for I had only to open my mouth poles with colored ribbons," he and his to excite applause. One of my meetings fellow-prisoners were carried to the was reported in three lines by a minis- Hotel de Ville, where the provisional terial newspapers — "He appears — (Vive

government

sitting. Etienne Rochefort)! A glass of water is handed Arago, who was walking up and down to him—(Vive Rochefort)! He wipes his

the pavement gesticulating, threw himface-(Vive Rochefort)! He leaves the

self into Rochefort's arms, and shouted, platform-(Vive Rochefort)!"

"Vive la République,” at the top of his Nor did he shine in the French Par voice. “Vive la République! my child," liament. His speeches were made up he repeated. “The Mayor of Paris emof brief invectives and retorts. His elo- braces you!" In response to the clamquence appeared in his new paper, the ors of the crowd, the hero of the hour Marseillaise, veritable journal of was made a member of the govern

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ment, Jules Favre “consoling himself me to think at first that he was going to with the reflection, 'It is better to have take revenge for the warlike policy I had him with us than against us.'” At advocated during the siege, and the resigthat moment, Rochefort thinks, he nation I had sent to the National Assemmight have had the dictatorship if he bly, rather than approve the treaty of had wished. Instead of this, he threw peace. : : : I could not have been more himself into the work of preparation for

completely deceived. Suddenly changing the coming siege of Paris, and firmly gracious air, and said, “You are M. Henri

his manner, he approached me with a stood between the furious populace and Rochefort, the celebrated author of the the government until the “shilly-shally- Lanterne, are you not?” I replied with a ing” of Trochu and Jules Favre ren- sign of acquiescence, and he continued, dered his position untenable. Speaking "You were arrested yesterday without my of the horrors of the siege, the author knowledge. I am master here. My name notes, as M. Zola in "La Débacle" i ob- is General My rather knew your serves, that, in the dearth of solid food, grandfather at Coblentz during the emithe people formed the habit of exces

gration period. Kindly take my arm; you sive drinking which since then has

are going to leave this prison with me."

It was a tempting offer. ... I took a mogrown to such alarming proportions.

ment to reflect. The prospect of being set Specialists (says M. Rochefort] have es

at liberty upon the order of the men who tablished the fact that, during the interval had just dismembered my country seemed between the siege and the hour at which

to me to be inacceptable, and I replied to I am writing, the sale of absinthe and

the would-be liberator, “I am much similar poisons has reached such propor- obliged to you, sir. Unfortunately I cantions, that alcoholism is extending not allow myself to take advantage of the throughout the country like a cancer,

assistance you propose. You will underthreatening to undermine not only our

stand why." I saluted him, and returned health, but our race.

to the garden to continue my walk. During the Commune Rochefort de- The very same day he was hurried voted himself almost exclusively off by a special commissary from Verto his paper, the Mot d'Ordre, and sailles, who threatened to blow out his by his criticisms, both of the gov- brains at the least sign of resistance, ernment at Versailles and of the and for many weeks he expected Paris insurgents, he placed himself be- hourly to be led out to summary exetween two fires. It is clear that he was cution. In September, 1871, he never directly connected with the Com- tried, on several counts, before a milimunards; he so ruthlessly attacked tary tribunal, and sentenced to “pertheir chiefs that he only escaped the petual transportation in fortified fate of Darboy and the other hostages place." This was interpreted by the by flight. But flight in this case meant government to mean Noumea, in New arrest outside the walls of Paris by the Caledonia. Victor Hugo pleaded with agents of the Government of Thiers, De Broglie, “that political and literary for inciting an attack upon whose nonentity," for a modification of the house, and for other crimes and misde- sentence as “commuted" by the authormeanors, he was sentenced to perpetual ities. Why Noumea? Everybody knew imprisonment. The account of his ar- that with his delicate constitution. rest at Meaux, which was still in the Rochefort would be broken by the long hands of the Germans, is characteristic and frightful voyage, or devoured by and amusing. The general in com- the climate, or killed by pining for his mand was in high dudgeon because the native land. The sentence as "comprisoner had been taken without his muted” was a sentence of death. authority.

It will be a day of mourning, indeed, He compelled the commissary to lead

when France learns that the grave has him to the prison. . . . His severe look led opened for this brilliant and valiant mind! 1 Eng. Trans. Chatto & Windus, p. 497.

It is a writer whose fate is at stake, and

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one of rare originality. You are a minis- on the wall over the head of his bed, and ter and an academician; your duties in this knelt before them every night when he matter are in harmony and aid each other said his prayers. in their accomplishment.

