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Q. 91. How do the sacraments become effectual means of salvation?

A. The sacraments become effectual means of salvation, not from any virtue in them, or in him that doth administer them; but only by the blessing of Christ ", and the working of his Spirit in them that by faith receive them.

Q. 92. What is a sacrament?

A. A sacrament is an holy ordinance instituted by Christ; wherein, by sensible signs, Christ, and the benefits of the new covenant, are represented, sealed, and applied to believers *. Q. 93. Which are the sacraments of the New Testament? A. The sacraments of the New Testament are, Baptism, and the Lord's Supper ".

Q. 94. What is baptism?

A. Baptism is a sacrament, wherein the washing with water in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost", doth signify and seal our ingrafting into Christ, and partaking of the benefits of the covenant of grace, and

91. u 1 Pet. iii. 21. The like figure whereunto, even baptism, doth also now save us, (not the putting away of the filth of the flesh, but the an swer of a good conscience towards God,) by the resurrection of Jesus Christ. Matt. iii. 11. I indeed bap tize you with water unto repentance; but he that cometh after me is mightier than I, whose shoes I am not worthy to bear; he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost, and with fire. 1 Cor. iii. 6. I have planted, Apollos watered; but God gave the increase. Ver. 7. So then, neither is he that planteth any thing, neither he that watereth; but God that giveth the increase.

w1 Cor. xii. 13. For by one Spirit are we all baptized into one body, whether we be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond or free; and have been all made to drink into one Spirit.

92. x Gen. xvii. 7. And I will establish my covenant between me and thee, and thy seed after thee, in their generations, for an everasting covenant; to be a God unto hee, and to thy seed after thee.

Ver. 10. This is my covenant, which ye shall keep between me and you, and thy seed after thee; Every man. child among you shall be circumcis. ed. Exod. xii. throughout. 1 Cor xi. 23. For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jesus, the same night in which he was betray. ed, took bread. Ver. 26. For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do shew- the Lord's death till he come.

93. y Matt. xxviii. 19. Go ye there. fore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.

z Matt. xxvi. 26. And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed it, and brake it, and gave it to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is my body. Ver. 27. And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of it: Ver. 28. For this is my blood of the New Testament, which is shed for many, for the remission of sins.

94. a Matt. xxviii. 19. [See in lettery.]

our engagement to be the Lord's ".

Q. 95. To whom is baptism to be administered?

A. Baptism is not to be administered to any that are out of the visible church, till they profess their faith in Christ, and obedience to him ; but the infants of such as are members of the visible church are to be baptized".

Q. 96. What is the Lord's supper?

A. The Lord's supper is a sacrament, wherein, by giving and receiving bread and wine, according to Christ's appointment, his death is shewed forth; and the worthy receivers are, not after a corporal and carnal manner, but by faith, made partakers of his body and blood, with all his benefits, to their spiritual nourishment, and growth in grace.

b Rom. vi. 4. Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death: that, like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life. Gal. iii. 27. For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ, have put on Christ.

95. e Acts viii. 36. And as they went on their way, they came unto a certain water: and the eunuch said, See, here is water; what doth hinder me to be baptized? Ver. 37. And Philip said, If thou believest with all thine heart, thou mayest. And he answered and said, I believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God. Acts ii. 38. Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ, for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.

d Acts ii. 38. [See before.] Ver. 39. For the promise is unto you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as the Lord our God shall call. Gen. xvii. 10. [See in letter x.] Compared with Col. ii. 11. In whom also ye are circumcised with the circum. cision made without hands, in putting off the body of the sins of the

flesh by the circumcision of Christ: Ver. 12. Buried with him in baptism; wherein also ye are risen with him, through the faith of the operation of God, who hath raised him from the dead. 1 Cor. vii. 14. For the unbelieving husband is sanctified by the wife, and the unbelieving wife is sanctified by the husband; else were your children unclean, but now are they hōly.

