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the curse thereof threatened in the law. The promises of it, in like manner, shew them God's approbation of obedience, and what blessings they may expect upon the performance thereof, although not as due to them by the law as a covenant of works: t so as a man's doing good, and refraining from evil, because the law encourageth to the one, and deterreth from the other, is no evidence of his being under the law, and not under grace.
r Ezra ix. 13. And after all that is come upon us for our evil deeds, and for our great trespass, seeing that thou our God hast punished us less than our iniquities deserve, and hast given us such deliverance as this; Ver. 14. Should we again break thy command ments, and join in affinity with the people of these abominations? would est not thou be angry with us, till thou hadst consumed us, so that there should be no remnant nor escaping? Psal. lxxxix. 30. If his children forsake my law, and walk not in my judgments; Ver. 31. If they break my statutes, and keep not my commandments; Ver. 32. Then will I visit their transgression with the rod, and their iniquity with stripes. Ver. 33. Nevertheless my loving-kindness will I not utterly take from him, nor suffer my faithfulness to fail. Ver. 34. My covenant will I not break, nor alter the thing that is gone out of my lips.
[Lev. xxvi. to the 14th Verse.] With 2 Cor. vi. 16. And what agree ment hath the temple of God with idols for ye are the temple of the Living God; as God hath said, I will dwell in them and walk in them; and I will be their God, and they shall be my people. Eph. vi. 2. Honour thy father and mother, (which is the first commandment with promise ;) Ver. 3. That it may be well with thee, and thou mayest live long on the earth. Psal. xxxvii. 11. But the meek shall inherit the earth; and shall delight themselves in the abundance of peace. With Matth. v. 5. Blessed are the meek for they shall inherit the earth. Psal. xix. 11. Moreover, by them is
thy servant warned: and in keeping of them there is great reward.
t Gal. i. 16. Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law; for by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified. Luke xvii. 10. So likewise ye, when ye shall have done all those things which are commanded you, say, We are unprofitable servants; we have done that which was our duty to do.
u Rom. vi. 12, Let not sin therefore reign in your mortal body, that ye should obey it in the lusts thereof. Ver. 14. For sin,shall not have dominion over you: for ye are not under the law, but under grace. 1 Pet. iii. 8. Finally, be ye all of one mind, having compassion one of another, love as brethren, be pitiful, be courteous: Ver. 9. Not rendering evil for evil, or railing for railing; but contrariwise, blessing: knowing that ye are thereunto called, that ye should inherit a blessing. Ver. 10. For he that will love life, and see good days, let him refrain his tongue from evil, and his lips that they speak no guile: Ver. 11. Let him eschew evil, and do good; let him seek peace, and ensue it. Ver. 12. For the eyes of the Lord are over the righteous, and his ears are open unto their prayers: but the face of the Lord is against them that do evil. With Psal. xxxiv. 12. What man is he that desireth life, and loveth many days, that he may see good? Ver. 13. Keep thy tongue from evil, and thy lips from speaking guile. Ver.
VII. Neither are the forementioned uses of the law contrary to the grace of the gospel, but do sweetly comply with it; the Spirit of Christ subduing and enabling the will of man to do that freely and cheerfully which the will of God revealed in the law requireth to be done *.
CHAP. XX. Of Christian Liberty, and Liberty of
HE liberty which Christ hath purchased for believers under the gospel, consists in their freedom from the guilt of sin, the condemning wrath of God, the curse of the moral law; and in their being delivered from this present evil world, bondage to Satan, and dominion of sin, from the evil of afflictions, the sting of death, the victory of the
14. Depart from evil, and do good: seek peace, and pursue it. Ver. 15. The eyes of the Lord are upon the righteous, and his ears are open unto their cry. Ver. 16. The face of the Lord is against them that do evil, to cut off the remembrance of them from the earth. Heb, xii. 28. Wherefore we receiving a kingdom which cannot be moved, let us have grace, whereby we may serve God acceptably, with reverence and godly fear. Ver. 29. For our God is a consuming fire.
VII. w Gal, iii. 21. Is the law then against the promises of God? God forbid for if there had been a law given which could have given life, verily righteousness should have been by the law.
× Ezek, xxxvi. 27. And I will put my Spirit within you, and cause you to walk in my statutes, and ye shall keep my judgments, and do them. Heb. viii. 10. For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the Lord, I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts; and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people. With Jer. xxxi. 33. But this shall be the coveant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the
Lord, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people.