In the autumn of 1873, after having Hugo's eloquence was thrown away. been permitted to marry the dying Rochefort was transported-by degrees. mother of his children “to secure their

First, he was sent to Fort Boyard, off legitimacy,” Rochefort was transported the coast of France, near La Rochelle, in a cage, in the hold of an old and where his coming caused a fever of ex- crazy frigate, to New Caledonia, where, citement amongst "the Jonahs swarm- after a martyrdom of sea-sickness, he ing in the belly of the monumental arrived on the 10th of December, amid whale.” In about a year he was trans- a demonstration from the convicts on ferred to Oleron, not, however, until the landing-stage, such as is not often after two almost successful ventures witnessed or permitted in this world. for his liberty. In the subterranean' His life was Noumea was exile rather dungeons of this citadel he experienced than imprisonment. He took it gaily “durance vile” indeed. Fifty prisoners and enjoyed it much, in spite of the were thrust into a den too small for musquitos and the heat. The sunsets ten. The sea oozed through the filthy there reminded him of Turner's "inwalls and dripped upon the hideous comparable painting,” “Ulysses quitmattress that made up his stock of fur- ting Polyphemus,” in our National Galniture. At night enormous water-rats, lery. They were of liquefied gold, as large as cats, mistook his face and transfused with amethyst. The lovebody for a racecourse, and sometimes liest lunar rainbows spanned the humid drowned themselves in his drinking- evening sky. The stars on clear nights water. Smaller vermin swarmed upon seemed as if about to fall upon their him and almost devoured him; and, all heads. The phosphorescent sea on the while, the Paris press was clamor- those pale nights, in which the moon ing, in the interests of equal justice, shone bright enough for them to see to against the "scandalous favors"

that read, formed a spectacle of poetic were being shown to him. But there beauty not to be described. But exile, were some alleviations. In larger even in these delightful scenes, room in the barracks to which he was exile still, and, “like a joke, the better transferred he became acquainted with for being short.” "I am not sorry to the Arab chiefs, for whom he had

have seen this,” he used to say, "but it long and vainly demanded an amnesty, is almost time to go and see something and with them he spent some pleasant else.” liours. For the purpose of a novel he The time

than was writing he had procured some col- thought. The captain of an Australian ored fashion-plates.

sailing vessel was easily persuaded to

connive at a plan for rescuing the faMy Arabs were stupefied at this ava

mous convict from a rock, to which, tolanche of women in pretty colors. Mahomet forbade his followers to be painted, gether with a few companions, he was

to swim under cover of darkness. But no one has ever known why. One of my native comrades took me discreetly aside, the story must be told in Rochefort's

Dumas has nothing better in and inquired mysteriously if these ladies words. were my moukères. I told him they were the way of marvellous escapes. my wives and that they had all sent their portraits. He spent much of his time loking Our friend had gone on board, and, by at them, with tears in his eyes, thinking a most encouraging coincidence, found the probably of the wives he had left on the captain reading Bow Bells in his cabin, at other side of the Mediterranean. ...I the page containing my biography, with a ended by presenting the plates to him, a portrait at the head. Grandthille had not gift which delighted him highly, and which much difficulty in making him understand he regarded as princely. He pasted them his proposal. He was to receive ten thou

LIVING AGE. VOL. XIV. 730

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sand francs for hiding me and my com- came from France, and they were enpanions in the hold of his barque. He ac- abled to discharge their obligations and cepted the proposal without any discus- secure a passage in a steamer, viâ Fiji sion. “M. Henri Rochefort,” said he, and Hawaii, to San Francisco. “is too much of a gentleman not to respect

The later chapters are as lively and his word of honor. ... Returning from my farewell walk I saw a large shark dis- diverting as the rest, but English readporting itself between our peninsula and ers, for whom this edition has been spethe island of Nou. I called Bauër's atten- cially prepared, would not have been tion to it, saying to myself in an aside, sorry to have been spared the pain of "Perhaps that is the one that will eat us seeing so much vitriolic language to-night.” But when we plunged into the poured upon the author's enemies, both sea the clouds were thickening, and the great and small. We pass it by, and dog-fish, frightened by the thunder, had linger for a moment on the pleasanter sought refuge at the bottom of the sea. and more amusing portions of the nar

. . Though I had often swum out to the rative. When in Australia, a kangaroorock, it appeared this time to be unusually hunt was arranged for M. Rochefort and distant. The tide, which was generally

his friends. very slack, had almost covered its surface, and I found it impossible to distinguish it

It was a delightful day, except for the through the leaden veil that hung around poor kangaroos, three of which were shot, us. I began to ask myself whether we

and a fourth missed, or, rather, I would had taken the right direction, for I swam

have missed it if I had fired at it. a little ahead of my two companions, when

“Why didn't you fire at once? We gave I suddenly struck my knee against a

you the best place." "I couldn't fire," I pointed piece of rock and found that we

replied. “When I saw it stand up, and were within our depths. More active than

put its hand in its pocket, I took it for an myself, Olivier Pain and Paschal Grous

omnibus conductor." set scrambled up the peak ahead of me.