96. e 1 Cor. xi. 23. For I have received of the Lord that which also 1 delivered unto you, That the Lord Jesus, the same night in which he was betrayed, took bread: Ver. 24. And, when he had given thanks, he brake it, and said, Take, eat; this is my body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of me. Ver. 25. After the same manner also he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, This cup is the New Testament in my blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in re membrance of me. Ver. 26 For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do shew the Lord's death till he come. 1 Cor. x. 15. The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? the bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ?

Q. 97. What is required to the worthy receiving of the Lord's supper?

A. It is required of them that would worthily partake of the Lord's supper, that they examine themselves of their knowledge to discern the Lord's body f, of their faith to feed upon him, of their repentance, love i, and new obedience *; lest, coming unworthily, they eat and drink judgment to themselves1

Q. 98. What is prayer?

A. Prayer is an offering up of our desires unto God", for things agreeable to his will", in the name of Christ, with confession of our sins P, and thankful acknowledgment of his

mercies 9.

97. f1 Cor. xi. 28. But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup. Ver. 29. For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to himself, not discerning the Lord's body.

g 2 Cor. xiii. 5. Examine your. selves, whether ye be in the faith; prove your own selves: know ye not your own selves, how that Je sus Christ is in you, except ye be reprobates ?

h 1 Cor. xi. 31. For if we would judge ourselves, we should not be judged.

i1 Cor. x. 16. The cup of bless. ing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? the bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ? Ver. 17. For we being many are one bread, and one body: for we are all partakers of that one bread.

k 1 Cor. v. 7. Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ our passover is sacrificed for us: Ver. 8. Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness; but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.

/ 1 Cor. xi. 28, 29. [See in letter f.]

98. m Psal. Ixii. 8. Trust in him at all times; ye people, pour out your heart before him: God is a refuge for us. Selah.

n 1 John v. 14. And this is the confidence that we have in him, that if we ask any thing according to his will, he heareth us.

• John xvi. 28. And in that day ye shall ask me nothing. Verily, verily, I say unto you, Whatsoever ye shall ask the Father in my name, he will give it you.

p Psal. xxxii. 5. I acknowledged my sin unto thee, and mine iniquity have I not hid: I said, I will confess my transgressions unto the Lord; and thou forgavest the ini quity of my sin. Selah. Ver. 6. For this shall every one that is godly pray unto thee in a time when thou mayest be found: surely in the floods of great waters they shall not come nigh unto him Dan. ix. 4. And I prayed unto the Lord my God, and made my confession, and said, O Lord, the great and dread. ful God, keeping the covenant and mercy to them that love him, and to them that keep his commandments.

q Phil. iv, 6. Be careful for nothing: but in every thing by prayer and supplication, with thanksgiv. ing, let your requests be made known unto God.

Q.99. What rule hath God given for our direction in prayer? A. The whole word of God is of use to direct us in prayer; but the special rule of direction is that form of prayer which Christ taught his disciples, commonly called The Lord's Prayer3.

Q. 100. What doth the preface of the Lord's prayer teach us? A. The preface of the Lord's prayer (which is, Our Father which art in heaven ) teacheth us to draw near to God with all holy reverence and confidence, as children to a father, able and ready to help us "; and that we should pray with and for others ".

Q. 101. What do we pray for in the first petition?

A. In the first petition (which is, Hallowed be thy name *) we pray, that God would enable us and others to glorify him in all that whereby he maketh himself known ; and that he would dispose all things to his own glory .

Q. 102. What do we pray for in the second petition?

A. In the second petition (which is, Thy kingdom come a) we pray, That Satan's kingdom may be destroyed ; and that the kingdom of grace may be advanced, ourselves and

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u Rom. viii. 15. For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear: but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father. Luke xi. 13. If then, being evil, know how to give good gifts unto your children, how much more shall your heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to them that ask him?

w Acts xii. 5. Peter therefore was kept in prison; but prayer was made without ceasing of the church unto God for him. 1 Tim. ii. 1. I exhort therefore, that, first of all, supplications prayers, intercessions, and giving of thanks, be made for all men: Ver. 2. For kings, and for all

that are in authority; that we may lead a quiet and peaceable life in all godliness and honesty.