I. a Tit. ii. 14. Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works. 1 Thes. i, 10. And to wait for his Son from heaven, whom he raised from the dead, even Jesus, which delivered us from the wrath to come. Gal. iii. 13. Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree.
b Gal. i. 4. Who gave himself for our sins, that he might deliver us from this present evil world, according to the will of God and our Father. Col. i. 13 Who hath delivered us from the power of darkness, and hath translated us into the kingdom of his dear Son. Acts xxvi. 18. To open their eyes, and to turn them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan unto God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins, and inheritance among them which are sanctified by faith that is in me. Rom. vi. 14. For sin shall not have dominion over you: for ye are not under the law, but under grace.
grave, and everlasting damnation; as also in their free access to God, and their yielding obedience unto him, not out of slavish fear, but a child-like love, and willing minde. All which were common also to believers under the law f; but under the new testament, the liberty of Christians is further enlarged in their freedom from the yoke of the ceremonial law, to which the Jewish church was subjected, and in greater boldness of access to the throne of grace 1, and in
c Rom. viii. 28. We know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to his purpose. Psal. cxix. 71. It is good for me that I have been afflicted: that I might learn thy statutes: 1 Cor. xv. 54. So when this corruptible shall have put on incorruption, and this mortal shall have put on immortality, then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written, Death is swallowed up in victory. Ver. 55. O death, where is thy sting? O grave, where is thy victory? Ver. 56. The sting of death is sin; and the strength of sin is the law; Ver. 57. But thanks be to God, which giveth us the victory, through our Lord Jesus Christ. Rom. viii. 1. There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.
d Rom. v. 1, Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God, through our Lord Jesus Christ. Ver. 2. By whom also we have access by faith into this grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God.
e Rom. viii. 14. For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God. Ver. 15. For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear; but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father. 1 John iv. 18. There is no fear in love; but perfect love casteth out fear: because fear. hath torment; he that feareth is not made perfect in love.
f Gal. iii. 9. So then they which be of faith are blessed with faithful Abra
ham. Ver. 14. That the blessing of Abraham might come on the Gentiles through Jesus Christ; that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith.
g Gal. iv. 1. Now I say, that the heir, as long as he is a child, differeth nothing from a servant, though he be lord of all; Ver.2. But is under tutors and governors, until the time appointed of the father. Ver. 3. Even so we, when we were children, were in bondage under the elements of the world. Ver. 6. And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father. Ver. 7. Wherefore thou art no more a servant, but a son; and if a son, then an heir of God through Christ. Gal. v. 1. Stand fast therefore in the liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free, and be not entangled again with the yoke of bondage. Acts xv. 10. Now therefore why tempt ye God, to put a yoke upon the neck of the disciples, which neither our fathers nor we were able to bear? Ver. 11. But we believe, that through the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ we shall be saved, even as they.
b Heb. iv. 14. Seeing then that we have a great high-priest, that is passed into the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast our profession. Ver. 16. Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need. Heb. x. 19. Having therefore, brethren, boldness, to enter into the holiest by the blood of Jesus, Ver. 20. By a new and living way, which he hath consecrated for us through the vail, that is to say,
fuller communications of the free Spirit of God, than believers under the law did ordinarily partake of i.
II. God alone is Lord of the conscience, and hath left it free from the doctrines and commandments of men which are in any thing contrary to his word, or beside it, in matters of faith or worship. So that to believe such doctrines, or to obey such commandments out of conscience, is to betray true liberty of consciencem; and the requiring of a
his flesh; Ver. 21. And having an high-priest over the house of God; Ver. 22. Let us draw near with a true heart, in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conɛcience, and our bodies washed with pure water.
i John vii. 38. He that believeth on me, as the scripture hath said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water. Ver. 39. But this spake he of the Spirit, which they that believe on him should receive: for the Holy Ghost was not yet given, because that Jesus was not yet glorified. 2 Cor. iii. 13. And not as Moses, which put a vail over his face, that the children of Israel could not stedfastly look to the end of that which is abolished. Ver. 17. Now the Lord is that Spirit: and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty. Ver. 18. But we all, with open face beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image, from glory to glory, even as by the Spirit of the Lord.
II. k James iv. 12. There is one lawgiver, who is able to save and to destroy; who art thou that judgest another? Rom. xiv. 4. Who art thou that judgest another man's servant?
to his own master he standeth or fall
eth: yea, he shall be holden up: for God is able to make him stand.
