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testimony was given not for his sake, as he could want no further assurances of his Father's love, but for the confirmation of their faith.
Rev. THOMAS ROBINSON.
God is always equally glorious in himself: so he was before the foundations of the world were laid: before ever there were any creatures to celebrate his praise. But there is another glory of God, and that is his declarative glory; which is nothing else but that visible splendour and lustre that reflects from his essential glory, upon the notice and admiration of his creatures. God is, therefore, glorified by his creatures declaring and setting forth the infinite excellencies that are in his essence.
We cannot set any new gems in his diadem, which did not shine there before; but when we observe and admire those several corruscations of his attributes which appear in those various methods that God takes to manifest
then we are said to glorify God. Christ prays, therefore (John xii. 28), “ Father, glorify thy name;" that is, make thine essential glory, the glory and brightness of thine attributes, conspicuous to the world: to which request there was an answer returned from heaven, “ I have both glorified it, and will glorify it again :" that is, as I suppose the words may well be interpreted, I have already glorified my mercy, which is my name, in thy incarnation and mission, and I will also glorify my justice in thy passion and crucifixion : by the one declaring how gracious I am in providing a Saviour for the ruined world ; by the other how just and holy I am in exacting a full and complete satisfaction for the sins and transgressions of the world.
God's clearest manifestation of his glory was made in Christ, 66 who is the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person.”—Heb. i. 3. In him heaven was brought down to earth, the infinite comprehended, the invisible made conspicuous, and all the miracles both of grace and glory reconciled to our very senses. In him all the attributes of the Divine nature are so interwoven with the infirmities of the human, that, if I may so speak, God in him studied to exhibit to us a person like ourselves, to give us some advantage for our apprehensions to conceive of his infinite perfections. In him omnipotence became weak; eternity mortal, innocence itself guilty; God became man; the Creator, a creature; the Maker of all, his own workmanship; life itself in him underwent the sentence of death ! And all these strange impossible truths, as for other ends, so for this, that we might have some clearer hints and discoveries of the infinite glories of God, which in their full brightness would only dazzle and confound us; and therefore the apostle calls him, “ God manifested in the flesh.”. 1 Tim. iii. 16. Certainly God in flesh must needs be rather veiled and hidden than manifested: but although to himself he was obscured, yet to us he was manifested; because, if the glory of the Deity had not been thus clouded and allayed, it had not been manifested. Hence John, speaking of Christ in the mean estate of his humiliation, says of him, “ We behold his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth.”-John i. 14. BISHOP HOPKINS.
“ Father, glorify thy name." By the name of God is to be understood himself in all his attributes ; his wisdom, truth, mercy, justice, holiness, &c. which were abundantly glorified by Christ's death and resurrection. Christ teaches here a lesson of submission to the Divine will. Do with me what thou wilt, so that glory may redound to thy name.
66 Then came there a voice from heaven," &c. Calmet's note on this passage, taken from Chrysostom, Theodoret, and others, is as follows, in a literal translation :- “ I have accomplished my eternal designs on thee, I have sent thee into the world to make an atonement for the sin of the world, and to satisfy my offended justice. I will finish my
work. Thou shalt shed thy blood upon the cross. My glory is interested in the consummation of thy sacrifice. But in procuring my own glory, I shall procure thine. Thy life and thy death glorify me: I have glorified thee by the miracles which have accompanied thy mission; and I will continue to glorify thee at thy death, by unexampled prodigies, and thy resurrection shall be the completion of thy glory and of thy elevation.”
Christ was glorified, 1. By the prodigies which happened at his death. 2. In his resurrection. 3. In his ascension, and sitting at the right hand of God. 4. In the descent of the Holy Ghost on the apostles. And 5. In the astonishing success with which the gospel was accompanied, and by which the kingdom of Christ had been established in the world.—2 Cor. ii. 14. “ This voice came not because of me, but for your sakes." Probably meaning those Greeks, who had been brought to him by Philip and Andrew. The Jews had frequent opportunities of seeing his miracles, and of being convinced that he was the Messiah; but these Greeks, who were to be a first fruits of the Gentiles, had never any such opportunity. For their sakes, therefore, to confirm them in the faith, this miraculous voice appears to have come from heaven.
DR. A. CLARKE.
God indeed is, ever was, and cannot but be Lord and King of the whole world: in this sense, therefore, we cannot pray for his kingdom as something future. But besides this natural kingdom of God, there is a moral and spiritual one, which he has given to men in the Scriptures. The gospel dispensation is “ the kingdom of God,” or “ of heaven :” that dominion, which in Daniel it is foretold, “ the God of heaven should set up, and which should never be destroyed.” Our Saviour was then, after John the Baptist, only giving notice of its approach: the largest part of mankind hath not, só much as in profession, entered into this kingdom; but lies overwhelmed in Pagan idolatry, Jewish unbelief, or Mahometan delusion; and the largest part of Christians have corrupted the doctrines of Christ. Here then is great room and great need for praying, that the “ Heathen may become the inheritance of Christ, and the uttermost parts of the earth for his possession :" when “ the kingdoms of this world shall be the kingdoms of our God and of his Christ.”
Therefore my heart is glad, and my glory rejoiceth ; my flesh also shall rest in
hope: for thou wilt not leave my soul in hell ; neither wilt thou suffer thine
Holy One to see corruption.—Psalm xvi. 9, 10. Thou hast ascended on high, thou hast led captivity captive: thou hast received
gifts for men ; yea, for the rebellious also, that the LORD God might dwell
among them.- Psalm lxviii. 18. And while they abode in Galilee, Jesus said unto them, The Son of Man shall be
betrayed into the hands of men: and they shall kill him, and the third day he shall be raised again. —Matt. xvii. 22, 23.
In the end of the sabbath, as it began to dawn toward the first day of the week, came Mary Magdalene, and the other Mary, to see the sepulchre. And, behold, there was a great earthquake: for the angel of the Lord descended from heaven, and came and rolled back the stone from the door, and sat upon it. His countenance was like lightning, and his raiment white as snow: and for fear of him the keepers did shake, and became as dead men. And the angel answered and said unto the women, Fear not ye: for I know that ye seek Jesus, which was crucified. He is not here : for he is risen, as he said. Come, see the place where the Lord lay. And go quickly, and tell his disciples that he is risen from the dead; and, behold, he goeth before you into Galilee; there shall ye see him: lo, I have told you. And they departed quickly from the sepulchre, with fear and great joy, and did run to bring his disciples word. And as they went to tell his disciples, behold, Jesus met them, saying, All hail. And they came and held him by the feet, and worshipped him. Then said Jesus unto