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Majesty's carriage, with the womai be no safer for your Majesty than is and the priest and your bodyguard, Toledo. You must be safely in Madrid just as your Majesty is in the habit of before it is discovered in Toledo that travelling. Toledo wants a fight, noth- you have taken the other route, and ing else will satisfy them. They shall that the person they have mistaken for have it before dawn-the very best I you is in reality my daughter." have to offer them."

"But she may be killed!" exclaimed And General Vincente gave a queer, the queen. cheery little laugh, as if he

"We may all be killed, madam,” he ranging a practical joke.

replied lightly. “I beg that you will "But the fight will be round my car- start at once in my carriage, with your riage.”

chaplain and the holy lady, who is "Possibly. I would rather that it doubtless travelling with you.” took place in the Calle de la Ciudad or The queen glanced sharply at him. around the Casa del Argantamiento, It was known that, although her own where your Majesty is expected to life was anything but exemplary, she sleep to-night."

loved to associate with women who, "And these persons, this woman who under the cloak of religion and an aurisks her life to save mine, who is stere virtue, intrigued with all parties she?"

and condoned the queen's offences. "My daughter," answered the

gen- “I cannot understand you," she said, eral gravely.

with that sudden lapse into familiarity “She is here in the hotel now?" which had led to the undoing of more The general bowed.

than one ambitious courtier; "you seeni "I have heard that she is beautiful," to worship the crown and despise the said the queen, with a quick glance head it rests on." toward her companion. "How is it "So long as I

your Majesty that you have never brought her to faithfully —” court, you who come so seldom your

“But you

have right to deself?"

spise me!" she interrupted passionVincente made no reply.

ately. “However, bring her to me now.” "If I despised you should I be here

“She has travelled far, madam, anil now, should I be doing you this seris not prepared for presentation to her vice?" queen.”

"I do not know. I tell you I do not "This is no time for formalities. She understand you." is about to run a great risk

for my

And the queen looked hard at the sake, a greater risk than I could ever man who for this very

interask her to run. Present her one ested one who had all her life dealt and woman to another, general.”

intrigued with men of obvious motive But General Vincente bowed gravely and unblushing ambition. and made no reply. The color slowly So strong is a ruling passion, that rose to the queen regent's face, a dull, even in sight of death (for the queen shamed red. She opened her fan, regent knew that Spain was full of her closed it again, and sat with furtive, enemies and rendered callous to blooddowncast eyes. Suddenly she looked shed by a long war) vanity was alert in up and met his gaze.

this woman's breast. Even while Gen“You refuse!" she said, with an in. eral Vincente, that unrivalled stratesolent air of indifference. "You think gist, detailed his plans, she kept harkthat I am unworthy to-meet your ing back to the question that puzzled daughter."

her, and but half listened to his in“I think only of the exigency of the structions. moment,” was his reply. “Every min- Those desirous of travelling without ute we lose is a gain to our enemies. attracting attention in Spain are wisa If our trick is discovered Aranjuez will to time their arrival and departure for

serve

no

reason

as

were

the afternoon. At this time, while the of the vehicle, were discernible. It sun is yet hot, all shutters are closed, was all done so quickly, with such and the business of life, the haggling in military completeness of detail, that the market-place, the bustle of the bar- the carriages had passed through the rack-yard, the leisurely labor of the great doorway, and the troopers, fields are suspended. It was about merely a general's escort, had clattered four o'clock; indeed, the city clocks after them before the few onlookers were striking that hour when the two had fully realized that these carriages in the inn yard at Ciudad surely travellers of some note. Real were made ready for the road. The ostler hurried to the street to Father Concha, who never took an ac- watch them go. tive part in passing incidents while his "They are going to the north," he old friend and comrade was near, sat said to himself, as he saw the carriages in a shady corner of the patio an:l turn in the direction of the river and smoked a cigarette. An affable ostler the ancient Puerta de Tuledo-"they go had, in vain, endeavored to engage him to the north, and assuredly the general in conversation. Two small children has come to conduct her to Toledo." had begged of him, and now he was Strange to say, although it was the left in meditative solitude.

hour of rest, many shutters in the nar“In a short three minutes," said the row street were opened, and more than ostler, "and the excellencies can then one peeping face was turned toward depart. In which direction, reverendo, the departing carriages. if one may ask?