/ Acts iv. 19. But Peter and John answered and said unto them, Whether it be right in the sight of God to hearken unto you more than unto God, judge ye. Acts v. 29. Then Peter and the other apostles answered and said, We ought to obey God rather than men. 1 Cor. vii. 23. Ye
are bought with a price, be not ye the servants of men. Matth. xxiii. 8. But be not ye called Rabbi: for one is your Master, even Christ, and all ye are brethren. Ver. 9. And call no man your father upon the earth: for one is your Father, which is in heaven. Ver. 10. Neither be ye called masters: for one is your Master, even Christ. 2 Cor. i. 24. Not for that we have dominion over your faith, but are helpers of your joy: for by faith ye stand. Matth. xv. 9. But in vain they do worship me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men.
m Col. ii. 20. Wherefore, if ye be dead with Christ from the rudiments of the world, why, as though living in the world, are ye subject to ordinances, Ver. 22. (Which all are to perish with the using,) after the commandments and doctrines of men? Ver. 23. Which things have indeed a shew of wisdom in will-worship and humility, and neglecting of the body; not in any honour to the satisfying of the flesh. Gal. i. 10. For do I now persuade men, or God? or do I seek to please men? fif I yet pleased men, I
should not be the servant of Christ. Gal. ii. 4. And that because of false brethren unawares brought in, who came in privily to spy out our liberty which we have in Christ Jesus, that they might bring us into bondage. Ver. 5. To whom we gave place by subjection, no, not for an hour; that the truth of the gospel might con. tinue with you. Gal. v. 1. Stand fast therefore in the liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free, and be not entangled again with the yoke of bon. dage.
implicit faith, and an absolute and blind obedience, is to destroy liberty of conscience, and reason also ".
III. They who, upon pretence of Christian liberty, do practise any sin, or cherish any lust, do thereby destroy the end of Christian liberty; which is, that, being delivered out of the hands of our enemies, we might serve the Lord without fear, in holiness and righteousness before him, all the days of our life °.
IV. And because the powers which God hath ordained, and the liberty which Christ hath purchased, are not intended by God to destroy, but mutually to uphold and preserve one another; they who, upon pretence of Christian liberty, shall oppose any lawful power, or the lawful exereise of it, whether it be civil or ecclesiastical, resist the ordinance of God P. And for their publishing of such opi
n Rom. x. 17. So then, faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God. Rom. xiv. 23. And he that doubteth is damned if he eat, because he eateth not of faith: for whatsoever is not of faith is sin. Isa. viii. 20. To the law, and to the testimony if they speak not according to this word, it is because there is no light in them. Acts xvii. 11. These were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, and searched the scriptures daily, whether those things were so. John iv. 22. Ye worship ye know not what: we know what we worship; for salvation is of the Jews. Hos. v. 11. Ephraim is oppressed, and broken in judgment; because he willingly walked after the commandment. Rev. xiii. 12 And he exerciseth all the power of the first beast before him, and causeth the earth, and them which dwell therein, to worship the first beast, whose deadly wound was healed. Ver. 16. And he causeth all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and bond, to receive a mark in their right hand, or in their foreheads: Ver. 17. And that no man might buy or sell, save he that had the mark, or the name of the beast, or the number of his name. Jer. viii. 9. The wise men are ashamed,
they are dismayed, and taken: lo, they have rejected the word of the Lord, and what wisdom is in them?
III. o Gal. v. 13. For, brethren, ye have been called unto liberty; only use not liberty for an occasion to the flesh, but by love serve one another. 1 Pet. ii. 16. As free, and not using your li berty for a cloak of maliciousness, but as the servants of God. 2 Pet. ii. 19. While they promise them liberty, they themselves are the servants of corruption: for of whom a man is overcome, of the same is he brought in bondage. John viii. 34. Jesus answered them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Whosoever committeth sin is the ser. vant of sin. Luke i. 74. That he would grant unto us, that we, being delivered out of the hands of our enemies, might serve him without fear, Ver. 75. In holiness and righteousness before him all the days of our life.
IV. p Matt. xii. 25. And Jesus knew their thoughts, and said unto them, Every kingdom divided against itself is brought to desolation; and every city or house divided against itself shall not stand. 1 Pet. ii. 13. Submit yourselves to every ordinance of man for the Lord's sake: whether it be to the king, as supreme: Ver. 14. Or unto governors, as unto them that