We danced attendance in the In Honolulu they were favored with crevices, and talked of returning to our an audience by King Kalakaava, who hut, thinking that Grandthille had not protested that he was more revolutionbeen able to seize his employer's boat.

ary than themselves. After far too The five gas jets in front of the prison on the island of Nou were the only spots of many bottles of champagne, his Majlight to be seen. Suddenly one of these esty commanded them to sing the Mar

seillaise. lights disappeared and then reappeared, whilst the next one seemed to go out.

It cost me something to come out as a Evidently an opaque body was passing

tenor for the first time in my life. Still, between us and the lights. Soon after

Pain and I dare not refuse. Benedict wards the noise of rowing reached our

went to the piano, and we all intoned the ears. “Are you there?" came a voice. “Yes.” “Well, you'll have to swim for it; regicide anthem called for by the king. the boat can't get alongside. She only This over, Kalakaava was anxious to needs to touch a reef and she'll sink.” We show that he knew something about pianoslid down into the water, and, after swim- playing himself, and entertained us with

one or two morceaux of a not very compliming several fathoms, managed to clutch the gunwale of the boat, like Cynægirus, cated order. and were dragged into it one after an

New York deluged him with applicaother. We dressed as hurriedly as possi

tions for his autograph. “Come back ble, Ballière took the rudder, the boat put about, and we made for the port, where immediately,” wired Pain to Rochefort, the ladder of the P. C. E. was hanging in his brief retirement to prepare

to my over the side ready for us to mount on speech. “Letters already up board.

waist; mounting at the rate of about a

yard an hour.” In Ireland and in En. After numerous narrow escapes the gland his reception was not quite so ship got out to sea, and landed the pas- cordial. The people had not yet got rid sengers safe, but penniless, the of their belief in his complicity in outshores of New South Wales. Money rage and in murder during the Com

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In spite of his pronounced triumphal entry into Paris, on his secHome Rule opinions, he was stoned ond amnesty in 1895, our hero wrote: in the streets of Cork, and, a visit to Madame Tussaud's, in

What struck me more than anything, London, he

was this cry, which, from Calais to the much amused to

Gare du Nord, never ceased to ring in my find that, since his previous visit, his

ears: “Long live honest men!" ... I shall effigy had been transferred from the so

make this title the pride of my life. It ciety of kings and emperors in the Sa- gives the true note of popular sentiment, loon of Honor to the company of crim- and shows the real significance of this inals, in the Chamber of Horrors. His demonstration. It was not the good or bad time in London, then and subsequently, articles that I have penned during the last was employed in picture-hunting, and thirty years which were applauded by the in writing for the press. But, both in hundreds of thousands of Parisians London and Geneva, where he shel- massed by the route followed by my tered Vera Zassoulitch, the Russian

collaborators and myself; it was my Nihilist who shot the chief of the St. known disinterestedness, and the Petersburg police, he was the centre to tainty that I am incapable of selling my

conscience or my vote. which revolutionaries of all shades and countries drew, as if by instinct and The auto-eulogy is not entirely undeaffinity. Some of them

sorry served. Within the limits of his rather specimens, as he himself admits, and narrow code of honor, M. Rochefort has but imperfectly developed Socialists. been honesty itself, and, in spite of all

his intransigeance and bitterness in One day, I was accosted by a long- public life, in other spheres he has not bearded man in Oxford Street, who con- seldom shown a kindly and a tender fided his troubles to me. He had just heart. reached London, he said, after escaping an Assize Court verdict condemning him Lofty and sour to those who love him not: as an Anarchist. “Ah!" I said, naively, To all who seek him, sweet as summer. "For a newspaper article or for a speech ?" "Neither,” he replied, in an off-hand tone, Of most refined and cultured pagans, so “it was for having brought Socialistic much as this may be said.

To every principles of redistribution to bear on a man his due. gold watch.” But he kept the watch, and thus this piece of redistribution turned in no way to the advantage of society.

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For Boulanger, of whose latter days and doings he saw much, in Belgium

From The London Times. and in London, Rochefort had a cordial

THE POSITION OF NONOONFORMITY. admiration, both as patriot and as sol- The article on "The Outlook for the dier.

Established Church of England” which

appeared in these columns last SepI am compelled [he writes, in summing tember excited an interest far wider up the aims of his co-exile and protégé] to than the limits of the Anglican Comdeclare that all the criticisms passed upon munion. In that article, however, the General Boulanger, even the most favor. Non-conforming members of the Enable, are completely erroneous. He al

glish Church were only referred to in ways made me his confidant.

The sole object which he obstinately pursued their capacity of opponents. It seems was the avenging of our disasters, and the advisable that the readers of the Times recovery of the lost provinces.

should be placed in possession of a

statement, as full as newspaper limits But his wealth of admiration was not will allow, of the present situation of all expended on his friend. As was but the Dissenting bodies—their position in fair and natural, a little was reserved regard to the Church of England and for some one else. At the close of his to each other, and the tendencies which

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