“One may always ask, my friend," replied the priest. “Indeed, the holy books are of opinion that it cannot be overdone. That chin-strap is too tight."

From The New Review. “Ah! I see the reverendo knows

"AT FLORES IN THE AZORES." horse."

When Sir Richard Grenville, with "And an ass," added Concha.

curses and threats to hang any man who At this moment the general emerged laid hands on a rope, rejected the adfrom the shadow of the staircase, vice to "cut his mainsail, and cast which was open and of stone. He was about, and trust to the sailing of the followed by Estella, as it would appear, ship,” he knew he was going to do a and they hurried across the sunlighted feat of which the world would talk. patio, the girl carrying her fan to He was not mistaken. It talked in his screen her face.

own time, not always with admiration, "Are you rested, my child ?” asked and it has talked since, not always Concha, at the carriage door.

wisely. His story, never quite forgotThe lady lowered the fan for a mo- ten, became a puzzle, and was then rement and met his eyes. A quick look vived for purposes of edification. of surprise flashed across Concha's Raleigh's “Report of the Fight about face, and he half bowed. Then he re- the Isles of Azores" told the tale intellipeated his question in a louder voice. gibly to his own generation; which en

“Are you rested, my child, after our joyed "Tamburlaine" and the Battle long journey ?”

of Alcazar, and, therefore, understood "Thank you, my father, yes.”

him. But that generation itself has And the ostler watched

with open

come to need interpretation. “The mouthed interest.

Honorable Tragedy of Sir Richard The other carriage had been drawn Grenville," which Gervase Markham up to that side of the courtyard where founded on the report, is but a wild the open stairway was, and here also whirl of words in ottara rima. It can the bustle of departure and a hurrying explain nothing to any man, except that female form, anxious to gain the shade Gervase Markham was an educated

a

person, who knew that heathen gods tinued by Kingsley, who "went to and goddesses ought never to be left out Froude for history," fed by Mr. Arber of an heroic poem, and that decency re

with his reprints of Markham and of quired him to call Sir Richard “Thetis Raleigh's Report, and completed by paramour.” Then Sir William Monson, Tennyson's "Ballad of the Fleet.” Sir of the “Naval Tracts," could see nothing Richard Grenville again became a hero, in the Grenville's fate more worthy of but strangely altered. He reappeared remark than this:—that it “truly veri

in Froude as "a godly and gallant genfied" "the old saying, that a wilful man

tleman, who had never turned his back is the cause of his own woe.” Monson upon an enemy, and was remarkable in was the forerunner of the modern naval that remarkable time for his constancy officer. “Now, Mr. O'Farrall," said and daring." He makes a sufficiently O'Brien, “I only wish to point out to romantic figure in "Westward Ho!" and you that I trust neither I, nor any one

in the "Ballad of the Fleet" he “makes in this ship, cares a fig about the whiz- his gesture" in an imposing way. zing of a shot or two about our ears, Tennyson's men and women rarely do when there is anything to be gained by

more than make a gesture. But this it, either for ourselves or for our coun- new Sir Richard, who is only "goodly try; but I do care a great deal about and gallant,” or has been too obviously losing even the leg or the arm, much influenced by Mr. Maurice, working more the life, of any of my men, when through Mr. Kingsley, Is, though meritothere's no occasion for it; so in future, rious, not credible. He who lectures recollect it's no disgrace to keep out of so wisely in “Westward Ho!" on elethe way of a battery, when all the ad- mentary morals, and who says in the vantage is on their side." That is the “Ballad of the Fleet"voice of the modern naval officer, and of But I've ninety men and more that are common sense. Cochrane listened to it

lying sick ashore, when in 1805, and in these same waters I should count myself the coward, if I round the Azores, he saved the Pallas left them, my Lord Howard, from a French squadron by running, To the Inquisition dogs, and the devildoms and also by a miracle of cool seaman