101. x Matt. vi. 9.

y Psal. Ixvii. 2. That thy way may be known upon earth, thy saving health among all nations. Ver 3. Let the people praise thee, O God; let all the people praise thee. z Psal. Ixxxiii. throughout. 102. a Matt. vi, 10.

b Psal. Ixviii 1. Let God arise, let his enemies be scattered: let them also that hate him flee before him. Ver. 18. Thou hast ascended on high, thou hast led captivity captive; thou hast received gifts for men; yea, for the rebellious also, that the Loid God might dwell among them.

c Rev. xii. 10. And I heard a loud voice saying in heaven, Now is come salvation, and strength, and the kingdom of our God, and the power of his Christ: for the accuser of our brethren is cast down, which accused them before our God day and night. Ver. 11. And they overcame him by the blood of the Lamb,

others brought into it, and kept in it; and that the kingdom of glory may be hastened.

Q. 103. What do we pray for in the third petition?

A. In the third petition (which is, Thy will be done in earth, as it is in heaven) we pray, That God, by his grace, would make us able and willing to know, obey, and submit to his will in all things e, as the angels do in heaven.

Q. 104. What do we pray for in the fourth petition?

A. In the fourth petition (which is, Give us this day our daily bread) we pray, That of God's free gift we may receive a competent portion of the good things of this life, and enjoy his blessing with them k

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Q. 105. What do we pray for in the fifth petition?

A. In the fifth petition (which is, And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors) we pray, That God, for Christ's

and by the word of their testimony; and they loved not their lives unto the death.

d 2 Thess. iii. 1. Finally, brethren, pray for us, that the word of the Lord may have free course and be glorified, even as it is with you. Rom. x. 1. Brethren, my heart's desire and prayer to God for Israel is, that they might be saved. John xvii. 9. I pray for them: I pray not for the world, but for them which thou hast given me; for they are thine. Ver. 20. Neither pray I for these alone, but for them also which shall believe on me through their word.

e Rev. xxii. 20. He which testifieth these things saith, Surely I come quickly; Amen. Even so, come, Lord Jesus.

103.f Matt. vi. 10.

8 Psal. Ixvii. throughout. Psal. cxix. 36. Incline my heart unto thy testimonies, and not to covetous. ness. Matt xxvi. 39. And he went a little farther, and fell on his face, and prayed, saying, O my Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me nevertheless, not as I will, but as thou wilt. 2 Sam. xv. 25. And the king said unto Zadok, Carry back the ark of God into the city: if I shall find favour in the eyes of the Lord, he will bring me

again, and shew nie both it and his habitation. Job i. 21. And (Job) said, Naked came I out of my mo ther's womb, and naked shall I return thither: the Lord gave, and the Lord hath taken away; blessed be the name of the Lord.

h Psal. ciii. 20. Bless the Lord, ye his angels that excel in strength, that do his commandments, hearkening unto the voice of his word. Ver. 21. Bless ye the Lord, all ye his hosts; ye ministers of his that do his pleasure.

104 i Matt. vi. 11.

k Prov. xxx. 8. Remove far from me vanity and lies; give me neither poverty nor riches, feed me with food convenient for me: Ver. 9 Lest I be full, and deny thee, and say, Who is the Lord; or lest I be poor, and steal, and take the name of my God in vain. Gen. xxviii. 20. And Jacob vowed a vow, saying, If God will be with me, and will keep me in this way that I go, and will give me bread to eat, and raiment to pat on. 1 Tim. iv. 4. For every creature of God is good, and nothing to be refused, if it be received with thanksgiving: Ver. 5. For it is sanctified by the word of God and prayer.

105. / Matt, vi. 12.

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