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AND

ARTS, SCIENCES, MISCELLANEOUS LITERATURE;

Constructed on a PLAN, ,

BY WHICH

THE DIFFERENT SCIENCES AND ARTS

Are digested into the form of Distinct
TRE A TI SE S OR S Y S T E MS,

COMPREHENDING

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The History, Theory, and Practice, of each,
according to the Latest Discoveries and Improvements;

AND FULL EXPLANATIONS GIVEN OF THE
VARIOUS DETACHED PARTS OF KNOWLEDGE,

WHETHER RELATING TO

NATURAL and ARTIFICIAL Objects, or to Matters ECCLESIASTICAL,

Civil, MILITARY, COMMERCIAL, &c.
Including ELUCIDATIONS of the most important Topics relative to Religion, Morals,

MANNERS, and the OECONOMY of LIFE:

TOGETHER WITH
A DESCRIPTION of all the Countries, Cities, principal Mountains, Seas, Rivers, &c.

throughout the WORLD;
A General History, Ancient and Modern, of the different Empires, Kingdoms, and States ;
An Account of the LIVES of the most Eminent Persons in every Nation,

from the earliest ages down to the present times.

A ND

Compiled from ibe writings of tbe beft Autbors, in several languages; the most approved Di&ionaries, as well of general frience as of its parti.

cular bronches ; tbe 'Transactions, Journals, and Memoirs, of learned Societies, botb at bome and abroad: tbe Ms. Lectures of Eminent Profejfers on different sciences; and a variety of Original Materials, furnised by an Extensive Correspondence.

THE THIRD EDITION, IN EIGHTEEN VOLUMES, GREATLY IMPROVED.

ILLUSTRATED WITH FIVE HUNDRED AND FORTY-TWO COPPERPLATES.

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Entered in Stationers Hall in Terms of the ad of Parliament.

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Miel, Mieris.

orn at

M I E

Μ Ι Ε
IEL (JAN), called Giovanni della Vite, a most might easily be ditinguished. His pictures are rarely Mieria,

eminent painter, was born in Flanders in 1599. to be seen, and as rarely to be sold; and when they
He was at first a disciple of Gerard Seghers, in whose are, the purchase is extremely high, their intrinsic va.
school he made a distinguished figure; but he quitted lue being so incontestably great. Beside portraits, his
that artist, and went to Italy, to improve himself in general subjects were conversations, persons perform-
design, and to obtain a more extensive knowledge of ing on n.usical instruments, patients attended by the
the leveral branches of his art. At Rome he parti. apothecary or doctor, chymilts at work, mercers
cularly studied and copied the works of the Caracci fhops, and such like; and the usual valuation he set on
and Corregio; and was almitted into the acadeiny of his pictures was estimated at the rate of a ducat an
Andrea Sacchi, where he gave such evident proofs of hour. The fineft portrait of this matter's hand is that
extraordinary merit and genius, that he was invited by which he painted for the wife of Cornelius Plaats,
Andrea to allilt him in a grand design which he had which is said to be still preserved in the family, al.
already begun. But Miel, through some disgust, re. though very great sums have been offered for it. In
jected those elevated subjects which at first had enga- the possession of the same gentleman was another pic-
yed his attention, refused the friendly proposal of ture of Mieris, representing a lady fainting, and a
Sacchi, and chose to imitate the style of Bam.Voccio, physician applying the remedies to relieve hier. For
as having more of that nature which pleased his own that performance he was paid (at his usual rate of a
imagination. His general subjects were huntings, care ducat an hour) so much money as amounted to fifteen
rivals, gypsies, beggars, pastoral scenes, and conver- hundred forins when the picture was finished. The
sations ; of those he composed his easel-pictures, which grand duke of Tuscany wilhed to purchase it, and of-
are the finest of his performances. But he also paint: fered three thousand forins for it, but the offer was
ed history in a large size in fresco, and in oil ; which, not accepted. However, that prince procured several
though they seem to want elevation of design, and 3 of his pictures, and they are at this day an ornament
greater degree of grace in the heads, yet appear supe to the Florentine collection. One of the most curious
rior to what might be expected from a painter of such of them is a gil holding a candle in her hand, and it
low subjects as he generally was fond of representing. is accounted ineitimable. This painter died in 1681.
His pictures of huntings are particularly admired : the MIERIS (John), son of the former, was
figures and animals of every species being designed with Leyden in 1660, and learned the art of painting
uncommon spirit, nature, and truch. The transparence from his father. The young artist unhappily was fe-
of his colouring, and the clear tints of his skies, enli- verely afflicted with the gravel and ftone ; and by
ven his compositions ; nor are his paintings in any de. thofe complaints was much hindered in the progress of
gree inferior to those of Bamboccio either in their his studies. But, aiter the death of his father, he tra.
force or luftre. His large works are not so much to velled to Germany, and from thence to Florence,
be commended for the goodness of the design as for where the fame of his father's merit procured him a
the expression and colouring ; but it is in his small most honourable reception from the grand duke, who,
pieces that the pencil of Micl appears in its greatest when he saw some of his paintings, endeavoured to re-
delicacy and beauty. The fingular merit of this mas- tain him in his service. But Mieris politely declined
ter recommended him to the favour of Charles Ema- it, and proceeded to Rome, where his great abilities
nuel duke of Savoy, who invited him to his court, were well known before his arrival, and his works
where he appointed Miel his principal painter, and were exceedingly coveted. In that city his malady
afterwards honoured him with the order of St Maari- increased ; yet at the intervals of ease he continued to
tius, and made him a present of a cross set with dia- work with his usual application, till the violence of
monds of a great value, as a particular mark of his his difemper ended his days in 1690, when he was
esteem. He died in 1664.

only thirty years old. He was allowed to have been
MIERIS (Francis), the Old, a justly celebrated as eminent for painting in a large size as his father had
painter, was born at Leyden in 1635 ; and was been for his works in small.
at first placed under the direction of Abraham MIERIS (William), called the Young Mieris, was
'Toorne Vliet, one of the best designers of the brother to the former, and horn at Leyden in 1662.
Low Countries, and afterwards entered himself as a During the life of h's father, he made a remarkable
difciple with Gerard Douw. In a short time he far progress : but, by being deprived of his dir ctor when
furpassed all his companions, and was by his master he was only arrived at ihe age of nineteen, he had re-
called the prince of his disciples. His manner of course to nature, as the inolt instructive guide ; and by
painting filks, velvets, Ituffs, or carpets, was so fingu- ftudying with diligence and judgment to imitate her,
lar, that the different kinds and fabric of any of them he approached near to the merit of his father. At
Vol. XII. Part I.

firit

A

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