of Spain, ship. There was not a little of Gren- is too mild and too modern for the part ville in Cochrane, but if he had repeated the real man played in the world. If Grenville's defiance he would have been Grenville's aim had been to save his a pure madman, doing that for which the men, he would have cut his mainsail, code of honor of his time held no ex- and cast about, and trusted to the sailcuse. The difficulty has been to see ing of the ship. It was his clear duty; that both men were right in their time. and, if that was his purpose, he was Southey, who ought to have known fool and madman when "he utterly rebetter, for he had translated “Amadis fused to turn from the enemy. perof Gaul,” and “Palmerin of England,” suading his company that he would was puzzled by Grenville. Southey has pass through the two squadrons in deput it in print that Sir Richard “cannot spite of them, and enforce those of be justified for entering into the action Seville to give him way." in which he lost his life;" but Southey If we want to understand how he added that "he supported it so bravely came to do what he did, and yet was that he raised the character of the neither fool nor madman, we must look British Navy, and thereby well entitled at the man in his own place. First, himself to the place which he contin- then, Sir Richard Grenville belonged to ues to hold in its annals."

a race to which a good fight and its own An act of madness redeemed by valor, honor were far more than the lives of but an example to be avoided--that was men-much more than their own, and the judgment of common sense on the incomparably more than their follow"fight about the Isles of Azores." Then ers. He was the son of Sir Roger Grencame a reaction, begun by Froude, con- ville, who was lost in the Mary Rose at

LIVING AGE. VOL. XIV. 743

Spithead during the French invasion of right to sacrifice the lives of his follow1545, and the grandson of Sir Richard ers if he could thereby earn honor for Grenville, who was Marshal of Calais himself and his house. Their honor was to Henry VIII. Through those two, to die with their lord. and a long line of gentlemen of Corn- The little known of him, and of his wall and Devon, he claimed to go back actions before 1591, goes to show that to Rolf the Ganger, and through him this was his code. He was born about and another long line of Norse jarls to 1540, and in 1566 applied for leave to go Odin. One does not ask a gentleman to abroad to fight against the Turks in prove a pedigree like that by charter Hungary. It has been said that he and seisin. The Grenvilles justified fought at Lepanto in 1571; but in 1570 their Norse blood by their characters. and in the following year he was memThe race did not end, nor even culmi- ber of Parliament in England, and we nate, in Sir Richard of the Revenge. He cannot believe in Lepanto, though one was the grandfather of Sir Bevil Gren- would wish to believe if one could. For ville, who headed the western rising for his religion, we know that in 1570 he the king in the Civil War, and fell fight- made a declaration of his submission to ing against the Parliament at Lans- the Act for Uniformity of Common downe. Sir Bevil Grenville, again, was Prayer and Service. He filled the office grandfather to the Grace Grenville who of sheriff, and, in fact, played his part was mother of the great Carteret of the as a country gentleman. He went beeighteenth century—the wit, scholar, yond it, and entered the life of advenstatesman, and magnificent great noble. ture of his time when he joined Sir It was a race of chiefs and fighting men Humphrey Gilbert in his colonizing which kept its quality of aristocratic schemes. There was kinship between valor, and its passionate individuality, Grenville and the Gilberts and Raacross centuries. The Norse nobles leighs. He made two voyages to the who would not submit to Harold Fair- West Indies and Virginia in 1585 and hair, would have understood Carteret 1586, landing in the Spanish islands to thoroughly. They drank mead out of levy contributions, taking prizes, and horns, and listened to the Skalds. He showing the Spaniards the unpleasant drank burgundy, and quoted Homer. side of their maxim: that there was But these are trifles, and in essentials no peace beyond the Line. Once he they were much the same stamp of took a prize by boarding her on a raft man. Sir Richard, who stood nearer made of cases, which sank immediately the Middle Ages, and amid the equally after he and his men had reached the sudden and wonderful expansion of deck. The colonists, whom he carried character, passion, and faculty in the to Virginia, and his fellow-adventurers whole people which marks the great with Raleigh took a vlew of him which queen's reign, had a chance of keeping is worth considering, Froude in hand. even closer to the original Viking type. Ralph Lane complained to Walsingham We must not expect to find him such a that he was "of an intolerable pride, man as Monson in his age, or many ex- and an insatiable ambition," and that cellent officers since, who have been he, Lane, desired to be freed from the abundantly brave, but cool, sensible, place in which Grenville was “to carry looking to the good that was to be got any authority in chief.” Linschoten, for self or country by fighting, and by who was at the Azores when the fight “good” meaning the practical, material took place, heard probably that he was advantages. He was a noble in a wider "of nature cruel, so that his own people than the technical English sense; one hated him for his tyranny and feared whose blood was purer than others, him much." Linschoten tells strange who inherited with it the claim to lead, tales of his ways: "He was of so hard the obligation to set an example, the a complection, that as he continued disposition to prefer death in battle, among the Spanish captains while they and the firm conviction that it was his were at dinner or supper with him, he

