Illustrations of the Geology of Yorkshire, Or, A Description of the Strata and Organic Remains of the Yorkshire Coast: Accompanied by a Geological Map, Sections, and Plates of the Fossil Plants and Animals
Author, 1829 - 192 pages
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Illustrations of the Geology of Yorkshire; Or, a Description of the Strata ...
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Illustrations of the Geology of Yorkshire, Or a Description of the Strata ...
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alternating appears Bath beds beneath blue Bolland calcareous grit chalk character chert clay cliffs coal coast Conch considerable contain continuous coralline oolite course covered Craven cross Cross fell dale deposits depressed direction dislocation district Ditto earth east edge elevation extended fault feet fell formation fossils geological gritstone head hill hundred feet inferior joints Kirby layers less lias lime limestone lower main limestone Malton mass middle miles millstone grit moor mountain nature nearly observed occur oolite organic parallel pass Penine places planes plants Plate portion present range region remains remarkable ridge rise rocks round sandstone Scarborough seen shale shells side slate species specimens Speeton stone strata striæ surface thickness thin upper valley veins White whole Yoredale York Yorkshire
Page 16 - The excavation of vallies can be ascribed to no other cause than a great flood of water which overtopped the hills, from whose summits those vallies descend.
Page 46 - The alterations in the form of land, occasioned by diluvial agency, must have been considerable, but are not yet well understood; the operation of natural causes since that period deserves to be maturely considered, for these have materially changed the face of the globe. The lakes which were left, on the retiring of the diluvial currents, appear to have been continually diminished in depth, and contracted in extent, by deposits of vegetable matter, decayed shells, and sediment brought into them...
Page 113 - the interesting remains of Spongiae are nowhere so well developed as in England, and perhaps nowhere in England, so well as in Yorkshire. On the shore near Bridlington, they lie exposed in the cliffs and scars, and being seldom enclosed in flint, allow their organization to be studied with the greatest advantage.
Page 42 - Yorkshire, is composed of a base of clay, containing fragments of pre-existing rocks, varying in roundness and size. The rocks from which the fragments appear to have been transported are found, some in Norway...
Page 150 - in the midland counties, the Fuller's earth rock of Mr. Smith does by no means furnish a constant or wellmarked line of distinction between the middle (great or Bath) oolite and the inferior oolite ; and I am decidedly of opinion, that in the northern part of Northamptonshire, and throughout Rutland and Lincolnshire, there is but one thick oolitic rock beneath the cornbrash, resting upon brown sandstone, which immediately covers the upper lias shale.
Page vii - Explorations of three of the fine mountains which are visible from Florence Court gave us a complete section of the limestone series in Ireland, and while the forms of Ben Jochlin, Kulkeagh, and Belmore, seemed copied from Penyghent, Wildboar Fell, Water Crag, their constituent rocks were found closely analogous.
Page 14 - No one can doubt that great alterations were occasioned in the features of the earth's surface, at the period of the deluge, who considers the extensive tracts formed of the diluvial detritus. All the solid land of Holderness is an accumulation of this kind, from the ruins of others parts of England and Scotland and perhaps Norway.
Page 81 - ... feet above the vale of the Eden and the plain of Carlisle, and the level beds of the red sandstone deposited in later times at the foot of the ancient escarpment, upon the relatively depressed portion of the same mountain limestone series.
Page 147 - Sternberg. and mountain limestone" — in other words, is associated with the more ancient carboniferous deposits. " A cursory observer," adds Mr. Phillips, " may, perhaps, be led to confound together the ferns and calamites of the coal district with the ferns and equiseta of the oolitic rocks : though to a botanical eye their difference is very apparent : but who can mistake the lepidodendra of the former, the cycadiform fronds of the middle period, and the dicotyledonous leaves and fruits which...