was

as

wwuld carouse three or four glasses of her council. With such a man ambition wine, and in a bravery take the glasses might direct itself towards making a between his teeth and crush them in splendid end. pieces and swallow them down, so that In 1591 Grenville, who had never yet oftentimes the blood ran out of his held an important command for the mouth, without any harm at all unto queen,

chosen to go

vicehim." It can be done; but one does not admiral to Lord Thomas Howard on a see the Sir Richard Grenville of “West- voyage to the Isles. These voyages ward Ho!" doing this act or drunken were common both with the queen's “bravery.” Yet, if we do not believe ships and with private adventurers, and Linschoten for this, why is he to be very often the two combined. The obaccepted as a witness for the last ject was to wait for the Spanish treasspeech, which yet is too like life, too ure ships, which put in at the Azores much beyond the Dutchman's power for water and stores on the way home. of invention, to be rejected? It may In 1590 an English squadron had shock the faith of some who imagine cruised round the Azores to no purpose, him consumed by horror of the “devil- and had returned without a prize. doms of Spain” to hear of Grenville's Philip had not recovered from the loss dinners and suppers with Spanish cap- of the Armada, and had been contains; but nothing is more probable. strained to order his ships not to sail In the intervals of fighting, noble ene- from America, for he knew that the mies could and did meet and hunt to- English would be in wait, and he could gether, and carouse. Grenville was on afford no protection. It was a disaspleasant terms enough with the Span- trous necessity; since it went far to stop iards in his voyage of 1585—between his supplies, and it exposed his ships to one piece of plunder and another. The the ravages of the “teredo," the boring Spanish hidalgo and the English gen- worm of tropical seas. So by 1591 he tleman had more in common with each

could wait no longer for his treasure, other than either had with the plebeians and he had reconstructed a squadron in on his own side. When Götz of the Iron

Spain. Still, he ordered the convoyHand, being then about to fall upon a the flota–to come late: partly because caravan, saw the wolves come out of he hoped that the ships of Lord Thomas the wood and begin to worry the sheep, Howard would be constrained to return he stood up in his stirrups and shouted, home by want of provisions, partly be"Good luck to us all, gentlemen!" The cause he wanted time to complete the brave Götz had a share of the saving squadron which was to meet the conquality of humor. It has been denied voy and see it safe back to Spain. But to such as cannot feel happy with a Lord Thomas was kept well supplied fighting man, till they have diluted him with provisions from home by means to the point at which he becomes fit to of victuallers. These were armed, and be presented to a young ladies' board- very capable of taking prizes, but not a ing-school.

match for a heavy galleon; most of What, then, we know of Sir Richard them being of from ninety to one hunGrenville is this: that he was proud to dred and twenty tons. Meanwhile, ana degree which some found intolerable, other English squadron, belonging to ambitious, fierce, of a heavy hand on the Earl of Cumberland and other adhis subordinates, and of a soaring valor. venturers, was prowling on the coast In 1591 he was about fifty, and his am- of Spain. So in August the position bition had not been satisfied, for he was was this. The flota was on its way not among the great men about the home, having left the Gulf of Florida, queen. One whose voice was sure to be and having stood to the north till it was always for war would have no friend on the fortieth parallel, well out of the in Burleigh, and Elizabeth, though she easterly trade winds, and above the might like him well enough as courtier Sargasso Sea. It was badly bored by and captain, would keep him aloof from the worm; in need of docking—which it

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